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Childebert I

Childebert I was a Frankish King of the Merovingian dynasty, as third of the four sons of Clovis I who shared the kingdom of the Franks upon their father's death in 511. He was one of the sons of Saint Clotilda, born at Reims, he reigned as King of Paris from 511 to 558 and Orléans from 524 to 558. In the partition of the realm, Childebert received as his share the town of Paris, the country to the north as far as the river Somme, to the west as far as the English Channel, the Armorican peninsula, his brothers ruled in different lands: Theuderic I in Metz, Chlodomer in Orléans, Clothar I in Soissons. In 523, Childebert participated with his brothers in a war against Godomar of Burgundy. Chlodomer died in the Battle of Vézeronce. Thereafter, concerned that the three sons of Chlodomer would inherit the kingdom of Orléans, Clothar conspired with Childebert to oust them, they sent a representative to their mother Clotilde, who as the queen mother had authority as the head of the family line. The representative presented a pair of scissors and a sword, offering her the choice to shear the three young boys, thereby depriving them of the long hair considered a symbol of royal power, or to have them killed.

She famously replied, "It is better for me to see them dead rather than shorn, if they are not raised to the kingship". After the murder of Chlodomer's two elder children—the third, escaping to a monastic life—Childebert annexed the cities of Chartres and Orléans, he took part in various expeditions against the kingdom of Burgundy. He besieged Autun in 532 and, in 534, having conquered the kingdom along with his brother Clothar and Theuderic's son Theudebert I, received as his share of the spoils of that kingdom the towns of Mâcon and Lyons; when Witiges, the king of the Ostrogoths, ceded Provence to the Franks in 535, the possession of Arles and Marseilles was guaranteed to Childebert by his brothers. The annexation of that province was completed, with Clotaire's help, in the winter of 536–537. In 531, he received pleas from wife of King Amalaric of the Visigoths; the Arian king of Hispania, Chrotilda claimed, was grossly mistreating her, a Catholic. Childebert defeated the Gothic king. Amalaric retreated to Barcelona.

Chrotilda died on her return journey to Paris of unknown causes. Childebert made other expeditions against the Visigoths. In 542, he took possession of Pamplona with the help of his brother Clotaire and besieged Zaragoza, but was forced to retreat. From this expedition he brought back to Paris a precious relic, the tunic of Saint Vincent, in honour of which he built at the gates of Paris the famous monastery of Sainte-Croix-et-Saint-Vincent, known as St-Germain-des-Prés, he died on 13 December 558, was buried in the abbey he had founded, where his tomb has been discovered. St-Germain-des-Prés became the royal necropolis for the Neustrian kings until 675, he left no sons, only two daughters and Chrodesinde, by his wife Ultragotha. Childebert was an acquisitive monarch, he expanded his domains in more foreign wars than any of his brothers, fighting in Burgundy, Spain and elsewhere in Gaul. Gregory of Tours, a contemporary Neustrian, cites Childebert as saying: "Velim unquam Arvernam Lemanem quae tantae jocunditatis gratia refulgere dicitur, oculis cernere".

Childbert was one of the more religious of the sons of Clovis, cooperating with his brothers, rescuing his sister, constructing the famous monastery of Saint Vincent to house his relics. Gregory of Tours; the History of the Franks. 2 vol. trans. O. M. Dalton. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1967. Geary, Patrick J. Before France and Germany. Oxford University Press: 1988

Steve Pence

Stephen B. Pence was the 53rd lieutenant Governor of the Commonwealth of Kentucky, he took office with fellow Republican Ernie Fletcher in December 2003. Pence received BS and MBA degrees from Eastern Kentucky University, a juris doctorate from the University of Kentucky in 1981, he received an Honorary Doctorate of Laws from Eastern Kentucky University in 2004. After law school, Pence worked as an assistant attorney general of Kentucky from 1981 to 1982. From 1982 to 1987 he served active duty in the JAG Corps and was stationed in the Federal Republic of Germany. Pence was an Assistant United States Attorney for the Western District of Kentucky from 1990 to 1995 where he prosecuted a series of high-profile corruption cases, including those in Operation BOPTROT, an FBI investigation that ended in the convictions of over 20 legislators and lobbyists, he received the Kentucky Bar Association's "Outstanding Lawyer Award". He became partner with the Pedley, Zielke and Pence law firm. Pence was appointed by President George W. Bush as the United States Attorney for the Western District of Kentucky and was confirmed by the U.

S. Senate to this position on September 24, 2001, he left the U. S. Attorney's Office in May 2003, to be the Republican Party's nominee for lieutenant governor when Ernie Flecher's original running mate, Hunter Bates, was disqualified from the ticket, they were elected in November 2003. He was the first Republican lieutenant governor; as lieutenant governor, he served at various times as Secretary of the Justice and Public Safety Cabinet, Commissioner of State Police and Director of Homeland Security. He was chairman of the Louisville Arena Task Force. On May 31, 2006, just a few weeks after Fletcher had been indicted on charges relating to the practices of hiring and firing based on political affiliation, Pence he announced that he would not run for re-election with Fletcher in 2007, had no plans for any other elective office, would no longer serve as Secretary of the Justice & Public Safety Cabinet. Less than two weeks Fletcher accelerated Pence's departure from the Justice Cabinet and named Kentucky National Guard Adjutant General Norman Arflack as Pence's replacement.

Fletcher asked Pence to resign from his role of lieutenant governor, but Pence refused, indicating that he serves as an elected representative of the people. Although Pence maintained that he did not separate himself from Fletcher's re-election effort in order to run for public office himself, there was speculation that he has not ruled out the possibility at some point in the future. In June 2006, Governor Fletcher announced that Robert "Robbie" Rudolph, secretary of the state Finance Cabinet, would be his running mate in his 2007 re-election campaign; as momentum for Kentucky's gubernatorial race began to build, Pence announced in January 2007 that he would not be a candidate for governor, planned to return to the practice of law once his term of office ended. On February 25, 2007, Pence formally endorsed former Congresswoman Anne Northup over Fletcher in the 2007 governor's race. Fletcher was not elected to a second term, winning the primary election against Northup but losing the general election to Democrat Steve Beshear.

In February 2008, Pence retired as a colonel from the United States Army Reserve, where he served as a military judge in the JAG Corps. He was awarded the Legion of Merit for his service. In April 2008, Pence was as one of the initial 38 inductees into the Doss High School Hall of Fame. Pence now practices law in Kentucky. In March 2018, Pence settled a complaint with the U. S. Securities and Exchange Commission; the commission alleged Pence misled auditors in relation to his interaction with convicted felon Wilbur Anthony Huff and his role as chairman of General Employment Enterprises, Inc. Pence is married to a practicing attorney in Louisville, Kentucky. Pence has five children: Peter Pence, Kay Pence, Joseph Pence and Paige Pence. Peter served as a first lieutenant in the US Army as a military police officer, Paige is a cadet at Auburn University and will be commissioned as a second lieutenant in May 2020

John Le Fleming

John Le Fleming known as Jack Le Fleming, was an English sportsman who played rugby union for England and first-class cricket for Kent County Cricket Club. He played rugby for Blackheath F. C. and Cambridge University R. U. F. C. and was a good all-round athlete. He was an Army tutor at Tonbridge School and served in the British Army during World War I. Le Fleming was born in October 1865 at Tonbridge, the eldest son of the Reverend John and Harriette Le Fleming, his father was employed as an Army tutor at Tonbridge School and all six of the couple's sons attended the school, John between 1878 and 1884. During his school years, Le Fleming played cricket and rugby union, captaining the cricket team in his final year, he was awarded the Athletics Points Cup in both 1883 and 1884 and went up to Clare College, Cambridge in the autumn of 1884. Whilst at Cambridge he played rugby for the University between 1884 and 1887, winning Blues in each season from 1884 to 1886, he competed in the hurdles in the Inter-University athletics competition from 1886 to 1888, winning in the last two years and gaining further Blues in each year, was national amateur 120 yard hurdles champion in 1887.

He competed in the hammer competition. He did not play cricket for the University side, but did play for his college on at least one occasion. Le Fleming graduated with a degree in Classics in 1887 and was awarded his M. A. in 1902. He returned to Tonbridge in 1891 to take up a position as an Army tutor, following in the footsteps of his father, he was a fine all-round athlete and took part in figure skating competitions, winning trophies at Davos Platz in 1893. Le Fleming played rugby with his speed considered an asset, he played club rugby for Blackheath F. C. and was capped once for England, in the 1887 Home Nations Championship game against Wales at Llanelli, a match that finished in a 0–0 draw after a frozen pitch at Stradey Park had led to the match being played on the cricket pitch next to the ground. He played for Barbarian F. C. against Corinthians in 1892. Le Fleming played little cricket at University, but appeared for the Gentlemen of Kent amateur side in a tour match against the Gentlemen of Philadelphia towards the end of July 1889, playing alongside Lord Harris.

He made his first-class cricket debut a week playing for Kent County Cricket Club against Surrey at Blackheath. Between 1889 and 1899 Le Fleming played in a total of 40 first-class matches for Kent, he played as a batsman and was described in his Wisden obituary as showing "good style in defence and hitting" and being able to "drive and cut with effect" and "play a punishing game". He was considered inconsistent however, scored only one century, a score of 134 made against Sussex in 1892. In club cricket Le Fleming played for Tonbridge for whom he made "many runs", including a score of 228 in 1889, he played his last first-class match for Kent against Essex in July 1899, although he played for the Second XI. His younger brother Lawrence played for the county, making 12 appearances for the First XI between 1897 and 1899. At the outbreak of World War I Le Fleming was still working as an Army tutor at Tonbridge and served as a platoon commander with the Volunteer Training Corps in the first year of the war.

At 49 years old he was beyond the age for frontline service, but volunteered to join the Territorial Force in early 1915, being commissioned as a 2nd Lieutenant in the 3/1st Kent Cyclist Battalion in May 1915. He served in a variety of positions in the Territorial Force throughout the war, commanding the 3/1 Kent Cyclists with the rank of temporary Lieutenant-Colonel until they were reduced to a cadre in 1916 when he transferred to 3/1 West Kent Yeomanry, he spent much of the war in training positions at Crowborough and Tunbridge Wells, reaching the rank of acting Major in the 4th Battalion the Royal West Kent Regiment, a reserve formation. He remained in the Territorial Force after the end of the war and was promoted to the rank of Lieutenant-Colonel in the Territorial Reserve in November 1919. Le Fleming married Ethel Hall, the daughter of a Lieutenant-Colonel in the Indian Army, in 1891. Both of his sons served during the Great War, the eldest, John Neville, as a Lieutenant with 1/1 Kent Cyclists in India and, in 1919, in the Third Anglo-Afghan War.

The youngest, Roger Eustace, attended Sandhurst and served in France in 1915 with the 1st Battalion East Surrey Regiment, fighting at Hill 60 and Second Ypres, before transferring to 102nd Prince of Wales's Own Grenadiers, an Indian Army unit, with whom he fought in Mesopotamia and Palestine and in 1919–1920, Somaliland. He was Mentioned in Dispatches and awarded the Military Cross. After the war Roger remained in the Army, serving throughout World War II and rising to the rank of Major-General. Four of Le Fleming's five brothers served in the military during the Great War, Lawrence being killed in action in France in March 1918. After retiring from Tonbridge in 1925 aged 60, he died aged 76 in 1942 at Montreux in Switzerland where he was living with his wife who died there the following year. John Le Fleming at ESPNcricinfo