In Christian iconography, Christ Pantocrator is a specific depiction of Christ. Pantocrator or Pantokrator translated as "Almighty" or "all-powerful", is derived from one of many names of God in Judaism; the Pantokrator an Eastern Orthodox or Eastern Catholic theological conception, is less common under that name in Western Catholicism and unknown to most Protestants. In the West the equivalent image in art is known as Christ in Majesty, which developed a rather different iconography. Christ Pantocrator has come to suggest Christ as a stern, all-powerful judge of humanity; when the Hebrew Bible was translated into Greek as the Septuagint, Pantokrator was used both for YHWH Sabaoth "Lord of Hosts" and for El Shaddai "God Almighty". In the New Testament, Pantokrator is used once by Paul and nine times in the Book of Revelation: 1:8, 4:8, 11:17, 15:3, 16:7, 16:14, 19:6, 19:15, 21:22; the references to God the Father and God the Son in Revelation are at times interchangeable, Pantokrator appears to be reserved for the Father except in 1:8.
The most common translation of Pantocrator is "Almighty" or "All-powerful". In this understanding, Pantokrator is a compound word formed from the Greek words πᾶς, pas, i.e. "all" and κράτος, kratos, i.e. "strength", "might", "power". This is understood in terms of potential power. Another, more literal translation is "Ruler of All" or, less "Sustainer of the World". In this understanding, Pantokrator is a compound word formed from the Greek for "all" and the verb meaning "To accomplish something" or "to sustain something"; this translation speaks more to God's actual power. God does everything; the icon of Christ Pantokrator is one of the most common religious images of Orthodox Christianity. Speaking, in Medieval eastern roman church art and architecture, an iconic mosaic or fresco of Christ Pantokrator occupies the space in the central dome of the church, in the half-dome of the apse, or on the nave vault; some scholars consider the Pantocrator a Christian adaptation of images of Zeus, such as the great statue of Zeus enthroned at Olympia.
The development of the earliest stages of the icon from Roman Imperial imagery is easier to trace. The image of Christ Pantocrator was one of the first images of Christ developed in the Early Christian Church and remains a central icon of the Eastern Orthodox Church. In the half-length image, Christ holds the New Testament in his left hand and makes the gesture of teaching or of blessing with his right; the typical Western Christ in Majesty is a full-length icon. In the early Middle Ages, it presented Christ in a mandorla or other geometric frame, surrounded by the Four Evangelists or their symbols; the oldest known surviving example of the icon of Christ Pantocrator was painted in encaustic on panel in the sixth or seventh century, survived the period of destruction of images during the Iconoclastic disputes that twice racked the Eastern church, 726 to 787 and 814 to 842. It was preserved in the remote desert of the Sinai; the gessoed panel, finely painted using a wax medium on a wooden panel, had been coarsely overpainted around the face and hands at some time around the thirteenth century.
When the overpainting was cleaned in 1962, the ancient image was revealed to be a high-quality icon produced in Constantinople. The icon, traditionally half-length when in a semi-dome, which became adopted for panel icons depicts Christ frontal with a somewhat melancholy and stern aspect, with the right hand raised in blessing or, in the early encaustic panel at Saint Catherine's Monastery, the conventional rhetorical gesture that represents teaching; the left hand holds a closed book with a richly decorated cover featuring the Cross, representing the Gospels. An icon where Christ has an open book is called "Christ the Teacher", a variant of the Pantocrator. Christ is bearded, his brown hair centrally parted, his head is surrounded by a halo; the icon is shown against a gold background comparable to the gilded grounds of mosaic depictions of the Christian emperors. The name of Christ is written on each side of the halo, as IC and XC. Christ's fingers are depicted in a pose that represents the letters IC, X and C, thereby making the Christogram ICXC.
The IC is composed of the Greek characters iota and lunate sigma —the first and last letters of'Jesus' in Greek. In many cases, Christ has a cruciform halo inscribed with the letters Ο Ω Ν, i.e. ὁ ὤν "He Who Is". Christ in Majesty Christ the Redeemer Depiction of Jesus Monumento al Divino Salvador del Mundo Salvator Mundi Transfiguration of Jesus The Christ Pantocrator Icon at St. Catherine's Monastery in the Sinai The icon Christ Pantocrator at Chilandar Monastery on Holy Mount Athos The Deesis Pantocrator in Hagia Sophia
Rūta Society was a Lithuanian cultural society in Vilnius part of the Russian Empire, active from 1909 to the outbreak of World War I in 1914. It organized various events, including lectures, literary evenings, musical performances, but it is most noted for its contribution to the development of the Lithuanian theater. In total, Rūta staged about 50 plays; the official permission to establish Rūta was received on 25 September 1908 and the founding meeting took place on 11 January 1909. At that time the society registered 66 members and elected a 12-member board, which included Jonas Masiulis, Andrius Domaševičius, Mykolas Sleževičius, Jonas Basanavičius, Jurgis Šlapelis; the membership dues were set at a minimum of four rubles per year. Sleževičius was the main driving force behind the society – he established a cultural society of the same name as a law student at the Odessa University. During the first year, the number of members grew to 192 and the society held 33 evenings and four lectures.
The society had a group for singers, music players, theater performers. Most performances were open to the public; the society had a choir. In 1910, a Latvian subsidiary of the Gramophone Company recorded Tautiška giesmė and eight other patriotic songs; the singers were little trained – their voices were loud but enthusiastic. Another recording of 20 songs by Lithuanian composers was made in 1914. Together with a symphonic orchestra, the choir performed cantata "De profundis" by Čiurlionis in 1913; the theater group with Mykolas Sleževičius was active. It included Gabrielius Landsbergis-Žemkalnis, Antanas Žmuidzinavičius, others; the backdrop was painted by Mikalojus Konstantinas Čiurlionis in June 1909. It has survived and is preserved at the M. K. Čiurlionis National Art Museum and commemorated by a fresco inside the former theater of Rūta. The group, active before Rūta was organized, staged several plays, most notably historical dramas Mindaugis, Lietuvos karalius by Juliusz Słowacki and Živilė, duktė Karijoto by Vincas Nagornoskis.
The plays had to be approved by Russian censors. As a result, many plays were cut. For example, Živilė, duktė Karijoto lost many scenes; the theater shift from simple comedies to historical dramas revealed limitations of the amateur theater and the need of a professional Lithuanian theater. To that end, in September 1910, the theater group separated from Rūta and joined the theater group of the Lithuanian Mutual Relief Society of Vilnius to form an independent Lithuanian Artists' Union of Vilnius which two years established the first theater company; the union and the company cooperated with Rūta and staged many new plays. Lithuanian activists hoped that it would become the basis for the professional Lithuanian theater, but it faced financial difficulties and internal disagreements, paid no heed to theater education and hoped that practice would be enough; the last play, modernist The Snow by Stanisław Przybyszewski, was performed on 10 May 1914. Further activities were disrupted by World War I
Sam Rivers / Dave Holland Vol. 2 is an album by American jazz saxophonist Sam Rivers and English double-bassist Dave Holland featuring performances recorded in 1976 and released on the Improvising Artists label. The Allmusic review by Scott Yanow awarded the album 3 stars, stating, "When Sam Rivers met up with bassist Dave Holland for a set of duets, he decided to record two LPs and play a different instrument on each of the sidelong pieces... Since tenor is Rivers's strongest ax, this set is of somewhat limited interest yet is successful; the flute piece has several different sections that keep both the musicians and listeners interested, while Rivers's piano feature is quite intense. All compositions by Sam Rivers"Ripples" - 23:49 "Deluge" - 23:23Recorded at Big Apple Studio in New York City on February 18, 1976 Sam Rivers - flute, piano Dave Holland - bass Dave Holland's profile on Allaboutjazz.com Official website
Jeroen Tesselaar is a Dutch footballer who plays as a left back for Dutch side Quick Boys. He has played for AZ Alkmaar, Kilmarnock, St Mirren and De Graafschap. Tesselaar started his professional career in his native Netherlands with HVV Hollandia at age thirteen before joining AZ Alkmaar. In the 2008–09 season, Tesselaar signed his first professional contract, which will keep him until 2010, he did not make a league appearance for the club, but played on loan for Telstar for three seasons with AZ players Furdjel Narsingh and Kevin Brands. At the end of the 2010–11 season, Tesselaar was among eleven players to be released. After leaving AZ, Tesselaar went on trial with Scottish Premier League club St Mirren; the first time he arrived there, he said about the club, " didn’t know what the group wanted but, after the first week, we saw a little movie of Barcelona and how they press the ball."On 14 July 2011, Tesselaar would signed for St Mirren on a one-year deal after making impressive display on trial.
Upon joining St Mirren, Tesselaar cited joining the club as "efforts to play total football." He made his debut against Dunfermline at East End Park on 25 July. On 20 August, he assisted both St Mirren goals for Steven Thomson, who scored both goals in a 2–1 victory at Easter Road against Hibernian. Tesselaar never finds the quality good. Tesselaar settled in Scotland and played during the 2011–12 Scottish Premier League season, but their good performances led manager Danny Lennon to offer both Tesselaar and Nigel Hasselbaink improved contracts, only the offer of a new contract at St Mirren to be rejected despite captain Jim Goodwin pleading the duo to sign a new contract. Though making thirty-three appearances, Tesselaar was absent due to an injury that kept him out for six weeks. Tesselaar signed for Kilmarnock in June 2012 on a two-year contract despite interests from Aberdeen. On his move, Manager Kenny Shiels told STV, "We're happy to get him on board because we've lost Ben Gordon so now we've got competition between Rory McKeown and Jeroen."Tesselaar made his debut for the club, in the opening game of the season, as Kilmarnock drew 0–0 with Dundee, where he started as a left-back in defense.
After making four appearance, Tesselaar sustained an injury during a match against Stenhousemuir, in the first round of the Scottish League Cup, which Kilmarnock lose 2–1. Tesselaar was out for six weeks due to a hamstring injury. After two months out, Tesselaar made his return, where he came on for James Dayton in the last minutes, as they beat Celtic, to give their first win at Celtic Park for the first time since 1955, he made his first start since being injured, as Kilmarnock beat Ross County 3–0 on 9 November 2012. He finished his first season at the club. In his second season, Tesselaar continues to remain in the left-back position until he came off in the sixth minutes in the first half, in a 1–1 draw against Partick Thistle on 21 September 2013. During the season, Tesselaar broke his nose in four occasion that he might wear a protective mask for the rest of his career. In a match against Hearts on 8 March 2014, Tesselaar made national headlines in the Netherlands when he made fabulous way through the legs of Jordan McGhee and he gave the ball, scored by Michael Gardyne, in a 4–2 victory.
At the end of the 2013–14 season, Tesselaar was offered a new contract by the club. While negotiating a new contract, Tesselaar faced uncertainty over his future: "I'm open to everything. A new club is a nice adventure." However, Tesselaar left Kilmarnock in late June. Tesselaar re-joined St Mirren on a one-year deal, after leaving Kilmarnock at the end of season 2013–14; the Dutchman played for the Saints during season 2011–12 in the Scottish Premier League, making 33 league appearances. Tesselaar's second spell at St Mirren came in the opening game of the season, playing as a left-back, in a 1-0 loss against Motherwell. Tesselaar made his 50th appearance, in a 2-1 loss against Celtic before coming off by half time, due to an injury. Tesselaar suffered a knee injury that kept him out before scoring and assisting on his return, in a 2-2 draw against Ross County on 25 October 2014. However, Tesselaar came under pressure from St Mirren supporters after an interview with Voetbal International, claiming about negativity of the town of Paisley.
Tesselaar denied those statement he made in the Voetbal International. Tesselaar continued to be in the first team regular throughout the season. On 29 May 2015, Tesselaar left Saints for a second time in his career, making a total of 36 appearances and scoring once. Tesselaar signed a one-year deal with Eredivisie side, De Graafschap on 14 August 2015 after a successful trial period. Tesselaar is an avid photographer and considered taking photos his second hobby after buying his first camera when he was sixteen, he bikes or walks to take pictures and took pictures in black and white when he attended photography school. Jeroen Tesselaar at Soccerbase
Euler Granda was an Ecuadorian poet and psychiatrist. Granda was born in Ecuador, on June 7, 1935, to Aurora Espinoza and Ángel Polibio Granda, he was married to the poet Violeta Luna. After he and Luna divorced, he married Ximena Mendoza Párraga a poet, they had no children. Granda studied psychiatry at the University of Guayaquil. Parallel to his studies in medicine, he became interested in literature in poetry. Granda's poems explored the human mental condition. In a interview with El Universo, Granda pointed out that "the poetry that I do in a certain way is surreal, that is, using elements and internal experiences of the human being. It's a huge advantage to have been a psychiatrist."Granda published 17 books during his lifetime. Granda died on February 22, 2018, at the age of 82; the Eugenio Espejo Prize in Literature The "Jorge Luis Borges" Latin American Poetry Prize First Place in El Universo's "Ismael Pérez Pazmiño" Poetry Prize El rostro de los días winner of the "Ismael Pérez Pazmiño" Poetry Prize Voz desbordada Etcétera, etcétera El lado flaco El cuerpo y los sucesos La inutilmanía y otros nudos, Poesía y Un perro tocando la lira
MobiCom, the International Conference on Mobile Computing and Networking, is a series of annual conferences sponsored by ACM SIGMOBILE dedicated to addressing the challenges in the areas of mobile computing and wireless and mobile networking. Although no rating system for computer networking conferences exists, MobiCom is considered to be the best conference in these areas, it is the fifth highest-impact venue in all of Computer Science; the quality of papers published in this conference is high. The acceptance rate of MobiCom around 10%, meaning that only one tenth of all submitted papers make it through the tough peer review filter. According to SIGMOBILE, "the MobiCom conference series serves as the premier international forum addressing networks, systems and applications that support the symbiosis of mobile computers and wireless networks. MobiCom is a selective conference focusing on all issues in mobile computing and wireless and mobile networking at the link layer and above." MobiCom Conferences have been held at the following locations: MobiCom 2020, London, UK, 14-18 September 2020 MobiCom 2019, Los Cabos, Mexico, 21-25 October 2019 MobiCom 2018, New Delhi, India, 29 October-2 November 2018 MobiCom 2017, United States, 16-20 October 2017 MobiCom 2016, New York City, United States, 3–7 October 2016 MobiCom 2015, France, 7–11 September 2015 MobiCom 2014, Hawaii, United States, 7–11 September 2014 MobiCom 2013, Florida, United States, 30 September-4 October 2013 MobiCom 2012, Turkey, 22–26 August 2012 MobiCom 2011, Las Vegas, United States, 19–23 September 2011 MobiCom 2010, Illinois, United States, 20–24 September 2010 MobiCom 2009, China, 20–25 September 2009 MobiCom 2008, San Francisco, United States, 13–19 September 2008 MobiCom 2007, Quebec, Canada, 9–14 September 2007 MobiCom 2006, Los Angeles, United States, 23–29 September 2006 MobiCom 2005, Germany, 28 August-2 September 2005 MobiCom 2004, Pennsylvania, United States, 26 September-1 October 2004 MobiCom 2003, San Diego, United States, 14–19 September 2003 MobiCom 2002, Georgia, United States, 23–26 September 2002 MobiCom 2001, Italy, 16–21 July 2001 MobiCom 2000, Massachusetts, United States, 6–11 August 2000 MobiCom'99, Washington, United States, 15–20 August 1999 MobiCom'98, Texas, United States, 25–30 October 1998 MobiCom'97, Hungary, 26–30 September 1997 MobiCom'96, New York, United States, 10–12 November 1996 MobiCom'95, California, United States, 13–15 November 1995 SIGMOBILE MobiCom