City chicken

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All-Pork City Chicken in Pittsburgh, PA
A package of all pork city chicken, found in Pittsburgh, PA.

City chicken is an American entrée consisting of cubes of meat, which have been placed on a wooden skewer (approximately 4–5 inches long), then fried and/or baked. Depending on the recipe, they may be breaded.[1] Despite the name of the dish, city chicken almost never contains chicken.


A similar dish once known as "mock chicken" was described as early as 1908;[2] the first references to city chicken appeared in newspapers and cookbooks just prior to and during the Depression Era in a few cities such as Pittsburgh.[1][3][4] City chicken typically has cooks using meat scraps to fashion a makeshift drumstick from them, it was a working-class food item. During the Depression, cooks used pork or in some cases veal because it was then cheaper than chicken in many parts of the country, especially in those markets far from rural poultry farms.[citation needed] Sometimes cooks would grind the meat and use a drumstick-shaped mold to form the ground meat around a skewer.


The dish is popular in cities throughout the central and eastern Great Lakes region of Ohio and Michigan as well as the northeastern Appalachian regions of Pennsylvania and Upstate New York, and at least as far south and west as Louisville, Kentucky. City chicken is commonly found in the metropolitan areas of Cincinnati, Cleveland, Detroit, Binghamton, Erie, Pittsburgh, and Scranton, hence, the dish's "urban" title. In Canada, the deli-counter version is popular in the Ottawa Valley and Kitchener area.


While preparations regionally vary, pork is typically the base meat used in most versions of the recipe. Pittsburgh-area City Chicken is almost always breaded and usually baked, while in Binghamton NY, the meat is marinated, battered and then deep fried;[5][6] the Cleveland version is generally baked without breading and instead the meat is dredged in flour, browned in a pan, then finished in the oven, and served with gravy.[7] Grocery stores in both the Greater Cleveland area as well as those in the Pittsburgh metro area include wooden skewers with pork cubes specifically packaged as city chicken. In Ottawa, Ontario, Canada, at least one variation involves skewers of three kinds of meat: pork, veal, and beef.[8] Another Canadian variation, from Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, was composed entirely of veal.[9]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b "Something different, Something delicious: City Chicken", Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, p. 4, 2 November 1932, retrieved 21 June 2011
  2. ^ "Fried Mock Chicken", Winchester News (Winchester, Kentucky), p. 7, Col. 3, 1 December 1908, retrieved 21 June 2011
  3. ^ Morton, Mary (27 November 1926), "Household Hints", Washington Reporter (Washington, Pennsylvania), p. 13, retrieved 21 June 2011
  4. ^ "Food Timeline - City Chicken". Retrieved 21 September 2009.
  5. ^ "City Chicken Recipe, 30 minutes to make, Serves 4". Retrieved 6 January 2013.
  6. ^ "Sharkey's - Binghamton, NY". 13 April 2007. Retrieved 6 January 2013.
  7. ^ Popik, Barry (17 December 2008). "The Big Apple: City Chicken". Retrieved 6 January 2013.
  8. ^ Wiley, Nan (30 July 1970), "Let's ask the cook: Just like Mom made", Ottawa Citizen, p. 16, retrieved 21 June 2011
  9. ^ Helen, Aunt; Mogford, Jayne (18 July 1931), "The Kitchenette: City Chicken", Saskatoon Star-Phoenix, p. 28, retrieved 21 June 2011