The Cincinnati Zoo and Botanical Garden is the fifth-oldest zoo in the United States, opening in 1875, after the Philadelphia Zoo, the Roger Williams Park Zoo, the Lincoln Park Zoo, the Central Park Zoo. It is located in the Avondale neighborhood of Ohio, it began with 64.5 acres in the middle of the city, but has spread into the neighboring blocks and several reserves in Cincinnati's outer suburbs. It was appointed as a National Historic Landmark in 1987; the zoo houses over 3,000 plant species. In addition, the zoo has conducted several breeding programs in its history, was the first to breed California sea lions. In 1986, the Lindner Center for Conservation and Research of Endangered Wildlife was created to further the zoo's goal of conservation; the zoo is known for being the home of Martha, the last living passenger pigeon, to Incas, the last living Carolina parakeet. The zoo is an accredited member of the Association of Zoos and Aquariums, a member of the World Association of Zoos and Aquariums.
A 2014 ranking of the nations's best zoos by USA Today based on data provided by the Association of Zoos and Aquariums lists the Cincinnati Zoo among the best in the country. A 2019 reader's choice ranking of the nation's best zoos by USA Today named the Cincinnati Zoo the top zoo in North America. In 1872, three years before the zoo's creation, Andrew Erkenbrecher and several other residents created the Society for the Acclimatization of Birds in Cincinnati to acquire insect-eating birds to control a severe outbreak of caterpillars. A collection of 1,000 birds imported from Europe in 1872 was housed in Burnet Woods before being released. In 1873, members of the Society of Acclimatization began discussing the idea of starting a zoo and founded The Zoological Society of Cincinnati. One year the Zoological Society of Cincinnati purchased a 99-year lease on sixty-five acres in the cow pasture known as Blakely Woods; the Cincinnati Zoological Gardens opened its doors on September 18, 1875. Architect James W. McLaughlin, who constructed the zoo's first buildings, designed the earliest completed zoological exhibits in the United States.
The zoo began with eight monkeys, two grizzly bears, three white-tailed deer, six raccoons, two elk, a buffalo, a laughing hyena, a tiger, an American alligator, a circus elephant, over four hundred birds, including a talking crow. The first guide book about the Cincinnati Zoo was written in 1876 in German; the founders of the zoo, including its first general manager, were German immigrants and the city had quite a large German-speaking population. The first English-language edition was published in 1893. In its first 20 years, the zoo experienced many financial difficulties, despite selling 22 acres to pay off debt in 1886, it went into receivership in 1898. In order to prevent the zoo from being liquidated, the stockholders chose to give up their interests of the $225,000 they invested. For the next two years, the zoo was run under the Cincinnati Zoological Company as a business. In 1901, the Cincinnati Traction Company, purchased the zoo, hoping to use it as a way to market itself to potential customers.
They operated the zoo until 1917, when the Cincinnati Zoological Park Association, funded by donations from philanthropists Mary Emery and Anna Sinton Taft and a wave of public desire to purchase the increasing popular zoo, took over management. In 1932, the city started to run it through the Board of Park Commissioners; this marked the zoo's transition from its period of financial insecurity to its modern state of stable growth and fiscal stability. In addition to its live animal exhibits, the zoo houses refreshments stands, a dance hall, roads and picnic grounds. Between 1920 and 1972, the Cincinnati Summer Opera performed in an open-air pavilion and were broadcast by NBC radio. In 1987, parts of the zoo were designated as a National Historic Landmark, the Cincinnati Zoo Historic Structures, due to their significant architecture featured in the Elephant House, the Reptile House, the Passenger Pigeon Memorial. Animals at the zoo have held several records, including the longest living American alligator in captivity at the time, the fastest cheetah in captivity, the largest Komodo dragon.
The zoo was the first in the United States to put an aye-aye on display, after losing its last aye-aye in 1993, it acquired another in 2011 – a 6-year old transferred from the Duke Lemur Center in North Carolina. The zoo is one of only a dozen in North America to house and breed bonobos, an endangered species of the great apes. On January 6 and 7, the zoo celebrated the birth of its first babies of 2020. Two penguin chicks hatched, one each day; the Cincinnati Zoo has been active in breeding animals to help save species, starting as early as 1880 with the first hatching of a trumpeter swan in a zoo, as well as four passenger pigeons. This was followed in 1882 with the first American bison born in captivity. In 1986, the zoo established the Carl H. Lindner Jr. Family Center for Conservation and Research of Endangered Wildlife for the purpose of using science and technology to understand and propagate endangered flora and fauna and facilitate the conservation of global biodiversity, its Frozen Zoo plays a major role.
In it are stored over 2,500 specimens representing 60 animal and 65 plant species. Terri Roth is CREW's Director. In the 2010s the zoo built the largest animal exhibit in its history. Phases I and II, completed in 2010, added an exhibit for cranes and expanded the Cheetah Encounter yard so that the
Thomas Edmond Garrison Jr. was an American farmer and politician who served in the South Carolina House of Representatives 1959–1966 and the South Carolina Senate 1967–1988. Garrison was born January 1922 in Anderson County, South Carolina, he graduated from Boys High in Anderson, going on to graduate from Clemson University in 1942 with a degree in Vocational Agriculture. After college Garrison served in the United States Army Air Forces during World War II. Garrison was elected to the South Carolina House of Representatives in 1958 and served 1959–1966, he went on to serve in the South Carolina Senate 1967–1988. He died in Anderson County, South Carolina on June 16, 2013
Samuel Dinsmoor Jr. was an American lawyer, banker and thirtieth Governor of New Hampshire. Dinsmoor was born in Keene, New Hampshire and graduated from Dartmouth College in 1814, he studied law and was a legal assistant to Territorial Governor James Miller for several years in Arkansas. A commissioner who made it possible for the visit of French General Lafayette to New Hampshire in 1825, Dinsmoor served as clerk of the New Hampshire Senate in 1826, 1827, 1829 and 1830. Having secured the Democratic gubernatorial nomination, Dinsmoor was elected by a popular vote in 1849, reelected to a second term in 1850, as well as a third term in 1851, he served as thirtieth Governor of New Hampshire from June 7, 1849 to June 3, 1852. The state militia was restructured during his tenure. Upon leaving the governorship, Dinsmoor retired from political life, but continued to stay active in his legal and banking interests. From 1835 until his death Dinsmoor was President of the Ashuelot Bank in Keene. Dinsmoor died in Keene on February 24, 1869.
He is interred at Washington Street Cemetery in Keene. His father, Samuel Dinsmoor, had been Governor of New Hampshire from 1831 to 1834. On September 11, 1841, Samuel Dinsmoor Jr. married Anne Eliza Jarvis, they had two children: William Jarvis Dinsmoor and Samuel Dinsmoor III. Anne died on July 17, 1849. Dinsmoor at New Hampshire's Division of Historic Resources National Governors Association profile