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Ein Hemed

Ein Hemed is a national park and nature reserve in the hills seven kilometers west of Jerusalem, Israel. It is known by its Latin name Aqua Bella, but by its corrupted Arabic rendition of the same name, Iqbalā; the park is located on the path of an old Roman road used in periods, called Emmaus by the Crusaders. The road connected the coastal plain with the Jerusalem hills; the Crusaders named it'Aqua Bella it was known as "Deir el Benat" and "Khurbet Ikbala" meaning "The ruin of prosperity". The Kingdom of Jerusalem built fortresses along the road to Jerusalem in order to control the traffic to Jerusalem, protect pilgrims visiting the Holy City. Farms were built using the spring water for irrigation. Impressive ruins of a 30x40 meter Crusader structure, whose southern wall survives to a height of 12 meters, are located on the north site of the riverbed; the building has two arched halls. The building was known in Arabic as Deir al Benat. Archeological investigations indicate that it was built in 1140-1160, during the reign of Fulk of Jerusalem, in the same period as the fortresses on Tzova and Emmaus.

South of the building are a Muslim cemetery. In 1925, an American Jew named Isaac Segal Feller purchased a plot of 600 dunams on a hill above the springs; this land was called "Nachalat Yitzchak" or "Kiryat YaSaF" after its founder. During the 1936–1939 Arab revolt and Israeli War of Independence, it served as a base for Hagana training and military operations. Since 1994, there have been disputes over development of the site for residential or tourism purposes; the nature reserve and park were established in 1968. The cemetery includes the grave of Sheikh Abdullah, in whose honor the oak and terebinth trees in the nature reserve were never cut down. A picnic site has been created nearby. Four layer springs issue from the riverbed and nearby caves, unite into a flow of water which continues for about 400 meter. Several dams have been built, creating pools, the largest of, 20 x 20 meters and 1 meter deep. Tourism in Israel National Parks of Israel Survey of Western Palestine, Map 17: IAA, Wikimedia commons

1694 in art

Events from the year 1694 in art. A copy is made of the 14th century Siyar-i Nabi of al-Zarir, Turkey, it is now kept at New York Spencer Collection. Louis Laguerre – Painted Room at Chatsworth House, completed Andrea PozzoTrompe-l'œil paintings on dome and ceiling of Sant'Ignazio Church, completed February 18 – Johann Christoph Handke, Moravian Baroque painter May 22 – Daniel Gran, Austrian painter of frescoes and altar paintings June 27 – John Michael Rysbrack, Flemish sculptor July 11 – Charles-Antoine Coypel, French painter, art commentator, playwright September – Pietro Bianchi, Italian painter of the Baroque period, active in Genoa and Rome September 9 – John Vanderbank, English portrait painter and book illustrator date unknown Jacques-Ignace de La Touche, French painter of miniatures and portraits Ottone Hamerani, Italian medallist Pierre-Jean Mariette, art collector Vincenzo Meucci, Italian painter with many patrons, including Anna Maria Luisa de' Medici Giuseppe Pedretti, Italian painter of lunettes and altarpieces May 2 – Martin Desjardins, French sculptor and stuccoist of Dutch birth July – John Michael Wright, British baroque portrait painter July 25 – Hishikawa Moronobu, Japanese painter August 6 – Gabriel de la Corte, Spanish painter December 2 – Pierre Paul Puget, French artist December 12 – Filippo Lauri, Italian painter, became the Principe or director of the Accademia di San Luca date unknown Thomas Heeremans, Dutch Golden Age painter Giacomo Lauri, Italian engraver of the Baroque period Crisóstomo Martinez, Valencian painter and engraver known for his anatomical atlas Giovanni Peruzzini, Italian painter of lunettes and religious themed works Antonio Sacchi, Italian painter Ludovico Trasi, Italian painter of the Baroque period and active in Ascoli Piceno