Cinema of Australia

The Cinema of Australia had its beginnings with the 1906 production of The Story of the Kelly Gang, the earliest feature film made. Since Australian crews have produced many films, a number of which have received international recognition. Many actors and filmmakers started their careers in Australian films, many of whom have acquired international reputations, a number of whom have found greater financial benefits in careers in larger film-producing centres, such as in the United States; the first public screenings of films in Australia took place in October 1896, within a year of the world's first screening in Paris by Lumière brothers. The first Australian exhibition took place at the Athenaeum Hall in Collins Street, Melbourne, to provide alternative entertainment for the dance-hall patrons. Commercially successful Australian films have included: Crocodile Dundee, Baz Luhrmann's Moulin Rouge!, Chris Noonan's Babe. Other award-winning productions include Picnic at Hanging Rock, The Tracker and Ten Canoes.

Australian actors of renown include Errol Flynn, Peter Finch, Rod Taylor, Paul Hogan, Jack Thompson, Bryan Brown, Judy Davis, Jacki Weaver, Geoffrey Rush, Hugo Weaving, Eric Bana, Guy Pearce, Hugh Jackman, Cate Blanchett, Ben Mendelsohn, Anthony LaPaglia, David Wenham, Nicole Kidman, Toni Collette, Rose Byrne, Sam Worthington, Heath Ledger, Abbie Cornish, Chris Hemsworth, Sarah Snook, Mia Wasikowska and Margot Robbie. Cinema in Australia is subject to censorship, called classification, though films may be refused classification, resulting in them being banned; the Australian film history has been characterized as one of'boom and bust' due to the unstable and cyclical nature of its industry. The Athanaeum Hall in Collins Street, was a dance hall from the 1880s, which from time to time would provide alternative entertainment to patrons. In October 1896, it exhibited the first movie film shown in Australia, within a year of the first public screening of a film in Paris on 28 December 1895 by the French Lumière brothers.

The Athanaeum would continue screenings. Some of the earliest movie film shot in Australia consisted of films of Aboriginal dancers in Central Australia, shot by anthropologists Baldwin Spencer and F. J. Gillen between 1900 and 1903, they pioneered sound recording on wax cylinders and shot their films under difficult conditions.he earliest feature length, narrative film in the world was the Australian-produced The Story of the Kelly Gang, shown at the Athenaeum. The film included several of his family; the film was exhibited in the United Kingdom, was commercially successful. Melbourne was home of one of the world's first film studios, the Limelight Department, operated by The Salvation Army between 1897 and 1910; the Limelight Department produced evangelical material for use by the Salvation Army, as well as private and government contracts. In its 19 years of operation, the Limelight Department produced about 300 films of various lengths, making it the largest film producer of its time; the major innovation of the Limelight Department came in 1899 when Herbert Booth and Joseph Perry began work on Soldiers of the Cross, described by some as the first feature-length film produced.

Soldiers of the Cross fortified the Limelight Department as a major player in the early film industry. The Limelight Department was commissioned to film the Federation of Australia; the 1910s was a "boom" period in Australian cinema. It began in the 1900s, 1910 saw 4 narrative films released 51 in 1911, 30 in 1912, 17 in 1913, back to 4 in 1914, when the beginning of World War I brought an end to film making. While these numbers may seem small, Australia was one of the most prolific film-producing countries at the time. In all, between 1906 and 1928, 150 narrative feature films were made, of which 90 were made between 1910 and 1912. There was a general consolidation in the early 1910s in the production and exhibition of films in Australia which saw by 1912 the merger of numerous independent producers into Australasian Films and Union Theaters which established control over film distributors and cinemas and required smaller producers to deal with the cartel; some view the arrangement as opening the way for American distributors in the 1920s to sign exclusive deals with Australian cinemas to exhibit only their products, thereby shutting out the local product and crippling the local film industry.

There are various other explanations for the decline of the industry in the 1920s. Some historians point to falling audience numbers, a lack of interest in Australian product and narratives, Australia's participation in the war. There was an official ban on bushranger films in 1912. With the suspension of local film production, Australian cinema chains sought alternative products in the United States and realised that Australian-produced films were much more expensive than the imported product, which were priced cheaply as production expenses had been recouped in the home market. To redress this imbalance, the federal government imposed a tax on imported film in 1914, but this was removed by 1918. Whatever the explanation, by 1923, American films dominated the Australian market with 94% of all exhibited films coming from that country. In 1930, F. W. Thring established the Efftee Studios based in Melbourne to make talking films using optical sound equipment imported from the USA; the first sound films produced were in 1931, when the company produced Diggers, A Co-respondent's Course (1931


Torngat is a Canadian indie band and instrumental music trio based in Montreal, Quebec. The members are horn player Pietro Amato, keyboardist Mathieu Charbonneau and percussionist Julien Poissant. Torngat was established in 2001; the band named themselves for the rugged Torngat Mountains to reflect the band's open and improvisational style of their music. The group released its first self-titled album the next year, they developed a stage show in which they exchange instruments during performances. Torngat in 2005 released La Rouge. During the spring of 2006, Torngat toured Eastern Canada. Torngat signed a two-album deal with Montreal experimental label Alien8 Recordings; the band recorded a full-length album You Could Be, released in September, 2007 and received positive reviews. That year the band performed at the Hillside Festival in Guelph. Pietro Amato - french horn Mathieu Charbonneau - Wurlitzer. Julien Poissant - percussion Torngat Live at The Bread Factory La Rouge You Could Be La Petite Nicole Citations Torngat Official site Torngat on MySpace National Post

Julio César Rodríguez Giménez

Julio César Rodríguez Giménez is a Paraguayan professional footballer who plays as a centre-forward for Sabah in the Azerbaijan Premier League. Rodríguez's first taste of senior football came in October 2010 as he was selected on the bench by Defensa y Justicia for a match against Tiro Federal in Primera B Nacional, he didn't make an appearance for the club until after his loan move to Primera C Metropolitana side Berazategui, he scored three goals in twenty-five games for Berazategui before making his Defensa y Justicia debut on 13 October 2012 in a defeat to Instituto. He went onto make twenty-four league appearances in 2012–13 for Defensa y Justicia before leaving the club and Argentine football to join Ascenso MX side Dorados de Sinaloa in 2013. Two goals in sixteen appearances followed, during which time Rodríguez spent time with Dorados' senior affiliate Liga MX team Tijuana on loan, he made just one appearance for Tijuana in a 6–0 home win over Honduran side Victoria in the 2013–14 CONCACAF Champions League.

In 2014, he completed a loan move to Argentine Primera División side Godoy Cruz. Sixteen games and three goals followed for him at Godoy. After his time in Mendoza, Rodríguez rejoined Defensa y Justicia on loan and subsequently scored six times in thirty-two matches in two seasons in Argentina's top tier for the Florencio Varela team.2016 saw Rodríguez make temporary moves to Unión Santa Fe and Arsenal de Sarandí. A year in August 2017, Rodríguez joined Primera B Nacional side Almagro. However, he soon returned to Dorados after contractual disagreements. In January 2018, Rodríguez signed for Paraguayan Primera División team Deportivo Capiatá, he scored on his debut for the club, netting the opening goal in a win over Deportivo Santaní on 25 February. He departed the end of the 2018 season. In January 2019, Rodríguez went to Azerbaijan to sign with top-flight Zira. Following nine goals in fourteen games in his first seven months, Rodríguez renewed his contract with Zira on 20 June 2019. On 29 January 2020, Rodríguez signed contract with Sabah FC on a season-long deal.

As of match played 19 December 2019. Julio César Rodríguez Giménez at Soccerway