The traditional Chinese calendar, Former Calendar, Traditional Calendar or Lunar Calendar, is a lunisolar calendar which reckons years and days according to astronomical phenomena. In modern days, it is defined in China by GB/T 33661–2017, "Calculation and promulgation of the Chinese calendar", issued by the Standardisation Administration of China on 12 May 2017. Although modern-day China uses the Gregorian calendar, the traditional Chinese calendar governs holidays—such as the Chinese New Year and Lantern Festival—in both China and in overseas Chinese communities, it gives the traditional Chinese nomenclature of dates within a year, which people use for selecting auspicious days for weddings, moving, or starting a business. The evening state-run news program Xinwen Lianbo in the P. R. C. Continues to announce the month and date in both the Gregorian and the traditional lunisolar calendar. Like Chinese characters, variants of this calendar are used in different parts of the East Asian cultural sphere.
Korea and the Ryukyu Islands adopted the calendar, it evolved into Korean and Ryukyuan calendars. The main difference from the traditional Chinese calendar is the use of different meridians, which leads to some astronomical events—and calendar events based on them—falling on different dates; the traditional Japanese calendar derived from the Chinese calendar, but its official use in Japan was abolished in 1873 as part of reforms after the Meiji Restoration. Calendars in Mongolia and Tibet have absorbed elements of the traditional Chinese calendar, but are not direct descendants of it. Days begin and end at midnight, months begin on the day of the new moon. Years begin on the second new moon after the winter solstice. Solar terms govern the end of each month. A sexagenary cycle, consisting of stems and branches, is used as identification alongside each year, including intercalary months or leap months as needed; the length of a month is annotated as either long or short. The traditional Chinese calendar was developed between 771 and 476 BC, during the Spring and Autumn period of the Eastern Zhou dynasty.
Before the Zhou dynasty, solar calendars were used. One version of the solar calendar is the five-elements calendar. A 365-day year was divided into five phases of 73 days, with each phase corresponding to a Day 1 Wu Xing element. A phase began followed by six 12-day weeks; each phase consisted of two three-week months. Years began followed by a bǐngzǐ day and a 72-day fire phase. Other days were tracked using the Yellow River Map. Another version is a four-quarters calendar. Weeks were ten days long, with one month consisting of three weeks. A year had 12 months, with a ten-day week intercalated in summer as needed to keep up with the tropical year; the 10 Heavenly Stems and 12 Earthly Branches were used to mark days. A third version is the balanced calendar. A year was 365.25 days, a month was 29.5 days. After every 16th month, a half-month was intercalated. According to oracle bone records, the Shang dynasty calendar was a balanced calendar with 12 to 14 months in a year; the first lunisolar calendar was the Zhou calendar, introduced under the Zhou dynasty.
This calendar set the beginning of the year at the day of the new moon before the winter solstice. It set the shàngyuán as the winter solstice of a dīngsì year, making the year it was introduced around 2,758,130. Several competing lunisolar calendars were introduced by states fighting Zhou control during the Warring States period; the state of Lu issued its own Lu calendar. Jin issued the Xia calendar in AD 102, with a year beginning on the day of the new moon nearest the March equinox. Qin issued the Zhuanxu calendar, with a year beginning on the day of the new moon nearest the winter solstice. Song's Yin calendar began its year on the day of the new moon after the winter solstice; these calendars are known as the six ancient calendars, or quarter-remainder calendars, since all calculate a year as 365 1⁄4 days long. Months begin on the day of the new moon, a year has 12 or 13 months. Intercalary months are added to the end of the year; the Qiang and Dai calendars are modern versions of the Zhuanxu calendar, used by mountain peoples.
After Qin Shi Huang unified China under the Qin dynasty in 221 BC, the Qin calendar was introduced. It followed most of the rules governing the Zhuanxu calendar, but the month order was that of the Xia calendar; the intercalary month, known as the second Jiǔyuè, was placed at the end of the year. The Qin calendar was used into the Han dynasty. Emperor Wu of Han r. 141 – 87 BC introduced reforms halfway through his reign. His Taichu Calendar defined a solar year as 365 385⁄1539 days, the lunar month was 29 43⁄81 days; this calendar introduced the 24 solar terms
Berry Dynamite is a Japanese music comedy shōjo manga series written and illustrated by Aya Nakahara. It was serialized in Shueisha's Bessatsu Margaret manga magazine from May 13, 2009 to March 15, 2010 and a total of 3 volumes were published, it was published in French by Delcourt. Mai Amane Kurumi 1 2 3 On manga-news.com, the series has a staff grade of 16 out of 20. On Manga Sanctuary, the series has a staff grade of 5.5 out of 10 from two staff members. On planetebd.com, Faustine Lillaz gave all three volumes a grade of "good, nice". On bdzoom.com, Gwenaël Jacquet said the "heroines are dynamic" and "the story is catching". On Anime News Network, Rebecca Silverman called it "a delight of a series, laugh-out-loud funny in places". Berry Dynamite at delcourt.akata.fr Berry Dynamite at Anime News Network's encyclopedia
The Whitewater Valley Conference was an IHSAA-sanctioned conference based in Fayette, Franklin and Henry and Wayne counties in East Central Indiana. The conference was founded in 1940 as a merger of the Franklin County Conference and Union County Conference, though because two of the FCC schools were not able to play a full conference schedule in the 1940-41 school year, two Fayette County Conference schools were added; the conference's last season was in 1967-68, as the consolidation wave of the 1950s and 1960s would leave the conference with three schools and no suitable replacements in the area, as Lewisville and Straughn became part of Tri in 1968. College Corner, whose location on the border of Indiana and Ohio allowed them to play in both the WVC and the Preble County League in Ohio, would continue to play in the PCL until joining with Short in Liberty to form Union County High School in 1974. Whitewater Township would merge into Brookville that same year. Laurel struggled on as an independent for two decades, as they were too far from the two conferences in the general region that featured schools of a similar size and sports offering, the Mid-Hoosier and Ohio River Valley conferences.
The school consolidated with Brookville to form Franklin County High School in 1989. Alquina and Harrisburg played concurrently in the WVC and FCC 1940-58. Brookville and Springfield Township played concurrently in the WVC and FCC 1940-41. College Corner played in both the WVC and Ohio's Preble County League throughout the WVC's existence; when the WVC folded, they remained in the PCL until consolidating into Union County in 1974. Liberty played concurrently in the WVC and the ECC from 1947 to 1962