The cinema of Mainland China is one of three distinct historical threads of Chinese-language cinema together with the cinema of Hong Kong and the cinema of Taiwan. Cinema was introduced in China in 1896 and the first Chinese film, Dingjun Mountain, was made in 1905. In the early decades the film industry was centred on Shanghai; the first sound film, Sing-Song Girl Red Peony, using the sound-on-disc technology, was made in 1931. The 1930s, considered the first "Golden Period" of Chinese cinema, saw the advent of the Leftist cinematic movement; the dispute between Nationalists and Communists was reflected in the films produced. After the Japanese invasion of China and the occupation of Shanghai, the industry in the city was curtailed, with filmmakers moving to Hong Kong and other places. A "Solitary Island" period began in Shanghai, where the filmmakers who remained worked in the foreign concessions. Princess Iron Fan, the first Chinese animated feature film, was released at the end of this period.
It influenced wartime Japanese animation and Osamu Tezuka. After being engulfed by the occupation in 1941, until the end of the war in 1945, the film industry in the city was under Japanese control. After the end of the war, a second golden age took place, with production in Shanghai resuming. Spring in a Small Town was named the best Chinese-language film at the 24th Hong Kong Film Awards. After the communist revolution in 1949, domestic films that were released and a selection of foreign films were banned in 1951, marking a tirade of film censorship in China. Despite this, movie attendance increased sharply. During the Cultural Revolution, the film industry was restricted, coming to a standstill from 1967 to 1972; the industry flourished following the end of the Cultural Revolution, including the "scar dramas" of the 1980s, such as Evening Rain, Legend of Tianyun Mountain and Hibiscus Town, depicting the emotional traumas left by the period. Starting in the mid to late 1980s, with films such as One and Eight and Yellow Earth, the rise of the Fifth Generation brought increased popularity to Chinese cinema abroad among Western arthouse audiences.
Films like Red Sorghum, The Story of Qiu Ju and Farewell My Concubine won major international awards. The movement ended after the Tiananmen Square protests of 1989; the post-1990 period saw the rise of the Sixth Generation and post-Sixth Generation, both making films outside the main Chinese film system which played on the international film festival circuit. Following the international commercial success of films such as Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon and Hero, the number of co-productions in Chinese-language cinema has increased and there has been a movement of Chinese-language cinema into a domain of large scale international influence. After The Dream Factory demonstrated the viability of the commercial model, with the growth of the Chinese box office in the new millennium, Chinese films have broken box office records and, as of January 2017, 5 of the top 10 highest-grossing films in China are domestic productions. Lost in Thailand was the first Chinese film to reach CN¥1 billion at the Chinese box office.
Monster Hunt was the first to reach CN¥2 billion. The Mermaid was the first to CN¥3 billion. Wolf Warrior 2 beat them out to become the highest-grossing film in China. China is the home of the largest movie & drama production complex and film studios in the world, the Oriental Movie Metropolis and Hengdian World Studios, in 2010 it had the third largest film industry by number of feature films produced annually. In 2012 the country became the second-largest market in the world by box office receipts. In 2016, the gross box office in China was CN¥45.71 billion. The country has the largest number of screens in the world since 2016, is expected to become the largest theatrical market by 2019. China has become a major hub of business for Hollywood studios. In November 2016, China passed a film law banning content deemed harmful to the “dignity and interests” of the People's Republic and encouraging the promotion of “socialist core values", approved by the National People's Congress Standing Committee.
Due to industry regulations, films are allowed to stay in theaters for one month. However, studios may apply to regulators to have the limit extended. Motion pictures were introduced to China in 1896. China was one of the earliest countries to be exposed to the medium of film, due to Louis Lumière sending his cameraman to Shanghai a year after inventing cinematography; the first recorded screening of a motion picture in China took place in Shanghai on August 11, 1896, as an "act" on a variety bill. The first Chinese film, a recording of the Peking opera, Dingjun Mountain, was made in November 1905 in Beijing. For the next decade the production companies were foreign-owned, the domestic film industry was centered on Shanghai, a thriving entrepot and the largest city in the Far East. In 1913, the first independent Chinese screenplay, The Difficult Couple, was filmed in Shanghai by Zheng Zhengqiu and Zhang Shichuan. Zhang Shichuan set up the first Chinese-owned film production company in 1916; the first full-length feature film was Yan Ruisheng released in 1921.
Which was a docudrama about the killing of a Shanghai courtesan, although it was too crude a film to be considered commercially successful. During the 1920s film technicians from the United States trained Chinese technicians in Shanghai, American influence continued to be felt there for the next two decades. Since film was still in its earliest stages of development, most Chinese silent films at thi
Keith John Hill is an English professional football manager and former player, the manager of League One club Bolton Wanderers. In a 16-year-long playing career, Hill was a centre back who represented Blackburn Rovers, Plymouth Argyle, Cheltenham Town and Morecambe. After retiring as a player, he went into coaching at Rochdale, was twice the club's manager until sacked in March 2019. Hill began his career with Blackburn Rovers, moving on to Plymouth Argyle in 1992 in a joint deal with Craig Skinner, with Nicky Marker moving in the opposite direction. Hill spent four years with Plymouth, moving on to Rochdale in 1996. After five years at Spotland, he joined Cheltenham Town, but he only spent a year there, playing only five matches, punctuated by a two-month loan with Wrexham, he spent a year with Football Conference club Morecambe. Following Hill's retirement from playing, he joined former club Rochdale's coaching staff, where he held the position of Director of Youth. On 17 December 2006, Hill was appointed following the sacking of Steve Parkin.
His first match in charge against Milton Keynes Dons ended a 2–1 loss and they were left in the League Two relegation zone. His first win came two matches into his reign, a 4–0 win over Boston United, which lifted them out of the relegation zone. After his second 4–0 win, Rochdale appointed Hill as permanent manager on 3 January 2007. Rochdale ended the season in ninth, despite being in the bottom three for the majority of the first half of the season. In his first full season as Dale boss, he took Rochdale to League Two play-off final, where they lost 3–2 against Stockport County, having defeated Darlington 5–4 on penalties in the semi-final; the 2008–09 season saw Hill take Rochdale to the play-offs for the second year in a row, but they were beaten 2–1 by Gillingham, the eventual winners. The next season saw improvement again, gaining automatic promotion, after a 1–0 win against Northampton Town on 17 April 2010. However, a dip in form near the end of the season saw Rochdale miss out on the League Two title, finishing third behind Notts County and Bournemouth.
Rochdale finished ninth in League One the following season. The 68 points gained meant the club had achieved their highest league finish since the 1969–70 season. Hill was given permission to talk to Championship club Barnsley about their vacant manager's job on 20 May 2011. Four days he chose to remain with Rochdale because "we are ambitious but we're happy in our work here." Hill changed his mind at the start of June and was appointed manager of Barnsley, with assistant David Flitcroft joining him. With a small budget at his disposal, Hill signed players from lower divisions. Rochdale players Matt Done and Scott Wiseman were among his first signings for Barnsley. Barnsley avoided relegation by one place in his first season in charge, with results having deteriorated following the sale of striker Ricardo Vaz Tê and long term injuries to influential midfielders Jacob Butterfield, Jim O'Brien and David Perkins in January. Hill was sacked by Barnsley on 29 December 2012, following a defeat by Blackburn.
Following the sacking of John Coleman Hill returned to manage Rochdale for a second spell on 22 January 2013. On 26 April 2014, Rochdale won 2 -- 0 against Cheltenham. On 31 August 2019, Hill was announced as the new manager of Bolton Wanderers. Hill said being the Bolton manager was his "dream job", and, to bolster a squad reliant on youth players, signed nine players before the transfer deadline closed on 2 September 2019. Hill did not take charge of the EFL Trophy match against Bradford City on 3 September 2019, as Bolton played the youth team for one last time, so Hill had Jimmy Phillips manage the match instead; this meant his first match was against Rotherham United on September 14. Bolton took an early lead from a Thibaud Verlinden goal, however Rotherham retaliated by scoring six goals and won the match 6-1; this was Bolton's fourth consecutive league loss by five goals. His first win came on 22 October, a 2–0 win against Bristol Rovers; as of match played 29 February 2020 Plymouth Argyle Football League Third Division play-off winner: 1995–96Cheltenham Town Football League Third Division play-off winner: 2001–02 Rochdale Football League Two promotion: 2009–10 Football League Two promotion: 2013–14 Keith Hill at Soccerbase
Tarakeshwar Sengupta was an Indian independence activist who took part in the Chittagong Armoury Raid. He was a member of revolutionary group of Masterda Surya Sen. Sengupta was born on 15 April 1905 in Gaila village of Barisal District, British India at present Bangladesh, in a Bengali middle-class family, he was inspired with the idea of patriotism in his family environment. Tarakeshwar Sengupta was a social workers, he was connected with Jugantar group in the Gaila branch. He was attached with the Sankar Math and Gaila Sevasram. Sengupta was imprisoned for a few months, he joined the Salt Satyagraha and was again arrested in D. I sent to Hijli Jail. On 16 September 1931 police shot and killed Tarakeshwar Sengupta along with Santosh Kumar Mitra in Hijli Detention Camp