The Chinese Academy of Sciences, is a Chinese research institute. It has historical origins in the Academia Sinica during the Republican era and also known by that name, is the national academy for the natural sciences of the People's Republic of China. Collectively known as the "Two Academies" along with the Chinese Academy of Engineering, it functions as the national scientific think tank and academic governing body, providing advisory and appraisal services on issues stemming from the national economy, social development, science and technology progress, it is headquartered in Xicheng District, with branch institutes all over mainland China. It has created hundreds of commercial enterprises, Lenovo being one of the most famous, it is the world's largest research organisation, comprising around 60,000 researchers working in 114 institutes, has been ranked among the top research organisations around the world. The Chinese Academy of Sciences has been ranked the No. 1 research institute in the world by Nature Index since its inception in 2016, by Nature Research.
The Chinese Academy originated in the Academia Sinica founded, by the Republic of China. After the Communist Party took control of mainland China, the Academia Sinica was renamed Chinese Academy of Sciences; the Chinese Academy of Sciences has six academic divisions: Chemistry Information Technological Sciences Earth Sciences Life Sciences and Medical Sciences Mathematics and Physics Technological Sciences The CAS has thirteen regional branches, in Beijing, Changchun, Nanjing, Guangzhou, Kunming, Xi'an, Lanzhou and Xinjiang. It has two universities. Backed by the institutes of CAS, UCAS is headquartered in Beijing, with graduate education bases in Shanghai, Chengdu, [Wuhan and Lanzhou, four Science Libraries of Chinese Academy of Sciences, three technology support centers and two news and publishing units; these CAS branches and offices are located in municipalities throughout China. CAS has invested in or created over 430 science- and technology-based enterprises in eleven industries including eight companies listed on stock exchanges.
Being granted a Fellowship of the Academy represents the highest level of national honor for Chinese scientists. The CAS membership system includes Emeritus Academicians and Foreign Academicians. Current President: Bai Chunli The Chinese Academy of Sciences was ranked #1 in the 2016, 2017, 2018 Nature Index Annual Tables, which measure the largest contributors to papers published in 82 leading journals. 1949–1978: Guo Moruo 1979–1981: Fang Yi 1981–1987: Lu Jiaxi 1987–1997: Zhou Guangzhao 1997–2011: Lu Yongxiang 2011–present: Bai Chunli Membership of the Chinese Academy of Sciences is a lifelong honour given to Chinese scientists who have made significant achievements in various fields. According to Bylaws for Members of the Chinese Academy of Sciences adopted in 1992 and amended in 2014, it is the highest academic title in China. A formal CAS member must hold Chinese citizenship, although foreigners can be elected as foreign members of CAS. Members older than 80 are designated as "senior members", may no longer hold leading positions in the organization.
Academicians of the Chinese Academy of Sciences carry an obligation to advance science and technology, to advocate and uphold scientific spirit, to develop a scientific and technological workforce, to attend member meetings and receive consultation and evaluation tasks, to promote international exchanges and cooperation. Academicians can give suggestions and influence Chinese state policy related to science and technology. Beijing Branch University of the Chinese Academy of Sciences Academy of Mathematics and Systems Science Institute of Acoustics Institute of Atmospheric Physics Institute of Botany Institute of Physics Institute of Semiconductors Institute of Electrical Engineering Institute of Information Engineering Institute of Theoretical Physics Institute of High Energy Physics Institute of Biophysics Institute of Genetics and Developmental Biology Institute of Electronics National Astronomical Observatories Institute of Computing Technology Institute of Software Institute of Automation Beijing Institute of Genomics Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Institute of Geology and Geophysics Institute of Remote Sensing and Digital Earth Institute of Tibetan Plateau Research Institute of Vertebrate Paleontology and Paleoanthropology National Center for Nanoscience and Technology Institute of Policy and Management Institute of Psychology Institute of Zoology Changchun Branch Changchun Institute of Optics, Fine Mechanics and Physics Changchun Institute of Applied Chemistry Northeast Institute of Geography and Agroecology Changchun Observatory Chengdu Branch Institute of Mountain Hazards and Environment Chengdu Institute of Biology Institute of Optics and Electronics Chengdu Institute of Organic Chemistry Institute of Computer Application Chongqing Institute of Green and Intelligent Technology Guangzhou Branch South China Botanical Garden Shenzhen Institutes of Advanced Technology South China Sea Institute of Oceanology Guangzhou Institute of Energy Conversion Guangzhou Institute of Geochemistry Guangzhou Institute of Biomedicine and Health Guiyang Branch Institute of Geochemistry Hefei Branch Hefei Institutes of Physical Science University of Science and Technology of China Kunming Branch
Alvah Sabin was an American politician and clergyman. He served as a United States Representative from Vermont. Sabin was born in Georgia, Vermont, to Benjamin Sabin and Polly McMaster Sabin, was educated in the common schools, he was a member of the Vermont militia and served during the War of 1812. Sabin attended the University of Vermont in Burlington, which awarded him the honorary degree of master of arts in 1826. After the war, Sabin studied theology in Philadelphia and graduated from Columbian College, Washington, D. C. in 1821. He was ordained a minister and preached at Cambridge and Underhill until 1825, when he returned to Georgia, Vermont, he was pastor of the Georgia Baptist Church for fifty-three years. Sabin was a member of the Vermont House of Representatives from 1826 to 1835, 1838 to 1840, 1847 to 1849, 1851, 1861 and 1862, he served in the Vermont Senate in 1841, 1843, 1845. He was the Secretary of State of Vermont in 1841, served as Probate Judge, he was a member of the Constitutional.
He was elected as a Whig Party to the Thirty-third Congress and reelected as an Opposition Party candidate to the Thirty-fourth Congresses, serving from March 4, 1853, to March 3, 1857. While in Congress he served as chairman for the Committee on Revisal and Unfinished Business in the Thirty-fourth Congress, he was not a candidate for renomination in 1856. He served as a delegate to the first Anti-Slavery National Convention, was the county commissioner of Franklin County, Vermont, in 1861 and 1862, responsible for curbing the buying and selling of alcoholic beverages, he continued his ministerial duties. Sabin married Anna Mears in 1819, they had five children together, Benjamin F. Sabin, Julia A. Sabin, Harriet Amelia Sabin, Parthenia A. Sabin and Diantha Marie Sabin. Following Anna's death, Sabin married Susan Marsh. Sabin died on January 1885, in Sycamore, he is interred at Georgia Plains Cemetery in Vermont. "Vermont: the Green mountain state, Volume 3" by Walter Hill Crockett, published by The Century History Company, Inc. 1921.
United States Congress. "Alvah Sabin". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Alvah Sabin at Find a Grave govtrack.us: Rep. Alvah Sabin Ancestry.com: Alvah Sabin The Political Graveyard: Sabin, Alvah
Onward to Freedom is a solo album by Tourniquet drummer, Ted Kirkpatrick. Announced as a side project to be released as The Tourniquet Ark, Kirkpatrick made the decision to release it under the Tourniquet name with himself listed as the primary artist; this has led to confusion in the fan community, the erroneous classification of the album as an actual Tourniquet release. This has been exacerbated by Kirkpatrick choosing to refer to it as part of the Tourniquet catalog in stead of as a part of his solo catalog; the album features many musicians, such as Marty Friedman and Chris Poland of Megadeth, Mattie Montgomery of For Today and Michael Sweet of Stryper. The album was released on November 2014 via Tourniquet's own label, Pathogenic Records. Darcy Rumble writes "Start to finish, Onward to Freedom is an excellent record. Compelling performances by a host of musicians bringing an important message will stir listeners and inspire action. There is enough diversity among the songs that upon repeated listens, OTF does not grow old.
Tourniquet's captivating Onward to Freedom is lyrically moving. A must-have for heavy music fans, lovers of Creation." "The best on this album comes early. Twelve songs, including three instrumentals and two public service announcement experiments. Leaving only seven actual Metal songs. ‘Onward to Freedom’ is solid, classic American Made Heavy Metal with plenty of skills and an important, heartfelt message. Recommended." Reports Chad R. Shultz. Peter John Willoughby says "Ultimately it is up to the fans to decide whether they want another concept album full of animal welfare" Tom Metcalf of Untombed writes "What a great album! All the performances were solid and I don’t see myself becoming tired of it anytime soon. I tried to give a track by track explanation as to how each individual guest lend their set skill and I hope it helps! I hope that Tourniquet, the band, can get together to put out an entire CD with all the band members soon. For we the fans want it!!!!" TourniquetLuke Easter - vocals Aaron Guerra - guitar Ted Kirkpatrick - drumsAdditional musiciansMichael Sweet - vocals Mattie Montgomery - vocals Marty Friedman - guitar Nick Villars - vocals Chris Poland - guitar Doug Pinnick - vocals Rex Carroll - guitar Bruce Franklin - guitar Tony Palacios - guitar Ed Asner - narration Gabbie Rae - vocals Blake Suddath - vocals Ashleigh Argota - vocals Kevin Young - vocals ProductionJosh Schroeder - producer Consuelo Parra - cover art Rex Zachary - cover art Rick Narcarte - cover art