click links in text for more info
SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

City of South Brisbane

The City of South Brisbane was a local government area on the southern side of the Brisbane River, Australia. It was existed until 1925 when it was amalgamated into the City of Brisbane; when the Town of Brisbane was first established, it was predominantly on the northern bank of the Brisbane River, but included some areas south of the river, including the ward of Kangaroo Point and the ward of South Brisbane, the area between Vulture Street and the river. The Queensland Government passed the Divisional Boards Act of 1879 to establish a system of Divisional Boards for the purpose of providing local government for portions of the colony outside the boundaries of municipalities; the first Divisional Boards were proclaimed on 11 November 1879. Although the Woolloongabba Division was intended to be one of the first established, some delays occurred and it was not established until 9 January 1880; the role of a Divisional Board was to provide such public services as: transport, including roads and bridges public health, including water and drainage public amenities, including parks and cemeteries, etc.

Divisional boards were intended to administer areas with lower and more sparse population than that of a municipality. However, population of the Woolloongabba Divisional Board grew as the result of the introduction of a railway line into South Brisbane. On 7 January 1888, the Borough of South Brisbane was proclaimed a separate Municipal Institution, it combined the areas part of the Division of Woolloongabba and the South Ward of the Municipality of Brisbane. However, the ward of Kangaroo Point remained part of the Town of Brisbane. In 1891, work commenced on the construction of the South Brisbane Town Hall; the building was opened on 1 July 1892. Although it was known as the "Town Hall", it was called the South Brisbane Municipal Chambers; the town hall is now listed on the Queensland Heritage Register. The South Brisbane Memorial Park commemorates those of South Brisbane who died in World War I. On 20 May 1921 the South Brisbane City Council set aside a triangular block land bounded by Stanley Street, Vulture Street and Sidon Street opposite the South Brisbane Town Hall.

On 6 August 1923 the park was dedicated Governor-General of Henry Forster. The voters elected aldermen to represent them; the aldermen elected one of their number each year to be mayor. South Brisbane Town Hall South Brisbane Library "South Brisbane". Queensland Places. Centre for the Government of Queensland, University of Queensland

Eleanor Calvert

Eleanor Calvert Custis Stuart, born Eleanor Calvert, was a prominent member of the wealthy Calvert family of Maryland. Upon her marriage to John Parke Custis, she became the daughter-in-law of Martha Dandridge Custis Washington and the stepdaughter-in-law of George Washington, her portrait hangs today at Mount Airy Mansion in Maryland. Eleanor Calvert was born in 1758 at the Calvert family's Mount Airy plantation near Upper Marlboro in Prince George's County, Maryland. Eleanor was the second-eldest daughter of Benedict Swingate Calvert, illegitimate son of Charles Calvert, 5th Baron Baltimore, Benedict's wife Elizabeth Calvert Butler, she was known to her family as "Nelly." As a teenager, Eleanor was an exceptionally pretty well-mannered. Eleanor married John Parke Custis, son of the late Daniel Parke Custis and Martha Dandridge Custis Washington, on February 3, 1774 at Mount Airy; when "Jacky", as he was known by his family, announced his engagement to Eleanor to his parents, they were surprised due to the couple's youth.

After their marriage, the couple settled at the White House plantation, a Custis estate on the Pamunkey River in New Kent County, Virginia. After the couple had lived at the White House for more than two years, John Custis purchased the Abingdon plantation in Fairfax County, into which the couple settled during the winter of 1778–1779. Eleanor and John had seven children: unnamed daughter, died shortly after birth Elizabeth Parke Custis Law, "Eliza", married Thomas Law Martha Parke Custis Peter, "Patsy", married Thomas Peter Eleanor Parke Custis Lewis, "Nelly", married Lawrence Lewis unnamed twin daughters, died three weeks after birth George Washington Parke Custis, "Wash", married Mary Lee FitzhughIn 1781, John died of "camp fever", believed to be typhus, following the Siege of Yorktown. Eleanor's two elder daughters and Martha, continued to live with her at the Abingdon plantation, she sent her two younger children and George, to Mount Vernon to live with their grandmother, Martha Washington, her husband George Washington, future president.

John died intestate, so his widow was granted a "dower third", the lifetime use of one-third of the Custis estate assets, including its more than 300 slaves. The balance of the Custis estate was held in trust for their children and distributed as the daughters married and the son reached his majority. Eleanor's "dower third". In 1783, Eleanor married Dr. David Stuart, an Alexandria physician and a business associate of George Washington. Eleanor and David had sixteen children together, including: Ann Calvert Stuart, married William Robinson Sarah Stuart, married Obed Waite Ariana Calvert Stuart William Sholto Stuart Eleanor Custis Stuart Charles Calvert Stuart, married Cornelia Lee Rosalie Eugenia Stuart, married William Greenleaf Webster In 1792, Eleanor and their family left Abingdon and moved to David's home at Hope Park in Fairfax County. About ten years they moved to Ossian Hall near Annandale in Fairfax County. Eleanor died on September 28, 1811 at age 53 at Tudor Place, the home of her daughter, Martha Parke Custis Peter, in Georgetown, District of Columbia.

She was buried at Effingham Plantation in Virginia. She was reinterred in Page's Chapel, St. Thomas' Church, Maryland, in the late 1810s near the graves of her parents, her resting place remained unmarked until a limestone grave slab was installed in the chapel floor in autumn 2008. Torbert, Alice. Eleanor Calvert and Her Circle. New York: William-Frederick Press, 1950. Eleanor Calvert, Baltimore Museum of Art Geneall. "Eleanor Calvert". Geneall. Retrieved March 1, 2008

Hanawon

The Settlement Support Center for North Korean Refugees known as Hanawon, is a South Korean facility for re-education of North Korean defectors. Three months' stay in this facility is mandatory for all North Koreans arriving in the south, with residents unable to leave of their own free will. Hanawon opened on 8 July 1999, is located about an hour south of Seoul in the countryside of Anseong, Gyeonggi Province. In her book Nothing To Envy: Ordinary Lives in North Korea, journalist Barbara Demick describes Hanawon as a cross between a trade school and a halfway house, describes its purpose as teaching North Koreans how to live on their own in South Korea. Built to accommodate around 200 people for a three-month resettlement program, in 2002 the facility's capacity was doubled to 400. In 2004, to mark the fifth anniversary of the program, a second facility opened south of Seoul. At Hanawon, the three-month training curriculum is focused on three main goals: easing the socioeconomic and psychological anxiety of North Korean defectors.

Refugees relearn the peninsula's history, i.e. that the North started the Korean War, take classes on human rights and the mechanics of democracy. They are taught sex education, learn how to use an ATM, pay an electric bill, drive a car, read the Latin alphabet and speak the South Korean dialect, they are taken on field trips to buy clothes, get haircuts, eat at a food court. Many refugees have poor teeth due to malnourishment. Many suffer from depression and other psychological problems when they arrive at Hanawon. Thirty percent of female defectors in particular show signs of depression, which analysts attribute to, among other things, having experienced sexual abuse in North Korea, or as refugees in China. Hanawon imposes heavy restrictions on the travel of North Korean defectors because of security concerns. In addition, security is tight with barbed wire, security guards, cameras; the threat of kidnap or physical attacks against individual defectors by North Korean agents is present. Upon completion of the Hanawon program, defectors find their own homes with a government subsidy.

When Hanawon first opened, North Koreans were offered ₩36 million per person to resettle with ₩540,000 monthly afterward. Now they receive ₩7–32 million to resettle and ₩13–20 million for housing, the amounts for both depending on the conditions and size of household. Following their completion of the Hanawon program, many defectors find additional assistance through civil society organizations such as Liberty in North Korea or Saejowi

Mari Ruti

Mari Ruti is Distinguished Professor of critical theory and of gender and sexuality studies at the University of Toronto in Toronto, Canada. She is an interdisciplinary scholar within the theoretical humanities working at the intersection of contemporary theory, continental philosophy, psychoanalytic theory, cultural studies, trauma theory, posthumanist ethics, gender and sexuality studies. Ruti holds an MA and a PhD from the Comparative Literature Department at Harvard University, an MA from the Harvard Sociology Department, a Diplôme d’Études Approfondies from Paris Diderot University, where she was a student of Julia Kristeva, she holds a BA from Brown University. Ruti grew up in rural Finland adjacent to the Finland-Russia border. Ruti moved to the US at age 20. In 2000-2004, Ruti held a lectureship at Harvard's Program for Studies of Women and Sexuality serving as the program's assistant director, she arrived at the University of Toronto in 2004, was tenured in 2008, promoted to full professor in 2013, promoted to Distinguished Professor in 2017.

Ruti's undergraduate courses focus on contemporary theory, literary criticism, cultural studies, film theory, trauma theory, feminist theory. Her English graduate seminars focus on contemporary theory, continental philosophy, psychoanalytic theory, posthumanist ethics and affect theory, she teaches the annual graduate seminar on queer theory at The Mark S. Bonham Centre for Sexual Diversity Studies; this seminar is the core requirement for the SDS Graduate Certificate, it draws a diverse group of graduate students from both the humanities and the social sciences. In 2011-2015, Ruti held a Canadian Government Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council Standard Research Grant of $70,000. In 2017-2021, she holds an SSHRC Insight Grant of $104,000. Ruti co-edits the Psychoanalytic Horizons Book Series for Bloomsbury Press. In 2016-2017, Ruti was Visiting Professor and Director of Graduate Studies at the Harvard Program for Studies of Women and Sexuality. Ruti's scholarship addresses questions of subjectivity, psychic life, affect, agency, creativity, social change, contemporary ethics.

Some of her books take a philosophical and contemplative approach, exploring subjective experience, psychic life, self-transformation, the quest for personal meaning. For example, in The Call of Character she looks at the processes through which individuals develop a distinctive character, she has written extensively on the ethics of the self-other relationship, including the dilemmas generated by the unreadability and radical vulnerability of others. Ruti's more politically oriented scholarship, such as Between Levinas and Lacan, examines questions of social power and agency, she is interested in how subordinated individuals––individuals subjected to poverty, racism and various personal traumas––come to attain enough critical distance from their surroundings to be able to resist the collective forces that oppress them. For this reason, the complexities of agency the relationship between subjection and autonomy, have long been central to her scholarship; some of Ruti's politically oriented work is motivated by her background of having grown up in poverty without running water, book learning, or emotional support.

She has made a lifelong mission of "working through" this experience in order to lead a livable life by writing books that address related themes. Ruti's recent scholarship on feminist and queer theory investigates biopolitics. Penis Envy and Other Bad Feelings: The Emotional Costs of Everyday Life; the Ethics of Opting Out: Queer Theory's Defiant Subjects. Feminist Film Theory and "Pretty Woman". Between Levinas and Lacan: Self, Ethics; the Age of Scientific Sexism: How Evolutionary Psychology Promotes Gender Profiling and Fans the Battle of the Sexes. The Call of Character: Living a Life Worth Living; the Singularity of Being: Lacan and the Immortal Within. The Summons of Love; the Case for Falling in Love: Why We Can’t Master the Madness of Love––and Why That’s the Best Part. A World of Fragile Things: Psychoanalysis and the Art of Living. Reinventing the Soul: Posthumanist Theory and Psychic Life

Alejandro Roces

Alejandro Reyes Roces was a Filipino author, dramatist and a National Artist of the Philippines for literature. He served as Secretary of Education from 1961 to 1965, during the term of Philippine President Diosdado Macapagal. Noted for his short stories, the Manila-born Roces was married to Irene Yorston Viola, with whom he had a daughter, Elizabeth Roces-Pedrosa. Anding attended elementary and high school at the Ateneo de Manila University, before moving to the University of Arizona and Arizona State University for his tertiary education, he graduated with a B. A. in Fine Arts and, not long after, attained his M. A. from Far Eastern University back in the Philippines. He has since received honorary doctorates from Tokyo University, Baguio's St. Louis University, Polytechnic University of the Philippines, the Ateneo de Manila University. Roces was a captain in the Marking’s Guerilla during World War II and a columnist in Philippine dailies such as the Manila Chronicle and the Manila Times, he was President of the Manila Bulletin and of the CAP College Foundation.

In 2001, Roces was appointed as Chairman of the Movie and Television Review and Classification Board. Roces became a member of the Board of Trustees of GSIS and maintained a column in the Philippine Star called Roses and Thorns. During his freshman year in the University of Arizona, Roces won Best Short Story for We Filipinos are Mild Drinkers. Another of his stories, My Brother’s Peculiar Chicken, was listed as Martha Foley’s Best American Stories among the most distinctive for years 1948 and 1951. Roces did not only focus on short stories alone, as he published books such as Of Cocks and Kites and Something to Crow About. Of Cocks and Kites earned him the reputation as the country's best writer of humorous stories, it contained the anthologized piece “My Brother’s Peculiar Chicken”. Fiesta, is a book of essays, featuring folk festivals such as Ermita's Bota Flores, Aklan's Ati-atihan, Naga's Peñafrancia. Something to Crow About, on the other hand, is a collection of Roces’ short stories; the book has been brought to life by a critically acclaimed play of the same title.

This modern zarzuela tells the story of a poor cockfighter named Kiko who, to his wife's chagrin, pays more attention to the roosters than to her. In the story, a conflict ensues between Kiko’s brother Leandro and Golem, the son of a wealthy and powerful man, over the affections of a beautiful woman named Luningning; the resolution? A cockfight, of course. Something to Crow About won the Aliw Award for Best Musical and Best Director for a Musical Production, it had a run off-Broadway at the La Mama Theater in New York. Through the years, Roces has won numerous awards, including the Patnubay ng Sining at Kalinangan Award, the Diwa ng Lahi Award, the Tanging Parangal of the Gawad CCP Para sa Sining, the Rizal Pro Patria Award, he was bestowed the honor as National Artist of Literature on 25 June 2003. When once asked for a piece of advice on becoming a famous literary figure Roces said, "You cannot be a great writer. Trustee, Government Service Insurance System Chairman, College Assurance Plan Foundation Columnist, “Roses and Thorns” of The Philippine Star Chairman and Television Review and Classification Board, 2001 President, Bagong Katipunan Foundation President, UNESCO Philippine Centre of the International Theatre Institute President, Bulletin Publishing Corporation Secretary of Education, Republic of the Philippines, 1961 Dean of the Institute of Arts and Science, Far Eastern University Co-Founder of the Philippine PEN Board of Regents, University of the Philippines Chairman, Board of Trustees, Colegio San Agustin Chairman, Board of Regents, Pamantasan ng Lungsond ng Maynila Chairman, Board of Regents, St. Louis University, Baguio City Chairman, Board of Regents, St. Mary's University, Nueva Vizcaya Chair, United Way Philippines Chairman, UNESCO National Commission of the Philippines President, Cultural Nationalism of the Philippines Head, FEU Cultural Research Team President, Philippine International Friendship Organization President, Research Foundation in Philippine Anthropology and Archeology, Inc.

Vice President, Art Association of the Philippines Vice President, Manila Symphony Society President, Philippine-Italian Association Chair, Philippine Selection Committee - Eisenhower Fellowship Inc. Member of the Board, Academia Filipina de la Lengua Española Member of the Board, Association for Philippine China Understanding Member of the Board, National Historical Commission of the Philippines Board of Authenticators, National Museum Member of the Board, TOYM Foundation Member of the Board, Casino Español de Manila Member of the Board, Philippine National Bank Member of the Board, Brent International School, Baguio Member of the Board, Yuchengco Museum First Chairman of the Board, PETA Theater First Chairman of the Board, Philippine Ballet Theater National Artist for Literature Alejandro R. Roces The Roces Family Around the World "Alejandro'Anding' Roces" "NCAA to stage original zarzuela for UNESCO Theatre Congress"

Lia Laats

Lia Laats was an Estonian stage and film actress whose career spanned over forty years. Lia Laats was born as Lya Laats in Tallinn to Karl René Laats and Helmi Karin Laats, who both worked as domestic servants, she had two older half-siblings from her father's previous marriage. She studied at the National Drama Theatre in Tallinn, but left her studies in 1946 without graduating. From 1946 until 1948, Laats performed at the Estonia Theatre, in dramatic roles, comedies and musicals with the Estonian National Opera. From 1948 until 1951 she was engaged at the Endla Theatre. From 1960 until 1976, she was engaged at the Vanemuine theatre. One of her most memorable roles at the Vanemuine was that of Jocasta in Sophocles' Oedipus Rex in 1963. From 1952 until the mid-1960s, she performed in variety theatre with stage partner Helmut Vaag. Laats' work on the stage was prolific during her career, lasting over four decades. Lia Laats made her screen debut in the 1947 Herbert Rappaport directed Soviet-Estonian language drama Elu tsitadellis for Lenfilm, based on the 1946 play of the same name by Estonian author and communist politician August Jakobson.

Elu tsitadellis was the first post-World War II Estonian feature film, following the annexation of Estonia into the Soviet Union. The plot revolves around the arrival of the Soviets following the German occupation of Estonia in 1944 and justice being meted out to Estonians who had collaborated with German occupying forces; the film ends with jubilant Estonians celebrating their "liberation" and inclusion into the Soviet Union. Both the film and Laats were awarded the Stalin Prize. Following several more dramas, Lia Laats was paired with Estonian singer Georg Ots in the 1961 Viktor Nevežin directed light comedy Juhuslik kohtumine. Laats' most memorable roles are arguably in three comedies directed by Sulev Nõmmik and paired onscreen with actor Ervin Abel; the first of, 1968's Mehed ei nuta, followed by Noor pensionär in 1972 and Siin me oleme! in 1979. The three films proved to be popular and are still broadcast on Estonian television. Lia Laats was married to actor Kalju Vaha from 1947 until their divorce in 1962.

The couple had two sons. Following her divorce, she began a long-term relationship with actor Harry Karro; the couple had a daughter, Kadi, in 1965. Although the couple were referred to as married by media and other sources and Karro never or wed; the couple settled in the village of Külitse in Tartu County for many years before moving to Õismäe the year prior to Laats' death. They remained in a relationship until Laats' death. Karro died in 2009. In the mid-1980s Laats began suffering a series of debilitating health issues, she had a heart attack, followed by a second heart attack in 1986. She was diagnosed with and treated for cancer. In December 2003, her youngest son Madis was killed in an automobile accident. On 1 April 2004, Laats suffered a cerebral infarction that left her unable to speak and paralyzed, she was hospitalized in Tallinn, where she died on 24 April 2004, aged 78. Merited Artist of the Estonian SSR Meie Mats Humour award Order of the White Star, V Class Estonian Actors Union, Honorary Member On 2 February 2016, on what would have been Lia Laats' 90th birthday, ETV2 broadcast a retrospective of Laats' career, featuring several of Laats' films and television appearances.

Lia Laats on IMDb