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Christian Doppler

Christian Andreas Doppler was an Austrian mathematician and physicist. He is celebrated for his principle – known as the Doppler effect – that the observed frequency of a wave depends on the relative speed of the source and the observer, he used this concept to explain the color of binary stars. Doppler was born in Salzburg in 1803. After completing high school, Doppler studied philosophy in Salzburg and mathematics and physics at the Imperial–Royal Polytechnic Institute, where he became an assistant in 1829. In 1835 he began work at the Prague Polytechnic, where he received an appointment in 1841. One year at the age of 38, Doppler gave a lecture to the Royal Bohemian Society of Sciences and subsequently published his most notable work, Über das farbige Licht der Doppelsterne und einiger anderer Gestirne des Himmels. There is a facsimile edition with an English translation by Alec Eden. In this work, Doppler postulated his principle that the observed frequency of a wave depends on the relative speed of the source and the observer, he tried to use this concept for explaining the colour of binary stars.

This was independently at the same time when physicist Armand Hippolyte Louis Fizeau became involved in aspects of the discovery of the Doppler effect, known by the French as the Doppler-Fizeau Effect. Fizeau contributed towards understanding its effect with light rather than sound, in doing so, corrected many of Doppler's persistent errors, he developed the formal mathematical theorem underlying the principles of this effect. In 1848, he discovered the frequency shift of a wave when the source and receiver are moving relative to each other, therefore being the first to predict blue shifts and red shifts of light waves. Doppler continued working as a professor at the Prague Polytechnic, publishing over 50 articles on mathematics and astronomy, but in 1847 he left Prague for the professorship of mathematics and mechanics at the Academy of Mines and Forests in Selmecbánya, in 1849 he moved to Vienna. Doppler's research was interrupted by the revolutionary incidents of 1848. During the Hungarian Revolution, he fled to Vienna.

There he was appointed head of the Institute for Experimental Physics at the University of Vienna in 1850. While there, along with Franz Unger, influenced the development of young Gregor Mendel, the founding father of genetics, a student at the University of Vienna from 1851 to 1853. Doppler died on 17 March 1853 at age 49 from a pulmonary disease in Venice, his tomb, found by Dr. Peter M. Schuster, is just inside the entrance of the Venetian island cemetery of San Michele; some confusion exists about Doppler's full name. Doppler referred to himself as Christian Doppler; the records of his birth and baptism stated Christian Andreas Doppler. Forty years after Doppler's death the misnomer Johann Christian Doppler was introduced by the astronomer Julius Scheiner. Scheiner's mistake has since been copied by many. On 29 November 2017, Google celebrated his 214th birthday with a Google Doodle. Christian Doppler. Wien: Böhlau, 1992. Bd. 1: ISBN 3-205-05483-0 1. Teil: Helmuth Grössing: Wissenschaft, Umwelt, Gesellschaft.

Teil: Karl Kadletz Quellenanhang. Bd. 2: ISBN 3-205-05508-X 3. Teil: Peter Schuster: Das Werk. List of Austrian scientists List of Austrians List of minor planets named after people Alec Eden: Christian Doppler: Leben und Werk. Salzburg: Landespressebureau, 1988. ISBN 3-85015-069-0 Hoffmann, Robert; the Life of an Unknown Person. Christian Doppler's Youth in Vienna. In: Ewald Hiebl, Maurizio Musso, Christian Doppler – Life and Work. Principle an Applications. Proceedings of the Commemorative Symposia in Salzburg, Prague, Venice. Pöllauberg/Austria, Hainault/UK, Atascadero/US, pages 33 – 46. Christian Doppler at Find a Grave O'Connor, John J..

Bite Me: Narrative Structures and Buffy the Vampire Slayer

Bite Me: Narrative Structures and "Buffy the Vampire Slayer" is a 2003 Australian academic publication relating to the fictional Buffyverse established by TV series and Angel. The book is designed for Year 12 teachers/students teaching/studying Media Unit 3; the book concentrates on the narrative of the television series. Organized into two sections: set of definitions of narrative in film, in television series in general and in BtVS in particular geared towards classroom practice and gives information and strategies for teachers as well as suggestions for student activities and templates for worksheets: all useful; this book addresses, in an understood and user-friendly way, questions of narrative structure across long-running TV series. Whilst concentrating on narrative, the book deals with relating narrative structures with: audience pleasure, mise en scène, the use of symbolism and metaphor. - Review of this book - Includes synopsis and contents

HMS Glatton (1795)

HMS Glatton was a 56-gun fourth rate of the Royal Navy. Wells & Co. of Blackwell launched her on 29 November 1792 for the British East India Company as the East Indiaman Glatton. The Royal Navy converted her into a warship. Glatton was unusual in that for a time she was the only ship-of-the-line that the Royal Navy had armed with carronades, she served in the North Sea and the Baltic, as a transport for convicts to Australia. She returned to naval service in the Mediterranean. After the end of the Napoleonic Wars the Admiralty converted her to a water depot at Sheerness. In 1830 the Admiralty sank her at Harwich. In 1793-4 Glatton made one round trip to China for the East India Company, her captain was Charles Drummond and her First Lieutenant was William Macnamarra. Drummond had commanded an earlier Glatton and would command a one too. Glatton's letter of marque was dated 22 August 1793; the letter of marque permitted her, while under Drummond's command, to assist in the capture of the French brig Le Franc.

It was issued after Glatton had left Portsmouth on 22 May 1793. Glatton was part of a convoy that included the East Indiamen Prince William, Lord Thurlow, William Pitt, Earl of Oxford, Fort William, Pigot, Marquis of Landsdown, Hillsborough and Earl of Abergavenny, amongst numerous other vessels and military, most of the non-Indiamen travelling to the Mediterranean. From Portsmouth, Glatton reached Manilla on 10 November, Whampoa two weeks later. On her return voyage, she crossed Second Bar on 17 February 1794, reached St Helena on 18 June, Long Reach by 12 September; the next East Indiaman Glatton sailing with a letter of marque, captured a Dutch prow in the Straits of Flores in 1796, the ship Copenhagen in 1799. Captain Henry Trollope commissioned her in April 1795 and he was responsible for arranging that her original armament consisted of carronades instead of the standard mix of long guns and carronades that other warships carried, his previous command, some eight years earlier, had been the 44-gun Rainbow, which too had been armed with carronades.

With her Trollope had in 1782 taken the Hébé, which the British would go to use as the model for the Leda-class frigates. Carronades had short thin barrels and so were half the weight of the equivalent cannon, they did not need as large gun crews and could fire much heavier shot for their weight than a gun of the same overall weight, but at the cost of the accuracy and range of the shot. This heavy armament meant that the fourth rate Glatton could discharge a heavier broadside than the first rate Victory. But, in combat Glatton would have to endure the fire of the enemy's long guns while closing the gap to point-blank range before she could return fire — if indeed the enemy would allow her to approach so close. Glatton was armed with twenty-eight 68-pounder carronades on the lower deck and twenty-eight 42-pounder carronades on her upper deck. All were non-recoil, to say that they were fixed to the deck. Within a month 32-pounder carronades replaced the 42-pounders. However, Glatton's ports were too small to allow the larger guns to traverse properly, she had no bow or stern chasers.

Her guns therefore could only be pointed straight out the side. The month after the action in July 1796, she received two 32-pounders and two 18-pounder carronades for her forecastle; the Navy replaced the twenty-eight 68-pounder carronades on the lower deck with twenty-eight 18-pounder long guns, ending the experiment. Trollope was happy with Glatton's seaworthiness and general fitting out, he wrote to John Wells, the shipbuilder and her former owner, "I sincerely hope... we may meet with a seventy four in the Glatton...she would either take her or sink her in twenty minutes." Under Trollope, Glatton first served in the English Channel where she engaged a French squadron on 15 July 1796. The French squadron consisted of a 50-gun ship, five frigates, a brig, a cutter. Glatton drove the French vessels into Flushing, having lost only two men wounded, one of whom died and despite having at times been surrounded by the enemy and exchanging fire at less than 20 yards; the French vessels may have included Brutus, Magicienne, Républicaine, one French vessel sank in Flushing harbour.

In March–April 1797, Trollope kept Glatton's crew from joining the Nore mutiny. By threatening to fire on the 64-gun Overyssel and the 40-gun Beaulieu, which were in open mutiny, he convinced their crews to return to duty. In August Captain Charles Cobb took command. In April and May 1798 Glatton participated, with many other vessels, in the capture of sundry Dutch doggers and fishing vessels. On 4 and 5 May Glatton was among the vessels; the other vessels included the hired armed cutters Fox and Marshall Cobourg, though most were much larger and included Monmouth, Director, among others. On 28 May Glatton, Ganges, Veteran, Director, the hired armed cutters Fox the First, Rose when they captured Janus. All the British vessels were part of the fleet under the command of Admiral Lord Duncan. Next, many of

S. T. C. Best

Sydney Thomas Charles Best was a long serving Anglican priest in South Australia. Best was born in Sydenham, the second son of George Frederick Best and his wife Sophy Maria Best who emigrated to South Australia aboard S. S. Cicero, arriving in Adelaide on 13 April 1883, lived at Sydenham Cottage, Kent Town, he was engaged in business for some years and involved with the St. John's Church, Halifax Street, Adelaide, he was an active member of St. John’s Young Men’s Society and Literary societies and superintendent of the Sunday school, he was appointed to several important lay positions before deciding on a full-time career in the Church. He enrolled with St. Barnabas' College, North Adelaide to study for the ministry, graduated in 1900, was ordained deacon by Bishop Harmer in 1901 and priest in 1902. Best served as assistant curate to Canon Andrews, at St. Bartholomew's, Norwood from December 1901 to August 1903, at St. Mark's, Maylands from September 1902, he served as rector at St. Augustine’s Church, Port Augusta from September 1903 to December 1906 succeeded Rev. C. E. Doudney at St. George’s Church and the Church of the Transfiguration in Gawler from 1911 to 1920 he served as rural dean in Gawler, while there served as chaplain to Roseworthy Agricultural College in 1912 and chaplain to the Australian Military Forces from 1916 to 1919.

He left Gawler in 1925, to be replaced by the Rev. T. Percy Wood. Among the church's accomplishments during Rev. Best's incumbency may be numbered the completion of St. George's church, Gawler South, the re-establishment of St. Michael's Church and clearance of all church debts, he was appointed rector of St Jude's Church and All Saints', Seacliff in December 1925 and elected canon on 9 March 1934. He retired from parish work on 30 June 1936, but served from 1939 to 1946 as acting secretary of the Australian Board of Missions and from 1940 to 1944 at the North Adelaide Church of Christ, his involvement with the St John's Literary Society extended to membership of the South Australian Literary Societies' Union, of which he was in 1895 elected vice president and served as general secretary 1896–1901, was credited with reviving the Union's moribund finances. He was appointed to the Aborigines' Protection Board in January 1940 and retired in January 1949, he played Lawn Bowls with the Gawler Bowling Club the Brighton club.

Best married Alice Adelaide Uffindell in 1889 Alice Muriel Best married George Campbell McNeilage in 1915 Harold Thomas Best married Grace Marguerite Brickwood Hocking in 1916, lived in Western Australia. Stanley Arthur Best married Dorette Kathleen Woodward in 1921, lived at Helmsdale, he died at his home, Stanley Street Woodville Park, his remains were buried in the churchyard at St Jude's, Brighton

1931–32 Huddersfield Town A.F.C. season

Huddersfield Town's 1931–32 campaign was a season that saw Town continue their impressive run of success under Clem Stephenson, by finishing 4th in Division 1. The season is noted for two reasons: the impressive record of 42 goals scored by Dave Mangnall, a club record still to this day, for the record crowd set during Town's sixth round FA Cup clash with Arsenal during the season. Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality. After finishing 5th the previous season, Town's reimbursed team carried their rich vein of form and managed an impressive run up the table thanks to the 33 league goals supplied by Dave Mangnall, which saw Town climb up to 4th place in the table. Combined with the 9 goals in the FA Cup, Mangnall's 42 goals give him the individual record of goals for a season in Town's history; the season is notable for Town's impressive FA Cup run. After wins over Oldham Athletic, Queens Park Rangers and Preston North End, Town met Herbert Chapman's Arsenal in the 6th round at Leeds Road.

The match saw Town lose to a goal in the 2nd minute. Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality

Clint Bickham

Clint Bickham is an American voice actor and ADR script writer working with Funimation and Sentai Filmworks/Seraphim Digital. After collaborating with illustrator Priscilla Hamby on Devil's Candy, featured in the first volume of Rising Stars of Manga, he worked for the former manga publisher Tokyopop, writing the English adaptations of manga such as Domo and Jyu-Oh-Sei. Bickham is best known for his roles of Akihito Kanbara in Beyond the Boundary, Finland in Hetalia: Axis Powers, Renji Aso in Ef: A Fairy Tale of the Two, Mochizo Oji in Tamako Market, Teichi Niya in Dusk Maiden of Amnesia, Haru in Tsuritama, Luca in La storia della Arcana Famiglia, Ikki Kurogane in Chivalry of a Failed Knight. Domo Eensy Weensy Monster Future Diary Hetalia Axis Powers Maria Holic Jyu-Oh-Sei Speed Grapher Clint Bickham on Twitter Clint Bickham at Anime News Network's encyclopedia Clint Bickham at CrystalAcids Anime Voice Actor Database