British Jamaicans are British people who were born in Jamaica or who are of Jamaican descent. The community is well into its sixth generation and consists of around 300,000 individuals, the second-largest Jamaican population, behind the United States, living outside of Jamaica; the majority of British people of Jamaican origin were born in the United Kingdom as opposed to Jamaica itself. The Office for National Statistics estimates that in 2015, some 137,000 people born in Jamaica were resident in the UK; the number of Jamaican nationals is estimated to be lower, at 49,000 in 2015. Jamaicans have been present in the UK since the start of the twentieth century. During the 1950s, Britain's economy was suffering and the nation was plagued with high labour shortages; the UK Government looked to its overseas colonies for help and encouraged migration in an effort to fill the many job vacancies. Jamaicans, alongside other Caribbean and South Asian groups, moved in their hundreds of thousands to the United Kingdom.
The Caribbean island nation of Jamaica was a British colony between 1655 and 1962, these 300 years of English rule changed the face of the island considerably. Jamaica is the third most populous English-speaking nation in the Americas and the local dialect of English is known as Jamaican Patois; the tight-knit link between Jamaica and the United Kingdom remains evident to this day. There has been a long and well established Jamaican community in the UK since near the beginning of the 20th century. Many Jamaicans fought for Britain in World War I, the British West Indies Regiment recruited from the British overseas colonies in the Caribbean. Volunteers only came from four nations, however as the regiment grew thousands of Jamaican men were recruited and made up around two thirds of the 15,600 strong regiment; the British West Indies Regiment fought for Britain in the Sinai and Palestine Campaign as well as the East African Campaign. Many of these men became the first permanent Jamaican settlers in the UK after World War I, some of whom subsequently fought for the country in World War II.
Despite this, by far the largest wave of Jamaican migration to the UK including people of all genders and ages occurred in the middle of the 20th century. A major hurricane in August 1944 ravaged eastern Jamaica leading to numerous fatalities and major economic loss after crops were destroyed by flooding; this acted as a push factor in the migration of Jamaicans and at the time by far the largest pull factor was the promise of jobs in the UK. Post-war Britain was suffering from significant labour shortage and looked to its overseas colonies for help, British Rail, the NHS and London transport were noted as being the largest recruiters. On 23 June 1948, the HMT Empire Windrush arrived in the UK with, amongst other migrants from the Caribbean, 492 Jamaicans on-board, invited to the country to work. Many more followed as the steady flow of Jamaicans to the UK was maintained due to the continuing labour shortage. Between 1955 and 1968, 191,330 Jamaicans settled in the UK; these first generation migrants created the foundation of a community, now well into its third if not fourth generation.
Jamaicans continued to migrate to the UK during the 1970s and 1980s, albeit in smaller numbers, the majority of these people were from poor households and went to extreme lengths to get to the UK. There is an uneven distribution of household wealth throughout Jamaica and during the economic crisis of the 1990s lower class Jamaicans continued to migrate in significant numbers. A lot of these arrivals came from Jamaica's capital and largest city, Kingston where the divide between rich and poor is much more evident than other places on the island. Most first generation immigrants moved to the UK in order to seek and improved standard of living, escape violence or to find employment. Jamaicans followed the pattern of other irregular immigrant groups where they tended to work in low paid and dangerous jobs in order to maintain their independence. Throughout the late 20th century and to this day in fact, the Jamaican community in the UK has been brought into the spotlight due to the involvement of Jamaicans in race-related riots.
The first notable event to occur was the 1958 Notting Hill race riots when an argument between local white youths and a Jamaican man, alongside increasing tensions between both communities lead to several nights of disturbances and attacks. Evidence of institutional racism by London's Metropolitan Police became evident in the high number of Black Britons'stopped and searched' alongside the unprovoked shooting of a Jamaican woman in her Lambeth home after police believed she was hiding her criminal son, this event led to the 1985 Brixton riot. To name one of the more recent riots, the 2005 Birmingham race riots occurred as a result of the alleged rape of a 14-year-old Jamaican girl by a group of up to 20 South Asian men including the Pakistani store owner it is reported she stole from, unlike earlier race riots this event is evidence that high tensions and violence are happening in the UK not only between Black British and White British people, however all ethnic and national groups; the Murder of Stephen Lawrence occurred in 1993, the London teenager of Jamaican parentage was stabb
Tron: Legacy is a 2010 American science fiction action film directed by Joseph Kosinski from a screenplay written by Adam Horowitz and Edward Kitsis, based on a story by Horowitz, Brian Klugman and Lee Sternthal. It is a sequel to the 1982 film Tron; the cast includes Jeff Bridges and Bruce Boxleitner reprising their roles as Kevin Flynn and Alan Bradley as well as Garrett Hedlund, Olivia Wilde, James Frain, Beau Garrett and Michael Sheen. The story follows Flynn's adult son Sam, who responds to a message from his long-lost father and is transported into a virtual reality called "The Grid," where Sam, his father, the algorithm Quorra must stop the malevolent program Clu from invading the real world. Interest in creating a sequel to Tron arose. After much speculation, Walt Disney Pictures began a concerted effort in 2005 to devise Tron: Legacy, with the hiring of Klugman and Sternthal as writers. Kosinski was recruited as director two years later; as he was not optimistic about Disney's Matrix-esque approach to the film, Kosinski filmed a high-concept, which he used to conceptualise the universe of Legacy and convince the studio to greenlight the film.
Principal photography took place in Vancouver over 67 days, in and around the city's central business district. Most sequences were shot in 3D and ten companies were involved with the extensive visual effects work. Chroma keying and other techniques were used to allow more freedom in creating effects. Daft Punk composed the musical score, incorporating orchestral sounds with their trademark electronic music. Tron: Legacy premiered in Tokyo on November 30, 2010 and was theatrically released in North America on December 17, 2010. Disney vigorously promoted the film across multiple media platforms, including merchandising, consumer products, theme parks and advertising. Upon its release, the film received mixed reviews from film critics, who praised the visual effects, production design and soundtrack, but criticized the character development, cast performance and story; the film grossed $400 million during its worldwide theatrical run. The film was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Sound Editing at the 83rd Academy Awards, but lost to Inception.
In 1989, seven years after the events of the first film, Kevin Flynn, promoted CEO of ENCOM International, disappears. Twenty years his son Sam, now ENCOM's primary shareholder, takes little interest in the company beyond playing an annual prank on its board of directors. After being freed from police custody for his most recent prank, Sam is asked by Alan Bradley, an ENCOM executive and Flynn's old friend, to investigate a strange pager message originating from Flynn's shuttered video arcade. Sam discovers a large computer in a hidden basement, which digitizes and downloads him into the Grid, a virtual reality created by Flynn that exists within ENCOM’s computer mainframe, he is captured and sent to "the Games," where he is forced to fight a masked program named Rinzler. When Sam is injured and bleeds, Rinzler realizes that Sam is human, or a "User" and takes him before Clu, the Grid's corrupt ruling program who resembles a young Kevin Flynn. Clu nearly kills Sam in a Light Cycle match, but Sam is rescued by Quorra, an "apprentice" of Flynn, who conveys him to his father's hideout outside Clu's territory.
Flynn reveals to Sam that he had been working to create a "perfect" computer system and had appointed Clu and Tron its co-creators. During this construction, the trio discovered a species of occurring "isomorphic algorithms" not conceived by Flynn, bearing the potential to resolve various mysteries in science and medicine. Clu, considering them an aberration, betrayed Flynn killed Tron, destroyed the ISOs. Meanwhile, the "Portal" permitting travel between the two worlds had closed, leaving Flynn trapped in the system. Having gained complete control, Clu sent the message to Alan in order to lure Sam onto the Grid and reopen the Portal for a limited time; as Flynn's "identity disc" is the master key to the Grid and the only way to traverse the Portal, Clu expects Sam to bring Flynn to the Portal so he can take Flynn's disc, go through the Portal himself, impose his idea of perfection on the human world. Against his father's wishes, Sam returns to Clu's territory on Quorra's tip-off to find Zuse, a program who can provide safe passage to the Portal.
At the End of Line Club, its owner Castor reveals himself to be Zuse betrays Sam to Clu's guards. In the resulting fight, Flynn rescues his son, but Quorra is injured and Zuse gains possession of Flynn's disc. Zuse attempts to bargain with Clu for the disc, but Clu takes the disc and destroys the club along with Zuse. Flynn and Sam stow away aboard a "solar sailer" transport program, where Flynn restores Quorra and reveals her to be the last surviving ISO; the transport is intercepted by Clu's warship. Sam reclaims Flynn's disc and rescues Quorra, while Flynn takes control of a Light Fighter on the flight deck. Clu and several guards pursue the trio in Light Jets. Upon making eye contact with Flynn, Rinzler remembers his past and deliberately collides with Clu's Light Jet, but Clu uses Tron's spare baton to escape while Tron falls into the Sea of Simulation below. Clu confronts the others at the Portal, where Flynn reintegrates with his digital duplicate, destroying Clu along with himself. Quorra, having switched discs with Flynn, gives Flynn's disc to Sam and they escape together to the real world, rematerializing themselves.
My Family is a British sitcom created and co-written by Fred Barron, produced by DLT Entertainment and Rude Boy Productions, broadcast by BBC One for eleven series between 2000 and 2011, with Christmas specials broadcast from 2002 onwards. My Family was voted 24th in the BBC's "Britain's Best Sitcom" in 2004 and was the most watched sitcom in the United Kingdom in 2008; as of 2011, it is one of only twelve British sitcoms. Set in Chiswick in west London, it stars Robert Lindsay as Ben Harper, Zoë Wanamaker as his wife Susan, Kris Marshall, Daniela Denby-Ashe, Gabriel Thomson as their children Nick and Michael. Since the show’s debut, several characters have left and others have been introduced; the character of Janey left in 2002 returned in 2004 and remained until the end. Kris Marshall's character, left in 2005 and returned for occasional brief guest appearances, though he was mentioned by other characters; the character of Abi, as played by Siobhan Hayes, was introduced in 2002 and left in 2008.
The characters of Roger and Alfie were introduced in 2003 and 2005, played by Keiron Self and Rhodri Meilir. In 1999, Fred Barron was considering producing a British sitcom the same way sitcoms were produced in the U. S. My Family was to feature a group of writers rather than the standard one or two, something, attempted in the UK with shows including Goodnight Sweetheart and On the Buses, but was atypical. My Family was consciously designed to have wide appeal, with characters viewers could build a relationship with in the same way as previous BBC sitcom 2point4 Children which focuses around a similar family unit; the show chronicles the lives of the Harpers, a fictional middle-class British family who live at 78 Lancaster Road, London. Dentist Ben and his wife Susan, a tour guide who works for an art gallery, have three children: Nick and Michael, who endanger their lives. Susan is a control freak, but Ben prefers to leave the children to it and stay as uninvolved as possible. Janey goes to University, but drops out and moves back in while Nick gets his own place.
Focusing on Ben and Susan, the show featured sub-stories ranging from Nick's schemes to Abi and Roger's love life. It is described as a "dysfunctional family"-style sitcom. Nick's bizarre jobs became a major feature of the first four series. After the departure of Nick more prominence was given to Abi and Roger's love life, Michael's misadventures, Janey's endless list of boyfriends, Alfie's dream of musical stardom; the show saw considerable development and change in its characters' lives, seeing Janey turn from teenage rebel to loving mother, Nick turn from slacker to a mature adult, Abi marry Roger, Michael go through and beyond school days. Meanwhile, Ben remained the same grumpy dentist, Susan remained the same control freak, Alfie remained the same slow-witted lodger; the series featured eight main cast members throughout its run, with numerous characters recurring throughout the 10 series. The main cast members were familiar to television viewers before their roles on My Family, but not all were considered stars.
During the tenth series' run, the actors all achieved household-name celebrity status. The main characters in My Family are Susan Harper, they have three children, Nick and Michael. Nick is a regular character until the 2003 Christmas special, makes one appearance in 2004's fifth series before making his final My Family appearance in the 2005 Comic Relief short as actor Kris Marshall wanted to do other projects and avoid being type-cast. Janey is a regular until the 2002 Christmas special and does not appear in series four, while the character is at university. Janey returns as a main character in series five. Abi Harper first appears in series three as the daughter of Ben's cousin Richard. Series three sees the first appearance of Roger Bailey, Jnr. Roger, who becomes a main character in the fourth series, is a dentist and the son of Ben's former mentor. In the 2005 Christmas special Alfie Butts, a friend of Nick's, moves into the Harper household. My Family features several recurring characters.
Series one features Daisy Donovan as Brigitte. In the second series "Stupid" Brian appears as Janey's boyfriend. Series four features Michael's girlfriend Fiona; that series sees the introduction of Michael's friend Hubert and Susan's mother Grace Riggs, who both appear in subsequent series until series seven. A minor recurring character from the 2006 Christmas special to series seven is Denis, the local Vicar. In addition, Mr. Alexander Casey, the Harpers' neighbour, appears in three episodes, "Driving Miss Crazy", "Neighbour Wars", "Mary Christmas" Robert Lindsay portrays Ben Harper. Ben Harper is an cynical dentist; when he is not at work sacking another assistant or trying to avoid fellow-dentist Roger, he is at home trying to relax. Ben isn't a bad man. Zoë Wanamaker portrays Susan Harper. Susan Harper is a control freak and good at getting her way, she is worried about her three children and forces Ben to go out of his way to monitor or look after them. Susan seems to spend most of her time at home.
She is a terrible cook. This is a homage to Butterflies, in which the male lead is a dentist called Ben and the rest of the family have to sneak the food
Middlesex University London is a public university in Hendon, north-west London, England. It is a member of the Million + working group; the name of the University is taken from its location within the historic county boundaries of Middlesex. The university's history can be traced back to 1878 when its founding institute, St Katherine's College, was established in Tottenham as a teacher training college for women. Having merged with several other institutes, the university was consolidated in its current form in 1992. More than 140 nationalities are represented at the university's Hendon campus alone; the university has campuses in Malta and Mauritius as well as a number of local offices across the globe. In 2012, the university re-structured its academic schools to faculties to align them more with the needs of the industry. Courses are delivered by the Faculty of Science and Technology, Faculty of Professional and Social Sciences, the Faculty of the Arts and Creative Industries. Middlesex University was awarded Silver in the Teaching Excellence Framework 2017 for the quality of its teaching and outcomes for students, was judged to have ‘consistently exceeded the rigorous national quality requirements’ for UK higher education.
For 140 years, Middlesex University has been based in North London. The university grew out of mergers between different schools and colleges in the area beginning in 1878 when St. Katherine's College, a female teacher training college, was created in Tottenham, it was joined by Hornsey College of Art, founded in 1882, Ponders End Technical Institute, founded in 1901, Hendon Technical Institute, opened in 1939. In 1973 these colleges and further institutions around North London formed Middlesex Polytechnic. In 1992 Middlesex University was established from Middlesex Polytechnic by Royal Assent as part of the Further and Higher Education Act. More institutions joined at this time. From the 1990s, the university began to develop its international presence with their first overseas regional office in Kuala Lumpur. In 1995, a network of regional offices opened across Europe. In 2005, Middlesex opened its first overseas campus in Dubai followed by a campuses in Mauritius in 2009 and Malta in 2013; the university has partnerships with other educational institutions around the world.
The university has now consolidated its many London campuses into one Hendon campus where it now accommodates all its London-based teaching. Timeline 1878 – St Katherine's College opens in Tottenham 1882 – Hornsey College of Art founded 1901 – Ponders End Technical Institute begins 1939 – Hendon Technical Institute opens 1947 – Trent Park College of Education opens 1962 – New College of Speech and Drama opens 1962 – Ponders End Technical Institute is renamed Enfield College of Technology by the Ministry of Education. 1964 – St Katherine's College unites with Berridge House to form The College of All Saints 1973 – Middlesex Polytechnic formed 1974 – Trent Park College of Education and New College of Speech and Drama join Middlesex Polytechnic 1978 – The College of All Saints closes, with the buildings transferred to Middlesex Polytechnic 1991 – David Melville becomes the first Vice-Chancellor 1992 – Middlesex University formed. 200 redundancies to make £10m of savings 2012 – Trent Park campus closed and programmes relocated to flagship campus in Hendon.
2013 – Closure of Archway campus and transfer of programmes to Hendon. All UK teaching at Hendon. Third international campus opens in Malta 2015 – Professor Tim Blackman becomes the Vice-Chancellor 2016 – Inauguration of the new hall of residence "Unite Olympic Way" at London Campus with 700 new rooms for Middlesex University students. 2016 – Inauguration of the new building "Forum North". "Forum North" houses Art & Design, Media & Performing Arts and Science & Technology facilities in an impressive eco-friendly buildi
Heroes (U.S. TV series)
Heroes is an American science fiction television drama series created by Tim Kring that appeared on NBC for four seasons from September 25, 2006 through February 8, 2010. The series tells the stories of ordinary people who discover that they had superhuman abilities, how these abilities take effect in the characters' lives as they work together to prevent catastrophic futures; the series emulates the aesthetic style and storytelling of American comic books, using multi-episode story arcs that build upon a larger, more encompassing narrative. The series was produced by Tailwind Productions in association with Universal Media Studios, it was filmed in Los Angeles, California. Four complete seasons aired, ending on February 8, 2010; the critically acclaimed first season had a run of 23 episodes and garnered an average of 14.3 million viewers in the United States, receiving the highest rating for an NBC drama premiere in five years. The second season of Heroes attracted an average of 13.1 million viewers in the U.
S. and marked NBC's sole series among the top 20 ranked programs in total viewership for the 2007–2008 season. Heroes has earned a number of awards and nominations, including Primetime Emmy Awards, Golden Globes, People's Choice Awards, British Academy Television Awards. An online extension of the series, Heroes 360 Experience rebranded as Heroes Evolutions, was created to explore the Heroes universe and provides insight into the show's mythology. Other official Heroes media include magazines, action figures, tie-in and interactive websites, a mobile game, a novel and other merchandise. In the fall of 2008, NBC Digital Entertainment released a series of online content for the summer, including more original web content, wireless iTV interactivity, graphic novels available for mobile viewing and webisodes. A 13-episode miniseries entitled Heroes Reborn premiered on NBC on September 24, 2015. Additionally, comic book writer Cullen Bunn will be writing an ongoing comic book continuing Heroes, called Heroes: Season Five.
Kring designed the series to have an ever-shifting cast. However, his motivation changed. In its first season, the show features an ensemble cast of twelve main characters making it the third largest cast in American primetime television behind Desperate Housewives and Lost. Although NBC's first-season cast page listed only ten characters, Leonard Roberts, who first appeared in the series' fifth episode as D. L. Hawkins, was an additional member of the original full-time cast. In episode eleven of the first season, Jack Coleman, who portrays Noah Bennet, was upgraded from a recurring role to become the twelfth full-time cast member; these are the people who remained major characters during all four seasons: Milo Ventimiglia as Peter Petrelli, a hospice nurse with the ability to mimic abilities of other people Hayden Panettiere as Claire Bennet, a high-school cheerleader who can spontaneously regenerate Adrian Pasdar as Nathan Petrelli, a congressional candidate with the ability to fly Masi Oka as Hiro Nakamura, an office worker who can manipulate space-time Greg Grunberg as Matt Parkman, an LAPD police officer who can read people's minds During the first two seasons, some characters were written out to make room for new characters with new stories.
In season one, portrayed by Christopher Eccleston, who had the power of invisibility, was instrumental in helping Peter understand his powers, throwing him off a building to try to help him fly, but he discovered he healed instead. Simone Deveaux was the first major character to be written out. DL became a guest star after the events of the first season's finale, making two appearances throughout season two. Isaac Mendez was written out, dying at the hands of Sylar, shown during Hiro Nakamura's time traveling expedition to New York earlier in season one. New characters added during season two include: Maya Herrera, played by Dania Ramirez, a fugitive with the ability to emit a deadly poison. Two recurring characters from season one, portrayed by Zachary Quinto, Ando Masahashi, portrayed by James Kyson Lee, were upgraded to main characters in season two. Starting in season three, recurring character Angela Petrelli, portrayed by Cristine Rose, was promoted to a main character. Elle and Micah were removed from the main cast.
Monica Dawson did not appear. Niki was written out but actress Ali Larter remained on the show portraying a new character Tracy Strauss, Niki's triplet sister with the power to freeze objects with a touch. For season four, a new character Samuel Sullivan, portrayed by Robert Knepper, was added. Cast as a recurring part, the part was changed to a starring role. Deanne Bray was added as Emma Coolidge, the deaf woman who had enhanced synesthesia including the ability to create a siren song; the plot of Heroes is designed to be told in a way similar to the way. Each season of Heroes contains one or two "volumes". There are several main story lines in each volume; as the main plots develop, more intimate stories are told within them. Each main character's story is developed separately and as time pass
The Mentalist is an American drama television series that ran from September 23, 2008, until February 18, 2015, broadcasting 151 episodes over seven seasons, on CBS. Created by Bruno Heller, its executive producer, the show follows former "psychic" Patrick Jane, a consultant to the California Bureau of Investigation, using the developed observational skills he employed to "read" people's minds; the series follows Patrick Jane, an independent consultant for the California Bureau of Investigation based in Sacramento, California. Although not an officer of the law, he uses his skills from his former career as a successful, yet admittedly fraudulent, psychic medium to help a team of CBI agents solve murders; the real reason for Jane's involvement with law enforcement is to track down the serial killer known as Red John, responsible for the brutal murders of his wife, Angela Ruskin Jane, his daughter, Charlotte Anne Jane. Before the murders, Jane had a lucrative career as a con man posing as a psychic medium and enjoyed near-celebrity status.
Five years before the events in the show's pilot episode, he appeared on television to claim that his paranormal abilities helped the police profile a serial killer named Red John. Red John, angered by the perceived slight, murdered his young daughter in revenge. Jane subsequently abandoned his career and teamed with the CBI, using his skills to help them solve various crimes, his main focus is on the cases involving Red Red John copycats. He admits to faking the supernatural aspects of his skills asserting that "there's no such thing as psychics", yet he has finely honed skills in cold reading and picking pockets, as well as his intuitive observations and an immense insight into the human psyche and the behavior of witnesses, his associates at the CBI include their boss, Teresa Lisbon, colleagues Wayne Rigsby, Grace Van Pelt, Kimball Cho. Various directors and recurring civilians come across as the show unfolds, including Sam Bosco and Gale Bertram, Kristina Frye and Walter Mashburn; as the show progresses, the focus shifts from general cases through seasons one to three, to catching Red John, through seasons four to six.
At the midpoint of season six, the Red John case is solved, the FBI steps in, closing the CBI, the show adopts a new track for two seasons, along with a few new characters. The show set episodes based on fictional locales with names such as Salinger Mill and Rancho Rosa. Like the majority of American television shows, The Mentalist was filmed within the studio zone in Los Angeles County, but filmed a few scenes on location in Sacramento; the structure used to represent the CBI headquarters in Sacramento is the back of the Pico House in downtown Los Angeles. On October 15, 2008, CBS ordered the first season of The Mentalist and the show has subsequently been renewed annually since 2010, both in the domestic market and overseas. TNT began syndicating The Mentalist in the fall of 2011. In the period between the end of Late Show with David Letterman and Late Show with Stephen Colbert in the summer of 2015, The Mentalist was carried weeknights on CBS in full as part of the network's temporary late-night lineup.
In November 2013, Amanda Righetti and Owain Yeoman were confirmed to be leaving after season six concluded. On May 10, 2014, CBS renewed the series for a 13-episode seventh season, which premiered on November 30, 2014, announced it as the final season. In the season-seven episode "Orange Blossom Ice Cream", scenes set in Beirut were filmed in Los Angeles and supplemented by freelance footage of Beirut by Michael Timney; the first season of The Mentalist received positive reviews, with critics being divided on the procedural format, but praising the performance of Simon Baker. On Rotten Tomatoes, season one had an overall rating of 53% from 19 critics, with the consensus saying, "The setup and episodic storytelling is far from original, but The Mentalist distinguishes itself from other procedurals due to the talents of Simon Baker." On Metacritic, season one has a score of 65/100, indicating "generally favorable reviews". Robert Bianco of USA Today felt the pilot episode lacked in originality, but praised Baker, saying, "The Mentalist may be a copy, but it's a well-done copy sparked by an actor who has come into his own as a TV star."
Matthew Gilbert of The Boston Globe said, "the CBS show has little dramatic heft or distinction, but it's wily and brisk enough to engage you for an hour." Gilbert praised the chemistry between Baker and Tunney, but criticized the crime cases, feeling they were predictable and at times uninteresting. Mary McNamara of The Los Angeles Times praised Baker as "virtually irresistible" and said, "...psychological sleight of hand can't fill an hour every week. For that you need complicated, interesting crimes and complicated, interesting characters solving them; the Mentalist seems prepared to deliver just that."The pilot episode had an audience of 15.6 million viewers in its first airing, 7.8 million in a reairing three days later. The December 2, 2008, episode, "Flame Red", was the highest-rated television show of the week, marking the first time a program in its first season had achieved that distinction since Desperate Housewives four years earlier; the show drew comparisons to the USA Network comedy Psych, which featured a lead character with heightened powers of observation that were mistaken for psychic abilities, who works as an independent consultant for law enforcement in California, which debuted two years earlier, including Psych itself making repeated references to the similarities with the later-premiering show.
2009: 25th TCA Awards for "Outstanding new pr
Batman Begins is a 2005 superhero film based on the DC Comics character Batman, directed by Christopher Nolan and written by Nolan and David S. Goyer, it stars Christian Bale, Michael Caine, Liam Neeson, Katie Holmes, Gary Oldman, Cillian Murphy, Tom Wilkinson, Rutger Hauer, Ken Watanabe, Morgan Freeman. The film reboots the Batman film series, telling the origin story of Bruce Wayne from the death of his parents to his journey to become Batman and his fight to stop Ra's al Ghul and the Scarecrow from plunging Gotham City into chaos. Following the poor reception of Batman & Robin there was a series of unsuccessful attempts to resurrect Batman on the big screen which put the Batman film series on hold for nearly eight years and Goyer began work on the film in early 2003. Aiming for a darker, more realistic tone compared to the previous films, a primary goal for their vision was to engage the audience's emotional investment in both the Batman and Bruce Wayne identities of the lead character.
The film, principally shot in the United Kingdom and Chicago, relied on traditional stunts and miniature effects, with computer-generated imagery being used in a minimal capacity compared to other action films. Comic book storylines such as The Man Who Falls, Batman: Year One and Batman: The Long Halloween served as inspiration. Batman Begins opened on June 2005, in the United States and Canada in 3,858 theaters, it grossed over $48 million in its opening weekend in North America grossing over $374 million worldwide. The film was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Cinematography and three BAFTA awards, it was followed by The Dark Knight and The Dark Knight Rises, which constitute The Dark Knight Trilogy. As a child, Bruce Wayne falls down into a dry well and is attacked by a swarm of bats, subsequently developing chiroptophobia. While watching an opera with his parents and Martha, Bruce becomes frightened by performers masquerading as bats and asks to leave. Outside, mugger Joe Chill murders Bruce's parents in front of him.
Orphaned, Bruce is raised by Alfred Pennyworth, while Chill is imprisoned. Fourteen years Chill is paroled in exchange for testifying against Gotham City mafia boss Carmine Falcone. Bruce intends to murder Chill. Bruce's childhood friend, law school student Rachel Dawes, berates him for attempting to undermine the justice system, saying that his father would be ashamed. Bruce confronts Falcone. Bruce decides to travel the world and learn how to confront injustice, training himself in combat and the understanding of criminal minds. While serving a prison sentence for theft in Bhutan, he meets Henri Ducard, who trains him in ninja methods as a member of the League of Shadows, led by Ra's al Ghul. After completing his training and purging his fears, Bruce learns the League intends to destroy Gotham, believing it to be corrupt, decadent and beyond saving. Bruce rejects both the League's cause and its edict that killing is necessary, burning down their temple during his escape. Ra's is killed by falling debris.
Bruce returns to Gotham intent on fighting crime. He takes an interest in his family's company, Wayne Enterprises, being taken public by the unscrupulous William Earle. Company archivist Lucius Fox, a friend of Bruce's father since deposed by Earle, allows Bruce access to prototype defense technologies, including a protective bodysuit and a armored car, the Tumbler. Bruce publicly poses as a shallow playboy to allay suspicion, while setting up a base in the caves beneath Wayne Manor and taking up the vigilante identity of "Batman". Batman intercepts a drug shipment, provides Rachel with evidence against Falcone, inspires and enlists Sergeant James Gordon, one of the few honest cops left in Gotham, to arrest him. In prison, Falcone meets Dr. Jonathan Crane, a corrupt psychologist whom he has helped smuggle drugs into Gotham, threatens to reveal his complicity if Crane does not declare him mentally unfit for trial. Crane puts on a scarecrow mask and sprays Falcone with a fear-inducing hallucinogen that drives him insane, has him transferred to Arkham Asylum.
While investigating "the Scarecrow", Batman is left incapacitated. He is given an antidote developed by Fox; when Rachel accuses Crane of corruption, Crane reveals that he has been pouring his fear-inducing drug into Gotham's water supply. He drugs Rachel with it, but Batman subdues and interrogates Crane, who claims to work for Ra's al Ghul. Batman evades the police to get Rachel to safety, administers her the antidote, gives her a vial of it for Gordon and another for mass production. Ducard reveals himself to be the true Ra's al Ghul. Having stolen a powerful microwave emitter from Wayne Enterprises, he plans to vaporize Gotham's water supply, rendering Crane's drug airborne and causing mass hysteria that will destroy the city, he sets Wayne Manor aflame and leaves Bruce to die. Ra's loads the microwave emitter onto Gotham's monorail system, intending to release the drug as the train travels toward the city's central water source. Batman indirectly reveals his identity to her, he pursues Ra's onto the monorail and fights him as Gordon uses the Tumbler's cannons to destroy a section of the track.
Batman refuses to kill Ra's, but chooses not to save him, gliding from