Bradford Moor is an electoral ward within the City of Bradford Metropolitan District Council. The population of the ward at the 2011 Census was 21,210; the ward includes the areas of Thornbury. Bradford Moor Barracks were located at the corner of Old Leeds Killinghall Road; the ward covers the areas of Bradford known as Bradford Moor and Thornbury. It is bordered on the west by the south by Bowling; the direct route between the centres of Bradford and Leeds passes through the middle of the ward as Leeds Old Road. Bradford Moor was a moor, as the name suggests. Despite being near the centre of Bradford, it was urbanised late in the city's history, but is now inner-city in character; the ward is represented on Bradford Council by two Labour Party councillors, Mohammed Shafiq and Zafar Iqbal, one Liberal Democrat councillor, Riaz Ahmed. indicates seat up for re-election. Indicates councillor defection. BCSP BBC election results Council ward profile
Liberal Democrats (UK)
The Liberal Democrats are a liberal political party in the United Kingdom. They have 11 Members of Parliament in the House of Commons, 96 members of the House of Lords, one member of the European Parliament, five Members of the Scottish Parliament and one member in the Welsh Assembly and London Assembly. At the height of its influence, the party formed a coalition government with the Conservative Party from 2010 to 2015 with its leader Nick Clegg serving as Deputy Prime Minister, it is led by Sir Vince Cable. In 1981, an electoral alliance was established between the Liberal Party, a group, the direct descendent of the 18th-century Whigs, the Social Democratic Party, a splinter group from the Labour Party. In 1988 this alliance was formalised as the Liberal Democrats. Under the leadership of Paddy Ashdown and Charles Kennedy, the party grew during the 1990s and 2000s, focusing its campaigning on specific seats and becoming the third largest party in the House of Commons. Under its leader Nick Clegg, the Liberal Democrats were junior partners in a coalition government headed by Conservative Prime Minister David Cameron, with Clegg serving as Deputy Prime Minister.
The coalition damaged the Liberal Democrats' electoral prospects: the party was reduced from 57 to 8 seats at the 2015 election. Positioned in the centre ground of British politics, the Liberal Democrats are ideologically liberal. Emphasising stronger protections for civil liberties, the party promotes liberal approaches to issues like LGBT rights, education policy, criminal justice. Different factions take different approaches to economic issues; the party is pro-Europeanist, supporting continued UK membership of the European Union and greater European integration. It calls for electoral reform with a transition from the first-past-the-post voting system to one of proportional representation. Other policies have included further environmental protections and drug liberalisation laws, while it has opposed certain UK military engagements like the Iraq War; the party is a member of the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe and Liberal International. The Liberal Democrats are strongest in northern Scotland, southwest London, southwest England, mid-Wales.
The Liberal Democrats were formed on 3 March 1988 by a merger between the Liberal Party and the Social Democratic Party, which had formed a pact nearly seven years earlier as the SDP–Liberal Alliance. The Liberal Party, founded in 1859, were descended from the Whigs and Peelites, while the SDP were a party created in 1981 by former Labour Party members, MPs and cabinet ministers, but gained defections from the Conservative Party. Having declined to third party status after the rise of the Labour Party from 1918 and during the 1920s, the Liberals were challenged for this position in the 1980s when a group of Labour MPs broke away and established the Social Democratic Party; the SDP and the Liberals realised that there was no space for two political parties of the centre and entered into the SDP–Liberal Alliance so that they would not stand against each other in elections. The Alliance was led by Roy Jenkins; the two parties had their own policies and emphases, but produced a joint manifesto for the 1983 and 1987 general elections.
Following disappointing results in the 1987 election, Steel proposed to merge the two parties. Although opposed by Owen, it was supported by a majority of members of both parties, they formally merged in March 1988, with Steel and Robert Maclennan as joint interim leaders; the new party was named Social and Liberal Democrats with the unofficial short form The Democrats being used from September 1988. The name was subsequently changed to Liberal Democrats in October 1989, shortened to Lib Dems; the new party logo, the Bird of Liberty, was adopted in 1989. The minority of the SDP who rejected the merger remained under Owen's leadership in a rump SDP. Michael Meadowcroft joined the Liberal Democrats in 2007 but some of his former followers continue still as the Liberal Party, most notably in a couple of electoral wards of the cities of Liverpool and Peterborough; the then-serving Liberal MP Paddy Ashdown was elected leader in July 1988. At the 1989 European Elections, the party received only 6% of the vote, putting them in fourth place after the Green Party.
They failed to gain a single Member of the European Parliament at this election. Over the next three years, the party recovered under Ashdown's leadership, they performed better at the 1990 local elections and in by-elections—including at Eastbourne in 1990 which saw the first success by a Liberal Democrat standing for parliament. They had further successes in Ribble Valley and Kincardine & Deeside in 1991; the Lib Dems did not reach the share of national votes in the 1990s that the Alliance had achieved in the 1980s. At their first election in 1992, they won 17.8 % of twenty seats. In the 1994 European Elections, the party gained its first two Members of European Parliament. Following the election of Tony Blair as Labour leader in July 1994 after the death of his predecessor John Smith, Ashdown pursued co-operation between the two parties becaus
Coat of arms of Bradford
The Coat of arms of Bradford City Council was granted in 1976. The present City of Bradford was created in 1974 by the Local Government Act 1972 and is one of five metropolitan boroughs of West Yorkshire; the 1976 arms are based on those of the county borough of Bradford. The red and blue "per pale" division of the shield, gold engrailed chevron and buglehorns were taken directly from the county borough's arms; the buglehorns refer to the service by which the manor of Bradford was granted by John of Gaunt to John Northrop of Manningham: upon the blowing of a horn on St Martin's day Manningham was to wait on John and his heirs and conduct them safely to Pontefract Castle. In the county borough's arms there were three horns: one has been replaced by a golden fleece; this is an emblem of the woollen industry and was found in the arms or devices of five urban districts included in the metropolitan borough in 1974. On the chevron is an heraldic fountain from the arms of borough of Keighley and Ilkley urban district.
A bordure or border has been added to the shield, on which are placed eleven white roses, representing the eleven Yorkshire councils combined in 1974. The crest features a boar's head without a tongue; this illustrates the legend of the boar of Cliffe Wood. The supporters are a gold stag from the arms of the Cavendish family, associated with Keighley; the motto is Progress, Humanity. The formal description of the arms, or blazon, is: For the arms: Per pale gules and azure on a chevron engrailed between in chief two hunting horns and in base a fleece Or a fountain all within a bordure gobony gules and argent in the gules eleven roses argent barbed and seeded proper. Badge: A mural crown per pale gules and azure thereon a rose argent barbed and seeded proper on the crown a boar's head couped at the neck sans tongue erased Or. Aspects of Heraldry - Journal of the Yorkshire Heraldry Society, No.16, 2002 G. Briggs and Corporate Heraldry, London 1971 W. C. Scott-Giles, Civic Heraldry of England and Wales, 2nd edition, London, 1953 W. H. Fox-Talbot, The Book of Public Arms, London 1915
Eccleshill, West Yorkshire
Eccleshill is an area, former village, ward within the City of Bradford Metropolitan District Council in the county of West Yorkshire, England. The ward population of Eccleshill is 17,540, increasing at the 2011 Census to 17,945. Eccleshill is a more or less residential urban area with little open space although there is substantial open land directly to the east; the origins of the name Eccleshill are uncertain. At the time of the Domesday Book the area was known as Egleshill either meaning'eagles hill' or named after a Saxon landlord called Aikel or Eckil—alternatively it could mean Ecclesiastical Hill. In Roman times the Eccleshill area was crossed by two lanes. One lane was along what is now Norman Lane and the other to Apperley Bridge down the road now known as Bank. After the Norman Conquest the lands of Eccleshill were given to Earl of Warren. In 1274 ownership of lands passed to the Sheffields and in 1407 to the Bolling family of Calverley the Scargills, Wyatts, Stanhopes, to Jeremiah Rawson.
In the Middle Ages Eccleshill was shunned by church authorities after a supposed incident in which it is said a preacher or monk was stoned to death on the main road though Eccleshill village. This supposed incident is said to be the reason behind naming the main road'Stony Lane'; the real explanation may be that it led on to Stone Hall. In 1713 Eccleshill Hall was built for Dr Stanhope, located to the east of Stony Lane at the site of previous Eccleshill Halls, on what is now Victoria Road. Eccleshill hall was demolished in 1878 and all that remains are parts of stone gateposts embedded in a roadside wall; the churches built in Eccleshill were nonconformist. Before 1775 the only place of worship in Eccleshill was The Quaker Meeting House on Tunwell Lane. In 1775 Prospect Chapel known as Bank Top Chapel a Wesleyan Chapel was constructed on Lands Lane off Norman Lane. In 1776 Methodist John Wesley preached there. On the opposite side of Norman Lane is Prospect Chapel burial ground, created in 1823.
Doctrinal disagreement led to the establishment in 1823 of Salem Independent Chapel. Salem Chapel and Sunday school both now demolished, were built on Dobby Row, an event, to prompt the renaming of the street to Chapel Street; the Chapel Street chapel was replaced by the Congregational Church on Victoria Road near Harrogate Road, built in 1889. Salem Chapel burial ground remains on Chapel Street; the Congregational Church was demolished in the 1960s and the United Reformed Church, a single storey building built on the site in 1967 and the Congregational Church building was demolished in 1979/80. A further split at Prospect Chapel had led to the establishment of Eccleshill United Methodist Chapel on the corner of Workhouse fold now named Stewart Close. In 1854 the remaining worshippers of Prospect Chapel built Eccleshill Wesleyan Methodist Chapel in Stony Lane and sold Prospect Chapel; the old Prospect Chapel building had many subsequent uses including as an organ works. When congregations shrank at the Wesleyan Methodist Church on Stony Lane worshippers moved to join the Primitive Methodist Chapel built in 1911 on Norman Lane to become Eccleshill Methodist Church.
There are plans to replace it with apartments. The Wesleyan Methodist Chapel was sold in 1965 became the Ukrainian Autocephalic Orthodox Church. Construction of St. Lukes church was ordered by the Rev William Scoresby, Vicar of Bradford and this was consecrated in 1848, it was designed in a vertical Gothic style with a spire, however the spire was removed in circa 1971 when the stonework began crumbling. The ecclesiastical parish of Eccleshill takes in Greengates, Apperley Bridge south of the River Aire; the quarrying, pottery and weaving industries have been located in the area for some time but only quarrying remains today. Eccleshill has a number of mills; the Old Mill on Victoria Road was a woollen mill built in 1800 but was destroyed by fire in 1816. The present building on the site is dated 1863. On the other side of Victoria Road from the Old Mill is a row of houses and street once known as Dobby Row - a dobby being part of an early form of weaving loom - a Dobby loom, itself taking its name from a corruption of the words'draw boy' - a weaving assistant.
In around 1816 Union Mill on Harrogate Road was constructed for the manufacture of woollens. A further three storey mill building was added to the south of the site. From 1892 to 1983 John Pilley and Sons owned and operated the mills and so the mills became known as Pilley's Mill. Union Mills had a serious fire in 1905. Today the buildings are a mixture of commercial and light industrial units but there are plans to redevelop the whole site. In the 1838 White's Directory Eccleshill is described as engaged in the manufacture of white woollen cloth. In 1872 Tunwell Mill was built by Messrs Smith and Hutton as a woollen mill on Tunwell Lane near Tun Well directly south of Stony Lane—although today's Tunwell Mills are not the original mill building. At the north end of Stone Hall Road is a mill variously known as Stone Hall Shed and Whiteley's Mill where worsted was manufactured. Halfway down Stone Hall Road off to the west stood Victoria Mill, a worsted mill; this mill has been demolished and domestic properties now stand on the site.
Moorside Mills was built on Moorside Road in 1875 by John Moore for worsted spinning. In 1919 two floors were added and a clock tower as a war memorial to those who had died in the First World War. Ownership of the mill changed hands many times and in 1970 Bradford Metropolitan District Council bought the property from Messrs. W. & J. Whitehead to create the Brad
West Yorkshire Combined Authority
The West Yorkshire Combined Authority is the combined authority for West Yorkshire in England. It was established by statutory instrument under the Local Democracy, Economic Development and Construction Act 2009 on 1 April 2014, it is a strategic authority with powers over economic development and regeneration. The chair of the authority is Peter Box; the abolition of West Yorkshire County Council in 1986 left the county without a single authority covering the whole area, although some council functions including archive services and Trading Standards continued to be provided jointly, through West Yorkshire Joint Services, the West Yorkshire Passenger Transport Executive and West Yorkshire Police continued to operate across the county. Since April 2007 the Leeds City Region Partnership has evolved to coordinate activities across the Leeds City Region, which includes Barnsley in South Yorkshire, the CIty of York and three districts of North Yorkshire, as well as the whole of West Yorkshire. Strategic local governance decisions have been made by the joint committee of the Leeds City Region Leaders Board.
A multi-area agreement was established in 2008 and since 2011 economic development has been supported by the Leeds City Region LEP, which forms a business-led local enterprise partnership. The West Yorkshire Combined Authority was proposed in 2012 as part of a "city deal"; the combined authority covered only West Yorkshire, not the other areas of the Leeds City Region. In order to create a combined authority the local authorities had to undertake a governance review and produce a scheme of their proposals. A consultation ran from November 2013 to January 2014 and the responses were published in February 2014; the combined authority was established on 1 April 2014, following statutory approval on 31 March 2014. Five members are leaders of the constituent authorities, with three additional district councillor members and two non-constituent partner members; the combined authority operates through three committees: the West Yorkshire and York Investment Committee, Transport Committee and Overview and Scrutiny Committee.
The Transport Committee replaced the West Yorkshire Integrated Transport Authority. A Governance and Audit Committee advises the authority in relation to financial management and governance. Public transport policy is delivered through the Metro brand, the public facing identity of the West Yorkshire Passenger Transport Executive. WYCA will take over responsibility for payment of Apprenticeship Grant for Employers from 1 August 2015
Bradford City Hall
Bradford City Hall is a Grade I listed, 19th-century town hall in Centenary Square, West Yorkshire, England. It is notable for its landmark bell/clock tower; the building was designed by Lockwood and Mawson, opened in 1873. Winston Churchill gave his first speech after the Second Battle of El Alamein outside the hall in which he called for the people to'go forward together and put these grave matters to the proof'. Before its relocation, between 1847 and 1872, the town hall had been the Fire Station House in Swain Street. In 1869, a new triangular site was purchased, a competition held for a design to rival the town halls of Leeds and Halifax; the local firm of Lockwood and Mawson was chosen over the other 31 entries. It was built by John Ives & Son of Shipley and took three years to build at a cost of £100,000, it was opened on 9 September 1873, on a wet day by Matthew Thompson, the mayor. It was first extended in 1909 to a design by Norman Shaw and executed by architect F. E. P. Edwards, with another council chamber, more committee rooms and a banqueting hall.
It was extended again in 1914 with a new entrance and staircase in baroque marble by William Williamson and listed grade I on 14 June 1963. In 1965 the name was changed to City Hall to reflect Bradford's prominence, the building was improved at a cost of £12,000. In 1992 the bells stopped due to decay of the bell frame. In December 2007 the City Hall went green by turning the city's nine Christmas trees into woodchips as fuel for new heating boilers to be installed in early 2008. An access tunnel was dug from the roadway to install the boilers: there is a Powerpoint description of the process, with images of the old and new boilers, here; the two flagpoles carry the flag of Wales on Saint David's Day and the flag of Australia on Australia Day. Flag use in response to major world disasters is made according to Government guidelines; the flags reflect royal events, such as coronations and weddings. The building is set in Centenary Square, developed and pedestrianised in 1997, the city's centenary.
Staff give tours of the building on request. Annually in September the City Hall holds a heritage weekend, when visitors can see more of the building. During two special open days per year, 1,200 children are invited to meet the mayor, learn about the building and the council, do re-enactments and gain civic pride. In 2000, Barbara Jane Harrison was commemorated in a memorial display in the City Hall. In October 2006 the building was illuminated for Bradford Festival by artist Patrice Warrener. In 2007 the City Hall filled in for Manchester Crown Court for the duration of the trial of Tracy Barlow in Coronation Street; the bells have played "The Star-Spangled Banner" to mark the three minutes' silence for those who died due to terrorism. When an eminent Bradfordian dies, the City Hall flags fly at half mast until the funeral is over, while the minute bell rings for an hour after receipt of notice, for an hour at the time of the funeral. At the memorial in 2005 of the 1985 Bradford City stadium fire, "Dozens of people broke down in tears as the City Hall bells played You'll Never Walk Alone and Abide with Me in tribute to the victims."Telegraph, 11 May 2005.
However the bells play happier tunes, in 2001 there was talk of replacing the old computer application which controlled the bells, so that they could play pop music. The bells can now be programmed to play any tune, subject to musical arrangement and technical limitations; the bells have played No Matter What several times in 2001, when Whistle Down the Wind was playing at the Alhambra. This meant that the superintendent had to undertake the long climb up the tower at 10.30 pm every day for a week, as the bell system was still under repair. In 2010, the bells played the theme tune from Coronation Street when the cast was filming in the area, it was designed in the Venetian style. The bell tower was inspired by Palazzo Vecchio in Florence; the top of the tower is 220 feet high. It contains 13 bells, installed in 1872, which weighed 13 tons 3 quarters and 6lbs and cost £1,765, they first rang at the opening in 1873. They ring every 15 minutes and play tunes at midday and late afternoon plus carols in December.
All the original bells are still in use but the carillon mechanism has been updated several times The clock, installed in 1872 at a cost of £2,248 5s was in operation until 1947. In that year it was replaced by a more modern mechanism. There are 35 statues of past monarchs in chronological order on the façade, with Queen Victoria and Elizabeth I on either side of the main entrance; the London firm Farmer & Brindley carved them from Cliffe Wood stone, from the local quarry on Bolton Road, at a cost of £63 each. On the side facing Centenary Square, the line of monarchs includes Oliver Cromwell. There is a flush bracket on the building with a code number once used to log the height above sea level. A full architectural description is here. In the banqueting hall is a 19th-century overmantel and frieze carved by C. R. Millar; the frieze carries the Bradford city motto: Labor omnia vincit, reflecting the ethos of an industrial city, the work ethic of the Evangelical movement represented by many local chapels.
The figures on the frieze represent the wool trade between Bradford and the world, besides architecture and the arts. Historic England. "Bradford City Hall". Images of England. City of Bradford Metropolitan District Council: History of City Hall. Bradford City Hall at Structurae BBC: Three 360-degree panoramas of interior rooms of City Hall Haworth Villag
Conservative Party (UK)
The Conservative Party the Conservative and Unionist Party, is a centre-right political party in the United Kingdom. The governing party since 2010, it is the largest in the House of Commons, with 313 Members of Parliament, has 249 members of the House of Lords, 18 members of the European Parliament, 31 Members of the Scottish Parliament, 12 members of the Welsh Assembly, eight members of the London Assembly and 8,916 local councillors; the Conservative Party was founded in 1834 from the Tory Party—the Conservatives' colloquial name is "Tories"—and was one of two dominant political parties in the nineteenth century, along with the Liberal Party. Under Benjamin Disraeli it played a preeminent role in politics at the height of the British Empire. In 1912, the Liberal Unionist Party merged with the party to form the Conservative and Unionist Party. In the 1920s, the Labour Party surpassed the Liberals as the Conservatives' main rivals. Conservative Prime Ministers — notably Winston Churchill and Margaret Thatcher — led governments for 57 years of the twentieth century.
Positioned on the centre-right of British politics, the Conservative Party is ideologically conservative. Different factions have dominated the party at different times, including One Nation Conservatives and liberal conservatives, while its views and policies have changed throughout its history; the party has adopted liberal economic policies—favouring free market economics, limiting state regulation, pursuing privatisation—although in the past has supported protectionism. The party is British unionist, opposing both Irish reunification and Welsh and Scottish independence, supported the maintenance of the British Empire; the party includes those with differing views on the European Union, with Eurosceptic and pro-European wings. In foreign policy, it is for a strong national defence; the Conservatives are a member of the International Democrat Union and the Alliance of Conservatives and Reformists in Europe and sit with the European Conservatives and Reformists parliamentary group. The Scottish, Northern Irish and Gibraltan branches of the party are semi-autonomous.
Its support base consists of middle-class voters in rural areas of England, its domination of British politics throughout the twentieth century has led to it being referred to as one of the most successful political parties in the Western world. The Conservative Party was founded in the 1830s. However, some writers trace its origins to the reign of Charles II in the 1670s Exclusion Crisis. Other historians point to a faction, rooted in the 18th century Whig Party, that coalesced around William Pitt the Younger in the 1780s, they were known as "Independent Whigs", "Friends of Mr Pitt", or "Pittites" and never used terms such as "Tory" or "Conservative". Pitt died in 1806. From about 1812 on the name "Tory" was used for a new party that, according to historian Robert Blake, "are the ancestors of Conservatism". Blake adds that Pitt's successors after 1812 "were not in any sense standard-bearer's of true Toryism"; the term "Conservative" was suggested as a title for the party by a magazine article by J. Wilson Croker in the Quarterly Review in 1830.
The name caught on and was adopted under the aegis of Sir Robert Peel around 1834. Peel is acknowledged as the founder of the Conservative Party, which he created with the announcement of the Tamworth Manifesto; the term "Conservative Party" rather than Tory was the dominant usage by 1845. The widening of the electoral franchise in the nineteenth century forced the Conservative Party to popularise its approach under Edward Smith-Stanley, 14th Earl of Derby and Benjamin Disraeli, who carried through their own expansion of the franchise with the Reform Act of 1867. In 1886, the party formed an alliance with Spencer Compton Cavendish, Lord Hartington and Joseph Chamberlain's new Liberal Unionist Party and, under the statesmen Robert Gascoyne-Cecil, Lord Salisbury and Arthur Balfour, held power for all but three of the following twenty years before suffering a heavy defeat in 1906 when it split over the issue of free trade. Young Winston Churchill denounced Chamberlain's attack on free trade, helped organize the opposition inside the Unionist/Conservative Party.
Balfour, as party leader, followed Chamberlain's policy introduced protectionist legislation. The high tariff element called itself "Tariff Reformers" and in a major speech in Manchester on May 13, 1904, Churchill warned their takeover of the Unionist/Conservative party would permanently brand it as: A party of great vested interests, banded together in a formidable confederation. Two weeks Churchill crossed the floor and formally joined the Liberal Party. )He rejoined the Conservatives in 1925.) In December, Balfour lost control of his party, as the defections multiplied. He was replaced by Liberal Prime Minister Henry Campbell-Bannerman who called an election in January 1906, which produced a massive Liberal victory with a gain of 214 seats. Liberal Prime Minister H. H. Asquith enacted a great deal of reform legislation, but the Unionists worked hard at grassroots organizing. Two general elections were held in one in January and one in December; the two main parties were now dead equal in seats.
The Unionists had more popular votes but the Liberals kept control with a coalition with the Irish Parliamentary Party. In 1912, the Liberal Unionis