Los Angeles the City of Los Angeles and known by its initials L. A. is the most populous city in California, the second most populous city in the United States, after New York City, the third most populous city in North America. With an estimated population of four million, Los Angeles is the cultural and commercial center of Southern California; the city is known for its Mediterranean climate, ethnic diversity and the entertainment industry, its sprawling metropolis. Los Angeles is the largest city on the West Coast of North America. Los Angeles is in a large basin bounded by the Pacific Ocean on one side and by mountains as high as 10,000 feet on the other; the city proper, which covers about 469 square miles, is the seat of Los Angeles County, the most populated county in the country. Los Angeles is the principal city of the Los Angeles metropolitan area, the second largest in the United States after that of New York City, with a population of 13.1 million. It is part of the Los Angeles-Long Beach combined statistical area the nation's second most populous area with a 2015 estimated population of 18.7 million.
Los Angeles is one of the most substantial economic engines within the United States, with a diverse economy in a broad range of professional and cultural fields. Los Angeles is famous as the home of Hollywood, a major center of the world entertainment industry. A global city, it has been ranked 6th in the Global Cities Index and 9th in the Global Economic Power Index; the Los Angeles metropolitan area has a gross metropolitan product of $1.044 trillion, making it the third-largest in the world, after the Tokyo and New York metropolitan areas. Los Angeles hosted the 1932 and 1984 Summer Olympics and will host the event for a third time in 2028; the city hosted the Miss Universe pageant twice, in 1990 and 2006, was one of 9 American cities to host the 1994 FIFA men's soccer World Cup and one of 8 to host the 1999 FIFA women's soccer World Cup, hosting the final match for both tournaments. Home to the Chumash and Tongva, Los Angeles was claimed by Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo for Spain in 1542 along with the rest of what would become Alta California.
The city was founded on September 4, 1781, by Spanish governor Felipe de Neve. It became a part of Mexico in 1821 following the Mexican War of Independence. In 1848, at the end of the Mexican–American War, Los Angeles and the rest of California were purchased as part of the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, becoming part of the United States. Los Angeles was incorporated as a municipality on April 4, 1850, five months before California achieved statehood; the discovery of oil in the 1890s brought rapid growth to the city. The completion of the Los Angeles Aqueduct in 1913, delivering water from Eastern California assured the city's continued rapid growth; the Los Angeles coastal area was settled by the Chumash tribes. A Gabrieleño settlement in the area was called iyáangẚ, meaning "poison oak place". Maritime explorer Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo claimed the area of southern California for the Spanish Empire in 1542 while on an official military exploring expedition moving north along the Pacific coast from earlier colonizing bases of New Spain in Central and South America.
Gaspar de Portolà and Franciscan missionary Juan Crespí, reached the present site of Los Angeles on August 2, 1769. In 1771, Franciscan friar Junípero Serra directed the building of the Mission San Gabriel Arcángel, the first mission in the area. On September 4, 1781, a group of forty-four settlers known as "Los Pobladores" founded the pueblo they called El Pueblo de Nuestra Señora la Reina de los Ángeles,'The Town of Our Lady the Queen of the Angels'; the present-day city has the largest Roman Catholic Archdiocese in the United States. Two-thirds of the Mexican or settlers were mestizo or mulatto, a mixture of African and European ancestry; the settlement remained a small ranch town for decades, but by 1820, the population had increased to about 650 residents. Today, the pueblo is commemorated in the historic district of Los Angeles Pueblo Plaza and Olvera Street, the oldest part of Los Angeles. New Spain achieved its independence from the Spanish Empire in 1821, the pueblo continued as a part of Mexico.
During Mexican rule, Governor Pío Pico made Los Angeles Alta California's regional capital. Mexican rule ended during the Mexican–American War: Americans took control from the Californios after a series of battles, culminating with the signing of the Treaty of Cahuenga on January 13, 1847. Railroads arrived with the completion of the transcontinental Southern Pacific line to Los Angeles in 1876 and the Santa Fe Railroad in 1885. Petroleum was discovered in the city and surrounding area in 1892, by 1923, the discoveries had helped California become the country's largest oil producer, accounting for about one-quarter of the world's petroleum output. By 1900, the population had grown to more than 102,000; the completion of the Los Angeles Aqueduct in 1913, under the supervision of William Mulholland, assured the continued growth of the city. Due to clauses in the city's charter that prevented the City of Los Angeles from selling or providing water from the aqueduct to any area outside its borders, many adjacent city and communities became compelled to annex themselves into Los Angeles.
Los Angeles created the first municipal zoning ordinance in the United States. On September 14, 1908, the Los Angeles City Council promulgated residential and industrial land use zones; the new ordinance established three residential zones of a single type, where industrial uses were
Arcadia is a city in Los Angeles County, United States located about 13 miles northeast of downtown Los Angeles in the San Gabriel Valley and at the base of the San Gabriel Mountains. It is the site of the Santa Anita Park racetrack and home to the Los Angeles County Arboretum and Botanic Garden; the city had a population of 56,364 at the 2010 census, up from 53,248 at the 2000 census. The city is named after Greece. In 2016, Arcadia was ranked the 5th most expensive housing market in the United States by Business Insider, with an average list of $1,748,680 for a four-bedroom home. In 2012, Arcadia was ranked 7th in the nation on CNN Money magazine's list of towns with highest median home costs. Arcadia's Upper Rancho neighborhood was ranked the 23rd richest neighborhood in Southern California by Business Insider in 2014, with a mean household income of $310,779. In 2010, Bloomberg Businessweek named Arcadia as one of the "Best Places to Raise Your Kids" for the second year in a row. Located northeast of downtown Los Angeles, Arcadia is bordered by six other communities: Pasadena, Sierra Madre, El Monte, San Marino and Temple City.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 11.1 square miles. 10.9 square miles of it is land and 0.2 square miles of it is water. The 2010 United States Census reported that Arcadia had a population of 56,364; the population density was 5,062.5 people per square mile. The racial makeup of Arcadia was 33,353 Asian, 18,191 White, 681 African American, 186 Native American, 16 Pacific Islander, 2,352 from other races, 1,585 from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 6,799 persons; the Census reported that 55,502 people lived in households, 639 lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, 223 were institutionalized. There were 19,592 households, out of which 7,336 had children under the age of 18 living in them, 11,703 were opposite-sex married couples living together, 2,437 had a female householder with no husband present, 865 had a male householder with no wife present. There were 469 unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, 92 same-sex married couples or partnerships.
3,855 households were made up of individuals and 1,926 had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.83. There were 15,005 families; the population was spread out with 12,290 people under the age of 18, 4,102 people aged 18 to 24, 13,409 people aged 25 to 44, 17,349 people aged 45 to 64, 9,214 people who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43.1 years. For every 100 females, there were 91.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.7 males. There were 20,686 housing units at an average density of 1,858.0 per square mile, of which 12,371 were owner-occupied, 7,221 were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 1.1%. 37,000 people lived in owner-occupied housing units and 18,502 people lived in rental housing units. These were the ten neighborhoods in Los Angeles County with the largest percentage of Asian residents, according to the 2000 census: For over 8,000 years the site of Arcadia was part of the homeland of the Tongva people, a Californian Native American tribe whose territory spanned the greater Los Angeles Basin, the San Gabriel and San Fernando Valleys.
Their fluid borders stretched between: the Santa Susana Mountains, San Bernardino Mountains, San Gabriel Mountains in the north. A Tongva settlement site within present-day Arcadia was known as Alyeupkigna; the town's site became part of the Spanish Mission San Gabriel Arcángel lands in 1771. After Indian Reductions to become Mission Indians, the Tongva were known as the Gabrieliños after the Mission's name, and under whose control these people worked during the mission period in California. There are 1,700 people self-identifying as members of the Tongva or Gabrieliño tribe; the Mexican land grant for Rancho Santa Anita was issued to Perfecto Hugo Reid and his Tongva wife, Victoria Bartolomea Comicrabit, in 1845. It was named after Anita Cota, on his wife's side. Reid documented the Gabrieliño Native Americans in a series of letters written in 1852, served as a delegate to the 1849 California Constitutional Convention. In 1847, Reid sold Rancho Santa Anita to Henry Dalton; the rancho changed owners several times before being acquired by Gold Rush immigrant and major regional land owner Elias Jackson "Lucky" Baldwin in 1875.
Baldwin purchased 8,000 acres of Rancho Santa Anita for $200,000. Upon seeing the area, he gasped “By Gads! This is paradise!” Upon buying the land, Baldwin chose to make the area his home and started erecting buildings and cultivating the land for farming and ranches. Baldwin built the Queen Anne Cottage for his fourth wife and himself in 1885-1886, now preserved within the Arboretum. In 1885, the main line of the Los Angeles and San Gabriel Valley Railroad, in which Baldwin was a stockholder, was opened through the ranch, making subdivision of part of the land into a town site practical; this rail line became a Santa Fe Railroad line. In 1889, on a site just north of
University Hills, Los Angeles
University Hills is a district on the East Side of Los Angeles, California. It is the site of Los Angeles. University Hills is bordered by El Sereno on the north and west, City Terrace on the south, Alhambra on the north-east, Monterey Park on the south-east. Major thoroughfares include Eastern Avenue, Marianna Avenue, Valley Boulevard; the San Bernardino and Pasadena freeways run along the district's southern and western edges, respectively. The campus of California State University, Los Angeles occupies nearly 200 acres on a hilltop site that affords views of the San Gabriel Mountains to the north, the San Gabriel Valley to the east, metropolitan Los Angeles to the west, the Palos Verdes Peninsula and Catalina Island to the south. University Hills is in the eastern San Rafael Hills, they were part of the Pre-columbian homeland of the Tongva Indians for thousands of years, they named this area Otsunga. It is the former site of one of California's 36 original adobes, built in 1776 by Franciscan missionaries, destroyed by a fire in 1908.
The area was part of the 1831 Mexican land grant of Rancho Rosa Castilla, given to Juan Ballesteros by Alta California Governor Manuel Victoria. It was named for the abundant amount of native Wood roses along the creek. In 1852, after statehood, the title passed to his wife, Catalina, he was a Basque immigrant rancher from northern Spain. In 1882, after both died, the land was divided among six of their children. For most of its history, University Hills was a neighborhood within El Sereno, developed more than a century ago with the expansion of the Pacific Electric Railway Red Car lines. In the latter 20th century it grew differently from El Sereno and other Eastside communities in residential qualities and socioeconomic conditions. In response, the local homeowners association lobbied for renaming the community in the 1990s. In 2004 it was designated University Hills; the increase in Southern California real estate values in the early 2000s attracted professionals looking for alternative neighborhoods to more distant suburbs and the Westside.
The mid-2010s recovery from the 2009 Great Recession and its subsequent depressed real estate values has returned University Hills to a desirable community for new homeowners. Gentrification is changing the predominant Latino enclave; the Los Angeles Derby Dolls based at "The Doll Factory" on Temple Street in Historic Filipinotown, relocated in 2015 to "The Dollosseum" on Alhambra Avenue near Valley Boulevard in El Sereno, near University Hills and CSULA. California State University, Los AngelesUniversity Hills is zoned to schools in the Los Angeles USD: City Terrace Elementary School El Sereno Middle School Wilson High SchoolIn addition, many neighborhood residents send their kids to nearby Catholic schools. "City of Los Angeles. Public Works Committee Report: Designating the Residential Areas Surrounding California State University Los Angeles as University Hills" Los Angeles Times, Real Estate section, Neighborly Advice column: " A campus enclave that's a study in contrasts" University Hills Association
Lincoln Heights, Los Angeles
Lincoln Heights is considered to be the oldest neighborhood in Los Angeles, outside of Downtown. It is a densely populated, youthful area that has a large community of artists and craftsmen, as well as a high percentage of Latino and Asian residents. There are several historic or notable landmarks. Lincoln Heights is bounded by the Los Angeles River on the west, the San Bernardino Freeway on the south, Indiana Street on the east. Adjacent communities include El Sereno on the east, City Terrace on the southeast, Boyle Heights on the south and Solano Canyon on the west, Cypress Park on the northwest, Mt. Washington on the north, Montecito Heights on the northeast. Major thoroughfares include Valley Boulevard; the Golden State Freeway runs through the district, the Metro Gold Line has a station in the far northwestern portion of the district. Lincoln Heights is considered to be the oldest neighborhood outside of Downtown Los Angeles proper, dating to the 1830s and found within the original Spanish forty-square league land grant.
Perched on bluffs overlooking the Los Angeles River and its lush floodplain, it was the erstwhile home to some of the city's most notable residents, who built numerous Victorian mansions, many of which have been preserved under the city's historic preservation program. The neighborhood was known as "East Los Angeles" when it was home to the commanding general of the Confederate States Army who died in the saddle, Albert Sidney Johnston, predecessor of Robert E. Lee, his brother-in-law, Dr. John Strother Griffin called the suburb home. Johnston Street, Griffin Avenue, Hancock Street are named after their family. After the deaths of the Southern fathers of Los Angeles, the name "East Los Angeles" was changed to Lincoln Heights in memory of their nemesis; the neighborhood's original name was East Los Angeles, but in 1917 residents voted to change the name to Lincoln Heights. Thereafter, what would be known as North Broadway became a crowded commercial thoroughfare, by the turn of the 20th century, unfettered industrial construction within the once scenic floodplain made it less appealing for Angelenos of means, who moved out first to the Arroyo Seco area and Hollywood to developing Mid-Wilshire.
As wealthy residents departed, Lincoln Heights became home to a large Italian American population, as well some Irish American and French American residents by the 1930s a wave of poor white American residents known as "Okies" from the Great Plains moved into the area. And with an large Mexican American population, Lincoln Heights became a "barrio" by the 1960s, it and its cross-river neighbor "Little Italy" formed the heart of southern California's Italian-American community. One of the major landmarks from this period, the San Antonio Winery, continues to operate today, albeit with non-local grapes. In the 21st century, Lincoln Heights is no longer considered a "barrio", due to changes brought on by gentrification; the neighborhood has been gentrifying due to the Northeast Los Angeles housing price escalation of 2013 and 2014. The 2000 U. S. census counted 26,616 residents in the 2.51-square-mile Lincoln Heights neighborhood—or 10,602 people per square mile, an average population density for the city.
In 2008, the city estimated that the population had increased to 29,637. In 2000 the median age for residents was 27, considered young for county neighborhoods; the percentages of residents aged 10 through 18 were among the county's highest. The neighborhood was considered "not diverse" ethnically within Los Angeles, with a high percentage of both Asian and Latino people; the breakdown was Latinos, 70.7%. Mexico and Vietnam were the most common places of birth for the 55.8% of the residents who were born abroad—which was a high percentage for Los Angeles. The median yearly household income in 2008 dollars was $30,579, considered low for the city. Renters occupied 75.9% of the housing stock, house- or apartment-owners held 24.1%. The average household size of 3.6 people was considered high for Los Angeles. The percentages of never-married men and women were among the county's highest; the 19.5% of families headed by single parents was considered about average for city neighborhoods. There were 500 veterans, or 2.8% of the population, a low proportion compared to the rest of the city.
Los Angeles Fire Department Fire Station 1 is located in the Lincoln Heights area. The station is in the Battalion 2 district; the Los Angeles County Department of Public Health operates the Central Health Center in Downtown Los Angeles, serving the Lincoln Heights. Just 5.5% of Lincoln Heights residents aged 25 and older had earned a four-year degree by 2000, a low percentage for the city. Source: Abraham Lincoln High School, 3501 North Broadway Academy of Environmental & Social Policy at Roosevelt High, 3501 North Broadway Hillside Elementary School, 120 East Avenue 35 Alliance College-Ready Middle Academy No. 5, charter, 2635 Pasadena Avenue Pueblo de Los Angeles Continuation School, 2506 Alta Street Gates Street Elementary School, 3333 Manitou Avenue Albion Street Elementary School, 322 South Avenue 18 Griffin Avenue Elementary School, 2025 Griffin Avenue Milagro Charter Elementary School, 1855 North Main Street Leadership in Media and Entertainment - Pilot School, 3501 North Broadway Los Angeles Leadership Academy High School, 2
Avalon is the only incorporated city on Santa Catalina Island of the California Channel Islands, the southernmost city in Los Angeles County. The city is a resort community with the waterfront dominated by tourism-oriented businesses; the older parts of the town on the valley floor consist of small houses and two and three-story buildings in various traditional architectural styles. In 1919, William Wrigley, Jr. gained control of Avalon and oversaw much of the development of Avalon, including the construction of the landmark Catalina Casino. From the late 19th century to the early 20th century, several different developers tried to develop Avalon into a resort destination community, but most before Wrigley went bankrupt; the population was 3,728 at the 2010 census. Avalon attracts about 1 million visitors a year and is visited by cruise ships. Before European colonization, the island was inhabited by the Tongva people. Prior to the modern era, Avalon Bay was inhabited by people of the Gabrielino/Tongva tribe.
The island was a major source of soapstone to the Tongva, who used the material to make stone vessels for cooking. The Tongva referred to themselves as the Pimugnans. However, by the 1830s, the entire island's native population had either died off, or had been relocated to the mainland to work in the missions or as ranch hands for the many private land owners. In the 1860s, German immigrant Augustus William Timms ran a sheep herding business on Catalina Island. One of his vessels, the Rosita, would ferry pleasure seekers across the channel to Avalon Bay for bathing and fishing; the settlement in Avalon was referred to as Timms's Landing in his honor. By the summer of 1883, there were three wooden buildings at Timms's Landing; the first owner to try to develop Avalon Bay into a resort destination was George Shatto, a real estate speculator from Grand Rapids, Michigan. Shatto purchased the island for $200,000 from the estate of James Lick at the height of a real estate boom in Southern California in 1887.
Shatto created the settlement that would become Avalon, can be credited with building the town's first hotel, the original Hotel Metropole, pier. Though early maps labeled the town Shatto, Shatto's sister-in-law Etta Whitney came up with the permanent name of Avalon in reference from a poem by Lord Tennyson called "Idylls of the King" about the legend of King Arthur. Shatto laid out Avalon's streets, introduced it as a vacation destination to the general public. Despite Shatto's efforts, in a few years he had to default on his loan and the island went back to the Lick estate; the sons of Phineas Banning bought the island in 1891 from the Lick estate and established the Santa Catalina Island Company to develop it as a resort. The Banning brothers fulfilled Shatto's dream of making Avalon a resort community, they built a dance pavilion in the center of town, made additions to the Hotel Metropole and steamer-wharf, built an aquarium, created the Pilgrim Club. Just as the Bannings were anticipating the construction of a new, Hotel Saint Catherine, their efforts were set back on November 29, 1915, when a fire burned half of Avalon's buildings, including six hotels and several clubs.
In 1919, due to debt related to the 1915 fire and a general decline in tourism during World War I, the Bannings were forced to sell the island in shares. In February 1919, chewing gum magnate William Wrigley, Jr. bought a controlling interest in Santa Catalina Island and its associated properties from the Banning Brothers. Wrigley devoted himself to preserving and promoting it, investing millions in needed infrastructure and attractions, including the construction of the new Catalina Casino, completed May 29, 1929. In order to encourage growth, Wrigley purchased additional steamships to service Avalon, including the SS Virginia and the SS Catalina, launched on the morning of May 3, 1924. Wrigley brought attention to the town of Avalon by having his Chicago Cubs use the island for the team's spring training from 1921 to 1951, absent the war years of 1942–45; the ball field was between Tremont Street and the golf course. Following the death of William Wrigley, Jr. in 1932, his son Philip K. Wrigley took over the Santa Catalina Island Company.
Philip continued his father's work in the improvement of the infrastructure of the City of Avalon. During World War II, the island was closed to tourists and used for military training facilities, including a U. S. Maritime Service training facility in Avalon. Catalina's steamships were expropriated for use as troop transports, the U. S. Maritime Service set up a training facility in Avalon; the Maritime Service announced on September 19, 1945, that the facility would soon be abandoned and all apprentice seaman on the west coast trained aboard three ocean-going vessels at Long Beach. In 1975, Philip Wrigley deeded the Wrigley shares in the Santa Catalina Island Company to the Catalina Island Conservancy that he had helped create; the Conservancy now stewards 88 percent of the island outside of the City of Avalon. The Santa Catalina Island Company maintains control of much of its resort properties and operations within the City of Avalon, it still owns and operates many of the main tourist attractions in Avalon, including the Catalina Visitors Country Club, Catalina Island Golf Course, Descanso Beach Club and the Casino Ballroom.
In May 2007, a fire ripped through 4,750 acres of land just outside Avalon's city limits. Over 200 firefighting recruits were brought over by U. S. Marine helicopter to protect the city. Only one residence and six commercial structures were destroyed
LA County Library
LA County Library is one of the largest public library systems in the United States which serves residents living in 49 of the 88 incorporated cities of Los Angeles County, California. United States and those living in unincorporated areas resulting in a service area extending over 3,000 square miles. "County Free Library Act" established and authorized the Los Angeles County Free Library to become the Los Angeles County Public Library system of branches. The library system, headquartered in Downey, California, is overseen by the Library Commission of 20 appointed members who report on administration and service to the County Board of Supervisors who operate County Library as a special fund department. Skye Patrick was appointed County Librarian on February 1, 2016; the library provides many resources, including literacy services and programs for families and children. The library system offers consumer health information under CHIPS. City Terrace Library Claremont Library Clifton M. Brakensiek Library Compton Library Cudahy Library Culver City Julian Dixon Library Diamond Bar Library Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.
Library Duarte Library East Los Angeles Library East Rancho Dominguez Library El Camino Real Library El Monte Library Florence Library Gardena Mayme Dear Library George Nye Jr. Library Graham Library Hacienda Heights Library Hawaiian Gardens Library Hawthorne Library Hermosa Beach Library Hollydale Library Huntington Park Library La Cañada Flintridge Library La Crescenta Library La Mirada Library La Puente Library La Verne Library Lake Los Angeles Library Lancaster Library Lawndale Library Leland R. Weaver Library Lennox Library Littlerock Library Live Oak Library Lloyd Taber-Marina del Rey Library Lomita Library Los Nietos Library Lynwood Library Malibu Library Manhattan Beach Library Masao W. Satow Library Maywood César Chávez Library Montebello Library Norwalk Library Norwood Library Paramount Library Pico Rivera Library Quartz Hill Library Rivera Library Rosemead Library Rowland Heights Library San Dimas Library San Fernando Library San Gabriel Library Santa Clarita Valley Bookmobile Sorensen Library South El Monte Library South Whittier Library Stevenson Ranch Library Sunkist Library Temple City Library Topanga Library Urban Outreach Bookmobile View Park Library Walnut Library West Covina Library West Hollywood Library Westlake Village Library Willowbrook Library Wiseburn Library Woodcrest Library Woelfel, Roger H..
Diamond Jubilee: Seventy-Five Years of Public Service. Glendale, CA: Arthur C. Clark Company. ISBN 0-87062-181-5 County of Los Angeles Library system
Agoura Hills, California
Agoura Hills is a city in Los Angeles County, United States. Its population was estimated to be at 20,843 in 2014, up from 20,537 at the 2000 census, it is in the eastern Conejo Valley between the Santa Monica Mountains. The city is on the border between the county of Los Angeles to the east and south, Ventura County to the north and west, it is about 30 miles northwest of Downtown Los Angeles and less than 10 miles west of the Los Angeles city limits. Agoura Hills and unincorporated Agoura sit next to Calabasas, Oak Park, Westlake Village; the area was first settled by the Chumash Native Americans around 10,000 years ago. As the Alta California coast was settled by Spanish Franciscan missionaries in the late 18th century, the El Camino Real, a road from Loreto, Baja California, Mexico to Sonoma and connecting the Spanish missions in California, was established through the heart of what would be known as Agoura Hills. In about 1800, Miguel Ortega was granted a Spanish grazing concession called Rancho Las Virgenes or El Rancho de Nuestra Señora La Reina de Las Virgenes.
The grant was abandoned after Ortega's death in 1810, José Maria Dominguez was given Rancho Las Virgenes as a Mexican land grant in 1834. Maria Antonia Machado de Reyes purchased the rancho from Dominguez in 1845. By 1900, Agoura Hills was being used as a popular stage stop for travelers along the Camino Real because of its natural spring at the foothills of Ladyface Mountain, one of Agoura Hills' defining geographic features. In the 1920s, the community was known as Picture City, as Paramount Pictures owned a ranch known as Paramount Ranch used for filming Westerns. To obtain a post office of their own, the residents were required to choose a one-word name, in 1927 chose the shortest name proposed: a misspelling of the last name of Pierre Agoure, a local Basque man and French immigrant who had settled in the area in 1871 to live the lifestyle of the Mexican rancher. Styling himself Don Pierre Agoure, he was a successful sheep herder and had a reputation as a swashbuckler. Agoura Hills began to grow in the late 1960s after the Ventura Freeway section of U.
S. Route 101 was built through the city's heart; the first housing tracts in Agoura were Liberty Canyon and Lake Lindero. Rapid growth continued during the 1970s, when schools were built and much of downtown erected. In 1978, residents of the Agoura Hills area banded together to lobby Sacramento to widen the Kanan Bridge. Legislation was passed requiring the State Department of Transportation to award contracts for widening of the Kanan Road bridge overpass, over the Ventura Freeway, from two lanes to four lanes. In 1982, the residents of the city of Agoura Hills voted in favor of cityhood by a 68% majority. Agoura Hills became the 83rd City in Los Angeles County. Elected to the first City Council were Mayor Fran Pavley, Mayor Pro Tem Carol Sahm, Councilmembers Ernest Dynda, John Hood, Vicky Leary. Incorporating a year after neighboring Westlake Village, the drive for cityhood in the region was based on public discontent with the county's failure to limit residential development of the area, motives that influenced Malibu and Calabasas to follow suit in 1991.
The 1980s was a period of tremendous growth, with large land areas being subdivided into housing tracts and a great wave of migration of people into the city. In the 1990s, numerous businesses set up shop in the city, downtown filled with shops and restaurants. In 1995, the murder of Jimmy Farris shook the city and awakened it to a rising drug problem and petty theft crime wave among its young; as a result, the city began sponsoring live music concerts in local parks. In November 2018, the Woolsey Fire occurred during Santa Ana winds causing tremendous devastation to Agoura Hills. One victim was found on Tuesday November 13 in the 32000 block of Lobo Canyon Road. In 2007 an eruv was constructed on public property removed. A resident of Agoura Hills has spoken out against an eruv during a city council meeting; this resident's concerns include: It is ugly. The city makes an exemption for the eruv. If the fishing line is cut, it is an entanglement hazard. If the poles come down, they are a hazard. Will the fishing line and other materials be disposed of in an environmentally friendly way?
The resident does not want to cross a religious boundary to walk to the grocery store. This is an ongoing dispute. Agoura Hills is known regionally for its live music scene and originality in the nu metal scene, a fame that has given rise to such acts as Linkin Park, Dub Thompson, Skye Aspen, Incubus and Fort Minor. Agoura Hills is home to The Canyon Club, a concert venue that hosts national and regional touring acts such as Peter Frampton, Smash Mouth, Pat Benatar, Cyndi Lauper, REO Speedwagon, X, Steel Pulse, The New Cars, Boyz II Men, Alan Parsons, Bret Michaels and The Smithereens. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 8.2 square miles, of which 8.2 square miles of it is land and 0.04 square mile of it is water. Agoura Hills has a mountain called Ballard Mountain named after pioneer settler and freed slave John Ballard; the name of the mountain was changed from Negrohead to Ballard in a ceremony on February 20, 2010. Ladyface mountain is