click links in text for more info
SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Civil Rights Act of 1968

The Civil Rights Act of 1968 is a landmark law in the United States signed into law by United States President Lyndon B. Johnson during the King assassination riots. Titles II through VII comprise the Indian Civil Rights Act, which applies to the Native American tribes of the United States and makes many but not all of the guarantees of the Bill of Rights applicable within the tribes. Titles VIII through IX are known as the Fair Housing Act, meant as a follow‑up to the Civil Rights Act of 1964. While the Civil Rights Act of 1866 prohibited discrimination in housing, there were no federal enforcement provisions; the 1968 act expanded on previous acts and prohibited discrimination concerning the sale and financing of housing based on race, national origin, since 1974, sex. Since 1988, the act protects people with families with children. Pregnant women are protected from illegal discrimination because they have been given familial status with their unborn child being the other family member. Victims of discrimination may use both the 1866 act's section 1983 to seek redress.

The 1968 act provides for federal solutions. The act made it a federal crime to "by force or by threat of force, intimidate, or interfere with anyone... by reason of their race, religion, or national origin, handicap or familial status."Title X known as the Anti-Riot Act, makes it a felony to "travel in interstate commerce...with the intent to incite, encourage, participate in and carry on a riot." That provision has been criticized for "equating organized political protest with organized violence." The Civil Rights Act of 1866 declared all people born in the United States are citizens. That means they could rent, hold and buy property, it was meant to help former slaves, those who refused to grant the new rights to ex-slaves were guilty and punishable under law. The penalty was a maximum of one year in jail; the 1866 act provided no means to enforce the provisions. Another impetus for the law's passage came from the 1966 Chicago Open Housing Movement. Influential was the 1963 Rumford Fair Housing Act in California, backed by the NAACP and CORE. and the 1967 Milwaukee fair housing campaigns led by James Groppi and the NAACP Youth Council.

Senator Walter Mondale advocated for the bill in Congress, but noted that over successive years, a federal fair housing bill was the most filibustered legislation in US history. It was opposed by most Northern and Southern senators, as well as the National Association of Real Estate Boards. A proposed "Civil Rights Act of 1966" collapsed because of its fair housing provision. Mondale commented: A lot of civil rights was about making the South behave and taking the teeth from George Wallace…; this came right to the neighborhoods across the country. This was civil rights getting personal.: Two developments revived the bill. The Kerner Commission report on the 1967 ghetto riots recommended "a comprehensive and enforceable federal open housing law," and was cited by Congress members arguing for the legislation; the final breakthrough came with the April 4, 1968 assassination of Martin Luther King, Jr. and the civil unrest across the country following King's death. On April 5, Johnson wrote a letter to the United States House of Representatives urging passage of the Fair Housing Act.

The Rules Committee, "jolted by the repeated civil disturbances outside its door," ended its hearings on April 8. With newly urgent attention from legislative director Joseph Califano and Democratic Speaker of the House John McCormack, the bill passed the House by a wide margin on April 10. Bill H. R. 2516 was passed by the 90th United States Congress and signed by the 36th President of the United States, Lyndon B. Johnson on April 11, 1968; the Civil Rights Act of 1968 enacted 18 U. S. C. § 245, which permits federal prosecution of anyone who "willingly injures, intimidates or interferes with another person, or attempts to do so, by force because of the other person's race, religion or national origin" because of the victim's attempt to engage in one of six types of federally protected activities, such as attending school, patronizing a public place/facility, applying for employment, acting as a juror in a state court or voting. Persons violating this law face a imprisonment of up to one year or both.

If bodily injury results or if such acts of intimidation involve the use of firearms, explosives or fire, individuals can receive prison terms of up to 10 years, while crimes involving kidnapping, sexual assault, or murder can be punishable by life in prison or the death penalty. Though sexual orientation and gender identity were excluded from this law, they are included in a more recent Federal hate-crime law, the Matthew Shepard and James Byrd, Jr. Hate Crimes Prevention Act. Title VIII of the Civil Rights Act of 1968 is referred to as the Fair Housing Act of 1968; the disabled and families with children were added to this list. The Office of Fair Housing and Equal Opportunity within the U. S. Department of Housing and Urban Development is charged with enforcing this law; the Civil Rights Act of 1968 prohibited the following forms of housing discrimination: Refusal to sell or rent a dwelling to any person because of his/her race, religi

I Am Jane Doe

I am Jane Doe is a documentary chronicling the legal battle that several American mothers are waging on behalf of their middle-school daughters, who were trafficked for commercial sex on Backpage.com, the classified advertising website owned by the Village Voice. The film is narrated by Jessica Chastain, directed by filmmaker Mary Mazzio, produced by Mazzio along with Alec Sokolow. Fifty percent of the film's profits will go to non-profit organizations which serve children affected by human trafficking. I am Jane Doe follows the stories and cases of middle school girls from Boston, a 15-year-old from Seattle, a 13-year-old girl from St. Louis, their suits against Backpage put them on a collision course with judges, special interest groups, Section 230 of the Communications Decency Act. The film features the attorneys involved with the various lawsuits; the lawyers hail from anywhere from a firm working out of strip mall in Washington state to Ropes & Gray, one of the oldest white-shoe law firms in the country.

I am Jane Doe follows Congressional actions against Backpage and online human trafficking. The film features interviews from Senator Rob Portman, Senator John McCain, Senator Claire McCaskill, Senator Heidi Heitkamp; the film opened on February 10, 2017 in select theaters in New York City, Los Angeles, Washington, D. C. Seattle and Philadelphia; the film is available by digital download, and, as of May 26, 2017, on Netflix. I am Jane Doe has received positive reviews by critics. On review aggregator website Rotten Tomatoes, the film holds an approval rating of 91%, based on 11 reviews, an average rating of 8/10. On Metacritic, the film has a weighted average score of 69 out of 100, based on 6 critics, indicating "generally favorable reviews". Ann Hornaday of The Washington Post wrote,"In'I Am Jane Doe,' filmmaker Mary Mazzio reveals the sordid world of underage sex trafficking as it pertains to young women who were forced into prostitution, their ‘services’ made available on the online classified site Backpage.com…I am observing the self-evident fact that film has exceptional — maybe unique — power to shape and inform our norms and desires.

That might be the chief reason it matters so much who makes them... A viscerally emotional case for a common-sense reassessment of the law…’I Am Jane Doe’ offers a gut-wrenching reminder that there are certain rocks we ignore at our peril.” Katie Walsh of the Los Angeles Times said I am Jane Doe “a powerful call to action.” The film was highlighted in The New Yorker, Film Journal International, Vogue, on the NBC Nightly News. Human trafficking in the United States I Am Jane Doe on IMDb

Ludwigstein Castle

Ludwigstein Castle is a 15th-century castle overlooking the river Werra and surrounded by beautiful woodland. It stands southwest of the town of Witzenhausen in North Hesse and can be reached by car or train and bus. Founded in 1415 the castle's buildings today were built in the 20th centuries; the Wandervogel and German Youth Movement joined its history when they joined together to save the castle. They bought the castle, renovated it, founded a memorial for the Wandervogel that were killed in the First World War; the group, founded in 1945 still takes an active part in the history of the castle and in its support. The castle's youth education centre offers both daily programs and weekend seminars, ranging from ecological topics to music and political education. On site is the Archive of the German Youth Movement with its own library and special collection to be studied; the castle is today the main centre of many German Scouting associations. The Archive of the German Youth Movement shelters estates of important persons.

Since a longer time it is an hostel in a beautiful and real ancient ambiance with up to 180 beds and different meetingrooms. At the official homepage you can find additional informations - in German language only. Please use the external link "Foundation Jugendburg Ludwigstein". Knud Ahlborn Ellen Gregori Eberhard Koebel founder of'Deutsche Jungenschaft vom 1.11.1929' Alexander Lion founder of first German Scout Organization'Deutscher Pfadfinderbund' Karl Otto Paetel Gertrud Prellwitz Gustav Wyneken Foundation Jugendburg Ludwigstein Assiciation Jugendburg Ludwigstein e. V. Archive of German Youth Movement Ecucational centre Ludwigstein gGmbH

United Nations Security Council Resolution 1311

United Nations Security Council resolution 1311, adopted unanimously on 28 July 2000, after reaffirming all resolutions on Georgia resolutions 1287 and 1308, the Council extended the mandate of the United Nations Observer Mission in Georgia until 31 January 2001. The Security Council emphasised the unacceptability of the lack of progress with key issues relating to the Abkhazia conflict, it recalled. On 11 July 2000 the parties signed a protocol on the stabilisation of the security zone, to work harder on the return of refugees to the Gali region and economic recovery; the resolution urged both parties to continue to negotiate outstanding issues, including the division of powers between Tbilisi and Sukhumi. The parties had promised not to use violence to resolve the issues; the Security Council affirmed once more that demographic changes due to the conflict were unacceptable and called for the return of refugees to the Gali region. It further deplored violence and criminal activity in the conflict zone and demanded that both parties respect the 1994 Agreement on a Cease-fire and Separation of Forces.

Georgian–Abkhazian conflict List of United Nations Security Council Resolutions 1301 to 1400 United Nations resolutions on Abkhazia Works related to United Nations Security Council Resolution 1311 at Wikisource Text of the Resolution at undocs.org

Killer Dwarfs

Killer Dwarfs are a Canadian heavy metal band who formed in late 1981 in Oshawa and who enjoyed moderate success in their native Canada in the 1980s. Known for their offbeat sense of humor, they were nominated for two Juno Awards during their career. Though not British, they were sometimes compared to NWOBHM acts such as Iron Saxon. Before The Killer Dwarfs formed, the band consisted of Darrell Millar, Bryce Trewin and Ange Fodero and the band was called Sphinx. After Sphinx, Russ Graham came into the picture and they became The Killer Dwarfs; the original lineup consisted of Russ Graham, Darrell Millar, along with Bryce Trewin and Ange Fodero. Their self-titled 1983 debut album was nominated for a Juno Award and radio stations in the US in Texas, started to play their album. Trewin and Fodero left the band shortly afterward, were replaced by guitarist Mike Hall and bassist Ron Mayer; this classic lineup released the band's breakthrough 1986 album, Stand Tall, followed by Big Deal in 1988 and Dirty Weapons in 1990.

The band received much recognition in Canada and the United States during the 80's, their videos were in regular rotation at MuchMusic and on the MTV program Headbanger's Ball. Gerry Finn replaced Hall in 1992, the album Method to the Madness was released that year; the band toured for several years but parted ways. During the mid-to-late 1990s, the band members pursued other projects. Graham formed a band called PennyBlack, Hall and Finn both became members of the legendary Canadian metal band Helix. Millar went on to drum for the southern rock band Laidlaw, before forming his own Bon Scott era AC/DC tribute band Autobon, which went on to become Automan.ca, where Millar recorded original material. Mayer became a businessman and moved to the U. S. In 2001, the lineup of Graham, Millar and Mayer reunited to tour across North America. Recordings from these shows make up the live album Reunion of Scribes: Live 2001; the band again went on hiatus until 2013, when Graham, Millar and Mayer released a recorded album Start @ One, recorded in 1993 but never released.

In 2013, Graham released Wireless, in which he sings acoustic versions of popular Killer Dwarfs songs with guest musicians. On May 26, 2014, the band was returning home after concluding a US tour at the Rocklahoma festival in Pryor, OK. While passing through a construction zone along Interstate 70 in Indiana, the band's pickup truck, driven by Fenton, struck two other vehicles and crashed into a ditch. Graham was airlifted to a hospital in Terre Haute where he received 24 stitches to close a gash on the left side of his forehead; the rest of the band walked away with bruises. In a radio interview a month Graham said he was healing well, but the area around the gash was still numb. On January 5, 2018 it was announced that Killer Dwarfs had signed to Megadeth bassist David Ellefson's EMP Label Group, who would release a live album, NO GUFF', on Friday, April 13, as well as reissuing the bands independently released START@ONE and vocalist Graham's solo debut Wireless, plus new 2019 studio LPS from Killer Dwarfs and Russ Dwarf.

Reunion of Scribes: Live 2001 - 2002 Canadian rock Music of Canada Category:Canadian rock music groups List of Canadian musicians List of bands from Canada Timeline of hard rock/heavy metal "Russ and Darrell Dwarf - The Killer Dwarfs". MetalFanatix.com "Killer Dwarfs". CanadianBands.com

Lakes of Killarney

The Lakes of Killarney are a scenic attraction located in Killarney National Park near Killarney, County Kerry, in Ireland. They consist of three lakes - Muckross Lake and Upper Lake; the lakes sit in a low valley some 20 m above sea level. They are surrounded by the rugged slopes of MacGillycuddy's Reeks. Notable mountains in the range include Carrauntoohil, which, at 1,038 metres is Ireland's highest mountain, Purple Mountain, at 832 metres, Mangerton Mountain, at 843 metres, Torc Mountain, at 535 metres; the N71 road from Killarney to Kenmare passes a viewpoint called Ladies View which offers a view of the lakes and valleys. On the occasion of Queen Victoria's visit in 1861, the point was chosen by the queen's ladies-in-waiting as the finest in the land. Lough Leane is the largest and northernmost of the three lakes 19 square kilometres in size, it is the largest body of fresh water in the region. The River Laune drains Lough Leane into Dingle Bay. Leane is dotted with small forested islands, including Innisfallen Island, which holds the remains of the ruined Innisfallen Abbey.

On the eastern edge of the lake, Ross Island, more properly a peninsula, was the site of some of the earliest Copper Age metalwork in prehistoric Ireland. Ross Castle, a 15th-century keep, sits on the eastern shore of the lake, north of the Ross Island peninsula. Known as Middle Lake or Torc Lake, Muckross is just south of Lough Leane; the two are separated by a small peninsula, crossed by a stone arched bridge called Brickeen Bridge. It is Ireland's deepest lake, reaching to 75 metres in parts. A paved hiking trail of 10 km circles the lake; the Upper Lake is the smallest of the three lakes, the southernmost. It is separated from the others by a winding channel some 4 km long. List of loughs of Ireland Killarney National Park National Library of Ireland archives for the lakes Ross Island