The Circuit de Spa-Francorchamps is a motor-racing circuit located in Stavelot, Belgium. It is the current venue of the Formula One Belgian Grand Prix, hosting its first Grand Prix in 1925, has held a Grand Prix every year since 1985. Spa hosts several other international events including the 24 Hours of Spa and the World Endurance Championship 6 Hours of Spa-Francorchamps, the TCR Spa 500, it is home to the Uniroyal Fun Cup 25 Hours of Spa, one of the longest motor races in the world. The circuit has undergone several redesigns through its history, most extensively in 1979 when the track was modified and shortened from a 14.10 km circuit using public roads to a 6.95 km permanent circuit due to safety concerns with the old circuit. Despite its name, the circuit is not in Spa but lies in the vicinity of the town of Francorchamps within the boundaries of the municipality of Stavelot, with a part in the boundaries of Malmedy. Designed in 1920 by Jules de Thier and Henri Langlois Van Ophem, the original course used public roads between the Belgian towns of Francorchamps and Stavelot.
The track was intended to have hosted its inaugural race in August 1921, but this event had to be cancelled as there was only one entrant. The first car race was held at the circuit in 1922, 1924 saw the first running of the now famous 24 Hours of Francorchamps race; the circuit was first used for Grand Prix racing in 1925. The original Spa-Francorchamps circuit was a speed course, with drivers managing higher average speeds than on other race tracks. At the time, the Belgians took pride in having a fast circuit, to improve average speeds, in 1939 the former slow uphill U-turn at the bottom of the Eau Rouge creek valley, called the Ancienne Douane, was cut short with a faster sweep straight up the hill, called the Raidillon. At Eau Rouge, southbound traffic was allowed to use the famous uphill corner, while the opposite downhill traffic had to use the old road and U-turn behind the grandstands, rejoining the race track at the bottom of Eau Rouge; the old race track continued through the now-straightened Kemmel curves to the highest part of the track went downhill into Les Combes, a fast banked downhill left-hand corner towards Burnenville, passing this village in a fast right hand sweep.
Near Malmedy, the Masta straight began, only interrupted by the Masta Kink between farm houses before arriving at the town of Stavelot. The track progressed through an uphill straight section with a few bends called La Carriere, going through two high-speed turns before braking hard for the La Source hairpin, that rejoined the downhill start finish section. Spa is located in the Belgian Ardennes countryside, the old circuit was, still is, used as everyday public road, there were houses, electric poles and other obstacles located right next to the track. Before 1970, there were no safety modifications of any kind done to the circuit and the conditions of the circuit were, aside from a few straw bales identical to everyday civilian use. Former Formula One racing driver and team owner Jackie Oliver was quoted as saying "if you went off the road, you didn't know what you were going to hit". Spa-Francorchamps was the fastest road circuit in Europe at the time, it had a reputation for being dangerous and fast – it demanded calmness from drivers, most were frightened of it.
The old Spa circuit was unique in that speeds were high with hardly any let-up at all for three to four minutes. This made it an extraordinarily difficult mental challenge, because most of the corners were taken at more than 180 miles per hour and were not quite flat – every corner was as important as the one before it. If a driver lifted the throttle more than expected whole seconds, not tenths, would be lost; the slightest error of any kind carried multiple harsh consequences, but this worked inversely: huge advantages could be gained if a driver came out of a corner faster. Like the Nürburgring and Le Mans circuits, which ran on public roads, Spa became notorious for fatal accidents. At the 1960 Belgian Grand Prix, two drivers, Chris Bristow and Alan Stacey, were killed within 15 minutes and Stirling Moss had crashed at Burnenville during practice and was injured; when Armco crash barriers were added to the track in 1970, deaths became less frequent, but the track was still notorious for other factors.
The Ardennes forest had unpredictable weather and there were parts where it was raining and the track was wet, other parts where the sun was shining and the track was dry. This factor was a commonality on long circuits, but the unpredictable weather at Spa, combined with the fact that it was a track with all but one corner being high-speed, made it one of the most dangerous race tracks in the world; as a result, the Formula 1 and motorcycle Grands Prix and 1000 km sportscar races saw smaller than usual fields at Spa because most drivers and riders feared the circuit and did not like racing there. Multiple fatalities during the 1973 and 1975 24 Hours of Spa touring car races more or less sealed the old circuit's fate, by 1978, the last year Spa was in its original form, the only major races held there were the Belgian motorcycle Grand Prix and the Spa 24 Hours touring car race.
Azusa 13 is a street gang based in Azusa in the eastern San Gabriel Valley area of Los Angeles. Started in the 1960s, it is now one of the most aggressive Sureño street gangs claiming around 500 active members. Azusa 13 claims all of Azusa. Like many other Mexican gangs, the 13 in the name stands for the letter "M", indicating its affiliation with the Mexican Mafia; the gang is known to tax drug sales in the area and funnels money to the Mexican Mafia. The gang has been involved in terrorizing African American residents in Los Angeles. 51 members of the Azusa 13 street gang have been indicted and convicted since 2011 for “terrorizing” African Americans in Azusa. In 2013, Santiago “Chico” Rios, a leader of the gang, was sentenced to 19 years and seven months in prison by U. S. District Judge Gary A. Feess, according to the Times, his hearing impaired son, Louie “Lil Chico” Rios, was given a 10-year sentence. Both had pleaded guilty to conspiring to attack African Americans and chase them out Azusa, a gang policy established in 1992, the paper said.
The attacks by this gang have been described as a campaign of ethnic cleansing by the Southern Poverty Law Center. Much of the racially inspired murder and mayhem was and is being directed from far away from the streets and hills of Los Angeles; as the Intelligence Report detailed in the Winter 2006 issue the powerful Mexican Mafia, a prison-based gang, had given the “green light” to the many Latino gangs it controls in Southern California to terrorize and murder black people as part of the effort to drive them out
Ryan John Seacrest is an American radio personality, television host, producer. Seacrest is known for hosting the competition show American Idol, the syndicated countdown program American Top 40, iHeartMedia's KIIS-FM morning radio show On Air with Ryan Seacrest. In 2006 Seacrest became executive producer of Dick Clark's New Year's Rockin' Eve. Seacrest remained a co-host and executive producer following Clark's death in 2012, he began co-hosting Live with Kelly and Ryan on a permanent basis May 1, 2017. Seacrest received Emmy Award nominations for American Idol from 2004 to 2013, again in 2016, he won an Emmy for producing Jamie Oliver's Food Revolution in 2010 and was nominated again in 2012. In 2018, Seacrest received nominations for Live with Kelly and Ryan in Outstanding Talk Show Entertainment as well as Outstanding Entertainment Talk Show Host. Ryan Seacrest was born on December 24, 1974, in Atlanta, the son of Constance Marie, a homemaker, Gary Lee Seacrest, a real estate lawyer, his father served as a Lieutenant in the US Army and his grandfather, Henry Gene Skeen, was a Major General in the US Army.
His mother told the Atlanta Journal-Constitution, "Instead of playing with G. I. Joes or Cowboys and Indians, Ryan would always have a little microphone and do shows in the house."At age 14, he attended Dunwoody High School. At age 16, while still attending high school, Seacrest won an internship at 94.1 WSTR, in Atlanta, with Tom Sullivan, who trained him in the many aspects of radio. When a regular DJ called in sick, Sullivan put him on the air for the first show of his broadcasting career. Seacrest was given the weekend overnight shift at WSTR. Seacrest continued to work on air at WSTR until graduating from Dunwoody High in 1992. Seacrest went on to study journalism at the University of Georgia in fall 1992, he continued his radio show at a local Athens station. Seacrest moved to Hollywood to pursue his broadcasting career. In May 2016, Seacrest was awarded an honorary Doctor of Humane Letters degree from the University of Georgia and gave the commencement speech at the graduation ceremony. In 1993, Seacrest hosted the first season of ESPN's Radical Outdoor Challenge.
He hosted three kids' game shows, Gladiators 2000 from 1994 to 1996, Wild Animal Games in 1995, Click in 1997. Seacrest appeared as the host of the fictional game show Lover's Lane on Beverly Hills, 90210 in "The Final Proof". In the fall and winter of 2000, Seacrest was the host of The NBC Saturday Night Movie. During commercial breaks, he offered trivia on the film and a chance to win prizes by answering online on NBCi. In 2001, he hosted a reality television program, Ultimate Revenge, where elaborate practical jokes were played on family and friends instigated by their own relatives and friends, it was shown on TNN from 2001 to 2003. In 2002, Seacrest accepted the position as co-host of a new Fox reality television series American Idol with comedian Brian Dunkleman; the following year, he became the sole host. When the show increased in popularity, seen by some 26 million viewers weekly, Seacrest became recognizable around the world. In 2003, Seacrest hosted American Juniors. In July 2009, Seacrest inked a deal with CKX for $45 million to continue to host American Idol, making him the highest paid reality television host at that time.
In April 2012, he signed a two-year, $30 million deal to stay on as host of American Idol. In May 2014, Deadline Hollywood reported that Seacrest had signed a one-year deal with the option of another year, he remained host of the series until the end of its run in April 2016. The following May, it was announced that ABC had won a multi-network bidding war for the rights to the show. On July 20, 2017, Seacrest announced on Live with Kelly & Ryan that he would be the host of an Idol reboot, his initial multi-year deal was reported to be worth over $10 million. In August 2005, it was announced that Seacrest would become executive producer and co-host of ABC's Dick Clark's New Year's Rockin' Eve. On December 31, 2005, Seacrest performed much of the show's hosting duties. Dick Clark's role was limited by mobility issues due to his recovery from a stroke. Seacrest occasionally served as a substitute host on the CNN television program Larry King Live, co-emceed Larry King's final show with Bill Maher on December 16, 2010.
In 2009, ABC renamed the program Dick Clark's New Year's Rockin' Eve With Ryan Seacrest, to reflect Seacrest's role. The 40th Dick Clark’s New Year's Rockin’ Eve, co-hosted by Ryan Seacrest, delivered ABC's biggest New Years' numbers in twelve years, with 22.6 million viewers. When Dick Clark died, Seacrest publicly remembered his mentor's impact on his life in a special tribute in The Hollywood Reporter. After Clark's death, Seacrest hosted the 2013 edition of Dick Clark's New Year's Rockin' Eve with co-hosts Jenny McCarthy and Fergie paying tribute to Dick Clark in the pre-show. In October 2013, Seacrest signed a multi-year contract extension with Dick Clark Productions to continue as host and executive producer of Dick Clark's New Year's Rockin' Eve. In 2017, Seacrest hosted Dick Clark's New Year's Rockin' Eve for the 13th consecutive year alongside Jenny McCarthy, who had co-hosted for eight years. In January 2006, US cable channel E! announced a three-year, $21 million deal for Seacrest to host various programs, including E!
News and its red carpet awards show coverages. In April 2012, Seacrest signed a deal with NBCUniversal expanding his on-air role beyond E! to NBC. He contributed to the Today Show, Olympics coverage, entertainment programming, as well as news and other special events. Seacrest will remain managing editor of E! News and host and prod