click links in text for more info
SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Chinese food therapy

Chinese food therapy is a mode of dieting rooted in Chinese beliefs concerning the effects of food on the human organism, centered on concepts such as eating in moderation. Its basic precepts are a mix of folk concepts drawn from traditional Chinese medicine. Food therapy has long been a common approach to health among Chinese people both in China and overseas, was popularized for western readers in the 1990s with the publication of books like The Tao of Healthy Eating and The Wisdom of the Chinese Kitchen. A number of ancient Chinese cookbooks and treatises on food display an early Chinese interest in food, but no known focus on its medical value; the literature on "nourishing life" integrated advice on food within broader advice on how to attain immortality. Such books, are only precursors of "dietary therapy", because they did not systematically describe the effect of individual food items. In the volume on "Fermentations and Food Science" of Joseph Needham's Science and Civilization in China, H. T. Huang considers the Recipes for Fifty-Two Ailments and the Yellow Emperor's Inner Canon as precursors of the "dietary therapy" tradition, the former because it recommends food products as remedies for various illnesses, the latter because it discusses the impact of food on health.

The materia medica literature, exemplified by the Shennong Bencao Jing discussed food products, but without specializing on them. The earliest extant Chinese dietary text is a chapter of Sun Simiao's Prescriptions Worth a Thousand Gold, completed in the 650s during the Tang dynasty. Sun's work contains the earliest known use of the term "food therapy". Sun stated that he wanted to present current knowledge about food so that people would first turn to food rather than drugs when suffering from an ailment, his chapter contains 154 entries divided into four sections – on fruits, vegetables and meat – in which Sun explains the properties of individual foodstuffs with concepts borrowed from the Yellow Emperor's Inner Canon: qi, the viscera, vital essence, as well as correspondences between the Five Phases, the "five flavors", the five grains. He set a large number of "dietary interdictions", some based on calendrical notions, others on purported interactions between foods or between different flavors.

Sun Simiao's disciple Meng Shen compiled the first work devoted to the therapeutic value of food: the Materia Dietetica. This work has not survived, but it was quoted in texts – like the 10th-century Japanese text Ishinpō – and a fragment of it has been found among the Dunhuang manuscripts. Surviving excerpts show that Meng gave less importance to dietary prohibitions than Sun, that he provided information on how to prepare foodstuffs rather than just describe their properties; the works of Sun Simiao and Meng Shen established the genre of materia dietetica and shaped its development in the following centuries. An abundant literature developed in China around the medicinal uses of food. A mid-ninth-century work, now lost, called Candid Views of a Nutritionist-Physician discussed how food could treat various disorders, while several works from the Song dynasty explained how to feed the elderly to extend their life. In the early 14th century, Hu Sihui, who served as Grand Dietician at the court of the Mongol Yuan dynasty, compiled a treatise called the Proper and Essential Things for the Emperor's Food and Drink, still recognized in China as a classic of both materia medica and materia dietetica.

Influenced by the culinary and medical traditions of the Turko-Islamic world and integrating Mongol food stuffs like mutton into its recipes, Hu's treatise interpreted the effects of food according to the scheme of correspondences between the five phases, systematized by northern Chinese medical writers of the Jin dynasty and Yuan eras. Before that period, food materials had not yet been comprehensively assigned to the five flavors systematically correlated with specific internal organs and therapeutic effects. Chinese understandings of the therapeutic effects of food were influential in East Asia. Cited in Japanese works as early as the 10th century, Chinese dietary works shaped Korean literature on food well into the Joseon period. In the late 17th and early 18th centuries, the imperial court of the Qing dynasty ordered several works on Chinese food therapy translated into Manchu. Although the precepts of Chinese food therapy are neither systematic nor identical in all times and places, some basic concepts can be isolated.

One central tenet is that "medicine and food share a common origin", that food materials can therefore be used to prevent or treat medical disorders. Like medicinal drugs, food items are classified as "heaty" or "cooling". In popular understanding, "heaty" or "heatiness" food is "high-calorie, subjected to high heat in cooking, spicy or bitter, or'hot' in color", includes red meat, innards and deep-fried goods, alcohol, they are to be avoided in the summer and can be used to treat "cold" illnesses like excessive pallor, wa

The Sulphur Institute

The Sulphur Institute, or TSI, is an international non-profit organization which acts as a global advocate for sulfur and sulfur producers. The Sulphur institute was founded in 1960 working with companies involved in the mining of sulfur using the Frasch process. With the increase of the Claus process for extracting sulfur from natural gas and oil, TSI's members now include multinational energy companies; the Sulphur Institute connects these sulfur producers with sulfur's largest consumer markets, transporters and service providers. Today, The Sulphur Institute's member companies include a host of companies from five continents involved with producing, trading, adding value, or supplying services to the sulfur industry. TSI is engaged in event planning and publishing print materials for the benefit of all sulfur stakeholders, their work includes international meetings, developing field activities in regions where sulfur has an economically beneficial role. TSI provides individuals with access to sulfur related publications.

In addition to these meetings and printed works, TSI has programs in four main aspects of the sulfur industry: Environment and Safety. TSI's Environment and Safety program addresses environmental and safety issues surrounding the transportation and storage of sulfur; the Sulphur Institute's program allows regulatory agencies and industry stakeholders to connect, exchange knowledge, develop practices which improve the safety of the industry. The Sulphur Institute provides members and non-government agencies, industry stakeholders accurate information on sulfur. TSI has served as a source of industry information for many publications including the Wall Street Journal. TSI is quoted by publications within the industry as well; the information gathered by TSI is made available through a number of publications and speaking engagements. The Sulphur Advocacy program encourages the use of sulfur worldwide in many applications, to promote sulfur as a valuable fertilizer. "Through advocacy and promotion, the program seeks to facilitate increased sulfur demand by removing hurdles for private industry to develop commercial scale sulfur-based fertilizer businesses."TSI has worked in China and India to develop and promote the use of sulfur.

China is one of the major consumers of sulfur because of its phosphate fertilizer industry. TSI began encouraging sulfur market growth in China beginning in 1994 and has continued working with Chinese organizations. In the 1984 The Sulphur Institute began working with representatives in India to encourage similar growth in sulfur usage. TSI worked with the International Fertilizer Industry Association and the Fertilizer Association of India to provide activities and resources on the use of sulfur in agriculture. TSI serves as a spokesperson for the sulfur industry with its Transportation Regulations and Logistics program. "TSI monitors for proposed changes to regulations impacting transportation and handling of sulfur and sulfur compounds." Their program covers transportation by rail and sea transportation on regional and international levels. The Sulphur Institute holds an international symposium annually titled The Sulphur Institute's Sulphur World Symposium; the symposia are attended by producers and traders in sulfur, as well as industry service providers, feature speakers discussing a range of topics relating to sulfur.

The 2010 Sulphur World Symposium was held in Doha, Qatar from April 12 through April 15, 2010. The 2010 symposium featured a tour of the Ras Laffan Industrial City, not available to the public. Publications by The Sulphur Institute include market studies, industrial publications, general brochures about sulfur, brochures on the agricultural uses of sulfur. Symposium proceedings are available. Most publications are available in English, with several available in Spanish and Hindi; the Sulphur Institute The Sulphur Institute China Sulphur in India

Washington Township, Greene County, Pennsylvania

Washington Township is a township in Greene County, United States. The population was 1,098 at the 2010 census; the Grimes Covered Bridge and McClelland-Grimes Farm are listed on the National Register of Historic Places. The township is bordered to the north by Washington County. According to the United States Census Bureau, the township has a total area of 27.2 square miles, of which 0.02 square miles, or 0.06%, are water. Interstate 79 passes with access from Exit 19 at Ruff Creek. Besides Ruff Creek, unincorporated communities in the township include part of Swarts; as of the census of 2000, there were 1,106 people, 409 households, 328 families residing in the township. The population density was 41.0 people per square mile. There were 435 housing units at an average density of 16.1/sq mi. The racial makeup of the township was 98.73% White, 0.18% African American, 0.09% Native American, 0.09% Asian, 0.90% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.09% of the population. There were 409 households, out of which 36.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 68.2% were married couples living together, 7.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 19.8% were non-families.

16.9% of all households were made up of individuals, 7.8% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.70 and the average family size was 3.05. In the township the population was spread out, with 25.0% under the age of 18, 7.1% from 18 to 24, 27.6% from 25 to 44, 29.2% from 45 to 64, 11.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females, there were 94.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 100.7 males. The median income for a household in the township was $39,432, the median income for a family was $43,889. Males had a median income of $33,036 versus $21,435 for females; the per capita income for the township was $17,207. About 7.5% of families and 8.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.2% of those under age 18 and 2.6% of those age 65 or over

Walter Prideaux

Walter Prideaux was a poet and lawyer. Prideaux rose to be clerk to Goldsmiths' Hall. Walter Prideaux was born 15 April 1806, at Bearscombe near Kingsbridge and Loddiswell, one of the six sons of Walter Prideaux of Kingsbridge and Plymouth, a partner in the Devon and Cornwall Bank, a Quaker associated with the Plymouth Brethren, having in 1812 sold Bearscombe and moved to Plymouth, it is not clear what relation he was to the ancient gentry family of Prideaux seated variously at Orcheton, Modbury. The wife of Walter Prideaux was Sarah-Ball Hingston, a daughter of his partner Joseph Hingston, merchant, of Dodbrooke in Devon, by his first wife Sarah Ball, a daughter of Joseph Ball of Bridgwater in Somerset. Prideaux is shown in a painting where discussions are taking place for a journey in a balloon by Charles Green, Thomas Monck Mason and Robert Hollond; the three travelled a record distance of 500 miles in 18 hours. Prideaux was included in the painting with the artist, John Hollins, William Milbourne James.

In 1840, Prideaux's poems were published as Poems of Chivalry and the Olden Time Prideaux died in 1889

C. R. Neelakandan

C. R. Neelakandan is an Indian environmental activist and writer. A a regular contributor to Malayalam periodicals on environmental issues, Neelakandan is the State Convener of Aam Aadmi Party Kerala since 3 January 2016. Neelakandan born to C. P Raman Namboothiri and Savithri Antharjanam on 1957 at karuvannoor in Thrissur District, Kerala, he completed his education from Christ College Irinjalakkuda and Government Engineering College, Thrissur. He was an activist of SFI at state level while studying. After his study he went on training from Bhabha Atomic Research Centre Bombay, he joined Keltron in 1981 and was the Deputy General Manager of Keltron in its Aroor branch and retired in May 2015. He Began his political activism in students movement, he was arrested during The Emergency and was held in illegal custody for alleged possession of communist literature, he joined SFI, worked in the Communist Party. In 2014, he became a member of the State Executive Committee, he participates in environmental issues such as public protest against waste dumping at various places across the state such as Lalur, Panamkuttichira, Pettippalam etc, Struggles like Silent Valley, National Highway Protection Samithy, Plachimada, GAIUL Pipe Line, High Speed Rail Corridor, Many mining projects like Mineral sand mining on Arattupuzha Coast, Moolampilly displacement, Malabar Gold pollution, Periyar River Protection, Endosulfan in Kazaragod, Aranmula Airport and Pooyamkutty HEPs and many others.

Neelakandan is married to a poet and staff of the All India Radio, Kochi. The couple has two daughters and Aarcha and the family lives in Kakkanadu, in Kochi. Paristhithiyum Aagolavalkaranavum Prakrthiyude Nilavilikal Lavlin, Rekhakaliloode Aam adhmi, Sadharanakarante Party Paristhithiyute Varthamanangal Harithavarthamanangal Baba Award Mukundan C. Menon award A. Sujanapal Award First Oorja Kerala Award Evoorath Award etc. In 2016, he supported Amnesty international in the controversy against ABVP. "Aam Admi Party not to fight, set to defeat tainted". Deccan Chronicle. 19 April 2016. Retrieved 7 November 2018. Mathrubhumi, News of attack Neelakantan's allegation against Nuclear establishment on YouTube

Rock Island Depot (Hazen, Arkansas)

The Rock Island Depot is a historic railroad station on Arkansas Highway 11, between North Prairie and North Livermore Streets in Hazen, Arkansas. It is a single story stuccoed brick building with Mediterranean style, built in 1915 by the Chicago, Rock Island and Pacific Railroad, its main facade is oriented south, toward the former railroad tracks, with a projecting telegrapher's booth. It is topped by a tile roof with broad eaves supported by large brackets; the building was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1987. National Register of Historic Places listings in Prairie County, Arkansas