City Council of Milan

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Consiglio Comunale di Milano
Coat of arms or logo
Type
Type
Leadership
President
Lamberto Bertolè, PD
Since 7 July 2016
Structure
Seats 48
Consiglio Comunale Milano.svg
Political groups


     Mayoral majority (29)

  •      PD (22)
  •      NM (5)
  •      SI (2)

Opposition Parties (19)

  •      FI (10)
  •      LN (4)
  •      M5S (3)
  •      NCD (1)
  •      PRC (1)
Elections
Last election
5 June 2016
Next election
No later than June 2021
Meeting place
5249MilanoPalMarino.JPG
Palazzo Marino in Piazza della Scala
Website
Comune di Milano.it

The City Council of Milan (Italian: Consiglio Comunale di Milano ) is the top-tier administrative body of the municipality of Milan, Lombardy, Italy. It consists of the elected Mayor of Milan and an elected 48-member assembly. It represents a legislative body which can also control Mayor's policy guidelines and be able to enforce his resignation by a motion of no confidence.

The City Council is elected for a five-years term and is based on a direct choice for the candidate with a preference vote: the candidate with the majority of the preferences is elected. The number of the seats for each party is determined by a mechanism of majority bonus.

The City Council meets at Palazzo Marino, seated in Piazza della Scala.

Composition[edit]

The Council meeting room.

The political system of the Comuni of Italy was changed in 1993, when a semi-presidential system for the mayoral election was introduced. If until that year the Council was elected under a pure proportional system and the Council had the power to elect and dismiss the Mayor of Milan, since 1993 the Mayor and the Council are jointly elected by citizens, with an electoral law that assures to the elected Mayor a political majority in the Council.

Under this system, the election of the Mayor is prior over the election of the Council. Voters express a direct choice for the Mayor or an indirect choice voting for the party of the candidate's coalition and this gives a result whereby the winning candidate is able to claim majority support in the new Council. The candidate who is elected Mayor has always a majority of 62% of seats (29 seats) in the City Council, which will support him during his term. The seats for each party of the coalition which wins the majority is determined proportionally.

In this type of system, the Council is generally elected for a five-year term, but, if the Mayor suffers a vote of no confidence, resigns or dies, under the simul stabunt, simul cadent clause introduced in 1993 (literally they will stand together or they will fall together), also the Council is dissolved and a snap election is called.

The City Committee (Italian: giunta comunale), the executive body of the city, chosen and presided directly by the Mayor, is generally composed by members of the City Council, which lost their membership into the assembly.

Functions[edit]

The Council acts as the supreme legislative body of the city. It is convened and chaired by a speaker (president del consiglio comunale) appointed by the Council itself.

The Council can decide over programs and public works projects, institution and system of taxes, the general rules for the use of goods and services, forecasting and reporting financial statements. Resolution basic acts attributed by law to its competence are the municipal statute, the regulations, the general criteria on the structure of offices and services.

After the creation of the Metropolitan City of Milan in 2015, which with its Metropolitan Council has the power to coordinate the municipalities around Milan in providing basic services (including transport, school and social programs) and environment protection as the old Province of Milan did, the 2016 municipal administrative reform delegated to the 9 administrative Boroughs Councils of Milan some advisory functions related to local services, such as schools, social services, waste collection, roads, parks, libraries and local commerce.

City Hall[edit]

The City Council is seated at Palazzo Marino, a 16th-century palace located in Piazza della Scala, in the centre of Milan, Italy. Palazzo Marino has been Milan's city hall since 9 September 1861. It borders on Piazza San Fedele, Piazza della Scala, Via Case Rotte[1] and Via Tommaso Marino.

The palace was built for, and is named after, the Genoan trader and banker Tommaso Marino. It became a property of the State in 1781.

Speakers[edit]

This is a list of the speakers (Italian: presidenti del consiglio comunale) of the City Council since the 1993 electoral reform:

Name Period Legislature start date
Maria Letizia Gilardelli (LN) 20 July 1993 12 May 1997 20 June 1993
Massimo De Carolis (FI) 16 June 1997 14 May 2001 12 May 1997
Vincenzo Giudice (FI) 24 May 2001 30 May 2006 14 May 2001
Manfredi Palmeri (FI) 9 June 2006 1 June 2011 30 May 2006
Basilio Rizzo (PRC) 20 June 2011 21 June 2016 1 June 2011
Lamberto Bertolè (PD) 7 July 2016 21 June 2016

Political composition[edit]

Historical composition[edit]

Election DC PCI PSI PLI PRI PSDI MSI Others Majority
7 April 1946 22 20 29 6 2 0 0 1 PSI - PCI - DC
27 May 1951 30 13 8 6 2 15 4 2 DC - PSDI
27 May 1956 25 15 16 5 0 10 4 3 DC - PSDI
6 November 1960 25 17 17 6 0 8 5 2 DC - PSDI - PSI
22 November 1964 20 18 13 17 0 7 4 1 DC - PSDI - PSI
7 June 1970 22 19 12 9 4 8 4 2 DC - PSDI - PSI
15 June 1975 22 25 12 3 4 5 6 3 PCI - PSI - PSDI
8 June 1980 22 22 16 5 3 4 5 3 PCI - PSI - PSDI
12 May 1985 20 21 16 3 8 2 6 4 DC - PSI - PRI
6 May 1990 17 16 16 0 5 0 3 23 DC - PSI - PRI
Election Majority Opposition Total Mayor
6 June 1993 36 LN 6 PRC
5 PDS
5 DC
3 Segni Pact
1 The Network
1 Greens
2 Socialists
1 MSI
60 FORMENTINI Marco.jpg Marco Formentini
27 April 1997 25 FI
10 AN
1 CCD
10 PDS
8 LN
4 PRC
1 PPI
1 Greens
60 Gabriele Albertini.jpg Gabriele Albertini
13 May 2001 25 FI
7 AN
3 LN
1 CCD
10 DS
6 DL
3 PRC
3 IdV
1 Greens
1 Others
60
28 May 2006 27 FI
6 AN
2 LN
1 UDC
19 The Olive Tree
2 PRC
2 Greens
1 Others
60 Letizia Moratti.jpg Letizia Moratti
15 May 2011 20 PD
4 SEL
2 FdS
2 IdV
1 RI
13 PdL
4 LN
1 UDC
1 M5S
48 Giuliano Pisapia in Piazza Scala a Milano, 27 giugno 2012.jpg Giuliano Pisapia

Current composition[edit]

Election Majority Opposition Total Mayor
5 June 2016 22 PD
5 NM
2 SI
10 FI
4 LN
3 M5S
1 NCD
1 PRC
48 Giuseppe Sala.jpeg Giuseppe Sala
e • d Summary of the 5 June 2016 Milan City Council election results
Parties and coalitions Votes % Seats
Democratic Party (Partito Democratico) PD 145,933 28.97 22
Left for Milan (Sinistra per Milano) SpM 19,281 3.83 2
Italy of Values (Italia dei Valori) IdV 3,454 0.69 0
Others 38,674 7.68 5
Sala coalition (Left) 207,342 41.16 29
Forza Italia FI 101,802 20.21 9
Lega Nord LN 59,313 11.77 4
New Centre-Right (Nuovo Centro-Destra) NCD 15,803 3.14 1
Brothers of Italy (Fratelli d'Italia) FdI 12,197 2.42 0
Pensioners' Party (Partito Pensionati) PP 2,164 0.43 0
Others 15,215 3.02 1
Parisi coalition (Right) 206,494 40.99 15
Five Star Movement (Movimento Cinque Stelle) M5S 52,376 10.40 3
Milan in Common (Milano in Comune) MC 17,635 3.50 1
Italian Radicals (Radicali Italiani) RI 9,390 1.86 0
Others 10,484 2.08 0
Total 503,721 100.00 48
Votes cast / turnout 516,331 51.28
Registered voters 1,006,701
Source: Municipality of Milan - Electoral Service

Note: if a defeated candidate for Mayor obtained over 3% of votes, he/she is automatically elected city councilor.

The candidate elected Major is not a member of the City Council, but has the right to vote in the City Council; if Stefano Parisi, who was elected in the City Council as the candidate of the first defeated coalition, will resign, his seat in the City Council will pass to Riccardo De Corato (former Deputy Major from 1997 to 2011), first candidate of Brothers of Italy (FdI), because this list is the first list in the coalition under the electoral threshold.

Popular vote
PD
28.97%
FI
20.20%
LN
11.77%
M5S
10.39%
NM
7.67%
SpM
3.82%
MC
3.50%
NCD
3.13%
Others
10.55%
Council Seats
PD
45.83%
FI
18.75%
NM
10.42%
LN
8.33%
M5S
6.25%
SpM
4.12%
MC
2.1%
NCD
2.1%
Others
2.1%
Popular vote (coalition)
Left (Sala)
41.16%
Right (Parisi)
40.99%
M5S
10.06%
MC
3.56%
Council Seats (coalition)
Left (Sala)
60.42%
Right (Parisi)
31.25%
M5S
6.25%
MC
2.10%

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ In the courtyard of a house in Via Case Rotte there is a plaque mentioning the palace and its founder Tommaso Marino; see [1]