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The citron is a large fragrant citrus fruit with a thick rind. It is one of the original citrus fruits from which all other citrus types developed through natural hybrid speciation or artificial hybridization. Though citron cultivars take on a wide variety of physical forms, they are all related genetically, it is used in Asian cuisine, in traditional medicines and for religious rituals and offerings. Hybrids of citrons with other citrus are commercially prominent, notably many limes; the fruit's English name "citron" derives from Latin, the origin of the genus name. A source of confusion is that citron in French and English are false friends, as the French word refers to the lemon. Indeed, into the 16th century, the English name citron included the lemon and the lime as well. In Italian it is known as cedro, the same name used to indicate the coniferous tree cedar. In Persian languages, it is called turunj, as against naranj. Both names were borrowed into Arabic and introduced into Spain and Portugal after their occupation by Muslims in AD 711, whence it became the source of the name orange.

In Syria it is called kabbad. In Chinese, it is known as Xiāngyuán. In Hebrew, the citron is known as etrog. In Gujarati it is called bijora. In Marathi, it is considered sacred; the citron is an original citrus species. There is molecular evidence that most cultivated citrus species arose by hybridization of a small number of ancestral types, including citron, mandarin and to a lesser extent and kumquat; the citron is fertilized by self-pollination. This results in them displaying a high degree of genetic homozygosity, it is the male parent of any citrus hybrid rather than a female one; the citron is thought to have been native to India, in valleys at the foothills of the eastern Himalayas. It is thought that by the 4th century BC, when Theophrastus mentions the "Persian or Median apple", the citron was cultivated in the Persian Gulf on its way to the Mediterranean basin, where it was cultivated during the centuries in different areas as described by Erich Isaac. Many mention the role of Alexander the Great and his armies as they attacked Persia and what is today Pakistan, as being responsible for the spread of the citron westward, reaching the European countries such as Greece and Italy.

Leviticus mentions the "fruit of the beautiful tree" as being required for ritual use during the Feast of Tabernacles. According to Rabbinical tradition, the "fruit of the tree hadar" refers to the citron; the Egyptologist and archaeologist Victor Loret claimed to have identified it depicted on the walls of the botanical garden at the Karnak Temple, which dates back to the time of Thutmosis III 3,500 years ago. The citron has been cultivated since ancient times, predating the cultivation of other citrus species; the following description on citron was given by Theophrastus In the east and south there are special plants... i.e. in Media and Persia there are many types of fruit, between them there is a fruit called Median or Persian Apple. The tree has a leaf similar to and identical with that of the andrachn, but has thorns like those of the apios or the firethorn, except that they are white, smooth and strong; the fruit is not eaten, but is fragrant, as is the leaf of the tree. It is useful when one has drunk deadly poison, for when it is administered in wine.

It is useful to improve the breath, for if one boils the inner part of the fruit in a dish or squeezes it into the mouth in some other medium, it makes the breath more pleasant. The seed is removed from the fruit and sown in the spring in tilled beds, it is watered every fourth or fifth day; as soon the plant is strong it is transplanted in the spring, to a soft, well watered site, where the soil is not fine, for it prefers such places. And it bears its fruit at all seasons, for when some have gathered, the flower of the others is on the tree and is ripening others. Of the flowers I have said those that have a sort of distaff projecting from the middle are fertile, while those that do not have this are sterile, it is sown, like date palms, in pots punctured with holes. This tree, as has been remarked, grows in Persia. Citron was described by Pliny the Elder, who called it nata Assyria malus; the following is from his book Natural History: There is another tree with the same name of "citrus," and bears a fruit, held by some persons in particular dislike for its smell and remarkable bitterness.

This tree is used as an ornament to houses. The citron tree, called the Assyrian, by some the Median apple, is an antidote against poisons; the leaf is similar to that of the arbute. As to the fruit, it is never eaten, but it is remarkable for its powerful smell, the case with the leaves; the tree bears fruit at all seasons of the year.

If I Don't Stay the Night

If I Don't Stay the Night is the second studio album from American country singer Mindy McCready. The album was released on November 1997 via BNA Records; the album peaked at number 12 on the Billboard Top Country Albums chart and featured three singles, "What If I Do", "The Other Side of This Kiss", "You'll Never Know". The album sold 825,000 copies and was certified gold by the RIAA, despite not producing a Top Ten country hit; the track "Oh Romeo" crossed over the United Kingdom. From liner notes. MusiciansBob Bellamy - hammer dulcimer Richard "Spady" Brannan - bass guitar Kathy Burdick - background vocals Larry Byrom - acoustic guitar Paul Franklin - pedal steel guitar Rob Hajacos - fiddle Dann Huff - electric guitar Jeff King - electric guitar Michael Landau - electric guitar Paul Leim - drums, percussion B. James Lowry - acoustic guitar David Malloy - background vocals Larry Marrs - background vocals Brent Mason - electric guitar Mindy McCready - lead vocals Jimmy Nichols - keyboards, background vocals, string arrangements on tracks 7, 9, 11Additional background vocals on "Oh Romeo": Cynthia French, Randi Michaels, Kim Parent, Melissa Ashworth TechnicalDerek Bason - recording Kevin Beamish - recording, mixing David Malloy - production Denny Purcell - mastering

Erika Csomor

Erika Csomor is a Hungarian triathlete and duathlete. In 1998 she ran the marathon race at the European Championships, ending up in 36th place with a total time of 2:48:37. In 2001, she won the silver medal at the Duathlon Long Distance World Championships. In that same year she became World Champion in the ITU Duathlon World Championships held in Italy. In 2002, she was unable to defend her title, but still managed to take the silver. Two years at the 2004 ITU Duathlon World Championships in Geel, Belgium she became World Champion for the second time in her career. In 2004 she would win the bronze medal at the Duathlon Long Distance World Championships in Denmark, she won the silver medal at the 2007 Triathlon Long Distance World Championships in Lorient behind Leanda Cave. On 29 March 2008, she won the Ford Ironman 70.3 California with a time of 4:23:07, beating 2006 Ironman Hawaii champion Michellie Jones and 2006 Ironman 70.3 champion Samantha McGlone. On 13 July 2008 she came second in the ironman-distance Quelle Challenge Roth, in a time of 8:47:05, beating Paula Newby-Fraser's world record time of 8:50:53 set in 1994, but behind Yvonne van Vlerken's winning time of 8:45:48.

TeamTBB profile Erika Csomor's blog Profile California Ironman


Cyberjaya is a town with a science park as the core that forms a key part of the Multimedia Super Corridor in Malaysia. It is located in Selangor. Cyberjaya is adjacent to, developed along with Putrajaya, Malaysia's new seat of government; this town aspires to be known as the Silicon Valley of Malaysia. The official opening ceremony for Cyberjaya was held in May 1997 by the Prime Minister, Mahathir bin Mohamad. Many Multi National Company and Data Centre is located here. Cyberjaya, about 26 km from downtown Kuala Lumpur, is located in the Sepang District in southern Selangor state, located in the mukim of Dengkil, it is adjacent to the Federal Territory of Putrajaya, the administrative capital of the government of Malaysia. Cyberjaya is located in the middle of the Langat valley, about halfway between Kajang and Banting, about 20 km north of the Kuala Lumpur International Airport and 40 km northwest of Seremban. Other adjacent towns include Puchong, Seri Kembangan, Putra Heights and Bangi; until 1975, what is today Cyberjaya and Dengkil were under the administration of Hulu Langat district.

On the site of today's Cyberjaya once stood an estate, known as Prang Besar estate. The idea of an IT-themed city, arose out of a study by management consultancy McKinsey for the Multimedia Super Corridor commissioned by the Federal Government of Malaysia in 1995; the implementation agency was the Town & Country Planning Department of the Ministry of Housing and Local Government. The catalyst is the agreement by NTT in 1996 to site an R&D center at a site to the west of the new Malaysian administration center, Putrajaya. Multimedia Development Corporation, the agency overseeing the implementation of the MSC was located in Cyberjaya to oversee the creation; the real estate implementation was privatised to Cyberview Sdn Bhd in early 1997. At the time, Cyberview was set up a joint-venture comprising entities such as Setia Haruman Sdn Bhd, Nippon Telephone and Telegraph, Golden Hope, MDeC, Permodalan Nasional Berhad and Kumpulan Darul Ehsan Berhad, representative of the Selangor Government. SHSB, a consortium comprising Renong, Landmarks, MKLand and Country Heights, was asked to take the lead regarding the development.

Federal government linked companies Telekom Malaysia and Tenaga Nasional were conscripted to provide the telecommunication and power supply infrastructure. The ambitious plan was to develop the first phase, comprising 1,430 hectares by year 2006, with the remaining 1,460 hectares to be developed after year 2011; the engineering management consultant, Pengurusan Lebuhraya Bhd was appointed to manage the construction of utilities and infrastructure, overseeing major construction firms of Peremba and United Engineers Malaysia. However, due to the late 1997 Asian Financial Crisis, the undertaking was deemed no longer viable and necessitated the Government taking over of the 55% and 15% stake in Cyberview shares held by SHSB and NTT via the Ministry of Finance Inc; the transaction gave MOF Inc a 70% stake and Cyberview has remained a government-owned company since. Cyberview entered into an agreement with SHSB with shareholders comprising Country Heights Holdings Berhad, Menara Embun and Renong with equal shares of 25%.

In 2004, CHHB and Landmarks sold their equity interest in SHSB to MKLand-controlled companies, namely Modern Eden, Impressive Circuits and Virtual Path, resulting in MKLand-controlled companies becoming the majority shareholder of SHSB. Cyberview's role grew to include implementing various development and government initiatives, while SHSB carried on its role as the master developer. In addition to this, Cyberview was tasked to undertake citywide maintenance and spearhead investor interface and community-centric programmes in Cyberjaya. In 2014, efforts went underway to reposition Cyberjaya from Malaysia's first cybercity to a global technology hub. Spanning an area of about 28.94 square kilometres, the town is the nucleus of the Multimedia Super Corridor, now known as MSC Malaysia. The site for Cyberjaya was undeveloped land consisting of oil palm plantations, it has since seen extensive building activities including a boutique hotel, numerous commercial buildings, offices for MSC Status companies, universities, a community club and the headquarters for the local council.

It was built to be the city of the future. The Multimedia Development Corporation, the agency tasked with spearheading the MSC's progress, has its headquarters in the heart of Cyberjaya. Setia Haruman undertakes the development of properties such as office buildings, retail space and apartment suites to meet the market’s demand. Apart from being a Master Developer of Cyberjaya, Setia Haruman wears the hat as a Property Developer and have constructed commercial and enterprise buildings to meet the demands of the thriving community in Cyberjaya. A number of companies who qualify for MSC incentives have relocated their operations to Cyberjaya. Among them are Huawei, T-systems, Dell, HP, DHL, Wipro, HSBC, Motorola, OCBC, BMW, IBM, Shell IT,, Vivanova Systems, the Response Centre of the Anti Money Laundering Network and others. Over 500 MSC Status companies have located their operations here, making the township a growing area. Today, Cyberjaya is home for several government agencies such as Malaysian Dep


Borgåsgubben is a 10-foot-tall male figure statue made of different sizes of stone-bricks put together. He stands on top of a mountain called Borgåsen, in Blomskog, Årjäng, Sweden. Why he was put there is unknown, it was supposed to give those attacking a vision of a living guard post. It was built in times of war between Sweden and Norway around 1600-1700. Many believe that the stone statue was made by soldiers called caroleans, soldiers that served in the army under the Swedish King Charles XII's rule. Charles and his soldiers were passing by and were on their way to Fredriksten fortress in Norway when they stopped in Blomskog. To celebrate the millennium, the people of Blomskog made a new memorial and gave Borgåsgubben a 3.5-foot-tall wife. She is called Stenfrun - The Stonelady. On some unknown tourist gave them a son. You can find him next to the Stonelady; the area around Blomskog, the whole of Värmland has a lot of history. In the 16th-century it was poor, a war-feud between Sweden and Norway led to the border towns on the Swedish side being burned down several times.

There is a book by Olle Högstrand printed in 1979 called "När hela socknen brann" which describes how society looked when the statue was made. During the ensuing years people have used the hill as an escape allowing refugees to feel safe and protected. Borgåsgubben stands in the middle of an ancient castle, but the only thing still remaining is a 50 meter long low stone wall on the mountain's southern slope, where the entrance is. The steep mountain sides have served as a natural protection, it is considered. In times of sacrifices places like this have been used by refugees. People used it to guard roads and sea transports. Another possibility is, it has an ancestral number 39: 1 in Blomskog Latitude: 59.2884 degrees north, longitude: 12.0852 degrees east. List of others ancient castle ruins in Värlmand; the area of Årjäng has since ancient times been important, here lies one of the country's main roads across the border to Norway. The significance was prominent during Karl XII's time, which left many trails in the country.

Rumor has it. During World War II there was a watchtower located on the mountain; the post was guarded on the lookout for attacks from German aircraft. While standing in that tower looking at the forest west of Lennartsfors one is able to see Norway. On Källtegen's mountain you can find two wheeled crosses engraved, they were made by guards who were stationed there. Nowadays you could say. For a part of the local population, the old man is more meaningful for others. If you have your roots here, the story of the mountain, the castle and the stone statue is part of their legacy. Tourist visit the figure Borgåsgubben, not just because of him, but for the beautiful nature around him. On the hilltop you have a great view of Lake Västra Silen. What we know about the mountain and its history is just the tip of the iceberg. Locals residents have found names engraved from both soldiers and people who used to live in the neighborhood. It's expected. Directions from Årjäng: Drive road 172 towards Bengtsfors about 12 km, turn right at the sign Blomskog.

Continue about 2.5 km. The figure is visible a long way before reaching the height. There is a small parking lot here at the beginning of the mountain slope. You can park your car here and you have to walk by foot to reach Borgåsgubben. Map: 59° 17′ 19.2″ N, 12° 05′ 07.2″ E Lill-Ingmars

Eastern Slovak Hills

The East Slovak Hills translated as Eastern Slovak Upland, is the higher, mountain-like part of the Eastern Slovak Lowland. It is a strip of hilly land surrounding the Eastern Slovak Flat along the neighbouring volcanic mountains of the Carpathians. Important towns: Michaľany, Vranov nad Topľou, Strážske, Michalovce. Division: Podslanská pahorkatina Toplianska niva Vranovská pahorkatina Ondavská niva Pozdišovský chrbát Laborecká niva Podvihorlatská pahorkatina Zálužická pahorkatina Petrovské podhorie An important recreation area is the Zemplínska šírava Dam. Alkaline salty springs can be found at the Byšta health resort. Other springs are at Veľaty and Kazimír; the areas is used for agriculture