Christian democracy is a political ideology that emerged in 19th-century Europe under the influence of Catholic social teaching. Christian democratic political ideology advocates for a commitment to social market principles and qualified interventionism, it was conceived as a combination of modern democratic ideas and traditional Christian values, incorporating the social teachings espoused by the Catholic, Lutheran and Pentecostal traditions in various parts of the world. After World War II, the Protestant and Catholic movements of the Social Gospel and Neo-Thomism played a role in shaping Christian democracy. Christian democracy continues to be influential in Europe and Latin America, although it is present in other parts of the world. In practice, Christian democracy is considered centre-right on cultural and moral issues, is a supporter of social conservatism, but it is considered centre-left "with respect to economic and labor issues, civil rights, foreign policy" as well as the environment.
With regard to its fiscal stance, Christian democracy advocates a social market economy. Worldwide, many Christian democratic parties are members of the Centrist Democrat International and some of the International Democrat Union. Examples of major Christian democratic parties include the Christian Democratic Union of Germany, the Austrian People's Party, Ireland's Fine Gael, the Christian Democratic Party of Chile, the Aruban People's Party, the Dutch Christian Democratic Appeal, the Christian Democratic People's Party of Switzerland and the Spanish People's Party. Today, many European Christian democratic parties are affiliated with the European People's Party; those with soft Eurosceptic views in comparison with the pro-European EPP are members of the Alliance of Conservatives and Reformists in Europe, or the more right-wing European Christian Political Movement. Many Christian democratic parties in the Americas are affiliated with the Christian Democrat Organization of America; as a generalization, it can be said that Christian democratic parties in Europe tend to be moderately conservative, in several cases form the main conservative party in their respective countries.
In Latin America, by contrast, Christian democratic parties tend to be left-leaning and to some degree influenced by liberation theology. These generalizations, must be nuanced by the consideration that Christian democracy does not fit into the usual categories of political thought, but rather includes elements common to several other political ideologies, including conservatism and social democracy. Many Catholic political movements in the 19th century had opposed capitalism and socialism as both were seen as based on materialism and social conflict, they instead preferred the ideal of self-sufficient peasants and the guild-organized craftsmen that many Catholic encyclicals advocated. However, by 1914 many of these movements had reconciled themselves to capitalism as the prevailing economic system while at the same time helping to organize Catholic workers and peasants within that system, as socialism came to be seen as the greater threat; this has led to the social market economy, influential across much of continental Europe.
The social market is a free market economy based on a free price system and private property, but is supportive of government activity to promote competitive markets with a comprehensive social welfare system and effective public services to address social inequalities that result from free market outcomes. The market is seen not so much an end in itself but as a means of generating wealth in order to achieve broader social goals and to maintain societal cohesion; this particular model of capitalism, sometimes called Rhine–Alpine capitalism or social capitalism, is contrasted to Anglo-American capitalism or enterprise capitalism. Whereas the former stresses partnership and cooperation, the latter is based on the unrestricted workings of market economics and as a consequence there is a willingness on the part of Christian democratic parties to practice Keynesian and welfarist policies. In recent decades, some right-leaning Christian democratic parties in Europe have adopted policies consistent with an economically liberal point of view but still supporting a regulated economy with a welfare state, while by contrast other Christian democrats at times seem to hold views similar to Christian socialism, or the economic system of distributism.
The promotion of the Christian Democratic concepts of sphere sovereignty and subsidiarity led to the creation of corporatist welfare states throughout the world that continue to exist to this day. In keeping with the Christian Democratic concepts of the cultural mandate and the preferential option for the poor, Christian justice is viewed as demanding that the welfare of all people the poor and vulnerable, must be protected because every human being has dignity, being made in the image of God. In many countries, Christian Democrats organized labor unions that competed with Communist and social democratic unions, in contrast to conservativism's stance against worker organizations. Standing in solidarity with these labor unions, In Belgium for example, Christian Democrats have lobbied for Sunday blue laws that guarantee workers, as well as civil servants, a day of rest in line with historic Christian Sabbath principles. Christian democrats are socially conservative and have a skeptical stance towards abortion
Escuela de Odio is a hardcore punk group from La Felguera, Spain. The group was formed in La Felguera in 1993 as a trio. After numerous local performances, the band edited its first full album in 1998. In 2000, now with Santo Grial Records, Escuela de Odio edited Cuando los mudos griten, los sordos sentirán el miedo. Rubén left the band that year, was replaced by Michel. Escuela de Odio recorded a new album after some years of little activity. After that, they had numerous tours and European tour in 2006, a Mexican one in 2007; the band recorded an EP with Habeas Corpus in 2010, a song with Roger Miret and another one with Juan The majority of the lyrics of the group are either about social or political issues. The social reality of Asturias is the most common theme in the lyrics; the group sings in both the Spanish and Asturian languages, although the majority of songs are in the first one. La Escuela del Odio La Razón del Pensamiento El sueño de los que no duermen Cuando los mudos griten, los sordos sentirán el miedo De la esclavitud a las cenizas Quien siembra miseria, recoge la cólera Que nada nos pare A Dolor Una democracia manchada de sangre Solo nos queda luchar Official website Official bandcamp
Darren Servatius was a retired professional hockey player who spent his entire career with the Johnstown Chiefs of the AAHL and ECHL. Servatius played his junior hockey in the BCJHL, skating with the Salmon Arm Shuswap Totems for seven games during the 1982–83 season, with the Richmond Sockeyes in 1985–86 Servatius joined the newly formed Johnstown Chiefs in January 1988, as the AAHL season had been in progress, he led all Chiefs defenseman with 33 points during the 1987 -- 88 AAHL season. Servatius was known for being one of the team's "tough guys" and was tied for seventh in the league for penalty minutes. During the 1988–89 season, the Chiefs made the jump from the AAHL to the newly formed ECHL, Servatius was named captain upon former captain Rick Boyd's departure to the IHL. Servatius once again led the Chiefs defensemen in goals and scored a career-high 55 points. With Boyd's return, Servatius served as an alternate captain during the Chiefs 1989–90 season and finished the season with 31 points in 53 games.
Servatius had a younger brother Ron who skated on the 1988–89 Chiefs. Like his brother had done the previous year, Ron Servatius finished the season with 199 penalty minutes, the second-highest total on the Chiefs and tied for seventh-highest in the league. Servatius retired after the 1989–90 season, he was the owner and operator of Pro-Fish Guiding & Rafting, located in his hometown of Fernie, British Columbia. Servatius passed away on November 2019 from complications of diabetes, he was 54 years old. Biographical information and career statistics from Eliteprospects.com, or The Internet Hockey Database