Chiswick Eyot

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Chiswick Eyot with St Nicholas Church, buildings along Chiswick Mall and Fuller's Brewery in the background
Channel between Chiswick Eyot and Chiswick Mall on the River Thames London, looking downstream at low tide (left) and high tide (right)

Chiswick Eyot /ˈɪzɪk ˈt/ is a 3.266-acre (1.3 ha) narrow, uninhabited ait (river island) in the River Thames. It is on the Tideway by Chiswick, in the Borough of Hounslow, London, England.

Position and race distance marker[edit]

It is beside The Championship Course and marks the approximate half-way point of The Boat Races (OUBC versus CUBC Men's and Women's first eights (1st 8+s) races) and the country's international Head of the River Race among others. A green pole stands on one end used for timings by rowers of that course, at the southwest, church end of the island.[1] Small craft can pass between it and (the)[n 1] Chiswick Mall[n 2] on the Middlesex (left, generally north) bank for about two hours at high tide, but the small channel is generally impassable otherwise — at low tide it is possible to walk to the island.[2]

History[edit]

The island shown in 1842, as shown in later maps it has been slightly eroded in the places mentioned in this article

Chiswick Eyot is one of 43 unbridged tidal islands which can be walked to from the mainland of Great Britain,[3] dating back to the British Iron Age such tidal islands are occasionally associated with being sanctuaries and meeting places;[4] some are named Holy Islands. The 3.266-acre (1.3 ha)[5] eyot was long-owned by the rectory of Chiswick and its natural successors the Ecclesiastical Commissioners until 1934 when ownership passed to the local council.[3] Little is known of its archaeology. St. Nicholas Church, Chiswick is 200m west of the island, whose tower was built in the 15th century.[6] Thus an early medieval parish church is beside it as with Isleworth Ait, Eel Pie Island (Twickenham Ait) and others upstream.

The eyot was used during the industrial revolution mostly for the growing of grass and osiers (basket willows, used for basketry, furniture, cart-making, as well as cattle fodder). Its south-west end, opposite end and east has become indented. The island is submerged (excluding trees) at high tide.

Local nature reserve[edit]

The London Borough of Hounslow declared the island a local nature reserve of Greater London in 1993.[7][8]

See also[edit]

Notes and Citations[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ Use of "the" in "the Chiswick Mall" is becoming obsolete even among the most-settled upper middle class and British aristocracy in West London; c.f. the/The Kings Road (in general usage) and "The Victoria Embankment", as in Embankment Underground station invariably omitting one or two of these words that precede "Embankment"
  2. ^ Mall in the meaning given in London refers to a scenic street; Chiswick, Upper and Lower Malls are three riverside roads lined with houses, pubs and a few river-related organisations.
Citations
  1. ^ Vesta Rowing Club — Veterans Head/ Pairs Head of the River Race
  2. ^ Ordnance Survey map, courtesy of English Heritage Archived 24 April 2012 at the Wayback Machine.
  3. ^ a b "Kew to Wandsworth". Tideway. John Kennett. Archived from the original on 7 February 2007. Retrieved 5 January 2009. 
  4. ^ No Boat Required – Exploring Tidal Islands, Peter Caton, 2011, Troubador Publishing, ISBN 978-1848767-010
  5. ^ OS 25-inch map of 1910 Ordnance Survey Surrey II.10 revised 1910, published 1913.
  6. ^ St Nicholas Church, Chiswick Grade II* listing Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1189405)". National Heritage List for England (NHLE). Retrieved 21 November 2012. 
  7. ^ "Chiswick Eyot". Local Nature Reserves. Natural England. 1 March 2013. Retrieved 22 January 2014. 
  8. ^ "Map of Chiswick Eyot". Local Nature Reserves. Natural England. Retrieved 22 January 2014. 

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Next island upstream River Thames Next island downstream
Oliver's Island Chiswick Eyot Lower Horse Island

Coordinates: 51°29′15″N 0°14′45″W / 51.48750°N 0.24583°W / 51.48750; -0.24583