click links in text for more info

China Central Television

China Central Television is the predominant state-owned television network in Mainland China. CCTV has a network of 50 channels broadcasting different programmes and is accessible to more than one billion viewers; as of present, there are 50 television channels, the broadcaster provides programming in six different languages. Most of its programmes are a mixture of news, social education, comedy and drama, the majority of which consists of Chinese soap operas and entertainment, it was established on May 1, 1958, it is a news and public opinion organization, an ideological and cultural front in China. CCTV has a variety of functions, such as news communication, social education and entertainment information services; as a state television station it is responsible to both the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China and the State Council. In 1954, President and Party Chairman Mao Zedong put forward that China should establish its own TV station. On February 5, 1955, the central broadcasting bureau reported to the State Council and proposed the program of establishing a medium-sized television station on premier Zhou Enlai included in China’s first five-year plan the planend introduction of television broadcasts.

In December 1957, the central broadcasting bureau sent Luo Donghe and Meng Qiyu to the Soviet Union and the German Democratic Republic in March 1958 for the inspection of their TV stations the duo returned to Beijing to prepare for the establishment of the promised TV station. At 19:00 on May 1, 1958. On the screens of the few dozen television receivers in Beijing that night, a picture of the headquarters building with the words "Beijing TV station" written on it appeared. On September 2 of that year, BTV broadcast for the first time; the number of official TV programs has increased from twice a week to four times a week. From January 1, 1960. BTV set up a dozen fixed TV shows in order to cater to the vast audiences, the shows include news columns and entertainment shows; the media function of TV had extended further. In May of the same year, the construction of the "new building" in the courtyard of the headquarters was completed. Due to increasing demands, it soon launched its second channel in 1963 and third channel in 1969, followed by the first simultaneous satellite broadcasts nationwide in 1972.

Starting from 1 May 1973, Beijing Television began broadcasting experimentally in color on its second channel every Tuesday and Saturday using the PAL-D system, converted to color broadcasting by 1977. On January 1, 1978. On May 1 of the same year, with the approval of the CPC Central Committee, BTV, which celebrated its 20th anniversary was renamed CCTV and a new logomark debuted. In 1979, the iconic butterfly logo made its debut, which would be used as the corporate identity of the CCTV network for the next two decades; until the late 1970s, CCTV held only evening broadcasts closing down at midnight. During the summer and winter academic vacations, it transmitted daytime programming for students, while special daytime programs were aired during national holidays. In 1980 CCTV experimented with news relays from central television studios via microwave. By 1985, CCTV had become a leading television network in China. In 1987 CCTV's popularity soared due to the presentation of Dream of the Red Chamber.

The 36-episode TV series—the first Chinese television drama to enter the global market— still remains popular in the international market. In the same year, CCTV exported 10,216 programmes to 77 foreign television stations; the Publicity Department of the Communist Party of China Central Committee issued directive censorship of programs. During reform in the 1990s, the Party adopted new standards for CCTV, "affordability" and "acceptability", loosening the previous government control. Affordability refers to purchasing ability of programs, while acceptability requires that a program has acceptable content, preventing the broadcast of material that contains inappropriate content or expresses views against the Communist Party of China. On 2 September 2008, the new CCTV Headquarters was opened on the occasion of the 50th anniversary of CCTV. In July 2009 CCTV expanded its coverage and target audience by launching CCTV-العربية, its international channel in Arabic language. Today, CCTV has most of them airing 24 hours a day.

On 17 June 2013, CCTV announced that most of the broadcast facilities for the CCTV network have been relocated to the current headquarters building. On 31 December 2016, China Central Television's foreign language services were spun off into China Global Television Network. In March 2018, as the nation began marking the 60th year of television, CCTV ownership changed hands to a new state holding group, the China Media Group, as the television arm of the newly launched multimedia broadcasting conglomerate operated by both the Central Committee of the CPC and the State Council. China Central Television falls under the supervision of the State Administration of Radio and Television, in turn subordinate to the State Council of the People's Republic of China. A Vice Minister of the state council serves as chairman of CCTV; the organisation has relationships with regional television stations run by local governments, which must reserve

Adelson, Testan, Brundo & Jimenez

Testan Law is an American law firm, founded in 1996 by its Senior Managing Partner, Steven C. Testan, whose primary focus is the defense of Workers' Compensation claims and related matters as well as the defense of its clients in personal injury and civil litigation cases. 1996 — The firm was founded in Van Nuys, California by Steven C. Testan 1997 — Firm expanded into Northern California 2004 — Firm opened offices in New Jersey and Oklahoma 2006 — Firm expanded into the State of Illinois 2007 — Firm established the Steven Jimenez Memorial fund 2010 — Firm launched Consulting and Analytics divisions and expanded into Nevada 2011 — Firm opened offices in Nebraska, Iowa and Florida 2012 — Firm expanded into Pennsylvania 2019 — With the departure of two partners, the firm was re-named Testan Law Testan Law has twenty-six offices: Fresno, CA Long Beach, CA Los Angeles, CA Oakland, CA Sacramento, CA San Bernardino, CA San Diego, CA San Francisco, CA San Jose, CA San Luis Obispo, CA Santa Ana, CA Westlake Village, CA Rocky Hill, CT Fort Lauderdale, FL Orlando, FL Tampa, FL West Palm Beach, FL Chicago, IL Kansas City, MO Las Vegas, NV Omaha, NE Basking Ridge, NJ Cherry Hill, NJ Oklahoma City, OK Philadelphia, PA Austin, TX In 2013, Testan Law's Connecticut office was select as one of Hartford's Finest. Profile Profile

Missouri Lottery

The Missouri Lottery is run by the government of Missouri. It is a charter member of the Multi-State Lottery Association, whose first drawing was held in 1988; the Lottery began selling tickets January 20, 1986. An executive director oversees the organization and reports to a five-member commission, appointed by the governor. May Scheve Reardon took over as Missouri Lottery executive director in December, 2009. In the beginning, Lottery proceeds were directed to Missouri's General Revenue fund. In 1992, voters approved Amendment 11. All monies since July 1993 have gone to education programs. Proceeds are appropriated by the Legislature; the Lottery offers Scratchers tickets, plus the online games Missouri Lotto, Club Keno, Pick 3, Pick 4, Show Me Cash, Powerball. Powerball's former rival, Mega Millions, came to Missouri on January 31, 2010; the $250,000 Scratcher card generated much publicity when unemployed couple Robert Russell and Tracie Rogers won the jackpot in July 2010. The Lottery's mission: "The Missouri Lottery generates funds to provide educational opportunities for Missouri students, support Missouri businesses and entertain millions."

The minimum age to purchase a Missouri Lottery ticket is 18. Club Keno has drawings every four minutes. Traditionally sold in age-controlled environments, the game is now available at any Missouri Lottery retailer as Keno To Go. Options and prizes vary. Scratch cards are the Lottery's most popular games, sold in a large variety of locations from gas stations to sports venues via vending machines. Card prices range from $1 to $30, with the more expensive games having better odds of winning as well as larger prizes. Themed scratchers are common and players are encouraged to enter specific losing tickets into "second chance" drawings for additional prizes. Pick 3 is drawn twice daily, seven days a week. Prices and prizes vary. Pick 4 is identical to Pick 3, except that a four-digit number is drawn. Show Me Cash is played daily, drawing five numbers from 1 through 39. Games cost $1 each. Jackpots begin at $50,000, increasing by at least $5,000 until there is a game matching all five numbers. Missouri Lotto is drawn Saturdays.

Six numbers from 1 through 44 are chosen. Players get two games for each $1 wager The progressive jackpot begins at $1,000,000. A free $1 play is won by matching three numbers; the game's monetary prizes are paid on a pari-mutuel basis. Beginning November 4, 2012, randomly selected Missouri Lotto tickets are printed with the word "Doubler". Any money prize won on a Doubler ticket wins twice the normal amount. Three years it became a regional game, taking on the current name; the current format began in January 2015. As of April 2017, Lucky for Life is available in 22 states and the District of Columbia Games are $2 each. On October 13, 2009, the Mega Millions consortium and MUSL reached an agreement to cross-sell Mega Millions and Powerball. Missouri joined Mega Millions on the cross-sell expansion date. Mega Millions is drawn Fridays. Players choose five white balls numbered 1 through 75, a gold-colored "Mega Ball" numbered 1 through 15. Games are $2 if the Megaplier is chosen. Jackpots begin at $15 million, payable in 30 graduated yearly installments unless the cash option is chosen.

Powerball began in 1992. Its jackpots begin $40 million, with drawings on Saturday nights. For several years in the 1990s, the Lottery aired a television game show called Fun & Fortune, hosted by Rick Tamblyn. Missouri Lottery website Publications by or about the Missouri State Lottery Commission at Internet Archive

Fablehaven: Secrets of the Dragon Sanctuary

Fablehaven: Secrets of the Dragon Sanctuary is the fourth novel in The New York Times' bestselling Fablehaven series. This book starts off at the end of the third book, where the society of the Evening Star make some dangerous moves. Seth and Kendra are thrust into another dangerous adventure, where they leave the preserve and explore others. In this one they visit a preserve for dragons, strange changes are wrought in Seth, the society go farther than they have. Just before Christmas break, Kendra is kidnapped by a member of the Society of the Evening Star and replaced by a Stingbulb. Warren and Seth notice something odd with the clone after they intercept a letter revealing secrets, but when they confront it, it swallows a pill and dies, they bury the return to Fablehaven. Meanwhile, Kendra is taken to the home of a lectoblix named Torina to await a meeting with the Sphinx; the Sphinx arrives and forces Kendra to use the Oculus, one of the magical artifacts that can open the door to Zzyzx. With it, Kendra is able to see everywhere at once.

The Fairy Queen is able to help Kendra release the crystal. Back at Fablehaven, another stingbulb infiltrates this time in the form of Maddox, he releases Vanessa from the Quiet Box. With her help, they discover a plan to rescue Kendra. Kendra receives a knapsack that has a magical room in it and a stingbulb, she creates a clone of herself, enters the knapsack, escapes the house. She is picked up by Trask, a Knight of the Dawn, returned to Fablehaven. In the journal of Patton Burgess, Kendra learns there is a secret message about where the other magical artifacts are, they learn about the Ocolus, as well as the Translocator. In order to recover the Translocator they must recover a key. To enter the sanctuary, they must obtain a unicorn horn. In the Hall of Dread Seth is able to hear the whispers of the shades imprisoned there; the only unicorn horn in Fablehaven was the property of the centaurs, but they refuse to let the group borrow it. Seth hears, he sneaks out to see him and there he learns he is a Shadow Charmer, that he is able to hide in dim light, communicate with dark creatures, see magically invisible objects, is immune to magical fear.

With these skills he steals the unicorn horn from the centaurs. With the horn, Dougan, Mara, Gavin and Tanu set off to the Dragon Sanctuary to recover the key. Seth is hiding in the magical knapsack, they arrive at the Sanctuary and meet the caretaker Agad - a dragon who became human in order to become a great wizard. He gives them directions to the Fairy Shrine in Thronis's domain. On the way they meet Warren gets injured and must remain in the knapsack; when they arrive, Thronis captures everyone except Kendra. Kendra meets a fairy dragon named Raxtus, nice and agrees to help her get to the Fairy Shrine. There, Kendra learns the way to the Dragon Temple. Raxtus refuses to help further as it would be a betrayal to dragons. Meanwhile, Seth helps the group strike a deal with Thronis to obtain some items from the Temple in exchange for their freedom; the group meets back up at the entrance to the temple. They survive the Hydra, kill Grommus and Seth and Kendra team up to use the unicorn horn to kill Silleta the poison dragon.

Mendigo is dissolved in the process. Gavin heads back to try to deal with the Hydra, while the remaining group gathers the items for Thronis and the key; when they leave the temple they are ambushed by 2 dragons. Tanu and Seth escape on Griffins to Thronis's tower. Gavin turns into a dragon, eats Dougan, fights off the 2 dragons. Kendra escapes a cleft, Gavin is forced to take human shape again to get to her, he takes the key and the unicorn horn. Raxtus and invisible as he is, sneaks up behind Gavin and eats him; the remaining group returns to Fablehaven with the key, returns the horn to the centaurs, claiming they rescued it from the Society of the Evening Star. They begin to make plans to recover the next artifact, it is revealed that Seth's parents have been kidnapped by the society. Official Fablehaven series site


Soubhagyavathi is 1957 Tamil language historical comedy film directed by Jampanna and produced by N. M. Naganna; the film dialogue was written by A. L. Narayanan and the story was written by Jampanna. Music was by M. S. Gnanamani; the film stars Gemini Ganesan Savitri, K. A. Thangavelu S. V. Ranga Rao and T. P. Muthulakshmi, playing lead, with O. A. K. Devar, Kaka Radhakrishnan, M. S. Draupadi and Suryakala in supporting roles. Gemini Ganesan as Kalatharan Savitri as Gowri S. V. Ranga Rao as Maha Bhairavan, bad magician K. A. Thangavelu as Vairavan, Kalatharan's Friend T. P. Muthulakshmi as Maragatham, Thandavam's sister Kaka Radhakrishnan as Thandavam, Gowri's cousin K. Suryakala as Princess Kalavalli O. A. K. Thevar as Kasi King M. S. Draupadi as Saradha, Gowri's Mother C. K. Saraswathi as Maragatham & Thandavam's Mother S. V. Subbaiah as Kalatharan's father E. V. Saroja as Kalavalli's palace dancer P. Saraswathi Kamakshi M. E. Madhavan M. R. Santhanam A. K. Chopra Ramaiah Shashthri Stunt Somu Krishnan Art: Thotta and Kot Gangar Stills: P. Gangathar Rao and Ramajaiah Publicity: Elegant Processing: V. D. S. Sundaram by Vijaya Laboratory Audiography: A. Krishnan and T. S. Rangasami Re – Recording: T. S. Rangasami Choreography: A. K. Chopra and Vaidieswaran Kovil S. Muthusami Pillai Stunt: Stunt Somu and Bala Ram Properties: Cine Crafts and Giri Museum Special effects: Harban Singh Music composed by Pendyala Nageswara Rao and M. S. Gnanamani, with lyrics written by Pattukottai Kalyanasundaram, A. L. Narayanan and Ra.

Pazhanisami. The playback singing consists of T. M. Soundararajan Sirkazhi Govindarajan, S. C. Krishnan, M. L. Vasanthakumari, Jikki, P. Leela, T. V. Rathinam P. B. Srinivas and Swarnalatha. A song "Yedhuko, Iru Vizhi Marulum", written by Pattukottai Kalyanasundaram and sung by T. M. Soundararajan was recorded and released as a vinyl record, but was not included in the film. Soubhagyavathi on IMDb

Mercury-Redstone 4

Mercury-Redstone 4 was the second United States human spaceflight, on July 21, 1961. The suborbital Project Mercury flight was launched with a Mercury-Redstone Launch Vehicle, MRLV-8; the spacecraft, Mercury capsule #11, was nicknamed the Liberty Bell 7, it was piloted by the astronaut Virgil "Gus" Grissom. The spaceflight lasted 15 minutes 30 seconds, it reached an altitude of more than 102.8 nautical miles, it flew 262.5 nautical miles downrange, landing in the Atlantic Ocean. The flight went as expected until just after splashdown, when the hatch cover, designed to release explosively in the event of an emergency, accidentally blew. Grissom was at risk of drowning, but he was recovered safely via a U. S. Navy helicopter; the spacecraft sank into the Atlantic, it was not recovered until 1999. Mass: 1 286 kg Maximum altitude: 190.39 km Range: 486.15 km Launch vehicle: Redstone rocket The Liberty Bell 7 spacecraft, Mercury spacecraft #11, was designated to fly the second crewed suborbital flight in October 1960.

It came off McDonnell's St. Louis production line in May 1960. Liberty Bell 7 was the first Mercury operational spacecraft with a centerline window instead of two portholes, it was closer to the final orbital version than was Alan Shepard's Freedom 7. Dubbed Liberty Bell 7, it featured a white, irregular paint stripe starting at the base of the capsule and extending about two-thirds toward the nose, emulating the crack in the famed Liberty Bell in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Liberty Bell 7 had a new explosive hatch release; this would allow an astronaut to exit the spacecraft in the event of an emergency. Emergency personnel could trigger the explosive hatch from outside the spacecraft by pulling on an external lanyard. Both the pop-off hatch and the lanyard are standard features of ejection seats used in military aircraft, but in the Mercury design, the pilot still had to exit the craft himself, or be removed by emergency personnel; the original exit procedure was to climb out through the antenna compartment, after removing a small pressure bulkhead.

This was a slow procedure. Removal of an injured or unconscious astronaut through the top hatch would be nearly impossible; the original side hatch was bolted shut with 70 bolts and covered with several spacecraft shingles, making it a slow process to open the original hatch. McDonnell Aircraft engineers devised two different quick release hatches for the Mercury spacecraft; the first had a latch, was used on Ham's MR-2 and Shepard's MR-3 missions. The second design was an explosive release hatch; the quick release latching hatch weighed 69 lb, too much of a weight addition to use on the orbital version of the spacecraft. The explosive hatch design used the 70 bolts of the original design, but each quarter-inch titanium bolt had a 0.06 in hole bored into it to provide a weak point. A mild detonating fuse was installed in a channel between the inner and outer seal around the periphery of the hatch; when the MDF was ignited, the resulting gas pressure between the inner and outer seal would cause the bolts to fail in tension.

There were two ways. On the inside of the hatch was a knobbed plunger; the pilot could press the plunger with a force of 5 or 6 lbf. This would detonate the explosive charge, which would shear off the 70 bolts and propel the hatch 25 ft away in one second. If the pin was left in place, a force of 40 lbf was required to detonate the bolts. An outside rescuer could blow open the hatch by removing a small panel near the hatch and pulling a lanyard; the explosive hatch weighed 23 lb. The new trapezoidal window on Liberty Bell 7 replaced the two 10 in side portholes that were on Freedom 7; the Corning Glass Works of Corning, New York designed and developed the multilayered panes that comprised the new window. The outer pane was 0.35 in thick Vycor glass. It could withstand temperatures of 1,500 to 1,800 °F; the inner pane was made of three inner glass panels bonded to form a single inner pane. One panel was a 0.17 in thick sheet of Vycor. This new window assembly was as strong as any part of the spacecraft pressure vessel.

The manual controls of Liberty Bell 7 incorporated a new rate stabilization control system. This allowed fine control of spacecraft attitude movements by small turns of the hand controller. A lot of jockeying of the device was needed to maintain the desired attitude; this rate damping, or rate augmentation system, gave finer and easier handling qualities and a redundant means of firing the pitch and roll thrusters. Before the Mercury-Redstone 4 mission, Lewis Research Center and Space Task Group engineers had determined that firing the posigrade rockets into the booster-spacecraft adapter, rather than in the open, developed 78 percent greater thrust; this achieved a greater spacecraft-booster separation through a kind of "pop-gun" effect. By using this technique, the spacecraft separated at velocity of about 28.1 ft/s rather than 15 ft/s using the old procedure. The Mercury-Redstone 4/Liberty Bell 7 mission would take advantage of this new procedure. Additional hardware changes to Liberty Bell 7 were a redesigned fairing for the spacecraft-Redstone adapter clamp-ring and additional foam padding added to the head area of the contour couch.

The fairing changes and additional foam were used to reduce vibrations the pilot experienced during the boost phase of flight. The spacecraft instrument panel was rearranged to provide a better eye scan pattern. In January 1961, NASA's Director of the Space Task Group, Robert Gilruth, told Gus Grissom that he would be the primary pilot