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City of Sunderland

The City of Sunderland is a local government district of Tyne and Wear, in North East England, with the status of a city and metropolitan borough. It is named after its largest settlement, but covers a far larger area which includes the towns of Hetton-le-Hole, Houghton-le-Spring, Washington, as well as a range of suburban villages; the district was formed in 1974, titled the Metropolitan Borough of Sunderland, as part of the provisions of the Local Government Act 1972 and is an amalgamation of four former local government districts of County Durham. It was granted city status in 1992, the 40th anniversary of Queen Elizabeth II's accession to the throne; the borough had a population of 275,300 at the time of the 2011 census, with the majority of the population residing in Sunderland. The'Sunderland Built-up Area' is quoted alternatively as having a population of around 335,000; the metropolitan borough was formed in 1974 under the Local Government Act 1972 by the merger of several districts of County Durham - Washington Urban District, Houghton-le-Spring Urban District and Hetton Urban District - with the County Borough of Sunderland.

The metropolitan borough was granted city status in 1992, the 40th anniversary of the Queen's accession. At the Queen's Golden Jubilee the city was unsuccessful. Although the city does not have a Cathedral, as it is located in the Diocese of Durham, it does have Sunderland Minster. Between 1939 and 1945 the Wear yards launched 245 merchant ships totalling 1.5 million tons, a quarter of the merchant tonnage produced in the UK at this period. Competition from overseas caused a downturn in demand for Sunderland built ships toward the end of the 20th century; the last shipyard in Sunderland closed in 1988. HMS Ocean, the Royal Navy's biggest warship, is Sunderland's adopted ship. In March 2004 it was granted the freedom of the City. St Benedict Biscop was adopted as the City's Patron Saint in March 2004. Like all metropolitan authorities, the city is divided into a number of wards or electoral districts; each has three councillors elected for a four-year term. One third of councillors face re-election each year, no city elections are held in the fourth year of the election cycle - this was when each ward's sole metropolitan county councillor was elected, prior to the county council's abolition in 1986.

The City has 25 such wards. When the boundaries of these wards were set in 1982, each ward had a equal population. By 2004 there had been a considerable shift in population. In particular, the east and south east – the old parish of Sunderland and the mining village of Ryhope – had lost population to the "New Town" of Washington; as a result, the boundaries were redrawn. The 2004 election for all 75 councillors was held on 10 June 2004; the Local Government Act 1972 created two different two-tier systems for local administration, with different division of functions. As a metropolitan authority, Sunderland retained responsibility for waste collection, although disposal of the waste was a county function, for education. In 1986, when Tyne and Wear Metropolitan County Council was abolished, most county functions became the responsibility of the constituent districts, whilst new joint boards assumed the co-ordinating roles in the county, thus control over economic development, of the Museums and Archive Service, of the Tyne and Wear Fire and Civil Defence Authority and of the Passenger Transport Authority is exercised not by committees of directly elected county councillors but by nominees chosen by the elected members of the five district authorities.

Sunderland has not had a separate police force since 1967, when the Borough of Sunderland Police merged with Durham Constabulary. The City is now part of the Northumbria Police Force area; this force was set up in 1974, covers the whole of Tyne and Wear plus the much larger but much less densely populated county of Northumberland. The city is unparished, except for Hetton-le-Hole, a civil parish, which has a town council; the City has had a Labour controlled council since 1974, before that. After the elections of May 2003 the political structure was 63 Labour, 9 Conservative, 1 independent; the only Liberal Party councillor sat with the only Liberal Democrat as a "Liberal/Democrat" group. Three Councillors resigned from the Labour Party following disputes over the selection of candidates for the 2004 elections. Two became independent members; the reorganisation of electoral areas saw major changes in all but two wards, but the elections of 10 June 2004, the first fought under the new boundaries, saw little change in the political representation of the City as a whole, with 61 Labour, 12 Conservative, 2 Liberal Democrat councillors elected.

The Conservative party won all three seats in a new ward. The Liberal Democrats stronghold ward was abolished and became part of four new wards, the Liberal Democrat councillors elected in 2004 were from two different areas. Following further disputes within the Labour Party, three councillors resigned the whip at the end of 2006 and, joined by one of the Liberal Democrat members formed an independent group, the minority party in opposition. At the elections of May 2007, the Labour Party continued their decline. Labour lost three seats to the Conservatives, whilst former Labour Mayor Mrs Julianna Heron lost to an independent: the same person who had defeated her husband in 2003 and, in turn defeated by him in 2004; the Conservative pa

F. O. "Potch" Didier

Fabius Odell Didier Jr. known as Potch Didier, was a flamboyant Democratic sheriff of Avoyelles Parish in south Central Louisiana, who served from 1960 to 1980. In 1970, Didier was tried and convicted of malfeasance in office, served a seven-day sentence in his own parish jail; the newspaper publisher Jim R. Levy of the Bunkie Record in Bunkie in Avoyelles Parish, said that Didier was "the best sheriff Avoyelles Parish had." Didier was born in 1919 in Marksville, the parish seat of Avoyelles Parish. His family was French, with both of his parents descended from direct French immigrants to Avoyelles: his father was Fabius Didier, Sr. and his mother was the former Bessie Neck. He was reared in the Roman Catholic church, his younger brother Homer Woodall Didier was born in 1921. They attended local schools. Didier graduated from Centenary College of a Methodist institution in Shreveport, he entered local Democratic Party politics in what was a one-party state, following the disenfranchisement of blacks, who had constituted much of the Republican Party.

He was defeated in a school board race. In the 1955 Democratic primary for parish sheriff, he lost the nomination to T. Jack Jeansonne. Four years when Didier was 40, he unseated Jeansonne, he was re-elected four times in succession. According to Jim R. Levy, publisher of the Bunkie Record and Parish District Attorney Charles Riddle Jr. became at odds. Riddle filed charges in 1970 and the case went to trial. John Boatner prosecuted for the DA's office, Joe Tritiko, a prominent attorney from Lake Charles, was the defense counsel for Didier. Levy explains: It was the biggest trial in the parish, It was an amazing spectacle; when it was all over, Potch was sentenced to ninety days in the parish jail, meaning he would only have to serve 45 days. He ended up serving just seven days with good behavior. I remember that first night he began his sentence, he cooked an andouille gumbo, he served his sentence, everything got back to normal, In fact, he was re-elected... again in 1972 and 1975. Avoyelles Parish has been known for political corruption.

Its best-known local resident, former Governor Edwin Washington Edwards, served a ten-year sentence for extortion. Didier ranks second in the late 20th century for notoriety but his malfeasance conviction was for a much lesser crime. Didier's successor as sheriff, Bill Belt ran afoul of the law. Another Avoyelles resident, former Marksville Mayor Raymond Laborde, who served as State Representative, finished his political career as Edwards' last Commissioner of Administration. Laborde, was known for his "good-government" policies. In 1972, he once temporarily blocked a tax increase sought by a friend from childhood. Laborde still operates his Raymond's Department Store, which he opened in Marksville in 1949. On New Year's Day, 1980, Didier, as the outgoing president of the politically influential Louisiana Sheriff's Association and a lame duck sheriff, had a telephone conversation with U. S. President Jimmy Carter; the latter was being challenged for renomination by U. S. Senator Edward M. Kennedy of Massachusetts.

Contents of the conversation were not disclosed. Carter gained a second Democratic nomination, but he lost Louisiana to the Republican Ronald W. Reagan. Didier served five terms, he was succeeded by Bill Belt. Neck was a distant cousin of Didier. After retiring as sheriff, Didier was involved with similar groups. Didier's second wife and mother of his second-born son Fabius was Julia D. Didier. In 2007, some six months after Julia's death, Didier died at a nursing home in Mansura, two months before what would have been his 88th birthday, his surviving sons are Marcel Furlow Didier of Baton Rouge and wife Lydia M. Didier. Memorial services were held on September 2007, at St. Joseph Catholic Church in Marksville. Didier was cremated. In the summer of 2009, Damon Didier re-enacted a speech of his grandfather's at the Marksville bicentennial ceremony

Kang Young-sook

Kang Young-sook is a South Korean novelist. Kang Young-sook was born in 1967 in Chuncheon, Gangwon Province in South Korea and spent most of her childhood there, she was student athlete for volleyball, long jump, other sports, before she moved to Seoul when she was 14. She majored creative writing at the Seoul Institute of the Arts, she was the editor in chief of the Seoul Institute of the Arts journal and in 1998 made her literary debut with the short story "A Meal in August" through the annual spring literary competition sponsored by the Seoul Shinmun. Her published debut was the short story collection in and she has published "Every Day is a Celebration" and "Black in Red", her full-length novel Rina was serialized in the quarterly Literary Joongang. Kang participated in the Seoul Young Writers’ Festival and the East Asia Literature Forum in 2008. Since 1990, Kang has served as an advisory member of the Korea Dialogue Academy, involved in various social campaigns including the Christian social movement, environmental activism, encouraging discussions between different religions.

Kang was a visiting researcher at Hosei University in Japan in 2007 and her main interest lies in environmental issues. In 2009. Kang did a guest residency at the International Writing Program of University of Iowa, she was selected for Daesan-Berkeley Writer-in-Residence program, funded by Daesan Foundation, she was in Berkeley, California in 2014. The Literature Translation Institute of Korea summarizes Kang's work as follows: Her first story collection Shaken attracted attention for capturing the female consciousness with grotesque imagination, her second collection Every Day Is a Celebration dealt with the existential issues of life in a capitalist society from a broader social perspective. Her third collection Black in Red, depicts in a cool, understated tone the way in which people of the modern society come to meet and understand one another, her fourth collection At Night He Lifts Weights is colored by urban noir. The stories embody the anxiety of suffering city dwellers in mundane locales damaged by natural disasters.

One of the stories in this collection, From Mullae won the Kim You-jeong Literary Award in 2011. The story portrays contrasting images of a female narrator living in a provincial city affected by foot-and-mouth diseases and a young artist living in a major city. Kang's full-length of novel, the novel bigins with a scene in which twenty-two refugees cross the border, they all escape with the hope of finding a Utopia in the land of P. What awaits Rina, however, is a chemical plant in the mountains, a desert-like field of salt, an isolated village, Siring, a town of prostitutes, a large-scale industrial complex. Rina makes desperate efforts to settle down wherever she goes, but there is no place for her to stay; the journey of Rina, in which she crosses paths with all kinds of vulgar people, whose business it is to murder and rape, deal in human trafficking and prostitution, is described in a unique tone of black humor, it is difficult to tell reality from illusion in this novel. In the end, Rina goes in the direction of another border, not the land of P, demonstrating the time-old struggle between nations, or borders, humans.

Short Story Collections Shaken - Paju: Munhakdongne Publishing, 2002. Every Day is a Celebration - Paju: Changbi Publishing, 2004. Black in Red - Paju: Munhakdongne Publishing, 2009. At Night He Lifts Weights - Paju: Changbi Publishing, 2011. Gray Literature - Seoul: Moonji Publishing, 2016. Novels Rina - Seoul: Random House Korea, 2006. Revised edition, Paju: Munhakdongne Publishing, 2011. Writing Club - Seoul: Jauem and Moeum, 2010. Sad and Delightful Teletubby Gril - Seoul: Moonji Publishing, 2013. リナ, 吉川ナギ, 現代企畵室, 東京, Japan, 2011. Truck, Jeon Seung-hee, David William Hong, Bi-Lingual Edition Modern Korean Literature, Korea, 2014. Rina, Kim Boram, Library of Korean Literature, Dalkey Archive Press, Texas, US, 2015. ライティングクラブ, 文茶影,現代企畵室, 東京, Japan, 2017. Kang Young-sook, "Diaspora, Our Modern Fate,"'_ list Books from Korea, KLTI, VOL.24. Rina by Kang Young-sook, _list Books from Korea, KLTI, VOL.24. 2011 Kim Yu-Jeong Award 2011 2006 Hankook Ilbo Literary Award 2017

Osterode (district)

Osterode was a district in Lower Saxony, Germany. It was bounded by the districts of Göttingen and Goslar, by the state of Thuringia; this part of the Harz mountains was ruled by the Welfen dynasty from the 12th century on. Osterode was the centre of the Principality of Brunswick-Grubenhagen, one of many small states within Brunswick-Lüneburg; this principality became part of Hanover, which in turn fell to the Kingdom of Prussia in 1866. In 1885 the Prussian administration established districts, among them Osterode. On 1 November 2016, Osterode ceased to become a separate district and was merged with an enlarged Göttingen. More than two thirds of the district's area were occupied by the southwestern part of the Harz mountains, including the southern portion of the Harz National Park; the coat of arms displayed two heraldic lions. The lion in the upper part was from the arms of Hanover, the lower lion represented the Welfen dynasty. Towns: Bad Lauterberg Bad Sachsa Herzberg am Harz Osterode am HarzMunicipalities: Bad GrundUnincorporated area Harz Metropolitan region Hannover-Braunschweig-Göttingen-Wolfsburg Media related to Landkreis Osterode am Harz at Wikimedia Commons Local history

English cricket team in Australia in 1891–92

The England national cricket team toured Australia and Ceylon in 1891-92. The team, captained by W G Grace, was organised by Lord Sheffield who subscribed the Sheffield Shield to Australian domestic first-class cricket. 29 matches were played in two lost and 15 drawn. Eight of the games were first-class including three Tests versus Australia. Australia won the Test series 2-1; the other five first-class matches were versus South Australia and Victoria. Australia won the Test series 2-1. England was captained by W G Grace and had Gregor MacGregor as its specialist wicket-keeper, the other players being Johnny Briggs, Bobby Peel, Andrew Stoddart, Bobby Abel, Maurice Read, George Lohmann, William Attewell, John Sharpe, George Bean and Hylton Philipson. Australia was captained by Jack Blackham, its wicket-keeper. Other players to represent Australia were Alec Bannerman, George Giffen, Jack Lyons, William Bruce, Charlie Turner, Harry Moses, Harry Trott, Bob McLeod, Harry Donnan, Sydney Callaway, Walter Giffen, Syd Gregory.

The team used Colombo as a stopover during its long sea voyage and played a match in October 1891 on Galle Face Green against a local side, not first-class. This was the third time. CricketArchive tour itinerary The Wisden Book of Test Cricket 1877-1978 by Bill Frindall WG Grace: His Life and Times by Eric Midwinter Wisden Cricketers Almanack 2006 Comical cricket in rhyme & picture by Catch-a-catch. Melbourne 1891

Cristián Uribe

Cristián Roberto Uribe Lara is a retired Chilean footballer who played as a midfielder. Uribe was associated with Huachipato and Everton de Viña del Mar, but represented other clubs, amongst them, Colo-Colo and Benfica, he earned seven caps for Chile, five of those for the under–17 side at the 1995 FIFA World Youth Championship in the United Arab Emirates. Born in Concepción, Uribe began at Huachipato, receiving his first promotion for the first team in 1994, at the age of 18, he established himself as a first team player after good performances in the 1995 FIFA World Youth Championship. In 1999, the 22-year old was loaned for Colo-Colo but did not have a good individual season, as Colo-Colo was going through difficult times, finishing in fourth in the league and having three managers in one season. In January, he went on a second loan deal, but now to Benfica of the Portuguese Liga, he made his debut on 9 January in a Derby de Lisboa against Sporting CP. Three days he scored a double against Amora in the Taça de Portugal and added another on 25th, in a 1–3 loss to Sporting in the same competition.

Uribe played 13 games in half a season, with four goals netted. In the following year, his playing time under José Mourinho was vastly reduced, so he mutually terminated his loan deal in January 2001. Back at Huachipato, on 3 March 2001, Uribe made his season debut against Santiago Morning in a Primera División game at Estadio Las Higueras, his only goal came against Unión San Felipe on 6 July and he appeared in 24 games in the tournament. While he lacked goals, Fido Dido was an important player in the club and he extended his contract in 2002, continued in Talcahuano club until 2003, only leaving at the end the season for Portuguese club Moreirense of the second tier, he made his debut for them on 24 August 2003, against Paços de Ferreira. After the second spell in Portugal, Uribe returned to Chile in 2004 and represented Deportes La Serena and Concepción in successive years, he joined Everton de Viña del Mar in 2006 and played for them until 2009, when he was released following the club elimination on the 2009 Torneo Clausura Playoffs against Universidad Católica.

He finished his career in the following year, after playing for Rangers in the Primera B and San Luis de Quillota of the Primera División, being relegated with the latter. Everton de Viña del MarPrimera División de Chile: 2008 Apertura General Tovar, Rui Miguel. Almanaque do Benfica. Portugal: Lua de Papel. ISBN 978-989-23-2087-8. Specific Cristián Uribe – FIFA competition record Uribe at Football Lineups Cristián Uribe at Soccerway