Interstate 85 is a major Interstate Highway that travels northeast-to-southwest in the U. S. state of Georgia. It enters the state at the Alabama state line near West Point, Lanett, traveling through the Atlanta metropolitan area and to the South Carolina state line, where it crosses the Savannah River near Lake Hartwell. I-85 connects northern Georgia with Montgomery, Alabama, to the southwest, with South Carolina, North Carolina, Virginia to the northeast. Within Georgia, I-85 is designated as the unsigned State Route 403. I-85 in Georgia travels parallel with the route of U. S. Route 29. However, from Atlanta northeast to South Carolina, I-85 ventures away from that route, traveling about halfway between US 29 and the combination of US 23 and US 123. Within the City of Atlanta, I-85 has a concurrency with I-75 known as the "Downtown Connector". After splitting from Downtown Connector, it is known as Northeast Expressway until its junction with I-285. I-85 enters the state of Georgia from Alabama via twin bridges over the Chattahoochee River, it skirts the town of West Point, with Kia's multibillion-dollar plant located adjacent to the freeway just east of West Point.
After leaving West Point, I-85 enters the LaGrange area, the first large town in Georgia on its route to the northeast. Northeast of LaGrange, I-85 has an interchange with the long spur freeway, I-185, to the Columbus, Georgia Metropolitan Area; this is the only connection between the Interstate Highway System. From LaGrange, I-85 heads northeastward towards Atlanta. Before reaching Atlanta, the highway passes through the suburbs of Moreland, Newnan and Union City; the highway intersects I-285 at its southwest end in College Park. This interchange is one of the most complex interchanges in the country, meanwhile providing access to Hartsfield-Jackson Atlanta International Airport. I-85 runs along the northwestern boundary of the airport in East Point, providing access to the domestic terminal. I-75 services the International Terminals of the airport, which are located on the east side of the airport. At the southwestern edge of Atlanta's city limits, I-85 merges with I-75 to form the Downtown Connector, 12 to 14 lanes wide.
At the southern edge of downtown Atlanta, this freeway has an interchange with the major east-west Interstate Highway, I-20. The two freeways skirt the eastern edge of downtown, running due north, passing through the Georgia Tech campus and the Atlantic Station section of Atlanta before the two highways split, with I-75 exits via the right three lanes and heads northwest while I-85 uses the left three lanes and heads northeast. Heading northbound after the Brookwood Interchange with I-75, I-85 is routed along a ten lane wide viaduct from the Buford Highway Connector to State Route 400. Continuing northeast of Atlanta, I-85 continues through the northeastern suburbs, bypassing Chamblee and Doraville, where there is another intersection with I-285; the Interstate travels through the northeastern suburbs of Atlanta, including Lilburn, Lawrenceville. The Interstate has freeway interchanges with SR 316 in Duluth and I-985 in Suwanee, which provides a link to Gainesville. I-85 leaves the Atlanta area, continuing to travel through rural northeast Georgia.
At Lake Hartwell—which was formed by the damming of the Savannah River—I-85 crosses into South Carolina. The entire length of I-85 in Georgia is part of the National Highway System, a system of routes determined to be the most important for the nation's economy and defense. I-85 has the first express lanes in Georgia, located in DeKalb counties. From Chamblee–Tucker Road to Old Peachtree Road, travelers that utilize the converted 15.5-mile lanes will be charged a toll varying from 10 to 90 cents per mile, depending on traffic conditions and usage. Though not signed on the freeway, they are HOT lanes, which means registered transport vehicles, carpools with three or more occupants and buses are exempt from toll charges as long as they are registered as such. Tolls are collected using an electronic toll collection system. All travelers that use the lane must have a Peach Pass sticker to avoid fines. Starting in November 2014, SunPass and NC Quick Pass are inter-operable with Peach Pass, allowing motorists with those transponders to use the express lanes.
On November 3, 2018, an extension to the express lanes opened, from its former ending at Old Peachtree Rd to Hamilton Mill Rd. After this extension, four more northbound exit points were added: at SR 317, I-985, SR 20, at its end at Hamilton Mill Rd. In addition, four new access points were added to the southbound express lanes: at SR 20, SR 317, Old Peachtree Rd, at the connection to the pre-existing express lanes; the project costed $178 million. The express lanes extension will incur a separate charge from the existing express lanes; this is to decrease the impact of high congestion on the existing express lanes on the dynamic pricing of the express lanes extension, since lower congestion is expected on the new extension of the express lanes. Funds generated from the express lanes will be used to defray the costs of construction and maintenance of the lanes. Lo
Kay Sekimachi is an American fiber artist best known for her masterful, three-dimensional woven monofilament hangings as well as her intricate baskets and bowls. Kay Sekimachi was born in San Francisco on September 30, 1926 to first generation Japanese Americans Takao Sekimachi and Wakuri Sekimachi. Sekimachi was interned with her family at Tanforan Assembly Center and the Topaz War Relocation Center from 1942 to 1944. From 1946 to 1949 she attended the California College of Arts and Crafts, where she studied painting and silkscreening. After she visited the weaving room and saw students working on looms, she spent her entire savings on a loom the following day though she did not know anything about weaving, she started her art career weaving clothing and two-dimensional wall pieces. She heard Trude Guermonprez speak at Pond Farm and studied with her during the summer of 1954. Guermonprez challenged Sekimachi. Sekimachi commented in an 1959 article that "Until I was using accepted techniques and relying on books and traditional patterns."She attended the Haystack Mountain School of Crafts in Liberty, Maine where she studied with Jack Lenor Larsen in 1956.
A staunch champion of her work, Larsen commissioned Sekimachi to design a fabric for his production company. She started experimenting with nylon monofilament hangings and weaving off loom by 1963, her complex three-dimensional nylon hangings were featured several of the major exhibitions of the fiber arts movement, including Wall Hangings at the Museum of Modern Art, Deliberate Entanglements at UCLA and the Biennale internationale de la tapisserie, Lausanne Switzerland in 1975 and 1983. Sekimachi was part of the New Basketry movement of early 1970s, her works comprised small woven baskets. She created woven paperfold-like boxes with a Japanese influence, she created baskets of linen warp ends and rice paper. Most Sekimachi has incorporated objects found while beachcombing into her works creating jewelry. Sekimachi lives in California. In 1972, Sekimachi married celebrated woodturner Bob Stocksdale. Sekimachi's works are in many museum collections; these include: Metropolitan Museum of Art Fine Arts Museums of San Francisco Smithsonian Institution Musée des Arts Décoratifs, Paris Honolulu Museum of Art Spalding House Los Angeles County Museum of Art Oakland Museum of California Museum of Fine Arts, Houston Sekimachi's work has been included in numerous exhibitions.
Selected solo and small group exhibitions include: Parallel Views: Kay Sekimachi and Nancy Selvin, California Crafts Museum at the Palo Alto Cultural Center, Palo Alto, California Marriage in Form: Kay Sekimachi & Bob Stocksdale, Palo Alto Cultural Center, Palo Alto, California. The show subsequently toured to many venues across the United States. Kay Sekimachi: An Intimate Eye, Mingei International Museum, San Diego, California Loom & Lathe: The Art of Kay Sekimachi and Bob Stocksdale, Berkeley Art Center, California; the exhibition subsequently toured. Puako: Jewelry by Kay Sekimachi and Kiff Slemmons, Velvet da Vinci Gallery, San Francisco In the Realm of Nature: Bob Stocksdale and Kay Sekimachi, Mingei International Museum, San Diego Kay Sekimachi: Student, Artist, Textile Education Gallery, De Young Museum, San Francisco Bob Stocksdale & Kay Sekimachi: From the Collection of Forrest L. Merrill, Fresno Art Museum, California Kay Sekimachi Simple Complexity: Works from the Forrest L. Merrill Collection at the Craft and Folk Art Museum, Los Angeles Kay Sekimachi Master Weaver: Innovations in Forms and Materials at the Fresno Art Museum, California American Craft Council Fellow, 1985 Craftsmen's Fellowship Grant, National Endowment for the Arts, 1974 Women’s Caucus for Art Honor Award, 1997 American Craft Council Gold Medal for Consummate Craftsmanship, 2002 Master of Medium Award, James Renwick Alliance, Washington, DC, 2007 Luminaries Award, Fuller Craft Museum, Massachusetts, 2011 Sekimachi has taught at the Adult Division of the San Francisco Community College as well as stints at the California College of Arts and Crafts, Lake Almanor, the Town and Country Weavers.
Kay Sekimachi at American Craft Council Kay Sekimachi at Craft in America in Smithsonian Institution at De Young Museum