A tabernacle is a fixed, locked box in which, in some Christian churches, the Eucharist is "reserved". A less obvious container for the same purpose, set into a wall, is called an aumbry. Within Catholicism, Eastern Orthodoxy and in some congregations of Anglicanism and Lutheranism, a tabernacle is a box-like vessel for the exclusive reservation of the consecrated Eucharist, it is made of metal, stone or wood, is lockable and secured to its altar or adjacent wall to prevent the consecrated elements within from being removed without authorization. The "reserved Eucharist" is secured there for distribution at services, for availability to bring Holy Communion to the sick, in the Western Church, as the center of attention for meditation and prayer; the term "tabernacle" arose for this item as a reference to the Old Testament tabernacle, the locus of God's presence among the Jewish people – hence, it was required that the tabernacle be covered with a tent-like veil or curtains across its door when the Eucharist is present within.
By way of metaphor and Orthodox alike refer to the Blessed Virgin Mary as the Tabernacle in their devotions, as she carried within her the body of Christ in her role as Theotokos. The following historical information is found, for instance, in the article The casing of the Eucharist by the Secretary of the Congregation for the Clergy, Archbishop Mauro Piacenza, who heads the Pontifical Commission for the Cultural Patrimony of the Catholic Church, in 30Days, No. 6 Year XXIII – June 2005. In early Christianity, priests and or lay people commissioned by them took bread consecrated at their Eucharist to their homes, in order to give it to the sick and others unable to attend the celebration, but when the Edict of Milan ended persecution, the early Church was allowed to practice its religion publicly, the Eucharist was no longer kept safeguarded in private Christian homes, but was reserved near the altars of churches The preferred containers, the original "tabernacles" had the form of a dove within a tower.
There is mention of a gift of these two vessels, both of gold and adorned with 250 white pearls, that the Emperor Constantine gave to Saint Peter’s Basilica in Rome, of silver towers and golden doves given to particular churches by Pope Innocent I and Pope Hilarius. The vessels were kept in a place called the "sacrarium" or "pastophorium" away from the central body of the church or were suspended by fine chains from the middle of the canopy above the altar of the church. Gian Lorenzo Bernini’s 29-metre-high Baroque baldacchino over the main altar in today’s Saint Peter’s Basilica is at present the best-known such structure. Simpler vessels replaced to some extent the dove and the tower. By the thirteenth century, the Eucharist was most kept in a embellished cabinet inserted into the wall to the right or left of the altar; the Altar lamp indicated the Presence of Christ. This was a means of following the decree of the 1215 Fourth Lateran Council requiring that the reserved sacrament be kept in a locked receptacle.
In the late fourteenth century, special stone constructions for the Eucharistic bread began to be built in northern Europe. In German and Netherlandish churches of the period, such structures can still be seen: tall towers, known in German as Sakramentshäuser, in Dutch as sacramentstorens placed to the north of the altar and reaching to the ceiling, they were in use until the mid-nineteenth century. As the presence of the sanctuary lamp in the adjacent picture shows, some have been returned to their traditional use. German examples are found in the church of St Lawrence in Nuremberg, the minster of Salem, Saints Peter and Paul city church in Weil der Stadt, the church of Our Lady in Lübeck, St Mary's Cathedral in Fürstenwalde upon Spree. Belgian churches with such sacrament towers include St Catherine's in Zuurbemde, St Martin's in Kortrijk, St Peter's and St James's in Leuven, St James's in Bruges and St Leonard's in Zoutleeuw. In the early sixteenth century, Bishop Matteo Giberti ordered that, in his diocese of Verona, in Italy, the container case for the consecrated bread should be placed on an altar.
The custom spread through northern Italy. Saint Charles Borromeo, who became Archbishop of Milan, Italy in 1560, had the Sacrament moved from the sacristy to an altar of his cathedral; the edition of the Roman Missal revised and promulgated by Pope Pius V in 1570 still did not envisage placing the tabernacle on an altar: it laid down instead that the altar card containing some of the principal prayers of the Mass should rest against a cross placed midway on the altar. However, in 1614 Pope Paul V imposed on the churches of his diocese of Rome the rule of putting the tabernacle on some altar. Reaction to Protestantism's denial of the reality and permanence of the Real Presence of Christ in the Eucharist led to the spread of the placing of the tabernacle on the high altar, so as to make it more evidently visible. Whether on the main altar of the church or in a special chapel, the tabernacle became more and more large and ornate, to the extent of dominating the altar; the Catholic Church holds the doctrine of transubstantiation, i.e. that Christ is "truly present and Blood, Soul and Divinity," though under the appearance of bread or wine.
This presence perdures after the consecration, so that after Mass is concluded, the Eucharistic elements
The North Holland Blue, Dutch:'Noord-Hollandse Blauwe' or Noord-Hollandse Hoen, is a Dutch breed of domestic chicken originating in the province of North Holland. It is a heavy meat breed, was created to supply the high demand for white chicken meat from the city of Amsterdam from the Jewish community in that city; the North Holland Blue was created in the area around Purmerend in about 1900 to supply the city of Amsterdam with white chicken-meat. It derives from the Belgian Malines. Malines birds had been imported for the purpose but did not do well in the poor conditions of North Holland, they were therefore crossed with local chickens. A breed standard was agreed in 1934 by the Noord-Hollandse Blauwenclub van Nederland, a breeders' association, in 1950 was adopted with minor changes by the Nederlandse Hoender en Dwerghoender Bond, the national association of poultry breeders. In the years after the Second World War the North Holland Blue was supplanted as a commercial meat breed by faster-growing imported American breeds.
The last large North Holland Blue farm closed in 1977. A bantam version was created in the Netherlands, but was first shown in Germany; the North Holland Blue is recognised in eight European countries. The North Holland Blue has Cuckoo, it has a quiet, docile temperament, lays 180–240 eggs per year. In the Netherlands and New Zealand it is clean-legged. List of chicken breeds
Nathaniel James Kaeding is a former American football player, a placekicker in the National Football League for nine seasons. He played the majority of his career with the San Diego Chargers and retired after the 2012 season as the second-most accurate field goal kicker in NFL history, having made 86.2 percent of his career attempts. Playing college football for the Iowa Hawkeyes, Kaeding earned All-American honors and won the Lou Groza Award, given annually to the top collegiate kicker in the nation; the Chargers drafted him in the third round of the 2004 NFL Draft. He was twice named to the Pro Bowl, he was a two-time All-Pro selection. However, he struggled in the playoffs, he was released by San Diego midway through the 2012 season after a groin injury. He finished the season with the Miami Dolphins before retiring, he is a kicking consultant for the Minnesota Vikings. Kaeding was born in Iowa, he attended Iowa City West High School, played high school football for the Iowa City West High Trojans.
He won two state championships as the team's kicker, The Des Moines Register named him Iowa High School Athlete of the Year in 2000. In high school, he played in state championship games in three different sports: at Iowa City West High School. Kaeding attended the University of Iowa, where he played for the Hawkeyes from 2000 to 2003. Kaeding earned a teaching certificate in secondary education while at Iowa, he is the all-time leading scorer. During the 2004 season, Kaeding attempted to become the first rookie since the 1970 season to make a game-winning field goal in the playoffs in the final two minutes of the fourth quarter or in overtime, his 40-yard field goal attempt on a wet field missed, the Chargers lost in the wild card round to the New York Jets, who won the game on a Doug Brien field goal. Kaeding's postseason struggles continued in the 2006 NFL Playoffs, when he missed a potential game tying 54-yard field goal attempt against the New England Patriots, he had not missed a field goal at home in the previous two years prior to that 54-yard attempt.
He was selected to his first Pro Bowl that season, where he kicked the game-winning 21-yard field goal with four seconds left in the game. Kaeding suffered a fractured fibula when he made a tackle on the opening kickoff against the Denver Broncos on December 24, 2007 and played the final 5 games of the season with the fractured fibula. In the 2007 playoffs, Kaeding missed a field goal each in the Wild Card weekend game against Tennessee and against the Indianapolis Colts, his streak of consecutive playoff games with a missed field goal stood at 4 but was ended with a made field goal from 40 yards against New England. In 2009, Kaeding was tied for the NFL lead for most field goals made and was one of only four to covert on over 90% of his attempts, his season long of 54 yards came in a Week 15 victory over Cincinnati Bengals. However, in the AFC Divisional Round against the New York Jets, Kaeding's postseason struggles continued as he missed all three of his attempted field goals, from 36, 57, 40 yards.
His three misses in the game were a career-high and matched his entire total from the regular season. In his postseason career, Kaeding was 3-for-9 on field goal attempts at home and 8-for-15 overall in eight playoff games. In 2011, Kaeding was injured on the first play of the season when he tore his anterior cruciate ligament, causing him to miss the duration of the season and necessitated the signing of Nick Novak. Kaeding ended the 2011 season as the NFL’s most accurate kicker of all-time, converting 86.5% of his field goals attempts. He competed for his job in 2012 and beat out Novak, who had a strong showing. However, Kaeding suffered a right groin injury and was replaced by Novak in the week 4 game against Kansas City. After missing three games, Kaeding was placed on injured reserve with a minor injury designation that required the Chargers to release him after he recovered. On October 30, Kaeding became an unrestricted free agent after he was released by the Chargers upon a physical. Kaeding made all seven of his field goal attempts with the Chargers in 2012, left the team as the most accurate kicker in NFL history at 87%.
On December 21, 2012, Kaeding signed with the Miami Dolphins, replacing incumbent Dan Carpenter, out with a groin injury. He missed two of three field goals as a Dolphin, making a 45-yard attempt while missing from 41 and having a 46-yard attempt blocked, his career percentage dropped to 86.2. On April 2, 2013, Kaeding signed with the Tampa Bay Buccaneers. However, he suffered another groin injury during the offseason. On May 2, he retired from the NFL. In January 2008, Kaeding began writing weekly movie reviews for CorridorBUZZ, a daily arts & entertainment web site serving the Iowa City/Cedar Rapids, Iowa corridor, he co-owns a restaurant in Iowa City called Short's Burgers as well, as another named Pullman Cafe and Diner. Nate and his wife, have two sons and Wyatt, a daughter, Tess. Career statistics and player information from NFL.com · Pro-Football-Reference
Mary Kelly Foy is a British Labour Party politician. She was first elected as the Member of Parliament for the City of Durham in the 2019 general election, she is on the Gateshead Council. Foy grew up on a council estate, she is the second of five children and her grandparents were Irish immigrants. Her father is a former shipyard worker, she has a degree in social sciences. Foy is a member of Unite the Union, she was a Community Development Worker for Durham City CVS from 2006 to 2013. She was a parliamentary assistant to former Jarrow MP Stephen Hepburn, she was elected to represent Lamesley on the Gateshead Council in 2006 and has been in the cabinet since 2009 for health and wellbeing. She is a local party chair for Blaydon and a regional representative of Labour's National Policy Forum. A socialist and on the left of the party, Foy's bid was backed by several unions, she is a member of Labour’s Socialist Campaign Group. Foy has three children: Maria and Siobhán. Maria had cerebral palsy and died in 2015.
Granite High School was a public high school located at 3305 South 500 East in South Salt Lake, Utah. Granite opened in 1906; the first LDS seminary opened across the street from the school in 1912. In 2005-2006, the enrollment was 1250, but was reduced as the school transformed into an "academy" format; the academies within the school include the Young Parent program for teenage parents with children and the ESL program for new immigrants and refugees. The decision to change from a traditional high school caused some controversy in the local community because it coincided with the removal of all the school's sports programs, many of, played for nearly a century; the removal of sports led to increased transfers to outlying schools among the student body at that time. Granite High belonged to the Granite School District; the mascot was the Farmer. Popular AP U. S. History teacher, Dale Wood referred to the mascot as the "Fighting Agrarians." At the end of the 2009 school year, the school was closed.
The final commencement ceremonies were held on June 5, 2009. After multiple attempts to preserve the building fell through, It was purchased for $11.6 million by Wasatch Developments and Garbett Homes for residential development, With plans featuring a mix of 76 single-family homes and commercial property fronting 3300 South in which the property were finalized in late 2016. In April 2017, the district began demolishing the abandoned school in preparation for a development Complex. However, former alumni can purchase former pieces of their old school, such as bricks or windows. Ed Catmull, Class of 1963, President of Pixar Frank Christensen, Class of 1928, football player, Detroit Lions James E. Faust, Class of 1937, former Second Counselor in the First Presidency of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints Eldon Fortie, Canadian football player, Edmonton Eskimos Leigh Harline, Class of 1925, Academy Award winner for the song When You Wish upon a Star Gordon Jolley, Class of 1967, football player, Detroit Lions, Seattle Seahawks Neal A. Maxwell, Class of 1944, former apostle of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints Frank Moss, Class of 1929, US Senator Rick Parros, Class of 1976, football player, Denver Broncos Jack Reddish, Class of 1944, Olympic alpine ski racer and film producer Golden Richards, Class of 1969, football player, Dallas Cowboys Cecil O. Samuelson, Class of 1959, physician, LDS General Authority, president of Brigham Young University.
David Kent Winder, US federal judge LeRoy S. Wirthlin, physician Adam S. Bennion, principal LaVell Edwards, football coach Joseph F. Merrill, founder of the seminary Wilson W. Sorensen, industrial arts teacher Thomas J. Yates, first seminary teacher Song of the "G"When sight and sound of the campus Fade in the long, busy years Yet will return in our memories Echoes of old songs and cheers. You, of the field and diamond, Fighters for clean victory, You who love the fair, square sport, You'll hear the song of the "G". Go it Granite, go it Granite Hear the battle cry, she will remember, you'll not forget her Though you are far away She is calling, calling to you Honor the grand old "G"! List of high schools in Utah Official Granite School District website Other information on Granite High School Dreamathon
Saraswati Nagar is a village in Yamunanagar District in the Indian state of Haryana. According to government records, the town was earlier known as Saraswati Tirth, under Muslim rule renamed as Mustafabad, it was renamed to Saraswati Nagar via a notification by the BJP government in 2016 after the Sarasvati River's paleochannel flowing through there. Sarsawati Nagar is 23 km from Yamunanagar; this name arises from the presence of the Sarasvati River. There is an old Shiva temple near this river; as of 2001 India census, Mustafabad had a population of 8513. Males constitute 53% of the population and females 47%. Mustafabad has an average literacy rate of 72%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 77%, female literacy is 68%. In Saraswati Nagar, 12% of the population is under 6 years of age