Childeric III

Childeric III was King of Francia from 743 until he was deposed by Pope Zachary in March 751 at the instigation of Pepin the Short. Although his parentage is uncertain, he is considered the last Frankish king from the Merovingian dynasty. Once Childeric was deposed, Pepin the Short, the father of emperor Charlemagne, was crowned the first king of the Franks from the Carolingian dynasty. Following the reign of Dagobert I, the power of the Merovingian kings declined into a ceremonial role, while the real power in the Frankish kingdom was wielded by the mayors of the palace. In 718, Charles Martel combined the roles of mayor of the palace of Neustria and mayor of the palace of Austrasia, consolidating his position as the most powerful man in Francia. After the death of king Theuderic IV in 737, the throne remained vacant, Charles Martel became de facto king. After Charles Martel's death in 741, Carloman and Pepin the Short, his sons by his first wife Rotrude, became co-mayors of the palace. However, they soon faced revolts from their younger half-brother Grifo and their brother-in-law Odilo, Duke of Bavaria.

These revolts may have played a part in their decision to fill the throne with a Merovingian king after a six-year vacancy to add legitimacy to their reigns. Childeric's parentage and his relation to the Merovingian family are uncertain, he may have been either the son of Chilperic II or Theuderic IV. Childeric took no part in public business, directed, as by the mayors of the palace. Once a year, he would be brought in an ox cart led by a peasant and preside at court, giving answers prepared by the mayors to visiting ambassadors. After Carloman retired to a monastery in 747, Pepin resolved to take the royal crown for himself. Pepin sent letters to Pope Zachary, asking whether the title of king belonged to the one who had exercised the power or the one with the royal lineage; the pope responded. In early March 751 Childeric was tonsured, his long hair was thus the royal rights or magical powers. Once dethroned, he and his son Theuderic were placed in the monastery of Saint-Bertin or in Saint-Omer and Theuderic in Saint-Wandrille.

There are conflicts in information of when he died with some references citing as early as 753 and other references saying it was as late as 758. Under the Carolingians, he received bad press, being called a rex falsus, false king, despite the fact that it was Pepin through Popes Zachary and Stephen II who raised him to his throne. Junghans, W. Die Geschichte der fränkischen Konige Childerich und Clodovech. Göttingen, 1857. Chiflet, J. J. Anastasis Childerici I Francorum regis. Antwerp, 1655. Cochet, J. B. D. Le Tombeau de Childeric I, roi des Francs. Paris, 1859. Lavisse, E. Histoire de France, Vol. II. Paris, 1903. Wallace-Hadrill, J. M. translator. The Fourth Book of the Chronicle of Fredegar with its Continuations. Greenwood Press: Connecticut, 1960. Wallace-Hadrill, J. M; the Long-Haired Kings. London, 1962. Einhard. Annales Regni Francorum


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Staveley Central railway station

Staveley Central is a closed and demolished former railway station in Staveley, England. The station was on the Great Central Main Line which ran between London Marylebone and Manchester via Sheffield Victoria, it was opened on 1 June 1892 as Staveley Town and renamed Staveley Central on 25 September 1950 by British Railways to reduce confusion with the ex-MR station called Staveley Town, about 250 yards away on the same street. The MR station was on the Barrow Hill to Barrow Hill to Pleasley West lines; the renaming reduced the likelihood of people confusing the station with that at Barrow Hill, but, referred to as Barrow Hill. Staveley Central closed on 4 March 1963, but continued to serve Summer weekend excursion traffic until the end of the 1964 season; the station was the northern junction for the loop line to Chesterfield Central and so had four platforms. The timber-built booking hall was on the Lowgates road overbridge and there was a waiting room on each platform; the station was the junction for branches to the Ireland and Markham Collieries and at the south end was Staveley Engine Shed.

This, was subject to confusion with the ex-MR "Staveley" engine shed over a mile away at Barrow Hill, coded 18D in BR days. Staveley ex-GC engine shed has been razed to the ground, but Barrow Hill Engine Shed has risen from the ashes as a significant railway engineering and preservation site; the location of Staveley Central station has been turned into a new road to link to the M1 junction 29A. Four stations have had "Staveley" in their name at some point in their history: Staveley Central, the subject of this article, known as "Staveley Town" from 1892 to 1950. Staveley Town, a Midland Railway station on another line about 250 yards away on the same street, Barrow Hill which in its early years was named "Staveley", it was a good mile away from Staveley Central, Staveley Works, the next station from Staveley Central towards Chesterfield, Staveley between Windermere and Kendal in Cumbria. Butt, R. V. J.. The Directory of Railway Stations: details every public and private passenger station, halt and stopping place and present.

Sparkford: Patrick Stephens Ltd. ISBN 978-1-85260-508-7. OCLC 60251199. Dow, George. Great Central, Volume Three: Fay Sets the Pace, 1900–1922. Shepperton: Ian Allan. ISBN 978-0-7110-0263-0. OCLC 500447049. Grainger, Ken. Sheffield Victoria to Chesterfield Central, The "Derbyshire Lines" of the Manchester and Lincolnshire Railway Part 1. Bredbury, Cheshire: Foxline Limited. ISBN 978-1-870119-83-2. Kaye, A. R.. North Midland and Peak District Railways in the Steam Age, Volume 2. Chesterfield: Lowlander Publications. ISBN 978-0-946930-09-8. "The station and line on navigable maps with overlays". Rail Map Online. "The station on navigable maps with overlays". National Library of Scotland. "The station on a navigable 1947 O. S. map". Npe Maps. "The station and line BEI". Railway Codes. "The station's history". Disused Stations