The Old Vic
The Old Vic is a 1,000-seat, not-for-profit producing theatre, located just south-east of Waterloo station on the corner of the Cut and Waterloo Road in Lambeth, England. Established in 1818 as the Royal Coburg Theatre, renamed in 1833 the Royal Victoria Theatre, in 1871 it was rebuilt and reopened as the Royal Victoria Palace, it was taken over by Emma Cons in 1880 and formally named the Royal Victoria Hall, although by that time it was known as the "Old Vic". In 1898, a niece of Cons, Lilian Baylis, assumed management and began a series of Shakespeare productions in 1914; the building was damaged in 1940 during air raids and it became a Grade II* listed building in 1951 after it reopened. The Old Vic is the crucible of theatres in London today, it was the name of a repertory company, based at the theatre and formed the core of the National Theatre of Great Britain on its formation in 1963, under Laurence Olivier. The National Theatre remained at the Old Vic until new premises were constructed on the South Bank, opening in 1976.
The Old Vic became the home of Prospect Theatre Company, at that time a successful touring company which staged such acclaimed productions as Derek Jacobi's Hamlet. However, with the withdrawal of funding for the company by the Arts Council of Great Britain in 1980 for breaching its touring obligations, Prospect disbanded in 1981; the theatre underwent complete refurbishment in 1985. In 2003, Kevin Spacey was appointed artistic director. Spacey served as artistic director until 2015. In 2015, Matthew Warchus succeeded Spacey as artistic director; the theatre was founded in 1818 by James King and Daniel Dunn, John Thomas Serres the marine painter to the King. Serres managed to secure the formal patronage of Princess Charlotte and her husband Prince Leopold of Saxe-Coburg, named the theatre the Royal Coburg Theatre; the theatre was thus technically forbidden to show serious drama. When the theatre passed to George Bolwell Davidge in 1824 he succeeded in bringing legendary actor Edmund Kean south of the river to play six Shakespeare plays in six nights.
The theatre's role in bringing high art to the masses was confirmed when Kean addressed the audience during his curtain call saying "I have never acted to such a set of ignorant, unmitigated brutes as I see before me." More popular staples in the repertoire were "sensational and violent" melodramas demonstrating the evils of drink, "churned out by the house dramatist", confirmed teetotaller Douglas Jerrold. When Davidge left to take over the Surrey Theatre in 1833, the theatre was bought by Daniel Egerton and William Abbot, who tried to capitalise on the abolition of the legal distinction between patent and minor theatres, enacted in Parliament earlier that year. On 1 July 1833, the theatre was renamed the Royal Victoria Theatre, under the "protection and patronage" of Victoria, Duchess of Kent, mother to Princess Victoria, the 14-year-old heir presumptive to the British throne; the duchess and the princess visited only once, on 28 November of that year, but enjoyed the performance, of light opera and dance, in the "pretty...clean and comfortable" theatre.
The single visit scarcely justified the "Old Vic" its billing as "Queen Victoria's Own Theayter". By 1835, the theatre was advertising itself as the Victoria Theatre. In 1841, David Osbaldiston took over as lessee, was succeeded on his death in 1850 by his lover and the theatre's leading lady, Eliza Vincent, until her death in 1856. Under their management, the theatre remained devoted to melodrama. In 1858, sixteen people were crushed to death inside the theatre after mass panic caused while an actor's clothing caught fire. In 1867, Joseph Arnold Cave took over as lessee. In 1871 he transferred the lease to Romaine Delatorre, who raised funds for the theatre to be rebuilt in the style of the Alhambra Music Hall. Jethro Thomas Robinson was engaged as the architect. In September 1871 the old theatre closed, the new building opened as the Royal Victoria Palace in December of the same year, with Cave staying on as manager. By 1873, Cave had left and Delatorre's venture failed. In 1880, under the ownership of Emma Cons it became the Royal Victoria Hall and Coffee Tavern and was run on "strict temperance lines".
The "penny lectures" given in the hall led to the foundation of Morley College. An endowment from the estate of Samuel Morley led to the creation of the Morley Memorial College for Working Men and Women on the premises, which were shared; the adult education college moved to its own premises nearby in the 1920s. With Emma Cons's death in 1912 the theatre passed to her niece Lilian Baylis, who emphasised the Shakespearean repertoire; the Old Vic Company was established in 1929, led by Sir John Gielgud. Between 1925 and 1931, Lilian Baylis championed the re-building of the then-derelict Sadler's Wells Theatre, established a ballet company under the direction of Dame Ninette de Valois. For a few years the drama and ballet companies rotated between the two theatres, with the ballet becoming permanently based at Sadler's Wells in 1935; the Old Vic was damaged badly during the Blitz, the war-depleted company spent all its time touring, based in Burnley, Lancashire at the Victoria Theatre during the years 1940 to 1943.
Regent's Park Open Air Theatre
Regent's Park Open Air Theatre is an open-air theatre based in Regent's Park in central London. The theatre is located in Queen Mary's Gardens, on the Inner Circle of Regent's Park and is surrounded by parkland, it was founded in 1932 by Robert Atkins. The theatre is uncovered; the theatre houses an extensive backstage area complete with green room for the company and technical team, a full wardrobe and wigs department, a workshop for the maintenance of stage sets and numerous offices for stage management, sound, LX and other crew. The theatre is a registered charity, run by an Artistic Director Timothy Sheader and Executive Director William Village; the charity's Board of Trustees is chaired by Robert Davis DL, includes Sir Peter Rogers, Stuart Griffiths OBE, Toni Racklin, Jim Reed, Samantha Spiro, Martin Wilkinson and William Village, alongside Dame Judi Dench, the theatre's Patron. The theatre has been the inspiration for other open-air theatres around the world, such as the Maynardville Open-Air Theatre in Cape Town and Grosvenor Park Open Air Theatre, Chester.
2007 saw the final year of artistic director, Ian Talbot. The Season included productions of Macbeth, A Midsummer Night's Dream, Lady, Be Good, Fantastic Mr Fox and The Boy Friend; the choice to perform Lady, Be Good was in reflection of his final year, being the first musical he directed at the park. Timothy Sheader became Artistic Director of the theatre in November 2007, his first season, produced in 2008, consisted of productions of Romeo and Juliet, Twelfth Night and Loewe's Gigi – starring Millicent Martin as Mamita and Topol as Honore – and an adapted production of A Midsummer Night's Dream for family audiences. 2009 saw Timothy Sheader's second season as Artistic Director of the theatre. Productions included Much Ado About Nothing, The Importance of Being Earnest, The Tempest and Hello, Dolly!. Dolly! won several awards, including the Olivier Award for Best Revival of a Musical and Best Actress in a Musical for its star Samantha Spiro. In 2010, the theatre presented new productions of The Crucible, The Comedy of Errors and Macbeth, adapted for younger audiences.
The Season musical was by Stephen Sondheim. The production starred Hannah Waddingham as the Witch, Jenna Russell as the Baker's Wife, Helen Dallimore as Cinderella, it was the first time that Into the Woods had been performed outside and won the Olivier Award for "Best Musical Revival". The production subsequently transferred to the Public Theater's Delacorte Theater in New York City in 2012 starring a American cast which included Academy Award nominee Amy Adams; the 2011 season included productions of Lord of the Flies, The Beggar's Opera, Shakespeare's Pericles and the Musical Crazy for You. Crazy for You received the highest number of five star reviews of any musical opening in 2011 and became the first Open Air Theatre production to transfer directly into the West End, where it played at the Novello Theatre. For the 2012 season, two productions ran across the entire season in repertoire: The Tony Award-winning Ragtime the Musical directed by Timothy Sheader and Shakespeare's A Midsummer Night's Dream directed by Matthew Dunster.
Directed by Timothy Sheader and adapted for the stage by Christopher Sergel, Harper Lee's American classic To Kill a Mockingbird opened the 2013 season with Robert Sean Leonard as Atticus Finch, his first London appearance in 22 years. The show returned in 2014. Celebrating the 200th anniversary of the novel, a stage adaptation of Jane Austen's Pride and Prejudice starring Jane Asher as Lady Catherine de Bourgh, followed To Kill a Mockingbird. A production of William Shakespeare's The Winter's Tale, tailored for children aged six and over, ran alongside. Returning to close the 2013 season, Rachel Kavanaugh directed a sell-out and extended run of The Sound of Music starring Charlotte Wakefield as Maria. With over 188,000 visitors, the 2013 season broke all records; the 2014 season began with Arthur Miller's All My Sons, directed by Timothy Sheader, followed by Harold Brighouse's Hobson's Choice, Shakespeare's Twelfth Night re-imagined for aged six and over. Timothy Sheader directed The Gershwins' Porgy and Bess with a cast drawn from Broadway and the West End.
Following its sell-out run in 2013, To Kill a Mockingbird returned to conclude the 2014 season, before embarking on a UK tour. To Kill a Mockingbird returned to London in June 2015, when Robert Sean Leonard reprised his role of Atticus Finch at the Barbican Centre; the 2015 season was announced in late October. J. M. Barrie's original stage play of Peter Pan opened the season, was followed by Anton Chekhov's The Seagull in a new version by Torben Betts. Rachel Kavanaugh returned to the park to direct the musical Seven Brides for Seven Brothers, their 2011 acclaimed production of William Golding's Lord of the Flies returned for 14 performances ahead of a major UK tour. A new adaptation of Running Wild by Michael Morpurgo opened the 2016 season as a co-production with Chichester Festival Theatre. Henry V followed in celebration of the legacy of William Shakespeare. Artistic Director, Timothy Sheader directed the 2016 musical, a revival of Jesus Christ Superstar by Tim Rice and Andrew Lloyd Webber, which played to sold out audiences and won a Laurence Olivier Award for Best Musical Revival.
Following a sell-out run in 2013, Pride and Prejudice returned to the Park at the end of the season ahead of a UK tour. In November 2016 it was announced that On the Town would open
Her Majesty's Theatre
Her Majesty's Theatre is a West End theatre situated on Haymarket in the City of Westminster, London. The present building was designed by Charles J. Phipps and was constructed in 1897 for actor-manager Herbert Beerbohm Tree, who established the Royal Academy of Dramatic Art at the theatre. In the early decades of the 20th century, Tree produced spectacular productions of Shakespeare and other classical works, the theatre hosted premieres by major playwrights such as George Bernard Shaw, J. M. Synge, Noël Coward and J. B. Priestley. Since the First World War, the wide stage has made the theatre suitable for large-scale musical productions, the theatre has accordingly specialised in hosting musicals; the theatre has been home to record-setting musical theatre runs, notably the First World War sensation Chu Chin Chow and the current production, Andrew Lloyd Webber's The Phantom of the Opera, which has played continuously at Her Majesty's since 1986. The theatre was established by architect and playwright John Vanbrugh, in 1705, as the Queen's Theatre.
Legitimate drama unaccompanied by music was prohibited by law in all but the two London patent theatres, so this theatre became an opera house. Between 1711 and 1739, more than 25 operas by George Frideric Handel premiered here. In the early 19th century, the theatre hosted the opera company, to move to the Theatre Royal, Covent Garden, in 1847, presented the first London performances of Mozart's La clemenza di Tito, Così fan tutte and Don Giovanni, it hosted the Ballet of her Majesty's Theatre in the mid-19th century, before returning to hosting the London premieres of such operas as Bizet's Carmen and Wagner's Ring Cycle. The name of the theatre changes with the sex of the monarch, it first became the King's Theatre in 1714 on the accession of George I. It was renamed Her Majesty's Theatre in 1837. Most the theatre was known as His Majesty's Theatre from 1901 to 1952, it became Her Majesty's on the accession of Elizabeth II; the theatre's capacity is 1,216 seats, the building was Grade II* listed by English Heritage in 1970.
LW Theatres has owned the building since 2000. The land beneath it is on a long-term lease from the Crown Estate; the end of the 17th century was a period of intense rivalry amongst London's actors, in 1695 there was a split in the United Company, who had a monopoly on the performance of drama at their two theatres. Dramatist and architect John Vanbrugh saw this as an opportunity to break the duopoly of the patent theatres, in 1703 he acquired a former stable yard, at a cost of £2,000, for the construction of a new theatre on the Haymarket. In the new business, he hoped to improve the share of profits that would go to playwrights and actors, he raised the money by subscription amongst members of the Kit-Cat Club: To recover them, therefore, to their due Estimation, a new Project was form'd of building them a stately theatre in the Hay-Market, by Sir John Vanbrugh, for which he raised a Subscription of thirty Persons of Quality, at one hundred Pounds each, in Consideration whereof every Subscriber, for his own Life, was to be admitted to whatever Entertainments should be publickly perform'd there, without farther Payment for his Entrance.
—John Vanbrugh's notice of subscription for the new theatre He was joined in the enterprise by his principal associate and manager William Congreve and an actors' co-operative led by Thomas Betterton. The theatre provided the first alternative to the Theatre Royal, Drury Lane, built in 1663 and the Lincoln's Inn, founded in 1660; the theatre's site is the second oldest such site in London. These three post-interregnum theatres defined the use of modern theatres; the land for the theatre was held on a lease renewable in 1740 and was owned, as it is today, by the Crown Estate. Building was delayed by the necessity of acquiring the street frontage, a three bay entrance led to a brick shell 130 feet long and 60 feet wide. Colley Cibber described. Vanbrugh and Congreve received Queen Anne's authority to form a Company of Comedians on 14 December 1704, the theatre opened as the Queen's Theatre on 9 April 1705 with imported Italian singers in Gli amori d'Ergasto, an opera by Jakob Greber, with an epilogue by Congreve.
This was the first Italian opera performed in London. The opera failed, the season struggled on through May, with revivals of plays and operas; the first new play performed was The Conquest of Spain by Mary Pix. The theatre proved too large for actors' voices to carry across the auditorium, the first season was a failure. Congreve departed, Vanbrugh bought out his other partners, the actors reopened the Lincoln's Inn Fields' theatre in the summer. Although early productions combined spoken dialogue with incidental music, a taste was growing amongst the nobility for Italian opera, sung, the theatre became devoted to opera; as he became progressively more involved in the construction of Blenheim Palace, Vanbrugh's management of the theatre became chaotic, showing "numerous signs of confusion, missed opportunities, bad judgement". On 7 May 1707, experiencing mounting losses and running costs, Vanbrugh was forced to sell a lease on the theatre for fourteen years to Owen Swiny at a considerable loss.
In December of that year, the Lord Chamberlain's Office ordered that "all Operas and other Musicall presentments be performed for the future only at Her Majesty's Theatre in the Hay Market" and forbade the performance of further non-musical plays there. After 1709, the theatre was devoted to Ital
Ambassadors Theatre (London)
The Ambassadors Theatre, is a West End theatre located in West Street, near Cambridge Circus on Charing Cross Road in the City of Westminster. It is one of the smallest of the West End theatres, seating a maximum of 444, with 195 people in the dress circle and 251 in the stalls; the theatre was, along with the adjacent St Martin's conceived by their architect, W. G. R. Sprague, as companions, born at the same time in 1913, but the First World War interrupted the construction of the latter for three years; the Ambassadors was built with the intention of being an intimate, smaller theatre and is situated opposite the renowned restaurant The Ivy, favourite haunt of the theatrical elite. The theatre was Grade II listed by English Heritage in March 1973. In 1996, the venue was bought by its namesake the Ambassador Theatre Group, now the largest operator of theatres in the West End, it was first split into two small spaces, by creating a false floor at circle level, used by the Royal Court. In 1999 the venue was returned to its original design, renamed the New Ambassadors and hosted niche works and plays not seen outside of smaller fringe venues.
However, within a few years the theatre had reverted to playing material seen as more commercially viable for its location in the West End. On 4 April 2007 it was announced that ATG had sold the venue to Stephen Waley-Cohen, who renamed the venue The Ambassadors as it once was, began an extensive programme of refurbishments. In 2014, Waley-Cohen announced plans to sell the Ambassadors to Delfont Mackintosh Theatres, who said it intended to rename the theatre after Stephen Sondheim once the sale was completed; the sale was postponed pending redevelopment approval, was cancelled in November 2018. In December 2018, Waley-Cohen instead sold the theatre back to ATG for £12 million, more than twice what Mackintosh was slated to pay. Vivien Leigh made her West End debut in the Ambassadors; the theatre's most famous production is Agatha Christie's The Mousetrap, which showed from 1952 to 1974 before moving next door to the St Martin's Theatre, where it is still running. After its purchase by the Ambassador Theatre Group under producer Sonia Friedman, productions included Some Explicit Polaroids by Mark Ravenhill, Spoonface Steinberg by Lee Hall, Krapp's Last Tape by Samuel Beckett and starring John Hurt, was the West End's first home of Marie Jones' Stones in His Pockets and The Vagina Monologues by Eve Ensler.
Recent productions have included the multi-award-winning production of John Doyle's Sweeney Todd which subsequently transferred to Broadway, Ying Tong – A Walk with the Goons, Someone Who'll Watch Over Me, Journey's End and the world première of Kate Betts' On the Third Day which won the Channel 4 television series The Play's the Thing. In 2006, the theatre played host to the landmark revival of Peter Hall's production of Waiting for Godot which ran for a limited autumn season. Recent productions include the Menier Chocolate Factory production of Little Shop of Horrors, the Bush Theatre's production of Whipping it Up, starring Richard Wilson and Robert Bathurst, Love Song, starring Cillian Murphy and Neve Campbell. Leicester Square Covent Garden Guide to British Theatres 1750–1950, John Earl and Michael Sell pp. 98 ISBN 0-7136-5688-3 Theatre History
Wyndham's Theatre is a West End theatre, one of two opened by actor/manager Charles Wyndham. Located on Charing Cross Road in the City of Westminster, it was designed c.1898 by W. G. R. Sprague, the architect of six other London theatres between and 1916, it was designed to seat 759 patrons on three levels. The theatre was Grade II* listed by English Heritage in September 1960. Wyndham had always dreamed of building a theatre of his own, through the admiration of a patron and the financial confidence of friends, he was able to realise his dream. Wyndham's Theatre opened on 16 November 1899, in the presence of the Prince of Wales; the first play performed. In 1910, Gerald du Maurier began an association with the theatre which lasted 15 years and to include the stage debut of the screen actress Tallulah Bankhead. Du Maurier's small daughter, Daphne watched her father's performance from the wings. Thirty years she presented her own play, The Years Between, on the same stage. In April 1953 the theatre premiered Graham Greene's first play, The Living Room, with a cast including Dorothy Tutin.
In January 1954, a small-scale musical pastiche, Sandy Wilson's The Boy Friend, which had premiered at the much smaller Players' Theatre, was moved to the Wyndham stage. It ran for 2,078 performances, before transferring to Broadway. During the 60s and early 70s, the theatre continued to provide a setting for stars such as Alec Guinness, Vanessa Redgrave and Diana Rigg; the blockbuster of the 1970s decade – Godspell – opened at Wyndham's in January 1972 and ran to October 1974. The original cast included Marti Webb and Jeremy Irons. Among more recent distinguished productions were the world premiere of The Ride Down Mt. Morgan by American playwright Arthur Miller and the British premiere of Edward Albee's Three Tall Women, starring Maggie Smith. Twenty-five years after making her debut there, Diana Rigg returned to play a hugely successful season as Medea; the critically acclaimed comedy,'Art', by Yasmina Reza, began its record-breaking run at Wyndham's in 1996 with Albert Finney, Tom Courtenay and Ken Stott in the cast.
It opened in October 1996, transferred to the Whitehall Theatre in October 2001. Madonna made her West End debut there in 2002; this was followed by many other dramatic productions, including Dinner and the National Theatre's Democracy during 2004, Holly Hunter in By The Bog Of Cats, American TV star Ruby Wax in a children's stage version of The Witches, which ran during March 2005. Since theatre patrons have seen Sienna Miller star alongside Helen McCrory, Reece Shearsmith and Clive Rowe in a new production of Shakespeare's As You Like It. A large-scale replica of the facade of the theatre was constructed at the Universal Studios theme park in Orlando, Florida as part of the park's London-themed area. In May 2005, the theatre was taken over by Cameron Mackintosh's Delfont-Mackintosh Ltd. which began operations of the venue in September 2005. In October 2005 the theatre presented Tom Stoppard's Heroes, a translation of the French play Le vent des peupliers by Gérald Sibleyras, which starred Richard Griffiths and John Hurt.
The following year the theatre hosted a new production of Joanna Murray-Smith's play Honour starring Diana Rigg, Martin Jarvis and Natascha McElhone, which ran between 7 February and 6 May 2006. It hosted the West End transfer of the Menier Chocolate Factory's hit production of Stephen Sondheim's musical Sunday in the Park with George, which starred Daniel Evans and Jenna Russell and ran till September. Between December 2006 and April 2007, the theatre presented the West End commercial transfer of Alan Bennett's National Theatre hit The History Boys which played to sell-out houses during its run until April 2007. Bill Kenwright's production of Somerset Maugham's The Letter played through summer 2007. There was a short hiatus. Shadowlands, based on the life story of C. S. Lewis opened in October 2007, starring Charles Dance and Janie Dee, before another return of Alan Bennett's The History Boys from December 2007; the theatre closed temporarily for refurbishment works, before reopening in September 2008 with Kenneth Branagh starring in Michael Grandage's production of Chekhov's Ivanov.
This new version by Tom Stoppard was the opening play in the Donmar West End twelve-month season at Wyndham's, with tickets at Donmar Warehouse prices. The Donmar West End season included Derek Jacobi starring in Twelfth Night, Judi Dench in Yukio Mishima's Madame de Sade, Jude Law in Hamlet, all staged by Grandage. Dinner by Moira Buffini starring Harriet Walter Democracy by Michael Frayn, starring Colm Meaney Dylan Moran: Monster II By the Bog of Cats by Marina Carr, starring Holly Hunter The Witches by David Wood, starring Ruby Wax The Vagina Monologues, by Eve Ensler As You Like It by William Shakespeare, starring Sienna Miller and Clive Rowe Heroes by Gérald Sibleyras, starring Richard Griffiths, John Hurt and Ken Stott Honour by Joanna Murray-Smith, starring Diana Rigg and Martin Jarvis Sunday in the Park with George (23 May 200
The London Coliseum is a theatre in St Martin's Lane, built as one of London's largest and most luxurious "family" variety theatres. Opened on 24 December 1904 as the London Coliseum Theatre of Varieties, it was designed by the theatrical architect Frank Matcham for the impresario Oswald Stoll, their ambition was to build the largest and finest music hall, described as the "people's palace of entertainment" of its age. At the time of construction, the Coliseum was the only theatre in Europe to provide lifts for taking patrons to the upper levels of the house, was the first theatre in England to have a triple revolve installed on its stage; the theatre has 2,359 seats making it the largest theatre in London. After being used for variety shows, musical comedies, stage plays for many years as a cinema screening films in the Cinerama format between 1961 and 1968, the Sadler's Wells Opera Company moved into the building in 1968; the Sadler's Wells company changed its name to the English National Opera in 1974 and today it is used for opera as well as being the London home of the English National Ballet.
The London Coliseum was built by the theatrical architect Frank Matcham who intended it to be one of London's largest and most luxurious "family" variety theatres. Construction began in 1903 and the venue opened on 24 December the following year as the London Coliseum Theatre of Varieties, it is located in London. Matcham built the theatre for the theatrical impresario Sir Oswald Stoll and had the ambition of it being the largest and finest "People’s palace of entertainment" of the age. Matcham wanted a Theatre of Variety – not a music hall but not highbrow entertainment; the resulting programme was a mix of music hall and variety theatre, with one act - a full scale revolving chariot race - requiring the stage to revolve. The theatre’s original slogan was PRO BONO PUBLICO, it was opened in 1904 and the inaugural performance was a variety bill on 24 December that year. English Heritage, in its description of the theatre when it was given listed status in 1960 notes that it is "exuberant Free Baroque ambitious design, the Edwardian "Theatre de Luxe of London" with richly decorated interiors and a vast and grandiose auditorium."
The description continues: "Lavish foyer and circulation areas with marble facings, culminating in vast 3-tier auditorium with wealth of eclectic classical detail of Byzantine opulence, some motifs such as the squat columns dividing the lowest tier of slip boxes, backing the stalls Sullivanesque. Great, semi-circular, blocked architrave proscenium arch with cartouche- trophy keystone."The inaugural performance was a variety bill on 24 December 1904, but it "was a total failure and closed down only two years after opening in 1906 and remained closed until December of 1907 when it was reopened and at last became successful." In 1908, the London Coliseum was host to a cricket match between Surrey. In 1911, dramatist W. S. Gilbert produced his last play here, The Hooligan; the theatre changed its name from the London Coliseum to the Coliseum Theatre between 1931 and 1968 when a run of 651 performances of the musical comedy White Horse Inn began on 8 April 1931. Additionally, Arthur Lewis notes that: Pantomimes began in 1936 with Cinderella and continued until 1946.
In 1947 the musical Annie Get Your Gun was staged at the Coliseum and had a staggeringly successful run for the time, of 1,304 performances and three continuous years, the longest run in theatrical history. There followed a long run of major American hits beginning with Kiss Me, Kate in 1951, Guys And Dolls in 1953, Pajama Game in 1955, Damn Yankees in 1957, but this exceptional period did at last come to an end in 1957 when the production of The Bells Are Ringing failed to enthrall anyone. The Coliseum reverted to the original name when the Sadler's Wells Opera Company moved there in 1968 and, in 1974, the Company changed its name to become the English National Opera; the Coliseum hosted both the 2004 and 2006 Royal Variety Performances and is the London base for performances by English National Ballet, which perform regular seasons throughout the year when not on tour. The Who performed there and recorded their concert, on 14 December 1969. While its wing space is limited due to the constricted site on which the theatre was built, as Lloyd notes, "the stage of the London Coliseum was on a vast scale.
The stage is not raked. It was one of the first to have electric lighting, it was built with a triple revolving stage, although this was used. The Coliseum was designed to seat 2,358 people on four levels; as such it is the largest of all London's theatres. The theatre retains many of its original features and was given a Grade II* listed building by English Heritage in September 1960. Prior to Sadler's Wells Opera Company taking over the Coliseum in 1968, the house was "fully restored, a large orchestra pit installed", it reopened on 21 August 1968, with a production of the opera Don Giovanni. Another extensive renovation took place between 2000 and 2004; when the design team included the architects RHWL and Arup as acousticians and building engineers. The London Coliseum has two lifts which provide step-free access for disabled patrons to all levels, except the Upper Circle. Periodically, the Coliseum was used to show films and, wh
The Nederlander Organization, founded in 1912 by David T. Nederlander in Detroit, based in New York City, is one of the largest operators of legitimate theatres and music venues in the United States, its first acquisition was a lease on the Detroit Opera House in 1912. The building was demolished in 1928, it operated the Shubert Lafayette Theatre until its demolition in 1964 and the Riviera Theatre, both in Detroit. Since the organization has grown to include nine Broadway theatres – making it the second-largest owner of Broadway theatres after the Shubert Organization – and a number of theaters across the United States, including its current Detroit base in the Fisher Building, five large theaters in Chicago, plus three West End theatres in London, England. Brooks Atkinson Theatre Gershwin Theatre Lunt-Fontanne Theatre Marquis Theatre Minskoff Theatre Nederlander Theatre Palace Theatre Richard Rodgers Theatre Neil Simon Theatre Adelphi Theatre Aldwych Theatre Dominion Theatre Auditorium Theatre Broadway Playhouse at Water Tower Place Cadillac Palace Theatre CIBC Theatre Nederlander Theater Centennial Hall – under contract with the University of Arizona, Tucson The Grove of Anaheim – Anaheim, California Pantages Theatre – Los Angeles Balboa Theatre – San Diego Civic Theatre – San Diego San Jose Center for the Performing Arts – San Jose, California San Jose Civic Auditorium – San Jose, California Santa Barbara Bowl – Santa Barbara, California Fisher Theatre – Detroit Detroit Opera House – Detroit.
Mechanic Theatre – Baltimore National Theatre – Washington, D. C. New World Music Theater – Tinley Park, Illinois Orpheum Theatre – San Francisco Pacific Amphitheatre – Costa Mesa, California Palace West – Phoenix Pine Knob Music Theatre – Clarkston, Michigan Poplar Creek Music Theater – Hoffman Estates, Illinois Riverbend Music Center – Cincinnati Fox Performing Arts Center – Riverside, California Grand Riviera Theater – Detroit Shubert Lafayette Theatre – Detroit Studebaker Theatre – Chicago Target Center – Minneapolis Taft Theatre – Cincinnati Tucson Music Hall – Tucson Wang Theatre – Boston Wilshire Theatre – Beverly Hills, California. Best of Broadway Broadway In Chicago Broadway In Detroit Broadway Los Angeles Broadway San Diego Broadway in Tucson SunTrust Broadway In 1993, the Orange County Fair Board purchased the remaining 30 years of Nederlander's 40-year lease on the Pacific Amphitheatre for $12.5 million. The board filed suit against Nederlander in 1995 maintaining that the organization placed restrictive sound covenants in the sale contract that made the venue unusable and therefore eliminated it from competing with the nearby Greek Theatre and Arrowhead Pond.
In January 2014, Nederlander settled a suit with the U. S. Attorney's Office over violations of the Americans with Disabilities Act. Under the consent decree, Nederlander agreed to make alterations within three-years to nine of its theatres in New York to make them more accessible and pay a $45,000 penalty; the case was one in a series filed by the U. S. Attorney against a number of public venues in the city. SHN Official website Nederlander Worldwide Website