A choir is a musical ensemble of singers. Choral music, in turn, is the music written for such an ensemble to perform. Choirs may perform music from the classical music repertoire, which spans from the medieval era to the present, or popular music repertoire. Most choirs are led by a conductor, who leads the performances with face gestures. A body of singers who perform together as a group is called a chorus; the former term is often applied to groups affiliated with a church and the second to groups that perform in theatres or concert halls, but this distinction is far from rigid. Choirs may sing without instrumental accompaniment, with the accompaniment of a piano or pipe organ, with a small ensemble, or with a full orchestra of 70 to 100 musicians; the term choir has the secondary definition of a subset of an ensemble. In typical 18th- to 21st-century oratorios and masses, chorus or choir is understood to imply more than one singer per part, in contrast to the quartet of soloists featured in these works.
Choirs are led by a conductor or choirmaster. Most choirs consist of four sections intended to sing in four part harmony, but there is no limit to the number of possible parts as long as there is a singer available to sing the part: Thomas Tallis wrote a 40-part motet entitled Spem in alium, for eight choirs of five parts each. Other than four, the most common number of parts are three, five and eight. Choirs can sing without instrumental accompaniment. Singing without accompaniment is called a cappella singing. Accompanying instruments vary from only one instrument to a full orchestra of 70 to 100 musicians. Many choirs perform in many locations such as a church, opera house, or school hall. In some cases choirs join up to become one "mass" choir. In this case they provide a series of songs or musical works to celebrate and provide entertainment to others. Conducting is the art of directing a musical performance, such as a choral concert, by way of visible gestures with the hands, arms and head.
The primary duties of the conductor or choirmaster are to unify performers, set the tempo, execute clear preparations and beats, to listen critically and shape the sound of the ensemble. The conductor or choral director stands on a raised platform and he or she may or may not use a baton. In the 2010s, most conductors do not play an instrument when conducting, although in earlier periods of classical music history, leading an ensemble while playing an instrument was common. In Baroque music from the 1600s to the 1750s, conductors performing in the 2010s may lead an ensemble while playing a harpsichord or the violin. Conducting while playing a piano may be done with musical theatre pit orchestras. Communication is non-verbal during a performance. However, in rehearsals, the conductor will give verbal instructions to the ensemble, since they also serve as an artistic director who crafts the ensemble's interpretation of the music. Conductors act as guides to the choirs they conduct, they choose the works to be performed and study their scores, to which they may make certain adjustments, work out their interpretation, relay their vision to the singers.
Choral conductors may have to conduct instrumental ensembles such as orchestras if the choir is singing a piece for choir and orchestra. They may attend to organizational matters, such as scheduling rehearsals, planning a concert season, hearing auditions, promoting their ensemble in the media. Most Eastern Orthodox Christian churches, some American Protestant groups, traditional Jewish synagogues do not accompany their songs with musical instruments. In churches of the Western Rite the accompanying instrument is the organ, although in colonial America, the Moravian Church used groups of strings and winds. Many churches which use a contemporary worship format use a small amplified band to accompany the singing, Roman Catholic Churches may use, at their discretion, additional orchestral accompaniment. In addition to leading of singing in which the congregation participates, such as hymns and service music, some church choirs sing full liturgies, including propers. Chief among these are the Roman Catholic churches.
Mixed choir. This is the most common type consisting of sopra
John Gustave Davis was an American actor and trumpeter. Born in Brazil, into a family of musicians, Davis developed an interest in music during his childhood, he by the age of 13 was performing with his grandfather's band. After graduating from high school he worked as a musician for several orchestras, including theater orchestras in nearby Terre Haute, Indiana such as Paul Johnson's orchestra and the Leo Baxter Orchestra. Art Davis, his younger brother worked for Leo Baxter. By 1933 was living in New York City, he recorded several songs with them. From the mid-1930s he worked with Fred Waring as a musician and vocalist, his success during this time led him to Hollywood, he appeared in his first film in 1937, the same year appeared in the film Hollywood Hotel, where he introduced the Johnny Mercer song "Hooray for Hollywood". His lively rendition became popular and became associated with the film industry, he appeared in fifteen films including Campus Cinderella, Cowboy from Brooklyn, Brother Rat, Mr. Chump,'A Child Is Born and Sarong Girl.
Davis continued to work in the music industry throughout the 1940s and 1950s, spent several years in Detroit, Michigan where he was a popular television performer. He settled in Texas, died in Pecos from a heart attack during a hunting trip. Johnnie Davis on IMDb "Solid" - Johnny "Scat" Davis, biography
Li Guangxi is a Chinese national-level actor and one of China's most outstanding tenors. Li was born in Tianjin, China in 1929, he is the fourth of eight children. His father was a senior staff at Kailuan Mining Bureau. In his early teens, he expressed interest in singing; when he was in high school, his father died of overwork. In order to make a living, he went to work in the company. In 1954, he was accepted to the Central Experimental Dance Theatre. In 1956, he acted as Arman in La traviata, the first classical opera in China under the leadership of Zhou Enlai, he received positive reviews for the role. At the end of 1957, he became a sent-down youth in the Down to the Countryside Movement, he worked in Hebei Province. In 1958, Zhou Enlai was going to visit the Soviet Union, he was accompanied Zhou Enlai on the visit. He performed in Eugene Onegin at the Bolshoi Theatre, his wonderful performance won the praise of Nikita Khrushchev. In 1969, during the Cultural Revolution, the Central Experimental Opera and Dance Theatre was disbanded and Li forced to work in the fields in the suburb of Tianjin.
In 1972, after a coup in Cambodia, Norodom Sihanouk stayed in Beijing. Norodom Sihanouk wanted to invite Chinese singers to sing. After receiving instructions from Zhou Enlai, the relevant departments transferred Li from Tianjin's countryside to Beijing. At Sihanouk's birthday party, he sang a few songs composed by Sihanouk and won the praise of Sihanouk. Subsequently, the China National Radio invited him to record two songs, "Beijing Yangge" and "The Love's Voyage", welcomed by the national audience. In 1978, he sang "The Toast Song" and it sold up to a million albums. In 1983, he was diagnosed with a laryngeal muscle disorder and did not return to the stage until 1986. In 2015 and 2019, he participated in the Spring Festival Gala held by the China Central Television. Li met his future wife Wang Ziwei in 1953, they married on December 27, 1957. The couple has three daughters. La traviata Eugene Onegin "Beijing Yangge" "The Love's Voyage" "The Toast Song" "When Will We Meet Again?" "Ode to Yanan" "Waves of Gulangyu"