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Chowan County, North Carolina

Chowan County is one of the 100 counties located in the U. S. state of North Carolina. As of the 2010 census, the population was 14,793, its county seat is Edenton. The county was created between 1668 and 1671 as Shaftesbury Precinct and renamed Chowan Precinct, it gained county status in 1739. Chowan was formed in 1670 as a precinct called Shaftesbury, in Albemarle County. By 1685 it had been renamed for the Chowan Indian tribe, which lived in the northeastern part of the Carolina Colony. Chowan County is in the northeastern section of the State and is bounded by Albemarle Sound, Chowan River, the counties of Bertie, Hertford and Perquimans; the present land area is 172.64 square miles and the 2000 population was 14,150. In 1720, named in honor of Governor Charles Eden, was established. In 1722 it was designated, has continued to be, the county seat. During the American Civil War, the Albemarle Artillery was recruited in 1862 from Chowan and Tyrrell men at Edenton by local attorney William Badham, Jr..

After cannons were recast from bronze donated as bells from local courthouses and churches to arm the battery, the unit was renamed the Edenton Bell Battery. They named their cannon: Columbia, St. Paul, Fannie Roulac, Edenton. Two of the guns, have been returned to Edenton in recent years; the St. Paul and the Edenton now can be seen on display at Edenton's waterfront park; the county was named after the historical Chowanoc American Indian tribe called Chowan. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 233 square miles, of which 172 square miles is land and 61 square miles is water, it is the smallest county in North Carolina by land third-smallest by total area. Future I-87 US 17 NC 32 NC 37 NC 94 As of the census of 2010, there were 14,793 people, 5,580 households, 4,006 families residing in the county; the population density was 84 people per square mile. There were 6,443 housing units at an average density of 37 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 62.0% White, 34.3% Black or African American, 0.3% Native American, 0.4% Asian, 0.0% Pacific Islander, 1.8% from other races, 1.2% from two or more races.

3.2 % of the population were Latino of any race. There were 5,580 households out of which 30.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.00% were married couples living together, 15.70% had a female householder with no husband present, 28.20% were non-families. 25.30% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.10% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.48 and the average family size was 2.94. In the county, the population was spread out with 23.90% under the age of 18, 9.60% from 18 to 24, 24.10% from 25 to 44, 24.40% from 45 to 64, 17.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 88.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 84.60 males. The median income for a household in the county was $30,928, the median income for a family was $36,986. Males had a median income of $29,719 versus $19,826 for females; the per capita income for the county was $15,027. About 13.70% of families and 17.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 25.50% of those under age 18 and 16.70% of those age 65 or over.

Chowan County is a member of the Albemarle Commission regional council of government. Chowan County is represented by Bob Steinburg in the North Carolina House of Representatives. Edenton Rockyhock Selwin Sign Pine Tyner National Register of Historic Places listings in Chowan County, North Carolina North Carolina v. Mann, a slave court case

Richard Thalheimer

Richard Thalheimer is the founder and former CEO of American consumer brand The Sharper Image. He established The Sharper Image in 1977, inspired by a $69 jogger’s watch that he owned and other runners admired; the first runner’s watch was advertised in Runner’s World magazine. The advertisement’s success led to the inaugural distribution of The Sharper Image catalog in 1979; the San Francisco, California company began with only three employees. When Thalheimer left in 2006, there were more than 4,000 full and part-time associates, 195 stores and a thriving internet and catalog business. At its peak, the company had annual revenues exceeding $750 million; the company became a public corporation in 1987 when its stock was offered on Nasdaq under the symbol SHRP. In 2007, Thalheimer started his own retail online store,, still in business. Thalheimer's family settled in Arkansas before the American Civil War and started a livery business in Little Rock, which decades became The Blass Department Store, for many years the state's largest department store, remained in business into the 1970s and became part of the Dillard's department store chain.

Thalheimer was raised in Arkansas. After graduating from Hall High School in Little Rock, Arkansas, he left for New Haven and graduated from Yale University in 1970, he entered San Francisco's University of California, Hastings College of the Law the following year, graduated with a J. D. degree, was admitted to the California Bar in July 1974. After graduating from law school in 1974, he practiced law in San Francisco for a year. After graduating from law school in 1974, Thalheimer passed the California bar exam and practiced law in San Francisco for a year. While still a law student, the 24-year-old Richard Thalheimer started a part-time office supply business, named Thalheimer Business Systems, in San Francisco, with $500 worth of copier paper, he renamed his enterprise "The Sharper Image," in part to help promote the quality of the copier paper and toner that he was selling. Thalheimer promoted additional products that allowed The Sharper Image to increase sales nationally through its magazine ads and catalog mailings, including introducing the first cordless telephone, the first telephone answering machine, the first hand-held micro-computer, the first children's two-wheel Razor Scooter, the Ionic Breeze Air Purifier.

In September 2006, Thalheimer stepped aside as CEO, was replaced at that time by interim CEO Jerry W. Levin, former CEO of Revlon, The Coleman Company and American Household. Thalheimer remained on the company's Board of Directors and kept his spot as the largest shareholder of The Sharper Image until May 2007. By May 2007, the hedge fund Board members had finalized an agreement with Thalheimer to buy his remaining shares, he sold his full remaining stock position 21% of the outstanding shares. The Sharper Image filed for protection with the U. S. bankruptcy court in Wilmington, Delaware on February 19, 2008. The company closed all of its 184 stores in August 2008; the company was sold and is in business as of 2019. Thalheimer is the CEO of RichardSolo. Creating Your Own Sharper Image was written and audio recorded by Thalheimer. In this book he shares his techniques for building a successful business

1980 Five Nations Championship

The 1980 Five Nations Championship was the fifty-first series of the rugby union Five Nations Championship. Including the previous incarnations as the Home Nations and Five Nations, this was the eighty-sixth series of the northern hemisphere rugby union championship. Ten matches were played between 15 March. England were the champions, winning the championship outright for the first time since 1963, it was England's eighteenth championship, excluding ten titles shared with other teams. In winning all four matches they won the Grand Slam for the eighth time, equalling the record held by Wales, it was England's first Grand Slam since 1957 and only their second since 1928. England's victories over Ireland and Scotland gave them the Triple Crown for the first time since 1960 and the fifteenth time overall; the teams involved were: The official RBS Six Nations Site

A*STAR Talent Search

The A*STAR Talent Search is a research-based science competition in Singapore for high school students between 15–21 years of age. It was known as National Science Talent Search; the ATS is an annual competition which acknowledges and rewards students who have a strong aptitude for science & technology. This competition provides students the opportunity to showcase their stellar projects and encourage them to further explore science and technology; the ATS is administered by the Agency for Science and Research and Science Centre Singapore from 2006. Participants are required to compete in the Singapore Science and Engineering Fair and winners from the fair will proceed to the short-listing round of ATS; the panel of judges consists of distinguished scientists from local and international universities, as well as A*STAR research institutes and a Nobel Laureate as the Chief Judge. ATS winners need to display resourcefulness, mastery of scientific concepts, as well as passion for scientific research.

The First Prize winner will be given inclusive of a sponsored overseas conference. Winners and finalists of the ATS have gone on to top universities worldwide, such as National University of Singapore, Harvard University, Princeton University, Yale University, Stanford University, Massachusetts Institute of Technology and California Institute of Technology in the United States, University of Cambridge, University of Oxford and Imperial College London in the United Kingdom. ATS website ATS website

Sharpsville Area School District

The Sharpsville Area School District is a small, suburban/rural, public school district serving parts of Mercer County, Pennsylvania. The district is one of the 500 public school districts of Pennsylvania; the district's attendance area encompasses the communities of: Sharpsville and Pymatuning Township. The Sharpsville Area School District encompasses 29 square miles. According to 2010 federal census data, it serves a resident population of 7,408. In 2009, the Sharpsville Area School District residents’ per capita income was $19,471, while the median family income was $44,213. In the Commonwealth, the median family income was $49,501 and the United States median family income was $49,445, in 2010. According to Sharpsville Area School District officials, in school year 2009-10 the Sharpsville Area School District provided basic educational services to 1,334 pupils, it employed: 87 teachers, 55 full-time and part-time support personnel, 7 administrators. Sharpsville Area School District received more than $8.3 million in state funding in school year 2009-10.

In school year 2007-08, the SASD provided basic educational services to 1,232 pupils. The district employed: 87 teachers, 59 full-time and part-time support personnel, 7 administrators. Sharpsville Area School District received more than $8.1 million in state funding in school year 2007-08. Sharpsville Area School District operates: Sharpsville Area Elementary School, Sharpsville Area Middle School, Sharpsville Area Senior High School; the middle and high schools are connected- and as a direct result, many staff members and several rooms are shared between the two. The cafeteria in the middle school underwent a major renovation in 2011; as of 2017, the middle school is a School to Watch, the only one in Mercer County, held for 3 years. Sharpsville Area School District is governed by 9 individually elected board members, the Pennsylvania State Board of Education, the Pennsylvania Department of Education and the Pennsylvania General Assembly; the federal government controls programs it funds like: Title I funding for low income children in the Elementary and Secondary Education Act and the No Child Left Behind Act, which mandates the district focus resources on student success in acquiring reading and math skills.

The Superintendent and Business Manager are appointed by the school board. The Superintendent is the chief administrative officer with overall responsibility for all aspects of operations, including education and finance; the Business Manager is responsible for budget and financial operations. Neither of these officials are voting members of the School Board; the Commonwealth Foundation for Public Policy Alternatives Sunshine Review gave the school board and district administration a "F" for transparency based on a review of "What information can people find on their school district's website". It examined the school district's website for information regarding. Sharpsville Area School District was ranked 109th out of 500 Pennsylvania school districts by the Pittsburgh Business Times in 2013; the ranking was based on student academic achievement as demonstrated on the last three years of the PSSAs for: reading, writing and science. The PSSAs are given to all children in grades 3rd through 8th.

Adapted examinations are given to children in the special education programs. 2012 - 147th 2008 - 280th 2007 - 325th out of 501 school districts. Overachiever statewide ranking In 2013, the Pittsburgh Business Times reported an Overachievers Ranking for 498 Pennsylvania school districts. Sharpsville Area School District ranked 177th. In 2011, the district was ranked 146th; the editor describes the ranking as: "a ranking answers the question - which school districts do better than expectations based upon economics? This rank takes the Honor Roll rank and adds the percentage of students in the district eligible for free and reduced-price lunch into the formula. A district finishing high on this rank is smashing expectations, any district above the median point is exceeding expectations." In 2012, Sharpsville Area School District achieved AYP status. In 2011, Sharpsville Area School District achieved Adequate Yearly Progress. In 2011, 94 percent of the 500 Pennsylvania public school districts achieved the No Child Left Behind Act progress level of 72% of students reading on grade level and 67% of students demonstrating on grade level math.

In 2011, 46.9 percent of Pennsylvania school districts achieved Adequate Yearly Progress based on student performance. An additional 37.8 percent of Pennsylvania public school districts made AYP based on a calculated method called safe harbor, 8.2 percent on the growth model and 0.8 percent on a two-year average performance. Sharpsville Area School District achieved AYP status each year from 2003 to 2010. In 2012, Sharpsville Area School District's graduation rate declined to 93%. In 2011, the graduation rate was %. In 2010, the Pennsylvania Department of Education issued a 4-year cohort graduation rate. High School's rate was % for 2010. According to traditional graduation rate calculations 2010 - 97% 2009 - 97% 2008 - 96% 2007 - 96% Sharpsville Area High School is located at 301 Blue Devil Way, Sharpsville. According to the National Center for Education Statistics, in 2011, the school reported an enrollment of 390 pupils in grades 9th through 10th, with 121 pupils eligible for a federal free or reduced price lunch due to the family meeting the federal poverty level.

The school employed 28 teachers yielding a student-teacher ratio of 13:1. According to a report by the Pennsylvania Department of Education, 100% of its teachers were

A Sound of Thunder

"A Sound of Thunder" is a science fiction short story by American writer Ray Bradbury, first published in Collier's magazine in the June 28, 1952, issue and in Bradbury's collection The Golden Apples of the Sun in 1953. In the year 2055, time travel has become a practical reality, the company Time Safari Inc. offers wealthy adventurers the chance to travel back in time to hunt extinct species such as dinosaurs. A hunter named Eckels pays $10,000 to join a hunting party that will travel back 66 million years to the Late Cretaceous period, on a guided safari to kill a Tyrannosaurus rex; as the party waits to depart, they discuss the recent presidential elections in which an fascist candidate, has been defeated by his opponent Keith, to the relief of many concerned. When the party arrives in the past and Lesperance warn Eckels and the two other hunters and Kramer, about the necessity of minimizing the events they change before they go back, since the smallest alterations to the distant past could snowball into catastrophic changes in history.

Travis explains that the hunters are obliged to stay on a levitating path to avoid disrupting the environment, that any deviation will be punished with hefty fines, that prior to the hunt, Time Safari scouts had been sent back to select and tag their prey, which would have died within minutes anyway, whose death has been calculated to have minimal effect on the future. Although Eckels is excited about the hunt, when the monstrous Tyrannosaurus approaches, he loses his nerve. Travis tells him to go back to the time machine, but Eckels panics, steps off the path and stumbles into the forest. Eckels hears shots, on his return, he sees that the two guides have killed the dinosaur, shortly afterward the falling tree that would have killed the T. rex has landed on top of it. Realizing that Eckels has fallen off the path, Travis threatens to leave him in the past unless he removes the bullets from the dinosaur's body, as they cannot be left behind. Eckels obeys. Upon returning to 2055, Eckels notices subtle changes: English words are now spelled and spoken strangely, people behave differently, Eckels discovers that Deutscher has won the election instead of Keith.

Looking at the mud on his boots, Eckels finds a crushed butterfly, whose death has caused a rift in the timeline that has affected the nature of the alternative present to which the safari has returned. He frantically pleads with Travis to take him back into the past to undo the damage, but Travis had explained that the time machine cannot return to any point in time that it has visited. Travis raises his gun, there is "a sound of thunder." A comic-book version appeared in issue #25 of EC Comics's Weird Science-Fantasy, adapted by Al Feldstein with art by Al Williamson and Angelo Torres. The story was adapted for the first issue of Topp's Publishing's Ray Bradbury Comics with art by Richard Corben; the story was adapted for the third season of The Ray Bradbury Theater on October 8, 1989, starring Kiel Martin. A film adaptation of the same name starring Ben Kingsley, Edward Burns, Catherine McCormack was released in 2005. Roger Ebert stated that while he "cannot endorse it, can appreciate it" as a film, bad because it "want so much to be terrific that explode under the strain."A Game Boy Advance video game based on the film was released.

It was finished in time for the film's planned 2003 release, delayed along with it and released in February 2005. Planned console ports were cancelled; the story is parodied in the Time and Punishment section of The Simpsons episode "Treehouse of Horror V". "A Sound of Thunder" is credited as the origin of the term "butterfly effect", a concept of chaos theory in which the flapping of a butterfly's wings in one part of the world could create a hurricane on the opposite side of the globe. The term was introduced by meteorologist Edward Norton Lorenz in the 1960s. However, Bradbury's concept of how the death of a butterfly in the past could have drastic changes in the future is a representation of the butterfly effect, used as an example of how to consider chaos theory and the physics of time travel. Patai, Daphne. "Ray Bradbury And The Assault On Free Thought". Society. 50: 41–47. Doi:10.1007/s12115-012-9617-x. Paradowski, Robert J. "Ray Bradbury." Critical Survey Of Long Fiction, Fourth Edition: 1-9.

Literary Reference Center. Weller, Sam; the Bradbury Chronicles: The Life of Ray Bradbury. New York: William Morrow, 2005. Holmes, Neil. "Fateful butterfly." New Scientist 182.2443: 31. Academic OneFile. A Sound of Thunder title listing at the Internet Speculative Fiction Database A Sound of Thunder on IMDb