Oklahoma City Thunder
The Oklahoma City Thunder is an American professional basketball team based in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma. The Thunder competes in the National Basketball Association as a member of the league's Western Conference Northwest Division; the team plays its home games at Chesapeake Energy Arena. The Thunder's NBA G League affiliate is the Oklahoma City Blue; the Thunder are the only team in the major professional North American sports leagues based in the state of Oklahoma. Oklahoma City hosted the New Orleans Hornets for two seasons following devastation caused by Hurricane Katrina in New Orleans; the team was established as the Seattle SuperSonics, an expansion team that joined the NBA for the 1967–68 season. The SuperSonics moved in 2008 after a settlement was reached between the ownership group led by Clay Bennett and lawmakers in Seattle, Washington following a lawsuit. In Seattle, the SuperSonics qualified for the NBA playoffs 22 times, won their division six times, won the 1979 NBA Championship.
In Oklahoma City, the Thunder qualified for their first playoff berth during the 2009–10 season. They won their first division title as the Thunder in the 2010–11 season and their first Western Conference championship as the Thunder in the 2011–12 season, appearing in the NBA Finals for the fourth time in franchise history and first since 1996, when the team was based in Seattle; the Thunder's previous incarnation, the Seattle SuperSonics, were formed in 1967. In their 41 seasons in Seattle, the SuperSonics compiled a 1745–1585 win–loss record in the regular season and went 107–110 in the playoffs; the franchise's titles include three Western Conference championships and one NBA title in 1979. In 2006, former Starbucks CEO Howard Schultz sold the SuperSonics and its Women's National Basketball Association sister franchise, the Seattle Storm, for $350 million to the Professional Basketball Club LLC, a group of Oklahoma City investors led by Clay Bennett; the sale of the SuperSonics and Storm was approved by NBA owners the following October.
In 2007, Bennett announced that the franchise would move to Oklahoma City as soon as the lease with KeyArena expired. In June 2008, a lawsuit brought by the city of Seattle against Bennett due to his attempts to break the final two years of the Sonics' lease at KeyArena went to federal court. Nearly a month the two sides reached a settlement agreement; the terms awarded the city $45 million to get out of the remaining lease at KeyArena, would have provided an additional $30 million payment to Seattle in 2013 if certain conditions had been met. The owners agreed to leave the SuperSonics name and colors in Seattle for a possible future NBA franchise. On September 3, 2008, the team name and colors for the Oklahoma City franchise were revealed to the public; the name "Thunder" was chosen in reference to Oklahoma's location in Tornado Alley and Oklahoma City as the home of the U. S. Army's 45th Infantry Division, the Thunderbirds; the Thunder participated in the Orlando Pro Summer League featuring their second-year players, potential free agents and rookies.
The players wore generic black and white jerseys reading "OKC-NBA" against an outline of a basketball. The Thunder's temporary practice facility was the Sawyer Center at Southern Nazarene University, used by the New Orleans Hornets when they relocated to Oklahoma City after Hurricane Katrina; the Thunder played several preseason games before the 2008–2009 regular season, but only one of those games was in Oklahoma City. The Thunder made their first appearance in Billings, Montana on October 8, 2008 in an 88–82 preseason loss against the Minnesota Timberwolves; the Thunder played their first Ford Center game on October 14 against the Los Angeles Clippers. In their regular-season home opener, the Thunder faced the Milwaukee Bucks. Earl Watson scored the first points of the season with a layup. Three nights on November 2, the Thunder won their first game by defeating the Timberwolves, improving their record to 1–3; the team went on a 10-game losing streak before deciding on November 22 to fire head coach P. J. Carlesimo and assistant Paul Westhead.
Assistant coach Scott Brooks took over on an interim basis. Oklahoma City lost its next four games to tie the franchise losing streak of 14 set in Seattle the previous season, but the team managed to prevent history by winning their next game on the road against the Memphis Grizzlies. As the season continued, the Thunder began to improve. After starting 3–29, the Thunder finished the regular season 20–30 for the remaining fifty games. Not only were they winning more they played much more competitively than in the first part of the season; the team brought their record to 23–59 and improved upon their record of 20–62 from the team's final season in Seattle. The late-season successes of the Thunder contributed to the signing of Scott Brooks as the team's official head coach. After moving to Oklahoma City from Seattle, the team's operating situation improved markedly. In December 2008, Forbes magazine estimated the team's franchise value at $300 million – a 12 percent increase from the previous year's $268 million, when the club was located in Seattle.
Forbes noted an increase in percentage of available tickets sold, from 78 percent in the team's last season in Seattle to 100 percent in 2008–09. After an inaugural season filled with many adjustments, the Thunder hoped to improve during their second season in Oklahoma City. Oklahoma City did not make any major moves in the off-season, other than drafting James Harden from Arizona State University with the third overall pick i
La Crosse Bobcats
The La Crosse Bobcats were a Continental Basketball Association basketball team located in La Crosse, from 1996 to the league's bankruptcy in February 2001. The Bobcats were the second CBA team located in La Crosse; the team hosted its matches at the La Crosse Center. Don Zierden served as the Bobcats head coach during their inaugural 1996–97 season; the team held their first open tryouts at Viterbo College from October 25 to October 27, 1996. In 1997, the Bobcats marketing campaign featured commercials depicting La Crosse players hawking sub-par team endorsed products in a home shopping parody; the team's tagline for the commercials were. Great basketball". No actual La Crosse players were in the commercials since they were filmed during the off-season, so actors were used. During the 1999 CBA draft, the Bobcats selected former Wisconsin Badgers forward Sam Okey in the eighth round. Okey declined a contract from La Crosse. In September 2000, the Bobcats announced. Okey first received basketball notoriety in Wisconsin while attending a Cassville prep school.
He was a McDonald's High School All-American in 1995. In 2006, the City of La Crosse dedicated a time capsule which included objects from the city's 150-year history. Buried under a marble slab, the capsule is set to be opened for the city's bicentennial celebration in 2056. A Bobcats pin-back button and program from their inaugural season were included in the capsule. Sources Walker, Don. "La Crosse, other CBA teams harbor ill will. Milwaukee Journal Sentinel
KK Cibona known as Cibona Zagreb, is a professional basketball club based in Zagreb, Croatia. The club competes in the ABA League. Cibona's history dates to late autumn of 1945 when Sloboda was founded as sports society of bank workers, craftsmen and clerks. On April 24, 1946 thanks to basketball enthusiast Branimir Volfer and his friends Ljubo Prosen and Joso Miloš, basketball section of Sloboda, predecessor of today's Cibona, is formed, its first game was against local rival Slavija on May 7, 1946. Sloboda did not last too long under that name as in November 1946 it merged with Tekstilac and Grafičar into Sportsko društvo Zagreb. Name changing continued through next four years. In late 1948 it was known as Vihor and in 1949 as Polet. In June 1950, the club changed name to Lokomotiva and that name is going to stick for next 25 years. Lokomotiva competed in Yugoslav top division since 1951, with only two years spent in second division. Lokomotiva's first major trophy came in 1969, when they won the Yugoslav Cup, led by legendary Hall of Famer Mirko Novosel.
Final game against AŠK Olimpija was played in Lokomotiva's new basketball hall "Kutija šibica". Led by phenomenal trio Većeslav Kavedžija, Nikola Plećaš and Milivoj Omašić, Lokomotiva won the game 78:77, their first European trophy came in 1972. Their opponent in finals was OKK Beograd and first game was played in Belgrade. OKK Beograd won the first game 83:71 but in a return match Lokomotiva, led by great Nikola Plećaš who scored 40 points, trashed the Belgrade side by 94–73. In November 1975, the basketball club split away from the Lokomotiva sports society and came under direct control of the municipal authorities of the city of Zagreb. Politicians such as Slavko Šajber became influential in the club during this period and set about getting the club some financial support. In that regard, the club's main sponsors became four SR Croatia-based food industry giants: Kraš, Badel and Voće; the club took the name Cibona, taken from the Latin cibus bonus. For the first trophy under the new name Cibona, they had to wait until 1980, when they won the Yugoslav Cup.
The Final match was played in Borovo, Cibona's opponent was mighty Bosna, led by Bogdan Tanjević on the bench, Mirza Delibašić on the court. But Cibona, led by impressive Andro Knego, managed to beat them 68:62; this trophy marked the beginning of Cibona's golden era, influenced by two great basketball players and Hall of Famers – Krešimir Ćosić and Dražen Petrović. Between 1980 and 1988, Cibona won 14 major trophies: 3 Yugoslav League championships, 7 Yugoslav Cups, 2 Euroleagues, 2 Cup Winners' Cups. At the beginning of the war in the Former Yugoslavia in 1991, the team was forced to emigrate in order to play their games, in an area with the minimum guarantees required by FIBA. For this reason, the club played in Spain for two years in Puerto Real. In independent Croatia Cibona became dominant force backed both politically and economically; the crisis of traditionally powerful Dalmatian clubs Split, Zadar and Šibenik came in hand and Cibona won 11 national titles in a row. They were regular Euroleague participant, reaching quarterfinals in 1996/97 and 1999/00.
Cibona's dominance in national championship was broken in 2003 when Split Croatia Osiguranje led by coach Petar Skansi, legendary Dino Rađa and revived talent Josip Sesar won the championship. Cibona was beaten in finals by Zadar season after. In 2005/06 and 2006/07 Cibona won championships beating Zadar in final series twice but shockingly missed the final series in 2007/08 after Split eliminated them in semifinal series. In 2001 regional basketball league called Adriatic League was formed and Cibona took part in it. After disappointing first and second season, Cibona hosted Final Four and reached final game in 2003/04 but was defeated on home court by FMP Reflex. Recent seasons have been a mixture of failure for Cibona. In national championship Cibona won four out of five recent league titles but this dominance is put on test by rise of large company backed Cedevita. In European competitions Cibona lost its Euroleague license for the 2011/12 season after competing in Euroleague since its formation.
During 2011/12 and 2012/13 seasons Cibona failed to win any game. In regional ABA League Cibona had a great 2009/10 season. Cibona entered Final four held in Arena Zagreb as a top seeded team. After beating Union Olimpija in semifinals, Cibona faced Partizan in final game. Partizan won the title thanks to an off-the-glass three-pointer by Dušan Kecman from half-court at the buzzer, bringing the celebration of Cibona players and staff to an abrupt end; the final score was 75–74 and Cibona once again didn't manage to win a title at the home court. The next three seasons in regional league were disappointing for Cibona, finishing 12th, 7th and 11th. In the 2013–14 season, under head coach Slaven Rimac, Cibona won the ABA League championship, despite huge financial problems the club was facing; as a champion of the league, Cibona had direct spot in the Euroleague, but withdrew from it in order to stabilize financially. Crvena Zvezda, as third in the standings, t
United States men's national basketball team
The USA Basketball Men's National Team known as the United States Men's National Basketball Team, is the most successful team in international competition, winning medals in all eighteen Olympic tournaments it has entered, coming away with fifteen golds. In the professional era, the team won the Olympic gold medal in 1992, 1996, 2000, 2008, 2012, 2016. Two of its gold medal-winning teams were inducted to the Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame in August 2010 – the 1960 team, which featured six Hall of Famers, the 1992 "Dream Team", featuring 14 Hall of Famers; the team is ranked first in the FIBA World Rankings. Traditionally composed of amateur players, the U. S. dominated the first decades of international basketball, winning a record seven consecutive Olympic gold medals. However, by the end of the 1980s, American amateurs were no longer competitive against seasoned professionals from the Soviet Union and Yugoslavia. In 1989, FIBA modified its rules and allowed USA Basketball to field teams with National Basketball Association players.
The first such team, known as the "Dream Team", won the gold medal at the 1992 Summer Olympics in Barcelona, being superior in all matches. With the introduction of NBA players, the team was able to spark a second run of dominance in the 1990s. Facing increased competition, the U. S. failed finishing sixth. The 2004 Olympic team, being depleted by a number of withdrawals, lost three games on its way to a bronze medal, a record that represented more losses in a single year than the country's Olympic teams had suffered in all previous Olympiads combined. Determined to put an end to these failures, USA Basketball initiated a long-term project aimed at creating better, more cohesive teams; the U. S. won its first seven games at the 2006 FIBA World Championship in Japan before losing against Greece in the semi-finals. The team won gold two years – at the 2008 Summer Olympics – in a dominant fashion; this success was followed up at the 2010 FIBA World Championship, where despite fielding a roster featuring no players from the 2008 Olympic team, the U.
S. did not lose a single game en route to defeating host Turkey for the gold medal. The Americans continued this streak of dominance in the 2010s by going undefeated and capturing gold at the 2012 Summer Olympics, 2014 FIBA World Cup. At the 2016 Summer Olympics, the team, led by Mike Krzyzewski for a record third time, won its fifteenth gold medal, making him the most decorated coach in USA Basketball history; the US men were dominant from the first Olympic tournament to hold basketball, held in Berlin in 1936, going 5–0 to win the gold, joined by continental neighbors Canada and Mexico on the medal platform. Through the next six tournaments, the United States went undefeated, collecting gold while not losing a single contest in the games held in London, Melbourne, Rome and Mexico City. Participation in these tournaments were limited to amateurs, but the US teams during this period featured players who would go on to become superstars in professional basketball, including all-time greats Bill Russell, Oscar Robertson, Jerry West, Jerry Lucas.
S. roster until the formation of the 1992 Dream Team. Alex Groza and Ralph Beard, both NBA stars, made the 1948 squad as Kentucky Wildcats, with 3-time Oklahoma State All-American and 6-time AAU All-American, Hall of Famer Bob Kurland leading the way; the 1952 team included big man Clyde Lovellette of the University of Kansas, a future Hall of Famer and NBA star. Kurland once again led the team to victory; the 1956 team was led by San Francisco Dons Bill Russell and K. C. Jones; the 1960 team included nine future NBA players, including not just Robertson and West, but Bob Boozer, Adrian Smith, Jay Arnette, Terry Dischinger, Rookie of the Year in 1963, another Hall of Famer in Walt Bellamy. The 1972 Olympic men's basketball gold medal game, marking the first loss for the USA in Olympic play, is arguably the most controversial in Olympic history; the United States rode their seven consecutive gold medals and 63–0 Olympic record to Munich for the 1972 Summer Olympics. The team won its first eight games in convincing fashion, setting up a final against the Soviet Union, holding a 6–0 advantage over the Soviets in Olympic play.
With three seconds left in the gold medal game, American forward Doug Collins sank two free throws to put the Americans up 50–49. Following Collins' free throws, the Soviets inbounded the ball and failed to score. Soviet coaches claimed; the referees ordered the clock reset to three seconds and the game's final seconds replayed. The horn sounded as a length-of-the-court Soviet pass was being released from the inbounding player, the pass missed its mark, the American players began celebrating. Final three seconds were replayed for a third time; this time, the Soviets' Alexander Belov and the USA's Kevin Joyce and Jim Forbes went up for the pass, Belov caught the long pass from Ivan Edeshko near the American basket. Belov laid the ball in for the winning points as the buzzer sounded; the US players voted unanimously to refuse their silver medals, at least one team member, Kenny Davis, has directed in his will that his heirs are never to accept the medals posthumously. It was revealed that game officials might have been bribed by the Communist party.
After the controversial loss in Munich, 1976 saw Dean Smith coach the USA to a 7–0 record and its eighth Olympic gold medal in Montreal. The success at this tou
The point guard called the one or point, is one of the five positions in a regulation basketball game. A point guard has the most specialized role of any position. Point guards are expected to run the team's offense by controlling the ball and making sure that it gets to the right player at the right time. Above all, the point guard must understand and accept their coach's game plan. While the point guard must understand and accept the coach's gameplan, they must be able to adapt to what the defense is allowing, they must control the pace of the game. A point guard, like other player positions in basketball, specializes in certain skills. A point guard's primary job is to facilitate scoring opportunities for his/her team, or sometimes for themselves. Lee Rose has described a point guard as a coach on the floor, who can handle and distribute the ball to teammates; this involves setting up plays on the court, getting the ball to the teammate in the best position to score, controlling the tempo of the game.
A point guard should know when and how to instigate a fast break and when and how to initiate the more deliberate sets. Point guards are expected to be vocal floor leaders. A point guard needs always to have in mind the times on the shot clock and the game clock, the score, the numbers of remaining timeouts for both teams, etc. Among the taller players who have enjoyed success at the position is Ben Simmons, who at 6’ 10” won the 2018 National Basketball Association Rookie of the Year Award. Behind him is Magic Johnson, who at 6’ 9” won the National Basketball Association Most Valuable Player Award three times in his career. Other point guards who have been named NBA MVP include Russell Westbrook, Bob Cousy, Oscar Robertson, Allen Iverson, Derrick Rose and two-time winners Steve Nash and Stephen Curry. In the NBA, point guards are about 6' 4" or shorter, average about 6' 2" whereas in the WNBA, point guards are 5' 9" or shorter. Having above-average size is considered advantageous, although size is secondary to situational awareness, speed and ball handling skills.
Shorter players tend to be better dribblers since they are closer to the floor, thus have better control of the ball while dribbling. After an opponent scores, it is the point guard who brings the ball down court to begin an offensive play. Passing skills, ball handling, court vision are crucial. Speed is important. Point guards are valued more for their assist totals than for their scoring. Another major evaluation factor is assist-to-turnover ratio, which reflects the decision-making skills of the player. Still, a first-rate point guard should have a reasonably effective jump shot; the point guard is positioned on the perimeter of the play, so as to have the best view of the action. This is a necessity because of the point guard's many leadership obligations. Many times, the point guard is referred to by announcers as a "coach on the floor" or a "floor general". In the past, this was true, as several point guards such as Lenny Wilkens served their teams as player-coaches; this is not so common anymore, as most coaches are now specialized in coaching and are non-players.
Some point guards are still given a great deal of leeway in the offense. Point guards who are not given this much freedom, are still extensions of their coach on the floor and must display good leadership skills. Along with leadership and a general basketball acumen, ball-handling is a skill of great importance to a point guard. Speaking, the point guard is the player in possession of the ball for the most time during a game and is responsible for maintaining possession of the ball for his team in the face of any pressure from the opponents. Point guards must be able to maintain possession of the ball in crowded spaces and in traffic and be able to advance the ball quickly. A point guard that has enough ball-handling skill and quickness to be able to drive to the basket in a half-court set is very valuable and considered by some to be a must for a successful offense. After ball-handling and scoring are the most important areas of the game for a point guard; as the primary decision-maker for a team, a point guard's passing ability determines how well a point guard is able to put his decision into play.
It is one thing to be able to recognize the player, in a tactically advantageous position, but it is another thing to be able to deliver the ball to that player. For this reason, a point guard is but not always, more skilled and focused on passing than shooting. However, a good jump shot and the ability to score off a drive to the basket are still valuable skills. A point guard will use his ability to score in order to augment his effectiveness as a decision maker and play maker. In addition to the traditional role of the point guard, modern teams have found new ways to utilize the position. Notably, several modern point guards have used a successful style of post play, a tactic practiced by much larger centers and forwards. Working off of the fact that the opposing point guard is in all probability an undersized player with limited strength, several modern point guards have developed games close to the basket that include being able to utilize the drop step, spin move, fade away jump shot. In recent years, the sport's shift from a fundamental style of play to a more athletic, scoring-oriented game resulted in the proliferation of so-called combo guards at the po
Bronta Laron Profit is an American professional basketball coach and former professional basketball player. Profit was born in South Carolina; because his stepfather James Truiett served in the United States Air Force, Profit lived in various Air Force bases as a child including Kirtland Air Force Base in Albuquerque, New Mexico, Howard Air Force Base in the Panama Canal Zone, Dover Air Force Base in Dover, Delaware. In 1995, Profit graduated from Caesar Rodney High School in Camden, Delaware as an honor student who scored over 1,000 on his first attempt at the SAT exam. From 1995 to 1999, Profit attended the University of College Park. With the Maryland Terrapins basketball team, Profit played as a small forward and earned all-conference all four seasons: Honorable Mention All-ACC as a freshman for his other three seasons third-team All-ACC. In his junior year, Profit led the ACC in steals with 2.7 steals per game and led the Terrapins in scoring with 15.8 points per game. Profit was an honorable mention All-American as a junior.
In his senior year, Profit averaged 12.6 points, 4.6 rebounds, 2.3 assists per game. In the 1999 NBA draft, the Orlando Magic selected Profit in the second round as the 38th pick overall. Profit hoped to transition to a shooting guard professionally. On September 22, 1999, the Magic traded Profit to the Washington Wizards for a second-round draft pick in the 2001 NBA draft. In his rookie season with the Wizards, Profit played in 33 games, averaging 1.5 points and 6.8 minutes, missed 21 games due to tendinitis in a knee. On April 18, 2000, Profit scored a season-high 10 points against the Boston Celtics; the following season, Profit played in 35 games and started the final 12 games of the regular season. Profit averaged 9.7 points, 5.8 assists, 3.9 rebounds and scored a season-high 18 points twice. Against the Houston Rockets on March 31, 2001, Profit rebounds. On April 14 against the Chicago Bulls, Profit had his first double-double in his career from scoring 12 points and a season-high 14 assists.
The Wizards traded Profit to the Orlando Magic, the team that drafted Profit, for the draft rights to Brendan Haywood on August 1, 2001. The Magic waived Profit on October 15, team general manager John Gabriel explained that releasing Profit was the cost of trading the first-round pick Haywood. Profit would play internationally from 2002 to 2004. Starting in January 2002, Profit played six games with Premiata Montegranaro of the Italian Lega Basket Serie A and averaged 13.7 points, 2.8 rebounds, 1.2 assists, 2.2 steals. From January 2003 to 2004, Profit played with the Guangdong Southern Tigers of the Chinese Basketball Association. In his second season with the Southern Tigers, Profit averaged 1.8 rebounds per game. The Guangdong Southern Tigers won the CBA championship in 2004. During his stint abroad, Profit attended training camp with the NBA's Milwaukee Bucks in October 2002 and participated with the Philadelphia 76ers in 2003 NBA Summer League. On October 1, 2004, Profit re-signed with the Washington Wizards as a free agent.
Profit scored 11 points in the October 21 preseason 92-83 victory over the defending champion Detroit Pistons. Because he had to fill in roles for injured players and was a free agent who had not played an NBA game in over two years, Profit played longer than expected in that game. After cutting Billy Thomas, the Wizards awarded Profit final team roster spot. Entering the 2004–05 season, the Wizards had only eight available players for opening night, four were serving suspensions. Despite these shortcomings, the Wizards rallied from a 19-point deficit to defeat the Memphis Grizzlies 102-91 on the season opener of November 3, 2004. Profit scored 11 points. On March 5, 2005, Profit made the winning tip shot with 3.1 seconds left for the Wizards to defeat the Charlotte Bobcats 86-84. After All-Star forward Antawn Jamison left the game during the third quarter with a sore knee, Wizards coach Eddie Jordan kept Profit for the rest of the game; the Wizards made the NBA Playoffs in 2005 for the first time in eight seasons and had not won a playoff game since 1988.
The number-one Eastern Conference team Miami Heat swept the Wizards in four games in the 2005 Eastern Conference Semifinals. Profit played in 42 games with Washington during the breakout 2004–05 season and averaged 3.2 points, 1.8 rebounds, 0.9 assists. On August 2, 2005, the Washington Wizards traded Profit and Kwame Brown to the Los Angeles Lakers for Caron Butler and Chucky Atkins. Profit started one game. In his one start, the November 20, 2005 loss to the Chicago Bulls, Profit played 18 minutes, scored two points off free throws, made two defensive rebounds and one assist. On December 21, 2005, Profit suffered a season-ending ruptured achilles tendon after substituting into a game for Kobe Bryant, who had just scored 62 points in 3 quarters against the Dallas Mavericks; the Lakers waived Profit on January 2006 to make room for rookie Ronny Turiaf. On December 12, 2006, Anadolu Efes S. K. of the Turkish Basketball League signed Profit to a one-month contract with a full-season option. In seven games with Anadolu Efes, Profit averaged 3.1 points, 3.1 rebounds, 1.3 assists.
Efes released Profit in mid-February 2007. Profit joined the team Grises de Humacao, part of the Puerto Rican league BSN, wearing jersey #7. In his debut with Grises on April 25, 2007, Profit had 15 points, 8 rebounds, 4 assists in the loss, he suffered a torn hamstring in early May 2007. However, Profit returned in mid-month and scored 23 points in a
University of South Florida
The University of South Florida is a public research university in Tampa, Florida. It is a member institution of the State University System of Florida. Founded in 1956, USF is the fourth-largest public university in the state of Florida, with an enrollment of 50,755 as of the 2018–2019 academic year; the USF system has three institutions: USF St. Petersburg and USF Sarasota-Manatee; each institution is separately accredited by the Commission on Colleges of the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools. The university is home to 14 colleges, offering more than 80 undergraduate majors and more than 130 graduate and doctoral-level degree programs. USF is classified among "R1: Doctoral Universities – Very high research activity". In its 2011 ranking, the Intellectual Property Owners Association placed USF 10th among all universities worldwide in the number of US patents granted; the university has an annual budget of $1.5 billion and an annual economic impact of over $3.7 billion. In a ranking compiled by the National Science Foundation, USF ranks 43rd in the United States for total research spending among all universities and private.
USF was the first independent state university conceived and built during the 20th century. Former U. S. Representative Samuel Gibbons was instrumental in the school's creation when he was a state representative and is considered by many to be the "Father of USF." Although founded in 1956, the university was not named until the following year, classes did not begin until 1960. The university was built off Fowler Avenue on the site of Henderson Air Field, a World War II airstrip. Before Henderson Field, the area was part of the 1920s 5,000-acre temple orange grove, the largest citrus grove in the world at the time, which gave the nearby City of Temple Terrace its name. In 1957, the Florida Cabinet approved the name "University of South Florida." At the time, USF was the southernmost university in the state university system. In 1962, the official USF mascot was unveiled as the "Golden Brahman." In the late 1980s, the mascot evolved into the "Bulls."The university grew under the leadership of John S. Allen, who served as its first president from 1956 until his retirement in 1971.
During this time, the university expanded due in part to the first master's degree programs commencing in 1964. Allen was known for his opposition to college sports in favor of an environment more academically-centered. Allen's ultimate legacy was to be the first person to build a modern state university from scratch: "As a new and separate institution, the University of South Florida became the first new institution of its kind to be conceived and built in the United States in the 20th century." Today the John and Grace Allen Administration Building, named after the university's founding president and his wife, houses vital Tampa campus departments including Student Affairs, the Admissions Welcome Center, the Controller's Office. In 1970, M. Cecil Mackey became the university's second president. During his time at USF, Mackey opened the university's medical school, School of Nursing, first-ever Ph. D. program. Additionally, Mackey worked to strengthen the St. Petersburg campus, while opening new satellite campuses in Sarasota and Fort Myers.
While serving as university president, Mackey continued to teach economics courses in a conference room across from his office. Mackey first coined a new descriptor for USF: "a metropolitan university." The term is still used to describe USF today. USF emerged as a major research institution during the 1980s under the leadership of the university's third president John Lott Brown. During his tenure, the USF Graduate School was established in 1980. In 1986, Brown oversaw the opening of the H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute on the USF Tampa campus. USF became the first university in the nation to offer a Ph. D. in applied anthropology and the first in the State University System of Florida to offer a degree program in women's studies. In January 1988, USF Lakeland opened. On February 15, 1988, Francis T. Borkowski was inaugurated as the university's fourth president, he served as president for five years, laying the groundwork for the university's football program, establishing on-campus housing for the USF president at the Lifsey House, merging several colleges into the College of Arts and Sciences.
Betty Castor became the university's fifth president and first female president when she was inaugurated in January 1994. She served as USF president for six years until 1999. During this time, USF grew to be one of the largest universities in the nation in terms of enrollment; the Florida Board of Regents named USF a "Research 1" University in 1998. In 1997, the university began its inaugural season of NCAA football. Two years the Herd of Thunder marching band debuted. In 2006, Castor returned to USF to lead the Dr. Kiran C. Patel Center for Global Solutions. Castor stepped down from her position as director in 2009; the university is led by its sixth president, Dr. Judy Genshaft, who took office in July 2000, she serves as the president of the USF System. Under Genshaft's leadership, the university has emerged as a top research university and major economic engine with an annual economic impact of $3.7 billion. The university has expanded its global reach, with the opening of the first Confucius Institute in Florida in 2008 and the creation of the Genshaft/Greenbaum Passport Scholarship Fund in 2011, which provides financial support to USF students who want to study abroad.
Under Genshaft, USF has continuously been ranked among the top veteran friendly universities in the country. In 2009, USF became the first university in the nation to partner with the United States Departme