Canberra is the capital city of Australia. With a population of 410,301, it is Australia's largest inland city and the eighth-largest city overall; the city is located at the northern end of the Australian Capital Territory, 280 km south-west of Sydney, 660 km north-east of Melbourne. A resident of Canberra is known as a Canberran. Although Canberra is the capital and seat of government, many federal government ministries have secondary seats in state capital cities, as do the Governor-General and the Prime Minister; the site of Canberra was selected for the location of the nation's capital in 1908 as a compromise between rivals Sydney and Melbourne, Australia's two largest cities. It is unusual among Australian cities, being an planned city outside of any state, similar to Washington, D. C. in the United States, or Brasília in Brazil. Following an international contest for the city's design, a blueprint by American architects Walter Burley Griffin and Marion Mahony Griffin was selected and construction commenced in 1913.
The Griffins' plan featured geometric motifs such as circles and triangles, was centred on axes aligned with significant topographical landmarks in the Australian Capital Territory. The city's design was influenced by the garden city movement and incorporates significant areas of natural vegetation; the growth and development of Canberra were hindered by the World Wars and the Great Depression, which exacerbated a series of planning disputes and the ineffectiveness of a procession of bodies that were created in turn to oversee the development of the city. The national capital emerged as a thriving city after World War II, as Prime Minister Sir Robert Menzies championed its development and the National Capital Development Commission was formed with executive powers. Although the Australian Capital Territory is now self-governing, the Commonwealth Government retains some influence through the National Capital Authority; as the seat of the government of Australia, Canberra is the site of Parliament House, the official residence of the Monarch's representative the Governor-General, the High Court and numerous government departments and agencies.
It is the location of many social and cultural institutions of national significance, such as the Australian War Memorial, Australian National University, Royal Australian Mint, Australian Institute of Sport, National Gallery, National Museum and the National Library. The Australian Army's officer corps is trained at the Royal Military College and the Australian Defence Force Academy is located in the capital; the ACT is independent of any state to prevent any one state from gaining an advantage by hosting the seat of Commonwealth power. The ACT has voting representation in the Commonwealth Parliament, has its own Legislative Assembly and government, similar to the states; as the city has a high proportion of public servants, the Commonwealth Government contributes the largest percentage of Gross State Product and is the largest single employer in Canberra, although no longer the majority employer. Compared to the national averages, the unemployment rate is the average income higher. Property prices are high, in part due to comparatively restrictive development regulations.
The word "Canberra" is popularly claimed to derive from the word Kambera or Canberry, claimed to mean "meeting place" in Ngunnawal, one of the Indigenous languages spoken in the district by Aboriginal Australians before European settlers arrived, although there is no clear evidence to support this. An alternative definition has been claimed by numerous local commentators over the years, including the Ngunnawal elder Don Bell, whereby Canberra or Nganbra means "woman's breasts" and is the indigenous name for the two mountains, Black Mountain and Mount Ainslie, which lie opposite each other. In the 1860s, the name was reported by Queanbeyan newspaper owner John Gale to be an interpretation of the name nganbra or nganbira, meaning "hollow between a woman's breasts", referring to the Sullivans Creek floodplain between Mount Ainslie and Black Mountain. An 1830s map of the region by Major Mitchell indeed does mark the Sullivan's Creek floodplain between these two mountains as "Nganbra". "Nganbra" or "Nganbira" could have been anglicised to the name "Canberry", as the locality soon become known to European settlers.
R. H. Cambage in his 1919 book Notes on the Native Flora of New South Wales, Part X, the Federal Capital Territory noted that Joshua John Moore, the first settler in the region, named the area Canberry in 1823 stating that "there seems no doubt that the original was a native name, but its meaning is unknown."' Survey plans of the district dated 1837 refer to the area as the Canberry Plain. In 1920, some of the older residents of the district claimed that the name was derived from the Australian Cranberry which grew abundantly in the area, noting that the local name for the plant was canberry. Although popularly pronounced or, the original pronunciation at its official naming in 1913 was. Before white settlement, the area in which Canberra would be constructed was seasonally inhabited by Indigenous Australians. Anthropologist Norman Tindale suggested the principal group occupying the region were the Ngunnawal people, while the Ngarigo lived to the south of the ACT, the Wandandian to the east, the Walgulu to the south, Gandangara people to the north and Wiradjuri to the north-west.
Archaeological evidence of settlement in the region includes inhabited rock shelters, rock paintings and engravings, burial places and quarry sites as well as stone tools and arrangements. Artefacts suggests early human activity occurred at some po
Mitsubishi Lancer Evolution
The Mitsubishi Lancer Evolution known as'Evo', is a sports sedan based on the Lancer, manufactured by Japanese manufacturer Mitsubishi Motors from 1992 until 2016. There have been ten official versions to date, the designation of each model is most a Roman numeral. All use all-wheel drive systems; the Evolution was intended only for Japanese markets, but demand on the "grey import" market led the Evolution series to be offered through Ralliart dealer networks in the United Kingdom and in various European markets from around 1998. Mitsubishi decided to export the eighth generation Evolution to the United States in 2003 after witnessing the success Subaru had in that market with their long-time direct rival, the Subaru Impreza WRX STi. Japanese-spec cars were limited by a gentlemen's agreement to advertise no more than 280 PS, a mark reached by Evolution IV. Therefore, each subsequent version has unofficially evolved above the advertised power figures, with the Japanese-spec Evolution IX reaching an alleged output of around 321 PS.
Various versions available in other markets the UK, have official power outputs up to 446 PS. The tenth and final generation of the Lancer Evolution was launched in Japan in 2007, overseas markets in 2008; the Evo X was produced for 10 years until it retired in April 2016. The first Lancer Evolution used the 2.0 L turbocharged DOHC engine and AWD drivetrain from the original Galant VR-4 in a Lancer chassis, was sold in GSR and RS models. This engine was used in the Mitsubishi RVR with the Hyper Sports Gear trim package, the Mitsubishi Chariot Resort Runner GT; the RS was a stripped-down version that lacked windows and seats, anti-lock brakes, a rear wiper, had steel wheels to weigh 70 kg less than the 1,238 kg GSR, ready for racing or tuning. The RS version was released with a mechanical plate type rear limited-slip differential; the GSR came with all of the conveniences of a typical street car, including a digital screen climate control system. It came with Mitsubishi's 4G63 engine producing 247 PS at 309 N ⋅ m at 3,000 rpm.
5,000 of the first generation Evolutions were sold between 1992 and 1993. Top speed was 228 km/h; the GSR version of the Evolution I was the only Evolution Lancer released with a Viscous Limited Slip Rear Differential. The subsequent Evolution Lancer models all featured; the Evolution II was upgraded in December 1993, was produced until February 1995. It consisted of handling improvements, including minor wheelbase adjustments, lighter front swaybar that connected via swaybar links to the front struts, bodywork tweaks including a larger spoiler, tires that were 10 mm wider; this Evolution has a 50 l fuel tank. Power output was increased to 256 PS from the same engine and torque was unchanged for both GSR and RS models. February 1995 saw the arrival of the Evolution 3, following a pre-release in 1993 which had several improvements over the previous models. New, more aggressive styling and a new nose moulding improved the air supply to the radiator and brakes. New side skirts and rear bumper moldings and a larger rear spoiler were added to reduce lift.
Improved engine had higher compression ratio than before, new turbocharger compressor, which gave power output of 270 bhp at 6,250 rpm, 309 N⋅m at 3,000 rpm. It appeared in Initial D; the Lancer platform was changed in 1996, along with it, the Evolution, which had become popular throughout the world. The engine and transaxle were rotated 180 ° to eliminate torque steer. There were two versions available, The RS and GSR; the RS version was produced as a competition car with a limited-slip front differential and a friction type LSD at the rear. It came with GLX seats and a choice of either 16" or 17" OZ light weight racing wheels; the RS had wind up windows, optional air conditioning in some models, a few extra brace bars to strengthen the chassis, one behind the front grill and the other across the boot floor. The GSR and the RS shared a new twin scroll turbocharger which helped to improve response and increase power to 280 PS at 6,500 rpm and 330 N⋅m torque at 4,000 rpm. Mitsubishi's new Active Yaw Control appeared as a factory option on the GSR model, which used steering, throttle input sensors and g sensors to computer-hydraulically control torque split individually to the rear wheels and as a result, the 10,000 Evolution IVs produced all sold quickly.
The Evolution IV can be distinguished by its two large fog lights in the front bumper, the newly designed tail lights on the rear, which became a standard design to Evolution V, which would become yet another trademark of the Evolution series. This new generation was heavier than previous Evos—the GSR in particular due to the added technology systems—but to counter this the car produced more power—the weight of the RS being 1,260 kg and the GSR being 1,345 kg. Much of the technical improvements for this generation were used in the second generation Mitsubishi RVR sold only in Japan; the Evolution IV was the last model to be considered "compact" according to Japanese dimension regulations. RS – "rally sport" Close-ratio 5-speed, minimal interior, rally suspension, 1.5 Way LSD, (Shortened close-ratio 5-speed transmission, Auto Air Conditioner, Enkei Wheels, Recaro bucket seat, Brembo
Citroën Junior Team
The Citroën Junior Team is a World Rally Championship team, which competed in the 2009–2010 and 2012 seasons. It was set up and run as Citroën's secondary team in the World Rally Championship, pitched against the existing Stobart Ford World Rally Team; the team was run by French preparation firm PH Sport along with Citroën Racing Technologies. It was revived in 2012. PH Sport and Citroën Sport Technologies ran semi-privateer Citroën C4 WRCs for Conrad Rautenbach and Urmo Aava during the 2008 World Rally Championship season; the Citroën Junior Team was formed in 2009 following the withdrawal of manufacturers Subaru and Suzuki. It ran Citroën C4s for Russian Evgeny Novikov, Zimbabwean Conrad Rautenbach and Junior World Rally Championship champion Sébastien Ogier, it ran former Subaru driver Chris Atkinson rather than Novikov on the season-opening Rally Ireland, although despite a good performance, the Australian did not feature in the team again. Petter Solberg was nominated to score manufacturer points for the team at Rally GB.
Solberg finished fourth there, with another driver of Citroën Junior Team Aaron Burkart finishing 12th in his first WRC rally with WRC car. On 4 December 2009, it was announced that 2007 Formula One World Champion Kimi Räikkönen would drive for the Citroën Junior Team for his switch to rallying. Räikkönen's co-driver would be Kaj Lindström who had partnered multiple world champion Tommi Mäkinen in the past, while Sébastien Ogier and co-driver Julien Ingrassia were in a second car for the Junior Team. Räikkönen and Lindström contested 12 out of the 13 rounds in the 2010 WRC season, missing only the Rally of New Zealand, they did not start at 2010 Rally Catalunya because of a crash at the pre-event shakedown. Sébastien Ogier claimed Citroën Junior Team's best result; because of his strong finishes he was promoted to Citroën World Rally Team for gravel rallies while Dani Sordo switched to Citroën Junior Team for those rallies. The best result for Kimi Räikkönen was 5th place at 2010 Rally of Turkey.
The'Junior Team' banner has been dropped for 2011, Citroen Racing Technologies instead focussing the brand's customer efforts on Petter Solberg, Peter van Merksteijn Jr. and Kimi Räikkönen's privateer campaigns. Thierry Neuville entered the WRC after a successful two-year campaign in IRC with Peugeot 207 S2000 run by Peugeot BelLux, he won famous Rallye San Tour de Corse in 2011 season. Thierry did not compete in selected rallies and Citroën Junior Team did not compete in the manufacturers championship; the team did not compete as WRC team in the 2013 season. Instead PH-Sport supported former Formula 1 driver Robert Kubica in the European Rally Championship and World Rally Championship-2 campaigns driving Citroën DS3 RRC, prepared by the team. Stephane Lefebvre won the WRC2 championship in 2014 and was rewarded with a number of selected outings in the WRC team in 2015 and 2016 With Citroën's decision to take a sabbatical as works team in preparations for 2017 PH-Sport took over as the manufacturer's de facto leading team.
Competing under the Abu Dhabi Total World Rally Team the team competed in selected events with Kris Meeke as their leading driver, while at some events the other cars were shared between Stéphane Lefebvre, Craig Breen and Khalid Al-Qassimi. The team however was not registered as a manufacturer team and therefore was not eligible to score manufacturer points. Citroën World Rally Team Qatar World Rally Team
2012 World Rally Championship
The 2012 World Rally Championship was the 40th season of the FIA World Rally Championship. The season consisted of thirteen rallies, beginning with Monte Carlo Rally on 17 January, ending on 11 November with Rally Catalunya. Sébastien Loeb won the drivers' championship for the ninth time in his career, ahead of Finns Mikko Hirvonen and Jari-Matti Latvala. Citroën won the manufacturers' championship; the 2012 calendar was announced at a meeting of the FIA World Motor Sport Council in Singapore on 26 September 2011. Early plans to run the Rally Argentina over an "endurance" format with stages in neighbouring Uruguay and Chile were abandoned in favour of a new route which featured over 500 km of competitive stages and made it the longest rally in the modern era of the sport; the rally featured the longest stage of the championship, the 66 km El Durzano–Ambul stage. The extended rally route has been promoted as a prototype of a format proposed by FIA President Jean Todt; the Jordan Rally was removed from the calendar.
Rally Abu Dhabi was expected to be promoted in its place, but was omitted from the final calendar and given candidate status for future inclusion in the championship. The Wales Rally GB was brought forward from its traditional November date to September, making Rally of Spain the season finale; the route of the Rally Finland was revised from the 2011 event, included the return of several famous stages, including Ouninpohja and Palsankyla. The Rally Italia Sardegna was moved back from May to October; the Rallye Automobile Monte Carlo returned to the calendar after a three-year absence. The Rally New Zealand replaced Rally Australia, in keeping with their event-sharing arrangement. Notes: ^1 – The Mini WRC Team lost Mini's support as a manufacturer team after the Monte Carlo Rally, making them inelegible to score points in the World Rally Championship for Manufacturers; the Mini WRC Team became known as the Prodrive WRC Team from the Rally de Portugal. ^2 – The Armindo Araújo World Rally Team and Palmeirinha Rally were merged to form WRC Team Mini Portugal with the support of Mini for the Rally of Sweden.
Chris Atkinson returned to the WRC to contest the Rally of Mexico with the Monster World Rally Team. He drove at the Rally of Finland on behalf of the Qatar World Rally Team as Nasser Al-Attiyah was competing at the London Olympic Games, joined WRC Team Mini Portugal in the place of Armindo Araújo for the Rally of Germany. Atkinson's last appearance at the WRC level was a one-off drive with the Citroën Junior Team at the 2009 Rally Ireland. Ken Block will contest a reduced WRC program, appearing at Rally Mexico, Rally New Zealand and Rally Finland; the Citroën World Rally Team will expand to a three-car operation, entering a third Citroën DS3 WRC for 2011 Dakar Rally winner Nasser Al-Attiyah. Al-Attiyah was scheduled to contest every event with the exception of the Rallye Monte Carlo owing to a date clash with the 2012 Dakar Rally. However, Al-Attiyah was selected to represent his native Qatar at the London Olympics in skeet shooting and was forced to miss the Rally of New Zealand and the Rally of Finland.
François Delecour returned to the WRC to compete in the 80ème Rallye Automobile de Monte-Carlo. Delecour drove a Ford Fiesta RS WRC in the rally, his first event at the WRC level since the 2002 Rally of Great Britain; the Rallye Monte Carlo is Delecour's only planned appearance in the 2012 season. 2011 championship runner-up Mikko Hirvonen and co-driver Jarmo Lehtinen moved from the Ford World Rally Team to Citroën. Jari-Matti Latvala was injured in an accident during a training exercise two weeks before Rally Argentina, forcing him out of the event, he was replaced by Dani Sordo for the event. Lotus Cars planned to enter a Lotus Exige R-GT at all tarmac events on the 2012 calendar, pending the homologation of the car; the Lotus Exige R-GT was Lotus' first entry in the World Rally Championship since the Talbot Sunbeam Lotus in 1983 Rally of Portugal, but the team changed their plans and the team made its debut appearance at the Rali Vinho da Madeira, a round of the European Rally Championship instead of the WRC.
Mini WRC Team will only enter one works driver in selected events of 2012, after the team was unable to find the budget for two full-time entries. Dani Sordo will enter with the second car driven by local competitors; the team has stated that Kris Meeke will not compete in every rally, but will remain a part of the team. On 6 February 2012, it was announced that the status of the Prodrive-operated team had been demoted to a works-supported private team, while the Motorsport Italia-run WRC Team Mini Portugal became the factory team of Mini; the team was renamed "Prodrive WRC Team" before the Rally de Portugal. Thierry Neuville, winner of the 2011 Tour de Corse in the Intercontinental Rally Challenge, will compete in nine rallies at the WRC level – with a provision for two more – in a Citroën DS3 WRC prepared by Citroën Racing Technology and run by PH Sport, re-opened after being closed down for the 2011 season, he drove for the Qatar World Rally Team at the Rally of New Zealand. Neuville had contested the Junior World Rally Championship in with a Citroën C2 S1600 in 2010.
Evgeny Novikov and Ott Tänak will join the M-Sport Ford World Rally Team. Sébastien Ogier was released from his three-year contract with Citroën after just one season. Ogier joined Volkswagen to develop the Polo R WRC for their 2013 WRC entry, while contesting the full 2012 WRC schedule in a Škoda Fabia S2000 with regular co-driver Julien Ingrassia. Martin Prokop, who competed in the Super 2000 World Rally Championship, will take part in ten rallies
Bond University is Australia's first private not-for-profit university and is located in Robina, Gold Coast, Queensland. Since its opening on 15 May 1989, Bond University has been a teaching-focused higher education institution featuring a three-semester-per-year timetable, which allows students to complete an undergraduate degree in two years; the university was established at the initiative of Alan Bond, the founder and Chairman of the Australian-based Bond Corporation, Harunori Takahashi, President of the Japanese-based Electronics and Industrial Enterprises International and a third silent partner, Dr Taro Tanioka. The university's development was funded via a 50:50 joint venture with Bond providing the land and Takahashi funding the construction of the buildings; the university buildings and surrounding land covered 212 hectares and encompassed what was a pine plantation known as the Burleigh Forest. In the 1970s, Bond had obtained control of a number of pine plantations in the region owned by the Savoy Corporation Limited and Gold Coast Cooperative Plantations Society Limited, established a new company known as the Development Equity Corporation to develop them.
DEC was managed by Brian Orr and, in 1976, Orr put forward a proposal to the Albert Shire Council for a university at Gaven Forest. While this project did not proceed, a subsequent proposal made in 1986 to build a university at Burleigh Forest did gain traction. Orr discussed the matter with Bond and Peter Beckwith and recruited Jo Anne Cracknell to research the feasibility of venture. On 3 July 1986, Bond decided to proceed with the project and his intention to build the university known as the Bond University of Applied Technology, was formally announced at the National Party of Australia conference on the Gold Coast by the Premier of Queensland, Joh Bjelke-Petersen on 17 July 1986. On 9 April 1987, the Parliament of Queensland granted Bond University university status via the passage of the Bond University Act. In 1989 the university commenced teaching with an initial intake of 322 students. In 1991, EIE acquired Bond Corporation's share of the company that controlled the land on which the university buildings were constructed and the surrounding development lands following the collapse of Bond Corporation.
By 1993, EIE was in receivership and the Bond University Council commenced negotiations to acquire the campus from the mortgagee, the Long-Term Credit Bank of Japan. The Bond University Council was not the only entity interested in the site, advertised for sale in major newspapers. In 1995, the Employment and Training References Committee of the Australian Senate undertook a report into the proposed sale of the campus to the University of Queensland which had outbid the Bond University Council in their earlier negotiations to acquire the site. In August 1999, the Bond University Council was successful in securing the 50 acre campus site, acquired by a newly formed public company known as Bond University Limited; the Bond University campus features a series of Faculty sandstone buildings centred around man-made Lake Orr. The campus was conceived and developed by master planner Daryl Jackson of Jackson Architecture with significant input from Queensland architect Robin Gibson; the signature arch building was designed by Japanese architect Arata Isozaki.
Students at Bond University have access to a number of academic and recreational facilities. Recent alterations to the campus facilities include: The re-designed Faculty of Law building, including the John and Alison Kearney Law Library, opened in January 2018, including a showcase moot court, the third at the independent Gold Coast university, additional space for Bond's community law clinics, along with 10 new teaching spaces, a new reception and foyer, an open-plan lounge, a student hub and offices for the three main law student associations; the Balnaves Foundation Multimedia Learning Centre, named in honour of University benefactor, Dr Neil Balnaves, AO – a $3.4million technology-rich student facility opened in March 2010. In January 2017, a new Digital Media Hub was added to the facility, including a micro studio featuring a green screen, study lounge areas, individual digital media workstations. Other campus facilities at Bond University include: The Bond Institute of Health & Sport, a teaching and training facility located 4 km from the Bond University main campus, is composed of clinical skills rooms, simulation spaces, specialised teaching rooms for allied health programs and research including occupational therapy and nutrition and dietetics.
The Legal Skills Centre, situated within the Faculty of Law opened by Governor-General, Ms Quentin Bryce AC, in March 2011. The Legal Skills Centre includes a full-scale electronic moot court; the ADCO Amphitheatre – an outdoor amphitheatre and Alumni Court sponsored by ADCO Constructions - opened in September 2009. The Macquarie Trading Room, opened by the Hon Anna Bligh in May 2007, providing students with a simulated trading environment in two industry-standard trading facilities, including live ticker screens and market data from 40 Bloomberg terminals, the most of any university in Australia; the Sports Centre is a new sporting facility measuring 2,700 sqm that opened in May 2016. The facilities available to students include a equipped gymnasium, 50 metre heated Olympic size swimming pool, group exercise classes, tennis courts, squash courts and beach volleyball courts. In 2008, the Bond University Sustainable Development Building was opened by the Prime Minister Hon. Julia Gillard and was the first in Australia to achieve a 6 Star Green Star – Education PILOT Certified Rating for design by the Green Building Council of Australia.
2014 Rally Australia
The 2014 Coates Hire Rally Australia was the tenth round of the 2014 World Rally Championship season. The event was based in Coffs Harbour, New South Wales, started on 12 September and finished on 14 September after twenty special stages, totaling 304.3 competitive kilometres. French driver Sébastien Ogier won the Rally Australia for the second time, taking his sixth victory of the 2014 season. Volkswagen completed a podium lockout by having all three cars finishing in podium positions at the end of the rally; the "Power stage" was a 9.23 km stage at the end of the rally. Results – juwra.com/World Rally Archive Results – ewrc-results.com
Subaru World Rally Team
The Subaru World Rally Team was Subaru's World Rally Championship team. It used a distinctive blue with yellow color scheme, a throwback to the sponsorship deal with State Express 555, a BAT cigarette brand popular in Asia. 555 logos were found on Subaru cars from 1993 to 2003. Subaru's WRC efforts date back to 1980, the team, in its current form, has existed since 1989, when the British firm Prodrive took over its operations, its base moved from Japan to Banbury, England. Subaru used the team to showcase its symmetrical all wheel drive technology, it has credited the increased sales of its vehicles the Subaru Impreza, with its success in the World Rally Championship, in addition to popularizing its all-wheel-drive system. Its 2008 season drivers were Petter Solberg with co-driver Phil Mills, Chris Atkinson with co-driver Stéphane Prévot. David Richards was the team's Principal, a founder and chairman of Prodrive. Paul Howarth was team manager, he replaced David Lapworth in 2006. Richard Taylor is the team's managing director.
The team was an strong one, competing in the WRC longer than any other manufacturer team in their current form. It has won the manufacturers' championship three times in 1995, 1996, 1997, the drivers' championship three times, in 1995, 2001, 2003; the team's performance since the 2005 season, when Petter Solberg secured second position in the driver's championship, has been far lower than expected and the subject of much criticism. The team's 2006 season, one, described as "disappointing" by Richard Taylor, was the subject of a Discovery Channel series called Engineering the World Rally which aired in 2007; the 2007 season was little better, called the "second season from hell" by Phil Mills. The team withdrew from WRC competition at the end of the 2008 season due to widespread economic downturn. Although Subaru had participated in the World Rally Championship at various times since 1980, it was not until September 1989, that the Subaru World Rally Team, in its current form, was created. Subaru Tecnica International president Ryuichiro Kuze forged a partnership with the British firm Prodrive to prepare and enter the introduced Legacy RS in the World Rally Championship.
Subaru's initial forays into the World Rally Championship were with Subaru Rally Team Japan, run by Noriyuki Koseki, the founder of Subaru Tecnica International. The first Subaru car entered a world rally at the 1980 Safari Rally and since that, the team only participated in a few events per season, driving the Subaru Leone. Drivers in the early years included Ari Vatanen, Per Eklund, Shekhar Mehta, Mike Kirkland, Possum Bourne, Harald Demuth; the best result and only podium was achieved by Bourne at the 1987 Rally New Zealand by finishing third. With the start of the Prodrive effort, the teams competed in parallel, before being folded into each other. Subaru entered its first Prodrive developed car, the Group A Subaru Legacy RS in the 1990 season, piloted by Finnish driver Markku Alén. Alen remained with the team through the 1991 season, his successes included 4th place in the 1990 Rally Finland known as the 1000 Lakes Rally, in 1991, a 3rd and two 4th places. For the 1992 season, Subaru only entered seven of the fourteen WRC events, preferring to demonstrate the car's ability on gravel rallies.
The drivers for 1992 were Finn Ari Vatanen with co-driver Bruno Berglund and Scotsman Colin McRae with co-driver Derek Ringer. Both drivers were able to achieve second-place finishes. Colin McRae won the British Rally Championship in 1991 and 1992. For the 1993 World Rally Championship season, the Subaru team debuted its now distinctive blue and yellow color scheme, along with a new title sponsor, State Express 555. Ari Vatanen and Colin McRae remained the primary drivers, with the season being McRae's first complete year of World Rally Championship competition. Markku Alén, returned part-time to the team after a brief stint at Toyota in 1992, took 4th for Subaru in Portugal. McRae took the first win for Subaru, at the eighth event of the season, Rally New Zealand, the last outing for the Group A Subaru Legacy rally cars. At the next event, Rally Finland, Subaru debuted their new Prodrive developed Group A Impreza rally car, known as the Impreza 555, driven by Vatanen and Alén. Alén crashed on the first stage, did not drive for Subaru again.
Vatanen, showed the car to be quick leading the rally at one point, managing a second-place finish. At the end of the season, Vatanen took seventh in the Drivers’ Championship, Colin McRae finished in fifth with 50. Subaru finished third in the Manufacturers’ Championship. Other drivers competed for the Subaru team at selected events. New Zealand driver Possum Bourne, veteran of Subaru's early days, joined the team for the Rally New Zealand and Rally Australia. Piero Liatti competed in Rally Great Britain. Drivers Richard Burns and Alister McRae had competed in the British Championship, which Burns won, appeared again in Legacies for Rally Great Britain, where Burns finished seventh and McRae tenth. Drivers Per Eklund and Hannu Mikkola drove for the team in Rally Sweden. In 1994, former World Rally Drivers' Champion Carlos Sainz joined the team with co-driver Luis Moya, took the Impreza 555 to its first win at the Acropolis Rally in Greece, it took wins in New Zealand and Great Britain with McRae at the wheel.
In the Championship for Manufacturers, they achieved a second-place finish, behind Toyota, with Sainz placing second in the driver's championship, McRae placing fourth. Other drivers for the Subaru team in 1994 included Patrick Njiru, competing in the Safari Rally, Richard Burns in the Safari Rally and Rally Great Brit