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Chris Hadfield

Chris Austin Hadfield is a Canadian retired astronaut and former Royal Canadian Air Force fighter pilot. The first Canadian to walk in space, Hadfield has flown two Space Shuttle missions and served as commander of the International Space Station. Hadfield, raised on a farm in southern Ontario, was inspired as a child when he watched the Apollo 11 Moon landing on TV, he attended high school in Oakville and Milton and earned his glider pilot licence as a member of the Royal Canadian Air Cadets. He earned an engineering degree at Royal Military College. While in the military he learned to fly various types of aircraft and became a test pilot and flew several experimental planes; as part of an exchange program with the United States Navy and United States Air Force, he obtained a master's degree in aviation systems at the University of Tennessee Space Institute. In 1992, he was accepted into the Canadian astronaut program by the Canadian Space Agency, he first flew in space aboard STS-74 in November 1995 as a mission specialist.

During the mission he visited the Russian space station Mir. In April 2001 he flew again on STS-100 and visited the International Space Station, where he walked in space and helped to install the Canadarm2. In December 2012 he flew for a third time aboard Soyuz TMA-07M and joined Expedition 34 on the ISS, he was a member of this expedition until March 2013 when he became the commander of the ISS as part of Expedition 35. He was responsible for a crew of five astronauts and helped to run dozens of scientific experiments dealing with the impact of low gravity on human biology. During the mission, he gained popularity by chronicling life aboard the space station and taking pictures of the Earth and posting them on various social media platforms to a large following of people around the world, he was a guest on television news and talk shows and gained popularity by playing the International Space Station's guitar in space. His mission ended in May 2013. Shortly after returning, he announced his retirement, capping a 35-year career as a military pilot and an astronaut.

Hadfield was born in Ontario. His parents are Eleanor Hadfield, who live in Milton, Ontario. Hadfield was raised on a corn farm in southern Ontario and became interested in flying at a young age and in being an astronaut at age nine when he saw the Apollo 11 Moon landing on television, he is married to his high-school girlfriend Helene, they have three adult children: Kyle and Kristin Hadfield. Hadfield used to be a ski instructor at Glen Eden Ski Area before becoming a test pilot. Hadfield is of southern Scottish descent, he is a devoted fan of the Toronto Maple Leafs and wore a Leafs jersey under his spacesuit during his Soyuz TMA-07M reentry in May 2013. After the 2012 NHL Lockout ended, Hadfield tweeted a photo of himself holding a Maple Leafs logo, stated he was "ready to cheer on from orbit", he sang the Canadian National Anthem during the Toronto Maple Leafs and Montreal Canadiens game on January 18, 2014 at the Air Canada Centre in Toronto. Hadfield attended White Oaks Secondary School in Oakville, Ontario until his senior year and graduated as an Ontario Scholar from Milton District High School in 1977.

As a member of the Royal Canadian Air Cadets, he earned a glider pilot scholarship at age 15 and a powered pilot scholarship at age 16. After graduating from high school in 1978, he joined the Canadian Armed Forces and spent two years at Royal Roads Military College followed by two years at the Royal Military College, where he received a bachelor's degree in mechanical engineering in 1982. Before graduating, he underwent basic flight training at CFB Portage la Prairie. In 1983, he took honours as the top graduate from Basic Jet Training at CFB Moose Jaw, went on to train as a tactical fighter pilot with 410 Tactical Fighter Operational Training Squadron at CFB Cold Lake, flying the Canadair CF-116 Freedom Fighter and the McDonnell Douglas CF-18 Hornet. After completing his fighter training, Hadfield flew CF-18 Hornets with 425 Tactical Fighter Squadron, flying intercept missions for NORAD, he was the first CF-18 pilot to intercept a Soviet Tupolev Tu 95 long-range bomber in the Canadian Arctic.

In the late 1980s, Hadfield attended the US Air Force Test Pilot School at Edwards Air Force Base and served as an exchange officer with the US Navy at Strike Test Directorate at the Patuxent River Naval Air Station. His accomplishments from 1989 to 1992 included testing the McDonnell Douglas F/A-18 Hornet and LTV A-7 Corsair II aircraft. In May 1992, Hadfield graduated with a master's degree in aviation systems from the University of Tennessee Space Institute, where his thesis concerned high-angle attack aerodynamics of the F/A-18 Hornet fighter jet. In total, Hadfield has flown over 70 different types of aircraft. Hadfield was selected to become one of four new Canadian astronauts from a field of 5,330 applicants in June 1992. Three of those four have flown in space, he was assigned by the Canadian Space Agency to the NASA Johnson Space Center in Houston, Texas in August, where he addressed technical and safety issues for Shuttle Operations Development, contributed to the development of the glass shuttle cockpit, supported shuttle launc

Deo Raj

Deo Raj, was a zamindari estate situated in what is now Aurangabad district of Bihar. The Deo Raj family were notable for being the protectors of Deo Sun shrine. In the 14th and 15th century, there was a migration of Sisodia Rajputs from Mewar to South Bihar; these migrant Rajputs along with local Hindu Rajas played an important role in freeing the numerous Hindu shrines and temples from the Muslim rulers, ruthlessly destroying them. They became the founders of the Deo Raj estate; the Deo Rajas were among a number of Rajput migrant groups to arrive in Southern Bihar and they replaced the previous Umga chiefs who had fallen to Muslim invasion. The zamindars of the Deo estate maintained cordial relations with the British, they refused to join other rebellious zamindars in the 1857 rebellion. They refused the nearby tribal uprisings including the Santhal rebellion, it is notable that the Rajas of Deo did not provide help to Kunwar Singh despite Raja Fateh Narayan Singh, the ruler of Deo, marrying his daughter of to Kunwar Singh.

Zamindars of Bihar

Avinguda Meridiana

Avinguda Meridiana is a major avenue in Barcelona, Spain, spanning parts of the Sant Andreu, Nou Barris and Sant Martí northern districts of the city. Planned by Ildefons Cerdà in 1859 to be one of the two most important thoroughfares in Barcelona, its actual role hasn't been so but still has become a much transited route linking Parc de la Ciutadella with northern parts of Barcelona, crossing Plaça de les Glòries in its way, where it meets other two major avenues: Gran Via de les Corts Catalanes and Avinguda Diagonal, it absorbs the traffic coming from the AP-7 motorway. The avenue goes through the following neighbourhoods of Barcelona: El Clot, Navas, La Sagrera, Sant Andreu de Palomar, El Congrés i els Indians, Porta, La Prosperitat, La Trinitat Nova, Trinitat Vella and Vallbona working-class areas of the city. Architecturally, the area is blunt and lacking in aesthetic pretension, but includes a few significant apartment blocks such as the Meridiana tower blocks by Oriol Bohigas, Josep Maria Martorell and David Mackay.

Avinguda Meridiana symbolizes instrumental urbanism, being little more than an urban motorway, different from Barcelona's main avenues and boulevards. On 19 June 1987, the Basque separatist group ETA planted a bomb in the basement of a Hipercor hypermarket in this avenue that killed 21 people. 41 were injured. Torras i Bages Fabra i Puig Sagrera-Meridiana Navas Clot Glòries Marina Sant Andreu Arenal, interconnected with Fabra i Puig metro station. Rodalies Barcelona line R7, Ca1, Ca2, Ca3, Ca4, Ca6, R42) Clot-Aragó, interconnected with Clot metro station, Avinguda del Paral·lel 1987 Hipercor bombing Article about the origin of Avinguda del Paral·lel and Avinguda Meridiana Online El Pais article about a 2007 protest held in Avinguda Meridiana History of El Clot, a neighbourhood sectioned by Avinguda Meridiana

List of museums in Tyne and Wear

This list of museums in Tyne and Wear, England contains museums which are defined for this context as institutions that collect and care for objects of cultural, scientific, or historical interest and make their collections or related exhibits available for public viewing. Included are non-profit art galleries and university art galleries. Museums that exist only in cyberspace are not included. To use the sortable table, click on the icons at the top of each column to sort that column in alphabetical order. Dial Cottage, West Moor, one of the homes of George Stephenson from 1804 and where the infant Robert Stephenson grew up Military Vehicle Museum, Exhibition Park, closed in 2006, may reopen Municipal Museum of Science and Industry, Exhibition Park, collections now part of Discovery Museum Museum of Antiquities, collections now part of Great North Museum: Hancock Shefton Museum, collections now part of Great North Museum: Hancock Category:Tourist attractions in Tyne and Wear

Sweet Freedom (Uriah Heep album)

Sweet Freedom is the sixth studio album by British rock band Uriah Heep, released in September 1973 by Bronze Records in the UK and Warner Bros. Records in the US; the original vinyl release was a gatefold. There was a central page with a photograph of each band member, it was the first Uriah Heep album to be released by Warner Bros. in the U. S. Sweet Freedom reached No. 33 in the US Billboard 200 chart. It was certified gold by the RIAA on 5 March 1974. AllMusic's retrospective review noted that Heep "began to explore new styles to flesh out their combination of prog complexity and heavy metal muscle."The album was remastered and reissued by Castle Communications in 1996 with two bonus tracks, again in 2004 in an expanded deluxe edition. All tracks are written except where noted. Uriah Heep David Byron – lead vocals Mick Box – guitars Ken Hensleykeyboards, backing vocals, guitars Gary Thainbass Lee Kerslakedrums, backing vocals, percussionProduction Gerry Bron – producer Peter Gallen – engineer, mixing at Lansdowne Studios, London The Official Uriah Heep Discography

Sociology of art

The sociology of art is a subfield of sociology concerned with the social worlds of art and aesthetics. Studying the sociology of art throughout history is the study of the social history of art, how various societies contributed to the appearance of certain artists. Key scholars in the sociology of art include Howard S. Becker, Arnold Hauser, Harrison White. In her 1970 book Meaning and Expression: Toward a Sociology of Art, Hanna Deinhard gives one approach: "The point of departure of the sociology of art is the question: How is it possible that works of art, which always originate as products of human activity within a particular time and society and for a particular time, society, or function -- though they are not produced as'works of art' -- can live beyond their time and seem expressive and meaningful in different epochs and societies? On the other hand, how can the age and society that produced them be recognized in the works?" Other approaches consider the social and economic background to the creation of works of art, a great focus of art history in recent decades.

The role of patrons and consumers of art, as well as those of the artist themselves, are considered. There has been a great interest in the history of art collecting, the history of older objects between their creation and their current location, beyond a mere provenance. Sociology of culture Anthropology of art Art world Art market Private collection Curator Deinhard, Hanna and Expression: Toward a Sociology of Art. Beacon Press, Boston, 1970. ISBN 0-8070-6664-8 Becker, Howard S. Art Worlds. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1982. Howard S. Becker, New Directions in the Sociology of Art. ESA colloque in Paris, April 2003. Raymonde Moulin "The French Art Market", Rutgers University Press, 1987 Nakajima, Seio. "Prosumption in Art." American Behavioral Scientist Vol. 56, No. 4: 550-569. Torin Monahan, Digital Art Worlds: Technology and Productions of Value in Art Education. Foundations in Art: Theory and Education in Review 26: 7-15, 2004. Nick Zangwill, Against the Sociology of Art. Philosophy of the Social Sciences 32: 206—18, 2002.

John Paul, Art as Weltanschauung: An Overview of Theory in the Sociology of Art. Electronic Journal of Sociology, 2005. Alain Quemin, "Globalization and Mixing in the visual arts. An Empirical Survey of "High Culture" and Globalization", International Sociology, vol. 21, n°4, July 2006, p. 522-550