Dragon Fountain, Copenhagen
The Dragon Fountain is a fountain located in the City Hall Square in Copenhagen, Denmark. It was designed by Joakim Skovgaard in collaboration with Thorvald Bindesbøll, the fountain stands just under 7 metres tall and the basin has a diameter of 3.1 metres. The central motif of the fountain is a bull fighting a dragon, on the edge of the basin sit three water-spraying dragons. Other decorations on the basin are inspired by Ancient Greek ornamentation, the design was originally created as an entry in the competition for a new monument on Amagertorv. Skovgaard conceived the idea and made the first model in 1889. It was modified by Bindesbøll before Skovgaard created the final drawings, the competition was not won by Skovgaard and Bindesbøll but by Edvard Petersen and Vilhelm Bissen with their Stork Fountain. In connection with the Town Hall Exhibition in 1901, which was dedicated to Danish art from before 1890, it was decided to realize Skovgaards, the project was supported by Forenignen til Hovedstadens Forskønnelse and the Eibeschütz Grant as well as a few other foundations.
The site on the City Hall Square had originally intended for the Gefion Fountain. The Dragon Fountains first part, without the animal group, was inaugurated in 1904. It was vigorously criticized by the press and became known as The spittoon among the residents of Copenhagen. The fountain was surrounded by a low, outer basin in 1908, a plaster model of the central composition was on display in the fountain from 31 May until 7 June 1915. A bronze cast was created in Lauritz Rasmussens bronze workshop. Andersens Boulevard, until known as Vestre Boulevard, was expanded, the Dragon Fountain had to be moved 25 metres and the outer basin was removed. In 1974, it was placed on Brønshøj Torv but removed again in 2001 and it has been proposed to move the fountain again to a new location on the square with the outer basin. List of public art in Copenhagen Dragon Fountain Details Source
Vilhelm Klein was a Danish architect who adopted the Historicist approach, frequently emulating the so-called Rosenborg style and the Italian Renaissance style. Born in Copenhagen, he first trained as a stonemason before studying at the Royal Danish Academy of Fine Arts where he was awarded the silver medal in 1856. From 1851 to 1856, he worked as a draftsman for Michael Gottlieb Bindesbøll who he considered to have been his main instructor. From 1857 to 1862, he worked as a designer for Ferdinand Meldahl who influenced his style. He worked for Johan Daniel Herholdt during the construction of Selchausdal Manor in Kalundborg, Klein was particularly fond of the Rosenborg style based on the Dutch Renaissance trends under Christian IV, crediting Bindesbøll for its prominent place in Danish architecture. From 1866 to 1872, he undertook substantial extensions to Bindesbølls Lægeforeningens boliger social housing development in Copenhagens Østerbro, vilhelm Klein is listed in the Danish Culture Canon together with Michael Gottlieb Bindesbøll in connection with the social housing development in Lægeforeningens boliger—Brumleby
Vesterbrogade is the main shopping street of the Vesterbro district of Copenhagen, Denmark. The 1.5 km long street runs from the City Hall Square in the east to Pile Allé in Frederiksberg in the west where it turns into Roskildevej, on its way, it passes Copenhagen Central Station as well as the small triangular square Vesterbros Torv. It is one of four such -bro streets, the other being Nørrebrogade, Østerbrogade and Amagerbrogade, vesterbroghade originates in the 12th-century country road that led in and out of Copenhagens Western City Gate. The road passed Sankt Jørgens Bæk on its way to Valby, on 20 August 1624, Christian IV ordered that the road be cobbled, first to Vernedamsvej and all the way to Valby. The road was at this point called Alvejen (The Public Road= or Adelvejen and it is one of four such -bro streets. New buildings began to long the street in the 1850s. In 1866–67, Vesterbrogade was extended in a line from Tivoli to the Haymarket. The first section of the street, between the Vity Hall Square and the new Central Central Station, was out as a broad.
Among the buildings that were built along it, including Industriforeningens new Exhibition Building from 1872, at the turn of the 20th century, Vesterbros Passage was the backbone in a westward expansion of Copenhagens city centre. Most of the old buildings were replaced by new and larger ones over the course of the next decades, industriens Hus is the headquarters of the Confederation of Danish Industries. An expansion and complete make-over of the building was completed in 2013, next to the building is the main entrance of Tivoli Gardens. Saxo Towers, a complex consisting of four interconnected culinders, is currently under construction on the other side of the street. Axelborg, originally a building, now contains the headquarters of the Danish Agriculture. The former SAS Royal Hotel, now operated by Radison Blu, was designed by Arne Jacobsen and his Egg and Swan chairs were designed for the building. AArbejdernes Landsbank has their headquarters in the so-called Panoptikon Building at No.5, the small Savoy Hotel, known as Løvenborg, is one of the earliest examples of the art nouveau style in Copenhagen.
The building was designed by Anton Rosen who a few years designed the two buildings that flank thDet Ny Teater in the same style. The Association of Danish Law Firms is based at No.32, the Royal Copenhagen Shooting Societys former main building at No.59 is from 1780s. It now houses the Museum of Copenhagen, the former Vesterbro Pharmacy was built in 1853 to design by P. C
Some types of bars, such as pubs, may serve food from a restaurant menu. The term bar refers to the countertop and area where drinks are served, bars provide stools or chairs that are placed at tables or counters for their patrons. Bars that offer entertainment or live music are often referred to as music bars, live venues, types of bars range from inexpensive dive bars to elegant places of entertainment often accompanying restaurants for dining. Many bars have a discount period, designated a happy hour to encourage off-peak-time patronage, bars that fill to capacity sometimes implement a cover charge or a minimum drink purchase requirement during their peak hours. Bars may have bouncers to ensure patrons are of age, to eject drunk or belligerent patrons. Such bars often feature entertainment, which may be a band, comedian. The term bar is derived from the counter on which drinks are served. Patrons may sit or stand at the bar and be served by the bartender, depending on the size of a bar and its approach, alcohol may be served at the bar by bartenders, at tables by servers, or by a combination of the two.
The back bar is a set of shelves of glasses and bottles behind that counter, in some establishments, the back bar is elaborately decorated with woodwork, etched glass and lights. There have been different names for public drinking spaces throughout history. In the colonial era of the United States taverns were an important meeting place, during the 19th century saloons were very important to the leisure time of the working class. Today, even when an establishment uses a different name, such as tavern or saloon, the sale and/or consumption of alcoholic beverages was prohibited in the first half of the 20th century in several countries, including Finland, Iceland and the United States. In the United States, illegal bars during Prohibition were called speakeasies, blind pigs, laws in many jurisdictions prohibit minors from entering a bar. If those under legal drinking age are allowed to enter, as is the case with pubs that serve food, in some jurisdictions, bars cannot serve a patron who is already intoxicated.
Cities and towns usually have restrictions on where bars may be located. Some bars may have a license to serve beer and wine, in some jurisdictions, patrons buying alcohol must order food. In some jurisdictions, bar owners have a liability for the conduct of patrons who they serve. A bars owners and managers choose the name, décor, drink menu, lighting
Vester Voldgade is a street in Copenhagen, Denmark which runs from Jarmers Plads to the waterfront between Frederiksholms Kanal and Langebro, passing the City Hall Square on the way. Vester Voldgade was originally a narrow alley which ran along the margin of Copenhagens West Rampart, part of the Bastioned Fortification Ring which enclosed Copenhagen. The citys haymarket was located at the site of the current City Hall Square until the New Haymarket was inaugurated on 1 January 1888, the section from the haymarket to the harbour was originally known as Filosofgangen. That section of the ramparts was one of the last to be decommissioned, lange Bridge was located at the far end of the street until 1903 when it was moved to the end of Vestre Boulevard. No.11 was built for Niels Gades Music Academy in 1887 in the Renaissance Revival style by Christian L Thuren and it now houses the Russian Center of Science and Culture. No.19 and 21 are both from the late 1790s and are listed, the building was designed by Phillip Smidth who designed Politikens Hus on the corner with Vestergade in 1904–07.
The newspaper Politiken has been based in the building since 1912, vester Voldgade Voldgade 33 is a Functionalist extension from 1934. The section of Vestervoldgade which runs from the City Hall Square to the waterfront is currently being redeveloped as a green promenade, the plan concentrates car traffic in two lanes instead of four covers Dantes Plads which connects the street to H. C. Andersens Boulevard in front of the Ny Carlsberg Glyptotek and it is designed by the architectural firm COBE and GHB Landskabsarkitekter. The low yellow building at No.119 is a hay storage from about 1799. The building was considerably longer but was shortened when Thorvald Jørgensens Post Giro Building was built in 1838. The 45-bay, half-timbered building on the side of the Post Giro Building, part of Fæstningens Materialgård. Vester Voldgade School was completed in 1890 to a design by Ludvig Fenger and it has housed Den Classenske Legatskole since 1938. The low building on the corner of Stormgade was the first home of Overformynderiet which moved to a new building on Jolmens Kanal, the building was designed by Hans Jørgen Holm and is from 1884.
The small space in front of Vartorv and Palace Hotel, adjoining the City Hall Square, was renovated to a design by Hall McKnight in 2013, the refurbished square received a Civic Trust Award and a RIBA EU Award in 2014. On 1 July 2014, the space was renamed Regnbuepladsen in reference to the rainbow flag, plan of the new promenade and square
Copenhagen, Danish, København, Hafnia) is the capital and most populous city of Denmark. Copenhagen has an population of 1,280,371. The Copenhagen metropolitan area has just over 2 million inhabitants, the city is situated on the eastern coast of the island of Zealand, another small portion of the city is located on Amager, and is separated from Malmö, Sweden, by the strait of Øresund. The Øresund Bridge connects the two cities by rail and road, originally a Viking fishing village founded in the 10th century, Copenhagen became the capital of Denmark in the early 15th century. Beginning in the 17th century it consolidated its position as a centre of power with its institutions, defences. After suffering from the effects of plague and fire in the 18th century and this included construction of the prestigious district of Frederiksstaden and founding of such cultural institutions as the Royal Theatre and the Royal Academy of Fine Arts. Later, following the Second World War, the Finger Plan fostered the development of housing, since the turn of the 21st century, Copenhagen has seen strong urban and cultural development, facilitated by investment in its institutions and infrastructure.
The city is the cultural and governmental centre of Denmark, Copenhagens economy has seen rapid developments in the service sector, especially through initiatives in information technology and clean technology. Since the completion of the Øresund Bridge, Copenhagen has become integrated with the Swedish province of Scania and its largest city, Malmö. With a number of connecting the various districts, the cityscape is characterized by parks, promenades. Copenhagen is home to the University of Copenhagen, the Technical University of Denmark, the University of Copenhagen, founded in 1479, is the oldest university in Denmark. Copenhagen is home to the FC København and Brøndby football clubs, the annual Copenhagen Marathon was established in 1980. Copenhagen is one of the most bicycle-friendly cities in the world, the Copenhagen Metro serves central Copenhagen while the Copenhagen S-train network connects central Copenhagen to its outlying boroughs. Serving roughly 2 million passengers a month, Copenhagen Airport, Kastrup, is the largest airport in the Nordic countries, the name of the city reflects its origin as a harbour and a place of commerce.
The original designation, from which the contemporary Danish name derives, was Køpmannæhafn, meaning merchants harbour, the literal English translation would be Chapmans haven. The English name for the city was adapted from its Low German name, the abbreviations Kbh. or Kbhvn are often used in Danish for København, and kbh. for københavnsk. The chemical element hafnium is named for Copenhagen, where it was discovered, the bacterium Hafnia is named after Copenhagen, Vagn Møller of the State Serum Institute in Copenhagen named it in 1954. Excavations in Pilestræde have led to the discovery of a well from the late 12th century, the remains of an ancient church, with graves dating to the 11th century, have been unearthed near where Strøget meets Rådhuspladsen
Frederiksberg is a part of the Capital Region of Denmark. It is formally an independent municipality, Frederiksberg Municipality, but is treated as a part of Copenhagen. It occupies an area of less than 9 km2 and had a population of 103,192 in 2015, Frederiksberg is an enclave surrounded by Copenhagen Municipality and there is no clear border between the two. Some sources ambiguously refer to Frederiksberg as a quarter or neighbourhood of Copenhagen, Frederiksberg has its own mayor and municipal council, and is fiercely independent. Frederiksberg is considered to be an affluent, or posh, the town is characterised by its many green spaces, such as the Frederiksberg Gardens and Søndermarken. Some institutions and locations that are considered to be part of Copenhagen are actually located in Frederiksberg. For example, Copenhagen Zoo as well as stations of the Copenhagen Metro are located in Frederiksberg. The Copenhagen S-train system has stations in Frederiksberg, including Peter Bangs Vej station.
Frederiksbergs original name was Tulehøj, indicating that a thul lived there, the term is known from the Snoldelev rune stone. In Beowulf, Unferth holds the same title, in Håvamål, Odin himself is referred to as the old thul. Thula translates as song, like in the Rigsthula poem from the Edda, by 1443 the name Tulehøj was spelled Tulleshøy. It was regarded as Copenhagens border to the west, people lived here since the Bronze Age. Farming was not very successful, and in 1697 most of the burned down. This meant that the peasants were unable to pay taxes, in 1700-1703, King Frederik IV built a palace on top of the hill known as Valby Bakke. He named the palace Frederichs Berg, and the town at the foot of the hill consequently changed its name to Frederiksberg. A number of the houses were bought by wealthy citizens of Copenhagen who did not farm the land. The town changed slowly from a community to a merchant town, with craftsmen. During the summer rooms were offered for rent, and restaurants served food to the people of Copenhagen who had left the city for the open land
Street performance or busking is the act of performing in public places for gratuities. In many countries the rewards are generally in the form of money but other such as food. Street performance is practiced all over the world by men and children, People engaging in this practice are called street performers or buskers. Performances are anything that people find entertaining, the term busking was first noted in the English language around the middle 1860s in Great Britain. The verb to busk, from the word busker, comes from the Spanish root word buscar, the Spanish word buscar in turn evolved from the Indo-European word *bhudh-skō. It was used for many acts, and title of a famous Spanish book about one of them. Today, the word is used in Spanish but mostly relegated for female street sex workers. There have been performances in places for gratuities in every major culture in the world. For many musicians street performance was the most common means of employment before the advent of recording and personal electronics.
Prior to that, a person had to any music or entertainment, save for a few mechanical devices such as the barrel organ, the music box. Organ grinders were commonly found busking in the old days, Busking is common among some Romani people, who are called gypsies, a description that is no longer socially acceptable in some societies. Romantic mention of Romani music and fortune tellers are found in all forms of poetry, prose. The Roma brought the word busking to England by way of their travels along the Mediterranean coast to Spain and the Atlantic Ocean and up north to England, in medieval France buskers were known by the terms troubadours and jongleurs. In northern France they were known as trouveres, in old German buskers were known as Minnesingers and Spielleute. In obsolete French it evolved to busquer for seek and was used to describe prostitutes. In Russia buskers are called skomorokh and their first recorded history appears around the 11th century, Mexican bands that play a style of music by the same name, frequently busk when they perform while traveling through streets and plazas, as well as in restaurants and bars.
Around the mid-19th century Japanese Chindonya started to be using their skills for advertising. Another Japanese street performance form dating from the Edo period is Nankin Tamasudare, in the United States, medicine shows proliferated in the 19th century
Nytorv is a public square in the centre of Copenhagen, Denmark. Together with the adjoining Gammeltorv it forms a space, today part of the Strøget pedestrian zone. The square is dominated by the imposing Neoclassical façade of the Copenhagen Court House, Nytorv was created by Christian IV in 1610 when he cleared an area behind the City Hall in connection with his adaptation of the building in a Renaissance style. Nytorv thrived as a marketplace, as did Gammeltorv, which was located on the side of the city hall. It was at Nytorv that the butchers carried out their work, Nytorv became the location of the citys scaffold and a pillory. Pillories were found at a number of sites around the city. A permanent scaffold was not constructed until 1627, and in 1728, when the City Hall was rebuilt after the Copenhagen Fire of 1728, an octagonal masonry podium was built. Between 1728 and 1740, Ludvig Holberg lived in a house on the corner of Gammeltorv and Nygade, in the Copenhagen Fire of 1795 the City Hall burnt down once again.
This time it was not rebuilt at the site. Since 1728, it had been the location of the Royal Orphanage, the new building, which was to serve both as a City Hall and a courthouse, was designed by Christian Frederik Hansen, the leading Danish architect of the time. Completed in 1815, the project included a jailhouse next door. After the fire and Gammeltorv made up one common space, during the first half of the 20th century, the market activities gradually disappeared from the square which instead became increasingly dominated by cars. This changed in 1962 when the Strøget pedestrian zone was laid out, the square is dominated by the large courthouse with its ionic order columns, which occupies most of its west side. A skyway on each side of the courthouse connects it to the neighbouring buildings, the one to the left, on the other side of Slutterigade, is the former jailhouse. The skyway was used for transportting prisoners and has therefore been nicknamed the Bridge of Sighs, all the other buildings around the square, most by unknown architects and all listed, are Neoclassical townhouses which date from the time immediately after the Great Fire of 1795.
3, opposite the courthouse, on the corner of Strøget, has a facade decorated with pilasters, T ens Lauritzen House at No.7 was built in 1795–96 for Jens Lauritzen, a groceer and brewer, possibly to designs by Andreas Kirk The elegant Jrup. No.9 was built 1796–97 by an architect while No,11, the large property on the corner of Brolæggerstræde, was designed by C. F. Hollander and completed one year later. The three properties on the side of the square were all built between 1795 and 1797 by unknown architects
Industriens Hus is the home of the Confederation of Danish Industries. The building is located at the corner of H. C, andersens Boulevard and Vesterbrogade, opposite the City Hall Square, in Copenhagen, Denmark. It contains a showroom for green technologies, House of Green, as well as a series of flagship stores. The building was designed by Vilhelm Klein, in 1878, the Association for Industrial Enterprises acquired the site and converted the building into their new headquarters. A glazed extension on Vester Boulevard was constructed in 1898 and it was designed by Ludvig Clausen and was the result of an architectural competition. It closed in 1933 and its premises were converted into a Ford showroom, the Palladium Cinema opened in another part of the building in 1838. The old building became more and more outdated and it was therefore decided to replace it with a new one. An architectural competition was won by Arne Jacobsen in 1965 but his proposal was met with opposition and was never realized.
After Jacobsens death in 1971, Jørgen Buschardt was charged with the task of designing the building, first alone and in association with Erik Møller, in the end, a third proposal, created by Erik Møller alone, was finally approved. The old building was demolished in 1977 and the new one completed in 1979, the ground floor contained a shopping arcade, Rådhusarkaden. A glass pyramid was constructed in the central courtyard and it was used for exhibitions and concerts. In 2010, the building had again become too small. It was won by the small Danish architectural firm Transform, the new building was inaugurated in March 2013. The renovation of Industriens Hus only retained the concrete decks and pillars of the original building, two floors were added so that the building now reaches eight storeys towards the street while it gradually drops towards Tivoli Gardens to reduce the impact on the historic premises. The glazed façade consists of 3,331 5-square metres pieces of glass, the building has been criticized for its monotonous appearance in the daytime.
House of Green is a centre that showcases Danish green technologies. It was inaugurated on 5 September 2013
The term Danish Realm refers to the relationship between Denmark proper, the Faroe Islands and Greenland—three countries constituting the Kingdom of Denmark. The legal nature of the Kingdom of Denmark is fundamentally one of a sovereign state. The Faroe Islands and Greenland have been part of the Crown of Denmark since 1397 when the Kalmar Union was ratified, legal matters in The Danish Realm are subject to the Danish Constitution. Beginning in 1953, state law issues within The Danish Realm has been governed by The Unity of the Realm, a less formal name for The Unity of the Realm is the Commonwealth of the Realm. In 1978, The Unity of The Realm was for the first time referred to as rigsfællesskabet. The name caught on and since the 1990s, both The Unity of The Realm and The Danish Realm itself has increasingly been referred to as simply rigsfællesskabet in daily parlance. The Danish Constitution stipulates that the foreign and security interests for all parts of the Danish Realm are the responsibility of the Danish government, the Faroes received home rule in 1948 and Greenland did so in 1979.
In 2005, the Faroes received a self-government arrangement, and in 2009 Greenland received self rule, the Danish Realms unique state of internal affairs is acted out in the principle of The Unity of the Realm. This principle is derived from Article 1 of the Danish Constitution which specifies that constitutional law applies equally to all areas of the Danish Realm, the Constitutional Act specifies that sovereignty is to continue to be exclusively with the authorities of the Realm. The language of Denmark is Danish, and the Danish state authorities are based in Denmark, the Kingdom of Denmarks parliament, with its 179 members, is located in the capital, Copenhagen. Two of the members are elected in each of Greenland and the Faroe Islands. The Government ministries are located in Copenhagen, as is the highest court, in principle, the Danish Realm constitutes a unified sovereign state, with equal status between its constituent parts. Devolution differs from federalism in that the powers of the subnational authority ultimately reside in central government.
The Self-Government Arrangements devolves political competence and responsibility from the Danish political authorities to the Faroese, the Faroese and Greenlandic authorities administer the tasks taken over from the state, enact legislation in these specific fields and have the economic responsibility for solving these tasks. The Danish government provides a grant to the Faroese and the Greenlandic authorities to cover the costs of these devolved areas. The 1948 Home Rule Act of the Faroe Islands sets out the terms of Faroese home rule, the Act states. the Faroe Islands shall constitute a self-governing community within the State of Denmark. It establishes the government of the Faroe Islands and the Faroese parliament. The Faroe Islands were previously administered as a Danish county, the Home Rule Act abolished the post of Amtmand and these powers were expanded in a 2005 Act, which named the Faroese home government as an equal partner with the Danish government