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Christian Democracy (Italy)

Christian Democracy was a Christian democratic political party in Italy. The DC was founded in 1943 as the ideal successor of the Italian People's Party, which had the same symbol, a crossed shield. A Catholic-inspired, catch-all party comprising both right- and left-leaning political factions, the DC played a dominant role in the politics of Italy for fifty years, from its inception in 1944 until its final demise in 1994 amid the Tangentopoli scandals; the party was nicknamed the White Whale, due to party's huge organization and to its official color. From 1946 until 1994 the DC was the largest party in Parliament, governing in successive coalitions, it supported governments based on liberal-conservative political positions, before moving to centre-left coalitions. The party was succeeded by a string of smaller parties, including the Italian People's Party, the Christian Democratic Centre, the United Christian Democrats, the still active Union of the Centre. Former Christian Democrats are spread among other parties, including the centre-right Forza Italia and the centre-left Democratic Party.

The DC was a founding member of the European People's Party in 1976. The party was founded as the revival of the Italian People's Party, a political party created in 1919 by Luigi Sturzo, a Catholic priest; the PPI won over 20% of the votes in the 1919 and 1921 general elections, but was declared illegal by the Fascist dictatorship in 1925 despite the presence of some Popolari in Benito Mussolini's first government. As World War II was ending, the Christian Democrats started organizing post-Fascist Italy in coalition with all the other mainstream parties, including the Italian Communist Party, the Italian Socialist Party, the Italian Liberal Party, the Italian Republican Party, the Action Party and the Labour Democratic Party. In December 1945 Christian Democrat Alcide De Gasperi was appointed Prime Minister of Italy; the Christian Democratic Party was used in response to Fascist Italy and used as a mechanism of opposition to communism. The April 18 elections in 1948 were used against Communism and the Marshall Plan.

The people of Italy were voting based on a way of life, not just a political party. Christian ideals were paired with the idea of freedom; the Party found itself in great trouble because if they were to take an extremist stance on communism they would be seen as pro-fascism. The Christian Democrats knew they needed to be a center party while opposing communism, it was not about party success, but about the success of a lifestyle in opposition to the ideals of communism. In the 1946 general election the DC won 35.2% of the vote. In May 1947 De Gasperi broke decisively with his Communist and Socialist coalition partners under pressure from U. S. President Harry Truman; this opened the way for a centrist coalition that included the Italian Workers' Socialist Party, a centrist break-away from the PSI, as well as its usual allies, the PLI and the PRI. In the 1948 general election the DC went on to win a decisive victory, with the support of the Catholic Church and the United States, obtained 48.5% of the vote, its best result ever.

Despite his party's absolute majority in the Italian Parliament, De Gasperi continued to govern at the head of the centrist coalition, successively abandoned by the Liberals, who hoped for more right-wing policies, in 1950 and the Democratic Socialists, who hoped for more leftist policies, in 1951. Under De Gasperi, major land reforms were carried out in the poorer rural regions in the early postwar years, with farms appropriated from the large landowners and parcelled out to the peasants. In addition, during its years in office, Christian Democrats passed a number of laws safeguarding employees from exploitation, established a national health service, initiated low-cost housing in Italy’s major cities. De Gasperi would die a year later. No Christian Democrat would match his longevity in office and, despite the fact that DC's share of vote was always between 38 and 43% from 1953 to 1979, the party was more and more fractious; as a result, Prime Ministers changed more frequently. From 1954 the DC was led by progressive Christian Democrats, such as Amintore Fanfani, Aldo Moro and Benigno Zaccagnini, supported by the influential left-wing factions.

In the 1950s the party formed centrist or moderately centre-left coalitions, a short-lived government led by Fernando Tambroni relying on parliamentary support from the Italian Social Movement, the post-fascist party. In 1963 the party, under Prime Minister Aldo Moro, formed a coalition with the PSI, which returned to ministerial roles after 16 years, the PSDI and the PRI. Similar "Organic Centre-left" governments became usual through the 1970s. From 1976 to 1979 the DC governed with the external support of the PCI, through the Historic Compromise. Moro, the party main leader and who had inspired the Compromise, was abducted and murdered by the Red Brigades; the event was a shock for the party. When Moro was abducted, the government, at the time led by Giulio Andreotti took a hardline position stating that the "State must not bend" on terrorist demands; this was a different position from the one kept in similar cases before. It was however supported by all the mainstream parties, including the PCI, with the two notable exceptions of the PSI and the Radicals.

In the trial for Mafia allegations against Andreotti, it was said that he took the chance of getting rid o

The Walter Winchell File

The Walter Winchell File is the title of a television crime drama series that aired from 1957 to 1958, dramatizing cases from the New York City Police Department that were covered in the New York Daily Mirror. The series featured columnist and announcer Walter Winchell, John Larch, George Cisar, Robert Anderson, Robert Brubaker, Dolores Donlon, Gene Barry, a year before he was cast in the lead of NBC's Bat Masterson. Thirty-nine episodes were produced. Among the guest stars was the child actor Dennis Holmes, who played 7-year-old Allie Marisch in the 1957 episode "Thou Shalt Not Kill."Rodolfo Hoyos Jr. was cast as "El Jefe" in the 1958 episode "The Stop-over". The Steep Hill, directed by Jacques Tourneur House on Biscayne Bay, directed by Jacques Tourneur The Stopover, directed by Jacques Tourneur The Walter Winchell File at CVTA with episode list The Walter Winchell File on IMDb

Brother Blood

Brother Blood is the name of two fictional comic book characters in the DC Comics universe. Sebastian Blood appeared as a recurring character on the second season of The CW show Arrow, played by actor Kevin Alejandro; the first Brother Blood, Sebastian Blood VIII, debuted in The New Teen Titans #21, created by writer Marv Wolfman and artist George Pérez. The second Brother Blood, Sebastian Blood IX, debuted in Outsiders #6, created by writer Judd Winick and artist ChrisCross; the first Brother Blood encountered by the Titans was the eighth to bear the title. Seven hundred years earlier, a priest in the fictional nation of Zandia named Brother Sebastian killed another priest to gain possession of what he believed to be Christ's prayer shawl; the shawl gave him invulnerability and reduced his aging, but the priest he killed cursed him to be slain by his son before his hundredth birthday. Upon doing so, his son became the second Brother Blood. He, in turn was killed by his son, this continued for seven centuries.

The eighth Brother Blood was the first who wished to extend the Church of Blood beyond Zandia. He wanted the Church to be a world power; the Church of Blood began operating in America, the Titans were called to investigate when an ex-girlfriend of Cyborg attempted to escape this cult. Because of the Church of Blood's influence, the Titans found moving against him difficult when public opinion was turned against them by Bethany Snow, a reporter, a member of the Church. Brother Blood attempted to take control of Raven's power, she defeated him, his mind was destroyed. Brother Blood's wife, Mother Mayhem birthed a girl, suggesting the curse was over; some time in Outsiders, Brother Blood returned to villainy. Shortly after recreating his cult, he was killed by a young boy, claiming to be the new Brother Blood; this version reappeared in Teen Titans vol. 3. This teenaged Brother Blood based all his decisions on advice from Mother Mayhem, but this was a female cultist chosen at random and killed if the advice was not what he wanted to hear.

He exhibited vampiric abilities. He revealed, it was for this reason. The Titans were able to save Raven. Brother Blood appeared in Teen Titans #30, a member of Alexander Luthor, Jr.'s Secret Society of Super Villains, where he claimed an undead Lilith Clay to be his mother. He summoned the first Hawk and Dove, Phantasm and Aquagirl from the dead to be his own Teen Titans. Brother Blood was stopped by Kid Eternity and sent to the eighth level of Hell, but not before Kid Eternity summoned the past Brother Bloods, all of whom took out their anger and hatred on Sebastian. In the aftermath of the "Reign In Hell" miniseries, now an adult, escaped from his incarceration and was opposed by Kid Eternity; the fight between the two brought them to Titans Tower. After draining Red Devil's powers, Blood realized that he had tainted himself with Neron's influence and fled the battle, he was seen approaching an unknown woman, looking to make her his new mother. Sometime the Secret Six was hired to infiltrate one of Blood's cults and rescue a wealthy teenager, forced into the group against his will.

After the team's cover was blown, they proceeded to kill a number of the church's members and destroyed their compound. In September 2011, The New 52 rebooted DC's continuity. In this new timeline, The Cult of Blood makes their debut in issue one of the Phantom Stranger. Brother Blood himself appears in Ravagers. Blood kidnaps the team intending to use Beast Boy's powers in a ritual to travel in The Red's dimension; the Ravagers manage to interrupt the ritual. He survives and returns in Animal Man, where it is revealed his obsession with The Red came from being their first option for champion before Buddy Baker was chosen. A "Mother Blood" appears in the DC Rebirth series of Teen Titans; this woman named. She is shown to have the power of mind control; the first Blood is a formidable opponent, backed by a massive number of fanatical followers. He is an expert manipulator, he ages at a much slower rate than normal humans. Brother Blood is immune to Raven's soul-self due to his shawl's powers, he is nigh invulnerable and has supernatural physical strength.

The second Blood's powers work in a manner similar to those of a vampire: he gains strength from blood, can take on the abilities of anyone whose blood he has sampled. Like the first Blood, he is backed by a massive number of fanatical followers. Brother Blood is featured in the Smallville Season 11 digital comic based on the TV series. In the alternate timeline of the Flashpoint event, Brother Blood is mentioned by his former student, Jason Todd, as being a developing drug lord. Brother Blood appears as the main antagonist of the third season of Teen Titans, voiced by John DiMaggio. In the show, Brother Blood is the charismatic—and sadistic—Headmaster of the H. I. V. E. Academy, his powers are different from his comic book incarnation, a powerful psychic who mind controls his students to keep them under his thrall. He is shown using his psychic powers for a variety of other purposes as well, such as producing deadly force bolts, energy shields, telekinesis, or altering perception, has a photographic memory.

In his first appearance, he displayed the ability to make Cyborg belie