Charlottesville, colloquially known as C'ville and named the City of Charlottesville, is an independent city in the Commonwealth of Virginia. It is the county seat of Albemarle County, which surrounds the city, though the two are separate legal entities; this means a resident will list city on official paperwork. It is named after the British Queen consort Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, who as the wife of George III was Virginia's last Queen. In 2016, an estimated 46,912 people lived within the city limits; the Bureau of Economic Analysis combines the City of Charlottesville with Albemarle County for statistical purposes, bringing its population to 150,000. Charlottesville is the heart of the Charlottesville metropolitan area, which includes Albemarle, Fluvanna and Nelson counties. Charlottesville was the home of Thomas Jefferson and James Monroe. During their terms as Governor of Virginia, they lived in Charlottesville, traveled to and from Richmond, along the 71-mile historic Three Notch'd Road.
Orange, located 26 miles northeast of the city, was the hometown of President James Madison. The University of Virginia, founded by Jefferson and one of the original Public Ivies, straddles the city's southwestern border. Monticello, 3 miles southeast of the city, is, along with the University of Virginia, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, attracting thousands of tourists every year. At the time of European encounter, part of the area that became Charlottesville was occupied by a Monacan village called Monasukapanough. An Act of the Assembly of Albemarle County established Charlottesville in 1762. Thomas Walker was named its first trustee, it was situated along a trade route called Three Notched Road, which led from Richmond to the Great Valley. The town took its name from Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, who became queen consort of Great Britain when she married King George III in 1761. During the American Revolutionary War, Congress imprisoned the Convention Army in Charlottesville at the Albemarle Barracks between 1779 and 1781.
The Governor and legislators had to temporarily abandon the capitol and on June 4, 1781, Jack Jouett warned the Virginia Legislature meeting at Monticello of an intended raid by Colonel Banastre Tarleton, allowing a narrow escape. Unlike much of Virginia, Charlottesville was spared the brunt of the American Civil War; the only battle to take place in Charlottesville was the skirmish at Rio Hill, an encounter in which George Armstrong Custer engaged local Confederate Home Guards before retreating. The mayor surrendered the city to Custer's men to keep the town from being burned; the Charlottesville Factory, founded c. 1820–30, was accidentally burnt during General Sheridan's 1865 raid through the Shenandoah Valley. The factory had been taken over by the Confederacy and used to manufacture woolen clothing for the soldiers, it caught fire when some coals taken by Union troops to burn the nearby railroad bridge dropped on the floor. The factory was rebuilt and was known as the Woolen Mills until its liquidation in 1962.
After the Civil War, emancipated enslaved persons who stayed in Charlottesville established communities in neighborhoods such as Vinegar Hill. In 1943, there were at least three theaters in Charlottesville: Paramount, La Fayette. In July 1957, the first real estate firm owned and operated by African Americans, opened for business; the company, named Ideal Realty Company, was owned and operated by James N. Fleming, Roy C. Preston, Vassar Tarry, it was located in the Preston Building, 115 Fourth Street, N. W. James Fleming was a graduate of Jefferson High School. After Reconstruction ended, Charlottesville's black population suffered under Jim Crow laws that segregated public places and limited opportunity. Schools were segregated by race and blacks were not served in many local businesses. Public parks were planned separately for the white and black populations: four for the whites, one, built on the site of a former dump, for blacks; the Ku Klux Klan had chapters in the Charlottesville area beginning at least in the early twentieth century, events such as lynchings and cross burnings occurred in the Charlottesville area.
In 1898, Charlottesville resident John Henry James was lynched in the nearby town of Ivy. In August 1950, three white men were observed burning a cross on Cherry Avenue, a street in a African-American neighborhood in Charlottesville, it was speculated that the cross burning might be a reaction to "a white man had been known to socialize with one of the young Negro women in that vicinity." In 1956, crosses were burned outside a progressive church and the home of white integration activist Sarah Patton Boyle. In the fall of 1958, Charlottesville closed its segregated white schools as part of Virginia's strategy of massive resistance to federal court orders requiring integration as part of the implementation of the Supreme Court of the United States decision Brown v. Board of Education; the closures were required by a series of state laws collectively known as the Stanley plan. Negro schools remained open, however; the first African American member of the Charlotteville School Board was Raymond Bell in 1963.
In 1963 than many southern cities, civil rights activists in Charlottesville began protesting segregated restaurants with sit-ins, such as one that occurred at Buddy's Restaurant near the University of Virginia. In the summer of 1940 the first Field Day event was held in Washington Park. In 1947 Charlottesville organized a local NAACP branch. In 2001, the Charlottesville and Albemarle Branches of the NAACP merged to form the Albemarle-Charlottesvi
Star Wars comics
Star Wars comics have been produced by various comic book publishers since the debut of the 1977 film Star Wars. An eponymous series by Marvel Comics began in 1977 with a six-issue comic adaptation of the film and ran for 107 issues until 1986. Blackthorne Publishing released a three-issue run of 3-D comics from 1987 to 1988. Dark Horse published the limited series Star Wars: Dark Empire in 1991, produced over 100 Star Wars titles until 2014, including manga adaptations of the original trilogy of films and the 1999 prequel The Phantom Menace; the Walt Disney Company acquired Marvel in 2009 and Lucasfilm in 2012, the Star Wars comics license returned to Marvel in 2015. In 2017, IDW Publishing launched the anthology series Star Wars Adventures; the Star Wars comics take place in the same continuity as the films, adapting them, or taking place before, between, or after them. One of the major differences from other brands of comics like Marvel Comics or DC Comics, is that unlike the former two, Star Wars rejects the concept of a multiverse, instead of keeping separate continuities for their films and comics, both adhere to the same canon, along the animated series and books based upon the franchise characters.
The Star Wars franchise was owned by Lucasfilm from 1977. In January 2014, it was announced that in 2015, the Star Wars comics license would return to Marvel Comics; the Star Wars comics have gone through various publishers. This results into two major publication eras, the Legends branded non-canonical works consisting on most of the works published before April 2014, the ongoing canon branded as Star Wars consisting on all works published after April 2014. Branded as part of the Star Wars Expanded Universe or the Expanded Universe, used to brand everything besides the films, the Star Wars comics have been produced by various comic book publishers since the debut of the 1977 film Star Wars. An eponymous series by Marvel Comics began in 1977 with a six-issue comic adaptation of the original film and ran for 107 issues and three Annuals until 1986, featuring stories happening between the original trilogy films, adapting The Empire Strikes Back before going back to original stories and ending with an adaptation of Return of the Jedi.
Marvel, from 1985 to 1987, published two short-lived series based on the Star Wars animated series Star Wars: Droids and Star Wars: Ewoks. The publishing rights were to Blackthorne Publishing, whom released a three-issue run of 3-D comics from 1987 to 1988. Three years the rights to publish Star Wars comics were acquired by Dark Horse, who published the limited series Star Wars: Dark Empire in 1991 which explored the time after Return of the Jedi, with Dark Horse produced over 100 Star Wars titles until 2014, including manga adaptations of the original trilogy of films and the 1999 prequel The Phantom Menace; the comics happening before and after the films and produced before April 2014 were branded as the Star Wars Expanded Universe until April 2014, when they were all branded as Legends, ceased further publications and were declared non-canonical to the franchise. In April 2014, Lucasfilm moved the Star Wars franchise to a single continuity based on the six films of the original and prequel trilogies and the 2008 Clone Wars theatrical film and television series.
All new films, including the sequel trilogy that would begin with the then-in-production The Force Awakens, new animated and live-action television series and other media released would be considered canon, including comics. All other works produced or published prior to April 2014 were designated "non-canonical" and labeled with a new Legends brand. No new material, including comics, would be produced for the Legends line. With Disney having purchased Marvel Entertainment and the Marvel Comics brand and publishing in 2009, Lucasfilm ended their licensing agreement with Dark Horse to publish new comics through Marvel. Though the Dark Horse line was designated as part of the non-canonical Legends line, the publisher's four-issue limited series Darth Maul: Son of Dathomir is considered a canon story as it began life as a story arc in un-produced scripts from the Clone Wars TV series. Marvel began publishing the current comics run in 2015, starting with the core Star Wars series that would feature stories occurring between the films of the original trilogy.
In 2017, IDW Publishing was awarded a license and launched an anthology series called Star Wars Adventures. The series has a more kid-friendly tone than Marvel's concurrent publications. Charles Lippincott, Lucasfilm's publicity supervisor approached publisher Stan Lee at Marvel Comics in 1975 about publishing a Star Wars comic book prior to the film's release as a means to appeal to its most audience. Lee declined to consider such a proposal until the film was completed, was only persuaded otherwise in a second meeting arranged by Roy Thomas, who wanted to edit the series. Since movie tie-in comics sold well at that time, Lee negotiated a publishing arrangement which gave no royalties to Lucasfilm until sales exceeded 100,000. At that point, legal arrangements could be revisited. Issue #1 of Star Wars was released for sale on April 12, 1977, Marvel published the series from 1977 to 1986, lasting 107 issues and three Annuals. According to former Marvel Editor-In-Chief Jim Shooter, the strong sales of Star Wars comics saved Marvel financially in 1977 and 1978.
Supreme is a fictional superhero created by Rob Liefeld and published by Image Comics, followed by Maximum Press, Awesome Entertainment, Arcade Comics. Although Supreme was a violent, egotistical Superman archetype, he was retooled by Alan Moore as a tribute to Mort Weisinger's Silver Age Superman; the character had a 56-issue comic book series, a six-issue miniseries, a revival in 2012 consisting of six issues. Beginning with issue #41, Moore's run was collected in two trade paperbacks from the Checker Book Publishing Group, Supreme: The Story of the Year and Supreme: The Return. Moore's work on the series earned him a Eisner Award for Best Writer in 1997. Supreme was introduced in issue #3 of Rob Liefeld's Youngblood limited series as a flip book story before he was spun off into his own series, his history varied. At other times, such as when he defeated the Norse god Thor and took his mystical hammer Mjölnir, Supreme considered himself a god. Although the most powerful being in the Liefeld universe, he had his share of defeats: he was killed in the cross-title Deathmate Black series, lost his powers in Extreme Prejudice, was killed by Crypt in Extreme Sacrifice.
The character received a comprehensive treatment in The Legend of Supreme, a three-issue miniseries by Keith Giffen and Robert Loren Fleming. In the miniseries, reporter Maxine Winslow investigates Supreme's origin story. Winslow learns that in 1937, Ethan Crane shot and killed two men in retaliation for the rape of a 15-year-old girl. Crane survived and was sentenced to life imprisonment. In prison, the government offered him a chance to participate in a human-improvement experiment in the hope that he would survive. Although Crane died like the others, unlike them he returned to life in a world, strange and new to him, he found his way to a church, where he received sanctuary from Father Beam and discovered some of his new abilities. Crane took the name "Supreme" and, decided to do his part. Little was revealed about Supreme's work except that he joined the Allies. After the war, Supreme left Earth. Supreme spent decades in space, fighting a number of threats on the side of an alien race known as the Kalyptans.
He returned to Earth in 1992 to find a changed society, which included genetically-enhanced superpowered humans on teams such as Youngblood and Heavy Mettle. Although Supreme was the field team leader of Heavy Mettle, he left the position after defeating the villain Khrome; when Supreme fought Thor for Mjolnir, a character named Enigma acquired another Supreme from an alternate timeline to store if Supreme was defeated. Supreme was victorious, so the other Supreme was left alone. Although Supreme died during an assault on humanity by Lord Chapel, he was stranded on an alternate Earth for several years until the alternate Supreme returned and was defeated by the original Supreme. Original Supreme switched bodies with the alternate Supreme. After several events involving Enigma and Probe, the original Supreme worked with Probe and the alternate Supreme to defeat the evil Norse god Loki. At the end of Supreme # 40, Probe remained on the alternate Supreme returned to Earth. Rob Liefeld asked Alan Moore to write for Supreme.
Moore agreed on the condition that he could reinvent the character since he felt that the comic was "not good." Beginning with issue #41 of Supreme, Moore began retooling the character, with each issue containing commentary on storytelling, comics history in general and Superman in particular. Clichés of the superhero genre were used. Moore said in interviews that his re-imagining of Supreme's background and origin was an apology for the darkness of his previous works at other publishers. Given free rein over Supreme and the wider Maximum universe, Moore created a complex storyline to reinvent the Supreme universe. Drawing on Silver Age Superman and innovations by Silver Age comic artists such as Julius Schwartz, Curt Swan, Murphy Anderson, Moore wrote the "last" Silver Age Superman story for Schwartz with Swan and Anderson and referenced Anderson in his 1963. Moore's Supreme built on and ignored the previous issues, re-creating the character from his origins. Although the "Story of the Year" arc was intended to finish with a Silver Age-evoking 80-Page Giant special issue, it was split into two parts: 52a and 52b.
The action, which included multiple flashbacks to earlier Supreme stories, pastiches of comic-book staples, was tied together in #52. According to Liefeld, Tom Strong owed a debt to Supreme; the new version of Supreme had a secret identity as Ethan Crane, a mild-mannered artist for Dazzle Comics who received his powers as a result of a childhood exposure to a meteorite composed of Supremium, an element which can alter reality. When not saving the world as a superhero, Crane illustrated the adventures of Omniman, a Supreme-like character being reintroduced with a change of writers. Moore did not ignore the events of previous issues bu
Warren Girard Ellis is an English comic-book writer and screenwriter. He is best known as the co-creator of several original comics series, including Transmetropolitan, Global Frequency, Red —adapted into the feature films Red and Red 2 —Trees, Injection. Ellis is the author of the novels Crooked Little Vein and Gun Machine, the novella Normal. A prolific comic-book writer, he has written several Marvel series, including Astonishing X-Men, Moon Knight, the "Extremis" story arc of Iron Man, the basis for the Marvel Cinematic Universe film Iron Man 3. Ellis created The Authority and Planetary for WildStorm, wrote a run of Hellblazer for Vertigo, James Bond for Dynamite Entertainment. Ellis wrote the video games Hostile Waters, Cold Winter, Dead Space. Ellis is well known for sociocultural commentary, both through his online presence and through his writing, which covers transhumanist and folkloric themes in combination with each other, he is a patron of a charity focused on promoting humanism and advancing secularism.
He is a resident of England. Ellis was born in Essex in February 1968, he has stated. He was a student at the South East Essex Sixth Form College known as SEEVIC, he contributed comic work to the college magazine, along with Richard Easter, who later followed a career in writing. Before starting his career as a writer, he ran a bookstore, ran a pub, worked in bankruptcy, worked in a record shop, lifted compost bags for a living. Ellis's writing career started in the British independent magazine Deadline with a six-page short story published in 1990. Other early works include a Doctor Who one-pager, his first ongoing work, Lazarus Churchyard with D'Israeli, appeared in Blast!, a short-lived British magazine. By 1994, Ellis had begun working for Marvel Comics, where he took over the series Hellstorm: Prince of Lies with issue number 12, which he wrote until its cancellation after issue number 21, he did some work on the Marvel 2099 imprint, most notably in a storyline in which a futuristic Doctor Doom took over the United States.
Other notable early Marvel work is a run on a superhero series set in Britain. He wrote a four-issue arc of Thor called "Worldengine", in which he revamped both the character and book, tackled Wolverine with then-rising star Leinil Francis Yu. Ellis started working for DC Comics, Caliber Comics, Image Comics' Wildstorm studio, where he wrote the Gen¹³ spin-off DV8 and took over Stormwatch, a action-oriented team book, to which he gave a more idea- and character-driven flavor, he wrote issues 37–50 with artist Tom Raney, the 11 issues of volume two with artists Oscar Jimenez and Bryan Hitch. Hitch and he followed that with the Stormwatch spin-off The Authority, a cinematic super-action series for which Ellis coined the term "widescreen comics". In 1997, Ellis started Transmetropolitan, a creator-owned series about an acerbic "gonzo" journalist in a dystopian future America, co-created with artist Darick Robertson and published by DC's Helix imprint; when Helix was discontinued the following year, Transmetropolitan was shifted to the Vertigo imprint, remained one of the most successful nonsuperhero comics DC was publishing.
Transmetropolitan ran for 60 issues, ending in 2002, the entire run was collected in a series of trade paperbacks. It remains Ellis's largest work to date. Planetary, another Wildstorm series by Ellis and John Cassaday, launched in 1999, as did Ellis's short run on the DC/Vertigo series Hellblazer, he left that series when DC announced, following the Columbine High School massacre, that it would not publish "Shoot", a Hellblazer story about school shootings, although the story had been written and illustrated prior to the Columbine massacre. Planetary concluded in October 2009 with the release of issue 27. Ellis returned to Marvel Comics as part of the company's "Revolution" event, to head the "Counter-X" line of titles; this project was intended to revitalise the X-Men spin-off books Generation X, X-Man, X-Force, but it was not successful, Ellis stayed away from mainstream superhero comics for a time. In 2002, Ellis started Global Frequency, a 12-issue limited series for Wildstorm, continued to produce work for various publishers, including DC, Avatar Comics, AiT/Planet Lar and Homage Comics.
In 2004, Ellis came back to mainstream superhero comics. He took over Ultimate Fantastic Four and Iron Man for Marvel under a temporary exclusive work for hire contract. Toward the end of 2004, Ellis released the "Apparat Singles Group", which he described as "An imaginary line of comics singles. Four imaginary first issues of imaginary series from an imaginary line of comics, even"; the Apparat titles carried only the Apparat logo on their covers. In 2006, Ellis worked for DC on Jack Cross, not well received and was subsequently cancelled. For Marvel, he worked on a 12-issue limited series, he worked on the Ultimate Galactus trilogy. Ellis took over the Thunderbolts monthly title, which deals with the aftermath of the Marvel Civil War crossover. In honour of the 20th anniversary of Marvel's New Universe in 2006, Ellis and illustrator Salvador Larroca created a new series that reimagines the New Universe under the title newuniversal; the firs
James Madison University
James Madison University is a public research university in Harrisonburg, Virginia. Founded in 1908 as the State Normal and Industrial School for Women at Harrisonburg, the institution was renamed Madison College in 1938 in honor of President James Madison and James Madison University in 1977; the university is situated in the Shenandoah Valley, with the campus quadrangle located on South Main Street. Founded in 1908 as a women's college, James Madison University was established by the Virginia General Assembly, it was called The State Normal and Industrial School for Women at Harrisonburg. In 1914, the name of the university was changed to the State Normal School for Women at Harrisonburg. At first, academic offerings included only today's equivalent of technical training or junior college courses. During this initial period of development, the campus plan was established and six buildings were constructed; the university became the State Teachers College at Harrisonburg in 1924 and continued under that name until 1938, when it was named Madison College in honor of James Madison, the fourth President of the United States whose Montpelier estate is located in nearby Orange, Virginia.
In 1976, the university's name was changed to James Madison University. The first president of the university was Julian Ashby Burruss; the university opened its doors to its first student body in 1909 with an enrollment of 209 students and a faculty of 15. Its first 20 graduates received diplomas in 1911. In 1919, Julian Burruss resigned the presidency to become president of Virginia Polytechnic Institute. Samuel Page Duke was chosen as the second president of the university. During Duke's administration, nine major buildings were constructed. Duke served as president from 1919 to 1949. In 1946, men were first enrolled as regular day students. G. Tyler Miller became the third president of the university in 1949, following the retirement of Samuel Duke. During Miller's administration, from 1949 to 1970, the campus was enlarged by 240 acres and 19 buildings were constructed. Major curriculum changes were made and the university was authorized to grant master's degrees in 1954. In 1966, by action of the Virginia General Assembly, the university became a coeducational institution.
Ronald E. Carrier, JMU's fourth president, headed the institution from 1971 to 1998. During Carrier's administration, student enrollment and the number of faculty and staff tripled, doctoral programs were authorized, more than twenty major campus buildings were constructed and the university was recognized by national publications as one of the finest institutions of its type in America. Carrier Library is named after him. During the first decade of the 21st century, during the administration of JMU's fifth President Linwood H. Rose, the university continued to expand, not only through new construction east of Interstate 81, but on the west side of campus. In early 2005, JMU purchased the Rockingham Memorial Hospital campus just north of the main JMU campus for over $40 million; the hospital has since moved to a new location, JMU now occupies the former hospital site after having made substantial renovations to the previous hospital campus. Additionally in June 2005, the university expanded across South High Street by leasing the former Harrisonburg High School building from the City of Harrisonburg.
In May 2006, the university purchased the property. The sale was approved in June 2005 for $17 million; the university named the old HHS building Memorial Hall. Completed projects include the Rose Library located on the east side of campus, which opened on August 11, 2008; the John C. Wells Planetarium, first opened in 1974, underwent a $1.5 million renovation in 2008. It is now the only one of its kind in the world; the mission of the JMU Planetarium is public outreach. As such, it offers free shows to the public every Saturday afternoon and hosts annual summer space camps in July; the 175,000-square-foot Forbes Center for the Performing Arts opened in June 2010, serves as the home to JMU's School of Theatre and Dance. It provides major performance venues and support spaces for the School of Music, the administrative office for the Dean of the College of Visual and Performing Arts; the rapid expansion of JMU's campus has at times created tension in the city-university relationship. In 2006, the local ABC affiliate reported that the university had nearly doubled in size in the last 20 years, including purchases of several local properties.
The university has experienced tension with local residents with occasional clashes between local police and students at a popular off-campus block party. In 2000, the party with about 2,500 students grew out of hand and required a police presence at the Forest Hills townhouse complex on Village Lane. Ten years police equipped with riot gear used force to disperse a group of 8,000 college-aged individuals at the party. Several participants were airlifted to a medical center in Charlottesville to treat their injuries; the university has condemned the behavior of the block party attendees. James Madison University is considered "More Selective" by the Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching. For the Class of 2012, the university received 22,648 applications, for an entering freshmen class of 4,325 for the 2012–2013 academic year; the retention rate for the 2011–2012 freshman class was 91.4%, the ratio of female to male students is 60/40. 38% of students are from out-of-state, representing all 50 states and 89 foreign countries.
James Madison University offers 115 degree programs on the bac
Two-Face is a fictional supervillain appearing in comic books published by DC Comics as an adversary of the superhero Batman. The character was created by Bob Kane and Bill Finger and first appeared in Detective Comics #66; as one of Batman's most enduring enemies, Two-Face belongs to the collective of adversaries that make up Batman's rogues gallery. Once an upstanding Gotham City District Attorney, Harvey Dent is hideously scarred on the left side of his face after mob boss Sal Maroni throws acidic chemicals at him during a court trial, he subsequently goes insane and adopts the "Two-Face" persona, becoming a criminal obsessed with duality and the conflict between good and evil. In years, writers have portrayed Two-Face's obsession with chance and fate as the result of schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, dissociative identity disorder, he obsessively makes all important decisions by flipping his former lucky charm, a two-headed coin, damaged on one side by the acid as well. The modern version is established as having once been a personal friend and ally of James Gordon and Batman.
The character has been featured in various media adaptations, such as feature films, television series and video games. Two-Face has been voiced by Richard Moll in the DC animated universe, Troy Baker in the Batman: Arkham series, Billy Dee Williams in The Lego Batman Movie, William Shatner in Batman vs. Two-Face, his live-action portrayals include Billy Dee Williams in Batman, Tommy Lee Jones in Batman Forever, Aaron Eckhart in The Dark Knight, Nicholas D'Agosto in the television series Gotham. In 2009, Two-Face was ranked #12 on IGN's list of the Top 100 Comic Book Villains of All Time. Two-Face first appears in Detective Comics #66 with the name Harvey "Apollo" Kent; the character only made three appearances in the 1940s, appeared twice in the 1950s. By this time, he was dropped in favor of more "kid friendly" villains, though he did appear in a 1968 issue, in which Batman declared him to be the criminal he most fears. In 1971, writer Dennis O'Neil brought Two-Face back, it was that he became one of Batman's arch-enemies.
In his autobiography, Batman creator Bob Kane claims to have been inspired by Robert Louis Stevenson's Strange Case of Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde the 1931 film version which he saw as a boy. Some inspiration was derived from the Pulp magazine character the Black Bat whose origin story included having acid splashed on his face. In the wake of Frank Miller's 1986 revision of Batman's origin, Andrew Helfer rewrote Two-Face's history to match; this origin, presented in Batman Annual #14, served to emphasize Dent's status as a tragic character, with a back story that included an abusive, alcoholic father, early struggles with bipolar disorder and paranoia. It was established, in Batman: Year One, that pre-accident Harvey Dent was one of Batman's earliest allies, he had clear ties to both Batman and Commissioner Gordon, making him an unsettling and personal foe for both men. The Pre-Crisis version of Two-Face is Gotham City's handsome young District Attorney. A mobster throws acid in his face during a trial.
Driven insane by his reflection, he renames himself Two-Face and goes on a crime spree, deciding with a flip of his lucky coin whether to break the law or perform acts of charity. Batman and Robin capture him, he is rehabilitated thanks to plastic surgery. Stories, depict him as returning to crime after being re-disfigured; the Post-Crisis version of Harvey Dent is depicted as having had an unhappy childhood. The abuse instills in Dent his lifelong struggle with free will and his eventual inability to make choices on his own, relying on the coin to make all of his decisions. Dent is diagnosed with bipolar disorder and paranoid schizophrenia at a young age, but manages to hide his illnesses and, thanks to an unyielding work ethic, rises up through the ranks of Gotham City's district attorney's office until, at age 26, he becomes the youngest DA in the city's history. Gordon suspected that Dent could be Batman but discarded this suspicion when he realized he lacked the financial resources of Batman.
Dent forges an alliance with police captain James Gordon and Batman to rid Gotham of organized crime. Mob boss Carmine Falcone bribes corrupt Assistant District Attorney Vernon Fields to provide his lieutenant Sal Maroni, whom Dent is trying for murder, with sulfuric acid. Dent reinvents himself as the gangster Two-Face, he scars one side of his father's coin, uses it to decide whether to commit a crime. Two-Face takes his revenge on Fields and Maroni, but is captured by Batman, leading to his incarceration in Arkham Asylum. During the Batman: Dark Victory story arc, the serial killer Hangman targets various cops who assisted in Harvey Dent's rise to the D. A.'s office. Two-Face gathers Gotham's criminals to assist in the destruction of the city's crime lords. After a climactic struggle in the Batcave, Two-Face is betrayed by the Joker, who shoots at Dent, causing him to fall into a chasm to his death. Batman admits in the aftermath that if Two-Face has survived, Harvey is gone forever. During a much period, Two-Face is revealed to have murdered the father of Jason Todd.
When attempting to apprehend
Peter Kenneth Hogan is an English writer and comics creator who started out as editor of cult political British comic Revolver in 1990–1991, before working for 2000 AD and American comic book publishers Vertigo and America's Best Comics. Hogan first worked as commissioning editor for Eel Pie Publishing from the late 1970s to the early 1980s, he managed the Magic Bus Bookstore in Richmond until its closure in 1982. His known associates at that time were Patrick Humphries, Rock Music journalists, he was a contributing writer to a biography about The Monkees pop group and a movie/DVD correspondent for Uncut magazine. Hogan is the brother-in-law of noted UK comic artist/typographer/design guru Rian Hughes. After Revolver folded, Hogan became a scriptwriter for the 2000 AD comic, working on short story series Vector 13 and Tharg's Dragon Tales, as well as reinventing the long-running Strontium Dog series as Strontium Dogs and supervising the Durham Red spin-off series. Hogan had a short stint working on Sam Slade, Robo-Hunter.
He created the gentle fantasy Timehouse. Hogan's writing is noted for a whimsical, fantastic quality that stood out from the more usual hard-edged sci-fi to appear under the 2000 AD banner. However, when David Bishop took on the editorship of 2000 AD, he informed Hogan that he would commission no more of Hogan's scripts because he "didn't believe his writing fitted the comic wanted 2000 AD to be." The two commissioned scripts, Strontium Dogs "Hate and War" and Durham Red "Night of the Hunters" were rewritten and Hogan asked for his name to be removed – they were credited to Alan Smithee. With hindsight Bishop says "He was rightly furious about having his work summarily rewritten and demanded his name taken off the scripts, which I did. I regret the brutal way I treated Peter: I was in a hurry to make changes and he caught the full force of that haste." Hogan went on to write books covering Queen and The Doors. In the 1990s, Hogan wrote for some titles on DC Comics' Vertigo imprint, including The Dreaming and The Sandman Presents: Love Street.
Most his unpublished followup to the latter, The Sandman Presents: Marquee Moon, was published online. Like Love Street, Marquee Moon is a tie-in to Neil Gaiman's The Sandman and offers a look at the early days of John Constantine of Swamp Thing and Hellblazer fame. In addition, Hogan has worked with Alan Moore on Moore's America's Best Comics series, including his own spin-off title Terra Obscura, he wrote three issues of Tom Strong with artist Chris Sprouse and the two of them returned to the character in 2010 with the limited series Tom Strong and the Robots of Doom. Known, with great affection, by many of "The Ealing Lot" as The Count – for his legendary nocturnal working habits. Comics work includes: Tharg's Dragon Tales: "The Challenge" "Dragon Tales" Tharg's Future Shocks: "Seeds" "A Kind of Hush" "Time of Peace" "Clone Wolf" "Brighter Later "Red Giant" "The Star!" "The Way We Whirr!" Strontium Dogs: "Crossroads" "Alphabet Man" "High Moon" "The Mutant Sleeps Tonight" "Hate & War" Robo-Hunter: "Slade Runner" "Winnegan's Fake" "Metrobolis" "Fax and Deductions" "War of the Noses" Timehouse: "Timehouse" "Century Duty" Durham Red: "Mirrors" "Ghosts" "Deals" "Diners" "Night of the Hunters" Vector 13: "Case Seven: Are They Cats?"
"Case Nine: Spear of Destiny" "Case Four: Operation Mordred" (with Lee Sullivan, in 2000 AD #968, 1995 The Sandman Presents: Marquee Moon The Sandman Presents: Love Street Terra Obscura: Terra Obscura vol. 1 Terra Obscura vol. 2 Tom Strong #24–25, 35 Tom Strong and the Robots of Doom Resident Alien