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Ka-Nefer-Nefer was an ancient Egyptian noblewoman who lived during the Nineteenth Dynasty. She is known in modern times for her funerary mask, in the possession of the Saint Louis Art Museum; the museum bought the mask in 1998 from the art supplier Phoenix Ancient Art of New Geneva. The art supplier said that the mask had been excavated at Saqqara between 1951 and 1952 and had been on the art market by 1952. However, suspicions arose that the mask had instead been stolen from Egypt, Zahi Hawass, Secretary-General of the Egyptian Supreme Council of Antiquities, asked that the mask be returned to Egypt. In 2006, the Saint Louis Art Museum rejected Hawass' claim, the mask remains in Saint Louis. Ka-Nefer-Nefer's mask is made of gilded plaster-coated linen over wood, it resides in a climate-controlled case labeled "Mummy Mask, Dynasty 19" at the Saint Louis Art Museum. Ka-Nefer-Nefer was discovered in 1952 by Mohammed Zakaria Goneim in a tomb buried above the Step Pyramid of Djoser in the Saqqara necropolis.

Her body was not mummified and was badly decomposed, she wore an elaborate mask that covered her head and shoulders. Her head was crowned with a glass diadem. Goneim named her Ka-Nefer-Nefer, meaning "Twice-Beautiful Ka". On June 12, 2014, the US Eight Circuit appeals court concluded that the mask will remain at the St. Louis Art Museum, at least as far as the US federal forfeiture case is concerned. Portraiture in Ancient Egypt

Ed Updegraff

Edgar Rice Updegraff is an American amateur golfer and urologist. Updegraff was born in Boone and descendant of the German Op den Graeff family, he received his bachelor's and master's degrees from the Iowa State University and his medical degree from the University of Iowa. Unlike his father and brothers, who were otolaryngologists, Updegraff chose urology as a specialty, he settled into practice in Tucson, Arizona in 1951 because of the opportunity to continue playing golf there. Updegraff had a long amateur career, winning many tournament on a local and national scale, including the Western Amateur, Sunnehanna Amateur, Pacific Coast Amateur, U. S. Senior Amateur, he was a semi-finalist at 1963 British Amateur. He captained the 1975 team to a win, he finished in a tie for 4th place at the 1969 Tucson Open on the PGA Tour but failed to sign his scorecard and was disqualified. Updegraff received the Bob Jones Award from the United States Golf Association in 1999, he was inducted into the Arizona Golf Hall of Fame in 1969 and the Iowa Golf Association Hall of Fame in 2006.

1940 Northwest Amateur 1941 Northwest Amateur 1947 Northwest Amateur 1952 Arizona Amateur 1954 Southwestern Amateur 1955 Southwestern Amateur, Arizona Amateur 1957 Western Amateur 1959 Western Amateur 1961 Southwestern Amateur, Arizona Amateur 1962 Sunnehanna Amateur 1967 Pacific Coast Amateur 1969 Southwestern Amateur, Arizona Amateur 1981 U. S. Senior AmateurSources: Walker Cup: 1963, 1965, 1969, 1975 Americas Cup: 1963, 1967

Alien Minds

Alien Minds is a science fiction novel by American writer E. Everett Evans, it was first published in 1955 by Fantasy Press in an edition of 1,417 copies. The book is a sequel to Man of Many Minds The novel concerns the adventures of George Hanlan, a secret service agent who has the ability to read minds, on the planet Estrella. Chalker, Jack L.. The Science-Fantasy Publishers: A Bibliographic History, 1923-1998. Westminster, MD and Baltimore: Mirage Press, Ltd. p. 240. Clute, John; the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction. New York: St. Martin's Griffin. P. 393. ISBN 0-312-13486-X. Tuck, Donald H.. The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction and Fantasy. Chicago: Advent. P. 160. ISBN 0-911682-20-1. Alien Minds at Project Gutenberg

John G. Horgan

John Gregory Horgan, Jr. nicknamed "the Banker", was an American professional player of pocket billiards and three-cushion billiards. Horgan was born in the son of John G. Horgan, Sr.. He became the 1906 world champion in pocket billiards by beating Tommy Hueston He became the world three-cushion billiards champion and holder of the Lambert Emblem trophy in 1912 by beating Joe Carney, a title he lost to Alfredo de Oro in 1914. Horgan, who moved to the West Coast around 1891, died in San Francisco following a sudden illness and operation. Horace Lerch, one of his close friends, eulogized him in the Buffalo Courier-Express – Horgan was one of the greatest of billiardists and versatile in cue work. While a youth at school he displayed remarkable cleverness in amateur tournaments and match play, he annexed the pocket billiard championships from Hueston in 1906 and in 1912 took the three cushion title and Lambert diamond trophy from Carney. Alfredo de Oro pronounced him the greatest three-cushion player in the world... praise indeed from such a source.

He was survived by three sisters, Mrs. Daniel Richardson, Letitia Horgan, Mrs. W. H. McGraw, brothers Edward D. Horgan and George W. Horgan. John G. Horgan at Find a Grave

USS Snatch (ARS-27)

USS Snatch, well known as Scripps R/V Argo after conversion to scientific research, was a Diver-class rescue and salvage ship commissioned by the U. S. Navy during World War II and in service from 11 December 1944 through 23 December 1946, her task was to come to the aid of stricken vessels. The ship is better known from her scientific research role as the Scripps Institution of Oceanography research vessel R/V Argo, it is that name not formally recognized by Navy that maintained title to the vessel, found in the scientific literature and public releases about her wide ranging research voyages. Snatch was laid down on 28 September 1943 by the Basalt Rock Company in California. Snatch conducted her shakedown cruise off San Diego and returned to San Francisco, California from where she steamed on 20 February 1945 for Manus, Admiralty Islands. Under tow were the vessels YF-622, YF-919, YF-926. On 4 March, she ran into heavy seas which caused 926 to collide. YF-926 was taking down by the bow; the seas were still rough three days so the salvage ship changed course for Kealakekua Bay, Hawaii.

YF-926 sank on the 8th, the day before reaching port. Two days Snatch sailed to Pearl Harbor towing the remaining lighters. Snatch steamed to Marshall Islands, on 17 March. From 5 to 9 April, she participated in salvage operations of SS Esso Washington, grounded near the entrance of Eniwetok Passage. On the 14th, the ship steamed for Guam with two barges in tow. En route, the ship was diverted to Mariana Islands, arriving on 23 April. On 15 May, she sailed for Leyte Gulf, Philippine Islands, calling at Ulithi to take YF-606 and YF-1001 in tow. Snatch operated in the Philippine Islands from 26 May to 30 December 1945 when she sailed for San Diego, California, she operated from there until 23 December 1946 when she was placed in reserve, out of commission, berthed there. Snatch's crew was eligible for the following medals: American Campaign Medal Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal World War II Victory Medal Philippines Liberation Medal The U. S. Navy through the Office of Naval Research, was a major funding source throughout the early days of oceanography.

Up to 90% of U. S. oceanographic research funding from 1946 through 1965 came from Navy with the Scripps Institution of Oceanography being one of the notable research facilities and recipients of that funding. Such funding provided for both the conversion of former naval vessels to research and for their operation; the USS Snatch was one of two notable vessels undergoing such conversion. In 1960 the Snatch was converted into the vessel known in scientific literature and publicity relating to oceanography as the Scripps vessel R/V Argo; the ship operated as a Scripps research vessel from that conversion in 1960 until return to Navy custody for scrapping in 1970. As R/V Argo the ship conducted much significant research during what was termed the "Golden Age of Oceanography," by Roger Revelle. Among the notable expeditions was the series for the International Indian Ocean Expedition of 1960 through 1965 when Argo participated in the Monsoon Expedition of 1960–1961 and, with R/V Horizon, participated the 1962 Lusiad Expedition.

The ship's work added information of submarine topography and geophysical properties in that unexplored ocean that contributed to understanding the global ridge system and geology as well as collecting data in other disciplines. During 1966 the ship did winter work in the northwestern Pacific, Bering Sea, the Okhotsk Sea. Argo paired again with R/V Horizon for the 1967 Nova expedition conducted in the southwest Pacific. Significant information on the geological structures were reported and contributed to modern knowledge of global geology. During the Circe Expedition concentrating on the geology and geophysics of the Pacific and Atlantic, Argo worked in the Southwest Indian Ridge and collected specimens of "lower crustal matic and upper mantle ultramatic rocks never before recovered in oceanic areas" while field-testing a shipboard computer linked to a prototype satellite navigation system; the ship features in the experience of a number of the well known names in oceanography and has itself given its name to ocean features.

The Argo Fracture Zone is noted along with the North Australian Basin as among a number of the ship's discoveries. The note in the GEBCO Gazetteer for the fracture zone is: Discoverer: R/V Argo 1960, 1968, 1960 Recognized on SIO's R/V Argo, Lusiad Expedition, 1962–63. Mapped in 1968, Circe Expedition" After seven years of service under Office of Naval Research funding and sponsorship at Scripps and the buildup of national oceanographic resources ship formally became part of the Navy's new Auxiliary General Oceanographic Research fleet; the ship was changed for administrative purposes by Navy on 1 April 1967 to AGOR-18 classification and administrative ownership by the Military Sea Transportation Service while continuing operations as the Scripps vessel R/V Argo. The ship was returned to US Naval custody in March 1970 and struck from the Naval Register, 1 May 1970. Final disposition: sold for scrapping, 8 November 1971, to S. S. Zee, Taiwan. List of United States Navy ships This article incorporates text from the public domain Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships.

Navy Support for Oceanography at SIO Scripps Institution of Oceanography Archives, UC San Diego Libraries: R/V Argo photograp