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City Slickers

City Slickers is a 1991 American western comedy film, directed by Ron Underwood and starring Billy Crystal, Daniel Stern, Bruno Kirby, Jack Palance, with supporting roles by Patricia Wettig, Helen Slater, Noble Willingham. The film's screenplay was written by Lowell Ganz and Babaloo Mandel, it was shot in New York City. A sequel City Slickers II: The Legend of Curly's Gold was released in 1994, with the same cast, with the exception of Kirby, replaced by Jon Lovitz. In Pamplona, Mitch Robbins, a radio advertisement executive, participates in the annual San Fermín festival, along with friends Ed Furillo and Phil Berquist. Back in New York City, Mitch has turned 39 years old and realizes his trips are to escape the reality of going through a midlife crisis. Phil and Ed have problems of their own: Phil is trapped in a 12-year loveless marriage to his shrew wife, while managing her father’s supermarket. At Mitch's birthday party, Phil and Ed present a gift of a two-week cattle drive from New Mexico to Colorado.

Phil is confronted by a co-worker, who accidentally reveals a pregnancy and thus her affair with Phil, which leads to his separation from Arlene. Despite Mitch's plans to go to Florida with his wife Barbara to visit her parents, Barbara makes him go instead with his friends to search for a purpose in his life. In New Mexico, Phil and Ed meet the ranch owner, Clay Stone, their fellow drivers: Barry and Ira Shalowitz, a comical pair of ice cream entrepreneur brothers, Bonnie, a young beauty with a recent romantic break-up, father and son dentists Ben and Steve Jessup. Mitch develops a rift with the ranch's professional abusive cowboys, Jeff and T. R. when they harass Bonnie by trying to help her rope. The standoff is stopped by the trail boss, who inadvertently humiliates Mitch in front of his friends. During the drive, as Mitch, Phil and Ed begin to change their outlook on life, Mitch accidentally causes a stampede which wrecks most of the camp. In retribution, Curly orders him to help gather the lost cows, but over time, the two develop a bond when Mitch learns that Curly, despite his tough exterior, is a wise and heartfelt man.

Curly advises Mitch to discover the "one thing" in his life, the most important to him, which will solve all of his problems. Along the way, Mitch helps deliver a calf from a dying cow. Mitch adopts the calf and names. After this, everyone has a small communion meal. Curly dies of a heart attack, leaving the drive under Jeff and T. R.. Trouble begins when the cook, gets drunk and accidentally destroys their food supply, breaking his leg in the process. After the Jessups volunteer to take him back to the ranch, Jeff and T. R. intoxicate themselves with Cookie's hidden stash. A fight ensues when they threaten to kill assault Mitch. Phil and Ed intervene and a fight ensues which culminates when Phil holds Jeff and T. R. at gunpoint and unleashes a withheld stress on them, after which he breaks down in tears when consoled by Mitch and Ed. Jeff and T. R. abandon them to avoid reprisals from Clay Stone. Though Bonnie tries to assist the cattle, the Shalowitzes decide to leave the herd to seek out civilization.

Ed, with Phil's assistance, decides to try to finish the drive. Mitch, at first adamant in leaving them on their own, has a change of heart and joins them while the others continue to Colorado. After braving a heavy storm, they manage to drive the herd to Colorado, but Norman gets stuck in the river. Mitch saves him but they are both swept away with the current. Phil and Ed only manage to save them both and overcome their crises while resting on the bank, they reach Clay Stone's ranch in Colorado shortly afterwards. Clay Stone offers to reimburse everyone's money for their troubles, but when the Jessups ask instead for another chance to drive the cattle again Clay reveals that he is selling the herd to a meat company. Despite the fact that they believe that they saved the cattle for nothing, Phil and Ed decide to rebuild their lives, Mitch purchases Norman from Clay Stone to save him from slaughter; when the two weeks are up, Mitch returns to New York City with Phil and Ed as a happier man, reunites with his wife Barbara and his children while bringing Norman home for a few days until he can be placed in a petting zoo.

Phil begins a relationship with Bonnie, Ed becomes open to the idea of having children. Mitch drives the freeway, ready to start life with a new vision; the film's plot, which consists of inexperienced cowboys battling villains as they press on with their cattle drive after the death of their leader, was conceived to be similar to John Wayne's The Cowboys, although, a Western drama as opposed to a comedy. In his 2013 memoir, Still Foolin' Em, Billy Crystal writes of how the casting of the film came about. "Palance," he says, "was the first choice from the beginning, but had a commitment to make another film." He wrote that he contacted Charles Bronson about the part, only to be rudely rebuffed because the character dies. Palance got out of his other obligation to join the cast. Rick Moranis, however cast as Phil, had to leave the production due to his wife's illness. Daniel Stern was a late replacement in the role; the film was the debut of actor Jake Gyllenhaal. On Rotten Tomatoes, the film received an approval rating of 88% based on 33 reviews.

The site's critical consensus reads, "With a supremely talented cast and just enough midlife drama to add weight to its wildly silly overtones, City Slickers uses

Jacobite rising of 1689

The Jacobite rising of 1689 was a revolt seeking to restore James II & VII, following his deposition in November 1688. Adherents of the exiled House of Stuart were known as'Jacobites', from Jacobus, Latin for James, the associated political movement as Jacobitism. Part of the wider European conflict known as the Nine Years War, the Scottish rising was launched in support of the 1689 to 1691 Williamite War in Ireland. Despite victory at Killiecrankie in July 1689, the death of Jacobite leader Viscount Dundee and lack of supplies limited the Scottish rising, it ended in February 1692, with the Glencoe massacre. It was the first in a series of rebellions that continued until 1746. In February 1685, the Catholic James II & VII came to power with widespread support in all three kingdoms. In predominately Catholic Ireland, it was hoped he would reverse land confiscations and restrictions on their ability to hold office. While overwhelmingly Protestant, the 1638 to 1651 Wars of the Three Kingdoms meant many in both England and Scotland feared the consequences of bypassing the'natural heir'.

This desire for stability led to the rapid collapse of two Protestant risings in June 1685, the Monmouth Rebellion in England, Argyll's Rising in Scotland. The 1681 Scottish Succession and Test Acts made obedience to the monarch a legal obligation,'regardless of religion'. By 1680, over 95 percent of Scots were members of the kirk. Attempts to repeal the Scottish Test Act undermined his own supporters, while rewarding the same dissident Presbyterians who backed Argyll; the perception James was willing to ignore his commitments, his Coronation Oath and his own supporters undermined his position in Scotland. In October 1685, an estimated 200,000 French Protestants were forced into exile by the Edict of Fontainebleau, while French expansion under Louis XIV threatened the Protestant Dutch Republic. Close economic and cultural ties between Scotland and fellow Calvinists in France and Holland exacerbated fears Protestant Europe was threatened by a Catholic counter-reformation. In June 1688, two events turned dissent into a crisis.

Prosecuting the Seven Bishops seemed to go beyond tolerance for Catholicism and into an assault on the established church. Prior to 1685, many feared civil war. War with France appeared imminent; the Nine Years War began in September and on 5 November, William landed in Brixham with 14,000 men. In February, Parliament made William and Mary joint monarchs of England Modern use of the terms Episcopalian and Presbyterian implies differences in doctrine. Scottish bishops presided over Presbyterian structures, while the kirk was Calvinist in doctrine, making it different from the Church of England; this was why attempts to create a unified church, whether by Charles I in 1638, or the Covenanters in 1643, resulted in military conflict. In March 1689, elections were held for a Scottish Convention to agree a settlement. Many of William's advisors were Scottish exiles like Argyll and Melville, who wanted to expel bishops from the kirk; when the Convention assembled in March, the 125 delegates were split 75:50 between Presbyterians and Episcopalians.

On 12 March, James landed in Ireland. Public anger meant some Episcopalians stopped attending meetings, claiming to fear for their safety, while others changed sides. Ina edition, the Catholic Duke of Gordon held Edinburgh Castle for James, while his former military commander Viscount Dundee began recruiting troops; the effect was to bolster the Presbyterian majority in the Convention, which met behind closed doors guarded by its own troops. On 11 April, the Convention ended James' reign and adopted the Articles of Grievances and the Claim of Right Act that made Parliament the primary legislative power in Scotland. On 11 May 1689, William and Mary accepted the Scottish throne and the Convention became a full Parliament on 5 June. Dundee's rising was relied on support from Ulster; the government commander in Scotland was Hugh Mackay, an experienced soldier with around 3,500 troops, including 1,100 men from the veteran Dutch Scots Brigade. Ewen Cameron of Lochiel assembled some 1,800 Highland levies at Glenroy.

Aware of the short-term nature of Highland warfare, Mackay avoided combat. The Jacobite position continued to weaken due to defections, including the surrender of Edinburgh Castle on 14 June, while the loss of Ulster made resupply difficult; the only reinforce

Edinburgh Coalition Against Poverty

Edinburgh Coalition Against Poverty known as ECAP, is a left-wing grassroots organisation which aims to be a solidarity network for working-class people the unemployed and disabled. It operates by direct democracy, it is one of many similar claimants groups set up with similar political purposes. ECAP's website hosts benefit advice and articles about the group's activities; the group has been involved in opposition to benefit sanctions, opposition to workfare and fighting for the right to be accompanied at jobcentres ECAP has drawn inspiration from the advocacy of the Scottish Unemployed Workers Network and supported SUWN member Tony Cox during his trialECAP have held presentations alongside speakers like Lynne Friedli and the IWW. Its affiliate, Edinburgh Claimants has been acting as an independent advocacy group and claimants union since the 1980s as part of the Edinburgh Unemployed Workers Centre, it has been based at the autonomous centre of Edinburgh since 1997. ECAP is a member of the Action Against Austerity network and signatory to "From Yes to Action"The group is featured in the end credits of Ken Loach's film I Daniel Blake due to its role in helping script writer Paul Laverty with researching the film

Paul Caica

Paul Caica is an Australian politician, representing the South Australian Branch of the Australian Labor Party. He represented the South Australian House of Assembly seat of Colton from the 2002 election until his retirement in 2018, he served in the state ministry from 2006 to 2013 under both Mike Jay Weatherill. Caica attended Henley Primary and High Schools before graduating from Adelaide University with a Bachelor of Arts in 1985, he was a firefighter for 20 years before holding the full-time position of secretary of the South Australian United Firefighters Union between 1991 and 1997 and the National Secretary of the United Firefighters Union from 1998–2002 where he represented firefighters on a national basis. Caica was elected as the member for the bellwether seat of Colton at the 2002 election, he is from the Labor Left faction. Despite the decades-long bellwether history of Colton, the 2016 electoral redistribution saw Colton redrawn from a 1.5 percent marginal Labor seat to a notional 3.7 percent marginal Liberal seat.

Caica announced in February 2017. He served in the following portfolios in Cabinet: Minister for Gambling Minister for Employment and Further Education Minister for Youth Minister for Science and Information Technology Minister for Volunteers Minister for Industrial Relations Minister for Agriculture and Fisheries Minister for Forests Minister for Regional Development Minister for Environment and Conservation Minister for the River Murray Minister for Water Minister for Aboriginal Affairs and Reconciliation Minister for Sustainability and Conservation Minister for Water and the River Murray At the 2007 World Police and Fire Games in Adelaide, Caica won two gold medals for Angling. Caica is married with two sons. Parliamentary Profile: SA Parliament website Parliamentary Profile: SA Labor website

Mercury Capri

Capri is a nameplate marketed by the Lincoln-Mercury division of Ford Motor Company on three distinct series of automobiles between 1970 and 1994. From 1970 to 1978, the Capri was a sport compact marketed without any Ford divisional branding, sourced as a captive import from Ford of Europe. From 1979 to 1986, the Capri became part of the Mercury model line as a pony car. From 1991 to 1994, the Mercury Capri was a roadster, sourced as a captive import by Ford of Australia. In North America, the Capri was marketed without a direct Ford-brand counterpart for its first and third generations, although sold elsewhere under the Ford brand; the Capri nameplate is derived from the namesake Italian island, in automotive use, it has used by all three Ford divisions. In 1952, the Lincoln Capri marked the first use of the nameplate, serving as its premium trim level during the early 1950s. From 1962 to 1964, Ford of Britain introduced a Ford Consul Capri two-door hardtop coupe. For 1966 and 1967, the Capri name was first used by Mercury, denoting the standard trim of the Mercury Comet.

For 1968, Ford of Europe developed the Ford Capri two-door coupé as its counterpart to the Mustang. In line with the Mustang, the Capri was styled with a long hood and a short deck with a fastback-style roofline. See Ford Capri The first generation of the Capri was a captive import produced by Ford of Europe in Cologne, Germany. Introduced in Europe for 1968, the Ford Capri was marketed by the Lincoln-Mercury Division starting in April 1970. While marketed as part of the Mercury model line, the Capri did not carry any divisional identification. Priced at $2,300 at the time of its launch, the Capri was marketed as an economical sporty coupe, far smaller than the Mercury Cougar and Montego. In its adaptation to the American market, the Capri saw several minor revisions, with the two rectangular headlights of the Ford Capri replaced by four circular headlamps, grille-mounted turn signals, side marker lights. While produced in Germany as a variant of the Ford Cortina, the Capri adopted powertrain commonality with the newly introduced Ford Pinto.

Powered by a 1.6L Kent "crossflow" inline-four, the Capri received a 2.0L "OHC" inline-4 for 1971. As an option, for 1972, Mercury introduced a 2.6L Cologne V6, becoming the first American-market vehicle marketed by Ford Motor Company with a V6 engine. For 1974, the V6 was enlarged to 2.8L, as Ford revised castings for both the engine block and cylinder heads. For 1973, the front bumper underwent a revision to comply with 5-mph bumper standards; the previous chrome bumper was reinforced with a steel tube and attached to the frame with shock absorbers. As part of the change, the Capri saw revisions to the grille and its rear quarter trim grilles; as part of an interior revision, the Capri was given a new steering wheel and seat trim along with a redesigned wiring harness. For 1974, 5 mph bumpers were fitted to both front and rear, replacing the previous chrome tube bumpers with reinforced body-colored plastic bumpers. After the 1974 redesign of the Ford Capri, Lincoln-Mercury commenced American sales of the Capri Mk II in 1975 as an early 1976 model.

Skipping the 1975 model year Lincoln-Mercury renamed the Capri the Capri II, again omitting any formal divisional identification from the vehicle. While sharing similar styling to its predecessor, the Capri II adopted a hatchback roofline; as with the 1970–1974 Capri, to adapt to the American market, the Capri II was fitted with quad sealed-beam headlamps, grille-mounted turn signals, 5-mph bumpers, body-color side-view mirror. Again maintaining powertrain commonality with the Ford Pinto, Ford Mustang II and Mercury Bobcat, the Capri II was fitted with the 2.3L OHC engine, offering a 2.8L V6 as an option. After the 1977 model year, Lincoln-Mercury ended imports of the Capri II from Ford of Europe, with unsold examples sold during the 1978 model year. In total, 513,500 Capri/Capri IIs were sold from 1970 to 1978 by Lincoln-Mercury. At its peak, yearly Capri sales in North America were the highest for any import vehicle. Ford of Europe continued production of the Capri for another generation, through the end of 1986.

Road & Track magazine on the 1970 Capri 1600: "... But styling and image sells cars, right? And if that's true it's our opinion that Lincoln-Mercury has a real winner in the Capri."R&T on the Capri 2000 in February, 1971: "The Capri has a lot to recommend it. It's a solidly built, sporty compact car and fun to drive."R&T on the Capri 2600 V6 in March, 1972: "...the Capri 2600 V6 is an outstanding car. We'll bet Lincoln-Mercury dealers won't be able to get enough of them to satisfy the demand."R&T on the Capri 2800 V6: "...the V6 Capri remains a attractive sporting car. It's solid as a Mercedes, still compact and light in the context of 1974 barrier busters, reasonably economical of fuel, precise-handling, quick-stopping: its engine and drivetrain are both sporty and refined. It's no wonder Lincoln-Mercury sold nearly 120,000 of them in 1973..."R&T on the Capri II 2.8 V6: "Once again we can report that the Capri V6 is an attractive, compe

Give It Up or Turnit a Loose

"Give It Up or Turnit a Loose" is a funk song recorded by James Brown. Released as a single in 1969, the song was a #1 R&B hit and made the top 20 pop singles chart. "Give It Up or Turnit a Loose" appeared as an instrumental on the Ain't It Funky album, removing Brown's vocals and adding guitar overdubs, while the vocal version was released onto Soul Classics. Brown recorded "Give It Up or Turnit a Loose" again with The J. B.'s for his 1970 live double album Sex Machine. Over five minutes long, this recording used a different instrumental arrangement, with an added organ riff and a florid bassline, as well as different lyrics; this version features Clyde Stubblefield on drum kit performing in tandem with congas. A remix of this recording by Tim Rogers appears on the 1986 compilation album In the Jungle Groove; the remixed version has been extensively sampled. A genuine live version of the song appears on the album Live at Chastain Park. In 1974 Lyn Collins recorded the song, with Brown producing.

Dick Hyman recorded a synthesizer version of "Give It Up or Turnit a Loose" on his 1969 album The Age of Electronicus. James Brown - lead vocalswith the James Brown Orchestra: Waymon Reedtrumpet Richard "Kush" Griffith – trumpet Fred Wesleytrombone Alfred "Pee Wee" Ellis – alto saxophone Maceo Parkertenor saxophone St. Clair Pinckneybaritone saxophone Jimmy Nolen – guitar Alphonso "Country" Kellum – guitar Charles Sherrellbass Nate Jonesdrums Chuck Kirkpatrick – recording engineer Song Review at Allmusic List of songs that sample "Give It Up or Turnit a Loose" Lyrics of this song at MetroLyrics