Chopsticks are shaped pairs of equal-length sticks that have been used as kitchen and eating utensils in all of East Asia for over four millennia. First used by the Chinese, chopsticks spread to other East Asian countries including Japan, Korea as well as South and Southeast Asia such as Cambodia, Nepal, Myanmar, Thailand and more Hawaii, the West Coast of North America, cities with Overseas Chinese communities all around the globe. Chopsticks are smoothed and tapered and are made of bamboo, wood, or stainless steel, they are less made from titanium, silver, jade, or ivory. Chopsticks are held in the dominant hand, between the thumb and fingers, used to pick up pieces of food; the English word "chopstick" may have derived from Chinese Pidgin English, in which "chop chop" meant "quickly". According to the Oxford English Dictionary, the earliest published use of the word is in the 1699 book Voyages and Descriptions by William Dampier: "they are called by the English seamen Chopsticks". Another possibility, is that the term is derived from chow, a pidgin word stemming from Southeast Asia meaning food, thus chopsticks would mean'food sticks'.
The Standard Chinese term for chopsticks is kuàizi. The first character is a semantic-phonetic compound with a phonetic part meaning "quick", a semantic part meaning "bamboo". In ancient written Chinese, the character for chopsticks was zhu. Although it may have been used in ancient spoken Chinese, its use was replaced by the pronunciation for the character kuài, meaning "quick"; the original character, though still used in writing, is used in modern spoken Chinese. It, however, is preserved in Chinese dialects such as Hokkien and Teochew as the Min Chinese languages are directly descended from Old Chinese rather than Middle Chinese. For written semantic differentiation between the "fast" versus "chopsticks", a new character was created for "chopsticks" by adding the "bamboo" radical to it. In Cambodian, chopsticks are called changkuah. In Japanese, chopsticks are called hashi, they are known as otemoto, a phrase printed on the wrappers of disposable chopsticks. Te means moto means the area under or around something.
The preceding o is used for politeness. In Okinawan, chopsticks are called nmēshi ぅんめーし. A special type of chopsticks made from the himehagi wood is used is altars of offerings is called sōrō nmēshi そーろぅんめーし. In Korean, 저 is used in the compound jeotgarak, composed of jeo "chopsticks" and garak "stick". Jeo cannot be used alone, but can be found in other compounds such as sujeo, meaning "spoon and chopsticks". In Vietnamese, chopsticks are called "đũa", written as with 竹 trúc as the semantic, 杜 đỗ as the phonetic part, it is an archaic borrowing of the older Chinese term for chopsticks, 箸.in Filipino, chopsticks are referred to as "sipit ng intsik", a compound of sipit, which means "to grip" or pincers and "intsik" which means Chinese The Han dynasty historian Sima Qian writes that chopsticks were known before the Shang dynasty but there is no textual or archeological evidence to support this statement. The earliest evidence is six chopsticks, made of bronze, 26 cm long and 1.1 to 1.3 cm wide, excavated from the Ruins of Yin near Anyang and dated to 1200 BCE.
The earliest known textual reference to the use of chopsticks comes from the Han Feizi, a philosophical text written by Han Fei in the 3rd century BCE. The first chopsticks were used for cooking, stirring the fire, serving or seizing bits of food, not as eating utensils. Chopsticks began to be used as eating utensils during the Han dynasty. Chopsticks were considered more lacquerware-friendly than other sharp eating utensils, it was not until the Ming dynasty that chopsticks came into normal use for both eating. They acquired the name kuaizi and the present shape; the earliest European reference to chopsticks comes in the Portuguese Suma Oriental by Tomé Pires, who wrote in 1515 in Malacca: They eat with two sticks and the earthenware or china bowl in their left hand close to the mouth, with the two sticks to suck in. This is the Chinese way. To use chopsticks, the lower chopstick is stationary, rests at the base of the thumb, between the ring finger and middle finger; the second chopstick is held like a pencil, using the tips of the thumb, index finger, middle finger, it is moved while eating, to pull food into the grasp of the chopsticks.
Chopsticks, when not in use, are placed either to the right or below one's plate in a Chinese table setting. Some Chinese people feel. Saibashi are Japanese kitchen chopsticks used in Japanese cuisine, they are used in the preparation of Japanese food, are not designed for eating. These chopsticks allow handling of hot food with one hand, are used like regular chopsticks; these chopsticks have a length of 30 cm or more, may be looped together with a string at the top. They are made from bamboo, but for deep frying, metal chopsticks with bamboo handles are preferred, as the tips of regular bamboo chopsticks discolor and get greasy after repeated use in hot oil; the bamboo handles protect against heat. Vietnamese cooks use the oversized đũa cả or "grand chopsticks" in cooking, serving rice from the pot. Chopsticks come in a wide variety of styles, with differences in
Montgomery Township is one of the fifteen townships of Ashland County, United States. As of the 2010 census the population was 2,700. Located in the center of the county, it borders the following townships: Orange Township - north Jackson Township - northeast Perry Township - east Mohican Township - southeast corner Vermillion Township - south Mifflin Township - southwest corner Milton Township - west Clear Creek Township - northwest cornerMost of the city of Ashland, the county seat of Ashland County, is located in western Montgomery Township. Montgomery Township was organized in 1816. Statewide, other Montgomery Townships are located in Wood counties; the township is governed by a three-member board of trustees, who are elected in November of odd-numbered years to a four-year term beginning on the following January 1. Two are elected in the year after the presidential election and one is elected in the year before it. There is an elected township fiscal officer, who serves a four-year term beginning on April 1 of the year after the election, held in November of the year before the presidential election.
Vacancies in the fiscal officership or on the board of trustees are filled by the remaining trustees. County website Township Website
James R. Stillwagon was an All-Star American college football player and Canadian Football League player. Stillwagon was a three-year starter with the Ohio State Buckeyes, he was a consensus All-America selection as a junior and senior, won the Outland Trophy and was the first-ever winner of the Lombardi Award. He won the 1970 UPI Lineman of the Year. Stillwagon was one of the so-called Super Sophomores of 1968, guiding the Buckeyes to an undefeated season and a consensus national championship. Stillwagon and the other Super Sophomores finished their college careers with a record of 27-2. Stillwagon was drafted by the Green Bay Packers in the fifth round of the 1971 NFL Draft, but turned north to Canada for a pro career. In five years in the Canadian Football League with the Toronto Argonauts, Stillwagon was a three time all star, he was runner up for the CFL's Most Outstanding Defensive Player Award in 1972. Stillwagon was honoured at the September 11, 2009 home game of the Toronto Argonauts as the newest addition to the team's list of All-Time Argos
The lesser greenlet is a small passerine bird in the vireo family. It breeds from northeastern Mexico south to western Ecuador; this is a common species of lowlands and foothills up to 1,200 m altitude, where it inhabits forest canopy and edges, the crowns of trees in tall second growth or semi-open areas. The nest is a deep cup of dead leaves and spiderwebs attached by the rim to branches 10–15 m high in a tree; the normal clutch is two brown-marked white eggs. The adult lesser greenlet weighs 9 g, it has a pale grey head with a white eye ring. The underparts are white with some olive on the flanks. Young birds are duller and brown above, have a buff tone to the sides of the head and the breast. There are two races. Nominate H. d. decurtatus which breeds from central Panama southwards has a green crown to the head, grey-crowned H. d. minor occupies the northern part of the bird's range. The latter subspecies was given species status as the Grey-crowned Greenlet but the two forms interbreed extensively in central Panama and are now considered to be conspecific.
Lesser greenlets feed on spiders and insects gleaned from tree foliage, They eat small fruits and seeds. They will join mixed-species feeding flocks, accompany gnatcatchers and honeycreepers; the lesser greenlet has a nasal neeah-neeah-neeah-neeah call and the song is a whistled chi chi cher cher cher cher chiri cher which cheri and more melodious than that of the yellow-green vireo. Stiles, F. Gary. A Guide to the Birds of Costa Rica. Comstock Publishing Associates. ISBN 0-8014-9600-4. "Lesser Greenlet media". Internet Bird Collection. Lesser Greenlet photo gallery at VIREO Lesser Greenlet species account at Neotropical Birds Interactive range map of Hylophilus decurtatus at IUCN Red List maps
Gaspar Hernández is a city and a beach in the Espaillat province of the Dominican Republic. It is full with beaches. Gaspar Hernandez is a typical Dominican town, although it is somewhat, indirectly dependent on tourism, its main base of income is cattle and agriculture. Famous Dominican baseball coach and trainer Ramon Lora, now coaching at Western Oklahoma State College, was born in Gaspar Hernandez. Lora's 2011 team captured the NJCAA National Championship while featuring numerous Dominican players at the American college; the current site of Gaspar Hernandez retains features of indigenous culture of the Ciguayo and Ciboney Indians from the societies of Río San Juan and Samana. The present municipality was founded on April 5, 1907, in a place called Canto La Ermita. At that time the population was concentrated on the banks of the river Joba; the place was renamed Gaspar Hernández in honor of the famous priest, associate of Juan Pablo Duarte in the war of independence from Haiti. The municipality of Gaspar Hernandez has a diversified economy divided between tourism and agricultural production.
Ecotourism exists in the Ojo de Agua district, with caves and caverns, beautiful natural landscapes, the source of water, dipping between rocks and reappearing as the Ojo de Agua. Important hotel projects along the coast of Gaspar Hernandez include: Bahia Principe, Bahia Esmeralda, El Pescador, Playa Cana, Playa Rogelio, Punta Gorda; the Municipal District of Veragua produces banana, maize and sweet potatoes. The District of Joba Arriba is the largest producer of cocoa, with one of the country's largest cocoa farmers' associations, it produces other minor agricultural products. Cattle and hogs are another important sector. Fishing has developed catering to the tourist resorts of Sosua and Cabarete. Beekeeping is a new activity in the municipality in the production of honey and Royal Jelly. World Gazeteer: Dominican Republic – World-Gazetteer.com http://www.fallingrain.com/world/DR/8/Gaspar_Hernandez.html https://web.archive.org/web/20120701190007/http://www.quisqueyavirtual.edu.do/wiki/Municipio_Gaspar_Hern%C3%A1ndez
"Secret Land" is a 1988 pop song by German singer Sandra. It was written by Uwe Gronau, Hubert Kemmler, Michael Cretu, Mats Björklund, Susanne Müller-Pi, Klaus Hirschburger and Michael Höing, produced by Cretu, it is an adaptation of the 1987 Kemmler-produced song "Trenchcoat Man" recorded by the short-lived German band Fabrique, the members of which were Gronau and Höing. "Secret Land" was released in September 1988 as the second single preceding Sandra's third studio album, Into a Secret Land. The song charted in the top 10 in Germany and Switzerland, reached the top 20 in a number of other European countries. In 1999, a remix of the song was released on Sandra's compilation My Favourites, it was released as a single to promote the album, but only met with minor success in Germany. The track was remixed again for her 2006 compilation Reflections; the music video was filmed in the French region of Normandy. The clip was released on Sandra's VHS video compilation 18 Greatest Hits in 1992 as well as the 2003 DVD The Complete History.
A new music video was filmed for the 1999 remix, directed by Thomas Job, released on The Complete History DVD. 7" single A. "Secret Land" — 4:05 B. "Into Nobody's Land" — 4:1212" maxi single A. "Secret Land" — 6:44 B1. "Secret Land" — 4:05 B2. "Secret Land" — 3:33CD maxi single"Secret Land" — 6:44 "Secret Land" — 4:05 "Secret Land" — 3:33CD maxi single"Secret Land" — 3:20 "Secret Land" — 5:34 "Secret Land" — 6:12 "Secret Land" — 3:41 "Secret Land" at Discogs Lyrics of this song at MetroLyrics