Clan Stewart is a Highland Scottish clan. The clan is recognised by Court of the Lord Lyon; because the clan has no chief it can be considered an armigerous clan. The Court of the Lord Lyon recognises two other'Stewart' clans, Clan Stuart of Bute and Clan Stewart of Appin. Clan Stuart of Bute is the only'Stewart' clan at present; the Stewarts who became monarchs of Scotland were descended from a family who were seneschals of Dol in Brittany, France. After the Norman conquest of England the Stewarts acquired estates in England as the FitzAlan family Earls of Arundel. Walter Flaad or Walter fitz Alan, the Steward came to Scotland when David I of Scotland claimed his throne, it is from their office as Stewards. Walter was created High Steward of Scotland and was granted large estates in Renfrewshire and East Lothian. Walter was one of the commanders of the royal army which defeated Somerled of the Isles at the Battle of Renfrew in 1164.. During the Wars of Scottish Independence, James Stewart, 5th High Steward of Scotland swore fealty to Edward I of England.
However, he sided with Robert the Bruce and William Wallace in the struggle for Scottish independence. Walter Stewart, 6th High Steward of Scotland married daughter of king Robert the Bruce; when Robert's son, David II of Scotland died, he was succeeded by Walter Stewart's son, Robert II of Scotland. King Robert II had many sons, the eldest, succeeded to the throne of Scotland as Robert III of Scotland; the royal line of male Stewarts was uninterrupted until the reign of Queen of Scots. As a family the Stewarts held the throne of Scotland and England until the death of Anne, Queen of Great Britain in 1714; the Dukedom of Albany is a peerage title, bestowed on some younger sons in the Scottish and the British royal family in the House of Stuart. Robert II's third son was Robert Stewart, 1st Duke of Albany, Regent of Scotland during part of the reigns of his father and nephew James I of Scotland. Robert II's fourth son was Alexander Stewart, Earl of Buchan, famed as the Wolf of Badenoch and was responsible for the destruction of Elgin Cathedral.
When James I of Scotland came of age, he curbed the power of the Albany Stewarts. He beheaded 2nd Duke of Albany, eldest son of the former regent Robert Stewart. Two of Murdoch's sons and Alexander, were both executed as well; as the Chief of the Stewarts was the occupant of the Throne, the relationship between the various branches or members of the family differed from the usual ties between clansmen and their Chief. The family did however have their own tartan to distinguish them. Apart from the royal house of Stewart, the three main branches of the clan that settled in the Scottish Highlands during the 14th and 15th centuries were the Stewarts of Appin, Stewarts of Atholl and Stewarts of Balquhidder. Today the Earls of Galloway are considered the senior line of the Clan Stewart; the Stewarts of Appin descend from Sir John Stewart of Bonkyll, son of Alexander Stewart, 4th High Steward of Scotland. Sir John's younger son, James Stewart, was killed in 1333 at the Battle of Halidon Hill, his grandson married the heiress of the Lord of Lorne.
He was the first Stewart Lord of Lorne. The Stewarts of Appin supported the royalist cause during the Civil War of the 17th century and supported the deposed Stuart monarchs during the Jacobite rising of 1715 and Jacobite rising of 1745; the Stewarts of Atholl are descended from a son of Earl of Buchan. James Stewart built a strong castle at Garth. Queen Joanna, widow of James I of Scotland married the Black Knight of Lorne, descended from the fourth High Steward, their son was John Stewart of Balveny, granted the Earldom of Atholl by his half-brother, James II of Scotland. He supported his brother, commanding the royal forces that opposed the rebellion by the Lord of the Isles; the fifth Stewart Earl of Atholl died with no male issue and his daughter married William Murray, second Earl of Tullibardine, who succeeded as Earl of Atholl. Many Stewarts continued to live in the Atholl area with many claiming descent from the Wolf of Badenoch, they were transferred by allegiance to the Murray Earls of Atholl and were known as Atholl men.
This is maintained today with Europe's only legal private army. General David Stewart of Garth, an Athollman, was an officer in the Black Watch regiment and his book, Sketches of the Highlanders and Highland Regiments, popularized his homeland in Victorian England. Stewarts came to Balqhidder in about 1490 when William Stewart, grandson of the only son of the Duke of Albany to escape the persecution of James I, was appointed ballie of the Crown lands of Balquhidder; the chiefs of the Clan Stuart of Bute are descended from John, younger son of Robert Stewart who reigned as Robert II of Scotland. Edinburgh Castle one of the most notable castles owned by the Stewarts as the royal family. Stirling Castle one of the most notable castles owned by the Stewarts as the royal family. Linlithgow Palace was one of the principal residences of the Stewart and Stuart monarchs of Scotland. Falkland Palace was acquired by the Stewart family in the 14th century and was owned by Robert Stewart, Duke of Albany, it was a royal palac
Robert II of Scotland
Robert II reigned as King of Scotland from 1371 to his death as the first monarch of the House of Stewart. He was the son of Walter Stewart, 6th High Steward of Scotland and of Marjorie Bruce, daughter of the Scottish king Robert the Bruce by his first wife Isabella of Mar. Edward Bruce, younger brother of Robert the Bruce, was named heir to the throne but he died without heirs on 3 December 1318. Marjorie had died in 1317 in a riding accident and parliament decreed her infant son, Robert Stewart, as heir presumptive, but this lapsed on 5 March 1324 on the birth of a son, David, to King Robert and his second wife, Elizabeth de Burgh. Robert Stewart became High Steward of Scotland on his father's death on 9 April 1326, in same year parliament confirmed the young Steward as heir should Prince David die without a successor. In 1329 King Robert I died and the six-year-old David succeeded to the throne under the guardianship of Thomas Randolph, Earl of Moray. Edward Balliol, son of King John Balliol—assisted by the English and those Scottish nobles, disinherited by Robert I—invaded Scotland inflicting heavy defeats on the Bruce party on 11 August 1332 at Dupplin Moor and Halidon Hill on 19 July 1333.
Robert, who had fought at Halidon joined his uncle, King David in refuge in Dumbarton Castle. David escaped to France in 1334 and parliament, still functioning, appointed Robert and John Randolph, 3rd Earl of Moray as joint Guardians of the kingdom. Randolph was captured by the English in July 1335 and in the same year Robert submitted to Balliol bringing about the removal of his guardianship; the office was reinstated in 1338 and Robert held it until David's return from France in June 1341. Hostilities continued and Robert was with David at the Neville's Cross on 17 October 1346 and either escaped or fled the field but David was captured and remained a prisoner until he was ransomed in October 1357. Robert married Elizabeth Mure around 1348, legitimising five daughters, his subsequent marriage to Euphemia de Ross in 1355 produced two surviving daughters. Robert rebelled against the King in 1363 but submitted to him following a threat to his right of succession. David died in 1371 and Robert succeeded him at the age of fifty-five.
The border magnates continued to attack English-held zones in southern Scotland and by 1384, the Scots had re-taken most of the occupied lands. Robert ensured that Scotland was included in the Anglo-French truce of 1384 and, a factor in the coup in November when he lost control of the country first to his eldest son and from 1388 to John's younger brother, Robert. King Robert was buried at Scone Abbey. Robert Stewart, born in 1316, was the only child of Walter Stewart, High Steward of Scotland and King Robert I's daughter Marjorie Bruce, who died in 1317 following a riding accident, he had the upbringing of a Gaelic noble on the Stewart lands in Bute, in Renfrew. In 1315 parliament removed Marjorie's right as heir to her father in favour of her uncle, Edward Bruce. Edward was killed at the Battle of Faughart, near Dundalk on 14 October 1318, resulting in a hastily arranged Parliament in December to enact a new entail naming Marjorie's son, Robert, as heir should the king die without a successor.
The birth of a son, afterwards David II, to King Robert on 5 March 1324 cancelled Robert Stewart's position as heir presumptive, but a Parliament at Cambuskenneth in July 1326 restored him in the line of succession should David die without an heir. This reinstatement of his status was accompanied by the gift of lands in Argyll and the Lothians; the first war of independence began in the reign of King John Balliol. His short reign was bedeviled by Edward I's insistence on his overlordship of Scotland; the Scottish leadership concluded that only war could release the country from the English king's continued weakening of Balliol's sovereignty and so finalised a treaty of reciprocal assistance with France in October 1295. The Scots forayed into England in March 1296—this incursion together with the French treaty angered the English king and provoked an invasion of Scotland taking Berwick on 30 March before defeating the Scots army at Dunbar on 27 April. John Balliol submitted to Edward and resigned the throne to him before being sent to London as a prisoner.
Despite this, resistance to the English led by William Wallace and Andrew Moray had emerged in the name of King John Balliol. On their deaths, Robert the Bruce continued to resist the English and succeeded in defeating the forces of Edward II of England and gained the Scottish throne for himself. David Bruce, aged five, became king on 7 June 1329 on the death of his father Robert. Walter the Steward had died earlier on 9 April 1327, the orphaned eleven-year-old Robert was placed under the guardianship of his uncle, Sir James Stewart of Durrisdeer, who along with Thomas Randolph, Earl of Moray, William Lindsey, Archdeacon of St Andrews were appointed as joint Guardians of the kingdom. David's accession kindled the second independence war. In 1332 Edward Balliol, son of the deposed John Balliol, spearheaded an attack on the Bruce sovereignty with the tacit support of King Edward III of England and the explicit endorsement of'the disinherited'. Edward Balliol's forces delivered heavy defeats on the Bruce supporters at Dupplin Moor on 11 August 1332 and again at Halidon Hill on 19 July 1333, at which the 17-year-old Robert participated.
Robert's estates were overrun by Balliol, who granted them to David Strathbogie, titular earl of Atholl, but Robert evaded capture and gained protection at Dumbarton Castle where King David was taking refuge. Few other strongholds remain
Clan Gregor or Clan MacGregor ) is a Highland Scottish clan that claims an origin in the early 800s. The clan's most famous member is the legendary Rob Roy MacGregor of the late 17th and early 18th centuries; the Clan is known to have been among the first families of Scotland to begin playing the bagpipes in the early 17th century. The Clan Gregor held lands in Glen Orchy and Glenstrae. According to Iain Moncreiffe the MacGregors were descended from an ancient Celtic royal family, through the Abbots of Glendochart; this is alluded to in the clan's motto: "Royal is my race". There is a tradition that Gregor was the brother of Kenneth MacAlpin, supported by the Scottish historian, William Skene, but there is little evidence to support this tradition, it is possible that the eponymous Gregor from whom the family derives may have been Griogair, son of Dungal, co-ruler of Alba. Most modern historians have agreed that the first chief of Clan Gregor was Gregor of the golden bridles, his son was Iain Camm One eye, who succeeded as the second chief sometime before 1390.
The barony of Loch Awe which included much of the MacGregor lands was granted to the chief of Clan Campbell by Robert the Bruce. The Campbells had built Kilchurn Castle which controlled the gateway to the western Highlands and they harried the MacGregors who were forced to retire deeper into their lands until they were restricted to Glenstrae. Iain of Glenstrae died in 1519 with no direct heirs, he was the second of his house to be called the Black. The succession of Eian was supported by the Campbells, he married a daughter of Sir Colin Campbell of Glenorchy. In 1547 Eian's son, fought against the English at the Battle of Pinkie Cleugh but died shortly after. Colin Campbell refused to recognize the claim of Gregor Roy MacGregor to the estates, for ten years Gregor waged a war against the Campbells, he was an outlaw who sheltered in the high glens. However, in 1570, he was killed by the Campbells; the chiefship was claimed by his son, but he was unable to stem the Campbell's persecution of his kinsmen, who over time became known as the Children of the Mist, a name associated with the MacGregors due to the extent of their losses.
Additionally, John Drummond, of Clan Drummond was the king's forester and was subsequently murdered after hanging a number of MacGregors for poaching. The chief took responsibility for the murder and it was condemned by the Privy Council. In response to the execution of two MacGregor clansmen in the year 1603, Alasdair MacGregor marched into Colquhoun territory with a force of over four hundred men; the chief of Clan Colquhoun, in response, had been granted a royal commission to suppress the MacGregors. Colquhoun assembled a force of five hundred foot and three hundred horse and advanced to Glen Fruin to repel the Highland raiders. MacGregor split his force in two and while the main MacGregor force and the Colquhouns engaged in combat, the second MacGregor force attacked the Colquhouns from the rear; the Colquhouns were driven into the Moss of Auchingaich where their cavalry was useless and over two hundred Colquhouns were killed. At the end of the eighteenth century, in an act of good will, the chiefs of the two clans met and shook hands on the site of the former slaughter.
In April 1603 James VI of Scotland issued an edict that proclaimed the name of MacGregor as altogidder abolisheed. This meant that anyone who bore the name must suffer death. In 1604, MacGregor and eleven of his chieftains were hanged at Edinburgh; as a result, the Clan Gregor was scattered, with many taking other names such as Grant. They were flushed out of the heather by bloodhounds. An Edinburgh burgess, Robert Birrel, who kept a diary of events at the time, described the episode thus, wes convoyit to Berwick be the Gaird to conforme to the Earl's promese: for he promesit to put him out of Scottis grund. Swa he keipit ane Hieland-manis promes; the 18 Januar, at evine, he come agane to Edinburghe. An Act of the Scottish Parliament from 1617 stated: Despite the savage treatment of the MacGregors, they had fought for the king during the Scottish Civil War. Two hundred men of the Clan Gregor fought for the Earl of Glencairn in what was known as Glencairn's rising, against the Commonwealth. In recognition of this, Charles II of England repealed the proscription of the name, but William of Orange reimposed it when Charles's brother James VII was deposed.
Rob Roy MacGregor was born in 1671, a younger son of MacGregor of Glengyle.. The adventures of Rob Roy MacGregor have been immortalized and romanticized by Sir Walter Scott in his novel Rob Roy. Rob Roy was undoubtedly a thorn in the flesh of the government until he died in 1734, he supported the Jacobite cause in 1715 and after the Battle of Sheriffmuir he set out plundering at will. In one such raid on Dumbarton, the town was put into panic and Dumbarton Castle was forced to open fire with its cannon, he led Clan Gregor at the Battle of Glen Shiel in 1719. He is buried in Balquhidder churchyard. During the 1745 uprising, some of Clan Gregor fought at the Battle of Prestonpans with the Jacobite army under the Duke of Perth; some of Clan Gregor were among the Jacobite force, defeate
The Clan MacLea is a Highland Scottish clan, traditionally located in the district of Lorn in Argyll, is seated on the Isle of Lismore. There is a tradition of some MacLeas Anglicising their names to Livingstone, thus the Clan Livingstone Society's website refers to the clan as the Highland Livingstones; the current chief of Clan MacLea was recognised by Lord Lyon as the "Coarb of Saint Moluag" and the "Hereditable Keeper of the Great Staff of Saint Moluag." There are conflicting theories of the etymology of MacLea, MacLay and similar surnames, they could have multiple origins. The name may be an Anglicisation of meaning son of the physician. In addition to MacLea, the Gaelic language surname Mac an Léigh is anglicized to McKinley and MacNulty; the leading theory today, however, is that the name MacLea is derived from the patronymic Mac Dhunnshleibhe, meaning son of Donn Sléibhe. In 1910 Niall Campbell, 10th Duke of Argyll maintained that the surname MacLea evolved from the name Maconlea, Mac Dhunnshleibhe.
By the eighteenth century the standard form of the name had become MacLea or other forms with similar spellings. This is a distinction without significance, though, as Mac an Léigh is a nickname surname, given to the Mac Dhunnshleibhe by the indigenous populations in both Ulster and the Scottish Highlands and, adopted as a substitute surname by the Mac Dhunnshleibhe themselves; the Mac Dhunnshleibhe royals were one of Ireland’s ancient hereditary medical families. The surname Livingstone/Livingston is derived from the placename, modern Livingston, in West Lothian, Scotland. Livingston was in turn named after an individual named Leving who appears in the early twelfth century in the charters of David I of Scotland; this Leving was the progenitor of the powerful aristocratic Livingston family. There are multiple theories of the origin of Leving. In the mid seventeenth century James Livingston of Skirling, of a branch of these Lowland Livingstons, was granted a nineteen-year lease of the Bishoprics of Argyll and the Isles.
Sometime before 1648, James Livingston seems to have stayed at Achanduin Castle on Lismore, it is thought that around this time that the surname Livingstone would have been adopted by MacLeas on the island. The Duke of Argyll wrote that it was possible that the eponymic progenitor of all the Macleves, of Lismore may be Dunshleibe son of Aedh Alain O'Neill. Aed Alain was the son of the Irish prince Anrothan O'Neill, who traditionally is said to have married a Princess of Dál Riata, inheriting her lands of Cowal and Knapdale. Anrothan in turn was a son of King of Ailech. From him the family would descend from Niall of the Nine Hostages, High King of Ireland, who reigned in the fifth century, although the O'Neill dynasty take their name from his descendant Niall Glúndub, a High King of Ireland living five centuries later. Dunshleibe is thought to have been the common ancestor of clans in western Argyll including the Lamonts, the MacEwens of Otter, the Maclachlans, the MacNeils of Barra, the MacSweens.
An alternative and the modernly accepted theory, however, is that the MacLea are descended of Ruaidhri Mac Duinnsleibhe, the 54th Christian and last king of Ulidia. The Coarbs of Saint Moluag are proposed to be related to the rigdamnai or Royal Family of Ulster and their use of the name Mac Duinnshleibhe to be a proud reminder and declaration of that fact. According to Byrne the Ulaid rigdamnai alone used the name Mac Duinnshleibhe “ So for instance when after 1137 the Dál Fiatach kingship was confined to the descendants of Donn Sleibe Mac Eochada, the rigdamnai set themselves apart from the rest of the family by using the name Mac Duinnshleibhe." Francis John Byrne, Irish Kings and High-Kings page 128. It seems as though Ruaidhri Mac Duinnsleibhe was the last king of Ulidia, dying at the end of the twelfth century. Rory, son of Dunsleve, is number 54 on O'Hart's roll of the kings of Ulidia and described as "the last king of Ulidia, its fifty-fourth king since the advent of St. Patrick to Ireland."
In Irish Pedigrees – The Stem of the Dunlevy family, Princes of Ulidia, O'Hart says "Tuirmach Teamrach, the 81st Monarch of Ireland, had a son named Fiach Fearmara, ancestor of the Kings of Argyle and Dalriada, in Scotland: this Fiach was the ancestor of MacDunshleibe and O’Dunsleibhe, anglicised Dunlevy, Dunlop and Livingstone. …According to Dr O’Donovan descendants of this family, soon after the English invasion of Ireland, passed into Scotland, where they changed their name." Saint Moluag was a Scottish missionary, a contemporary of Saint Columba, who evangelized the Picts of Scotland in the sixth century. According to the Irish Annals, in 562 Saint Moluag beat Saint Columba in a race to the large Isle of Lismore; the nineteenth-century historian William F. Skene claimed the Isle of Lismore was the sacred island of the Western Picts and the burial place of their kings whose capital was at Beregonium, across the water at Benderloch; the Coarb, or successor, of the saint was the hereditary keeper of his pastoral staff.
The Great Staff of Saint Moluag, or Bachuil Mor is thought to be the sixth-century saint's crozier or staff. The Bachuil Mor is a plain wooden staff, about 38 inches long. There is evidence that the Bachuil Mor was at one time covered with plates of gilt copper of which some remain. On 21 December 1950 on the petition of Livi
Battle of Inverlochy (1645)
The Battle of Inverlochy was a battle of the Scottish Civil War. A Royalist force of Highlanders and Confederate Irish troops under the overall command of James Graham, Lord Montrose and destroyed the pursuing forces of Archibald Campbell, 1st Marquess of Argyll, encamped under the walls of Inverlochy Castle. After being researched, the area was designated as a battlefield by Historic Scotland in 2011. After the Covenanter-controlled Scottish Committee of Estates decided to intervene on the English Civil War on the Parliamentarian side, the Royalist party sought to find ways of tying down Covenanter forces in Scotland to prevent them being employed in England. King Charles I had given a commission to Montrose, a disaffected former signatory of the Covenant, to organise Royalist opposition in Scotland; the project was given impetus when Confederate Ireland, at the instigation of the Earl of Antrim and the Duke of Ormond, aided the Royalists by sending 2000 experienced troops to Scotland under Antrim's relative Alasdair Mac Colla.
The Irish landed at Ardnamurchan on the west coast in early July 1644. Montrose and a small number of Royalist clansmen linked up with Mac Colla in August. By this time the Committee of Estates had sent armies into the field against them, under the overall command of the experienced general William Baillie. Montrose, won surprise victories against government troops at Tippermuir and Aberdeen in September, he retreated into the Highlands, pursued by a force under the Marquess of Argyll, the head of Clan Campbell and one of the key figures in the Committee of Estates, while Baillie's main army blocked Montrose's path eastward. By late November, the Royalists had added another 1000 recruits from amongst the men of Clan Donald: over the winter they conducted a fierce campaign of burning and plundering directed against the lands of Argyll himself, culminating in the sacking of Inveraray. Montrose headed north, it is believed that he split his army at Glen Etive sending part of it up past Ballachulish while the bulk continued across Rannoch Moor, into Glencoe.
Baillie and Argyll believed that Montrose's force would be trapped or dispersed once the difficulty of supplying them in the Highlands in winter took hold. Indeed, by the end of January, Montrose had halted at Kilchummin in the Great Glen, with supplies exhausted and with his forces reduced to less than 2000 due to sickness and desertions amongst the Highlanders, who were eager to return home with their plunder. At Kilchummin he learned that a large contingent of Northern Levies under the Earl of Seaforth blocked the route northward at Inverness, while Argyll - with a force made up of his own regiment, eight companies of Lowland foot sent by Baillie, a large number of Clan Campbell levies - was camped to the south of him at Inverlochy. Further south and Sir John Urry were assembling further troops; the Royalists were now trapped. Montrose decided to face the threat by attacking Argyll; this course may have been chosen as Argyll's men now threatened the lands of several of Montrose's key supporters.
However, he realised that a frontal approach would be detected. What followed was a remarkable flanking march, during winter, across some of the toughest and wildest terrain in the British Isles through snow knee-deep; the Royalists first travelled up the River Tarff to Glen Buck via Culachy, across the gorge of the Calder Burn to reach the head of the glen, 1000 feet above sea level. They climbed a further 1000 feet to Carn na Larach, before travelling down Glen Turret and Glen Roy to Keppoch, where the advance guard rested for around three hours in a barn while the main force caught up. After fording the Spean, passing through Leanachan Woods, they emerged on the slopes of Ben Nevis above Inverlochy in the early hours of Candlemas Day, 2 February: they had marched around 36 miles in 36 hours. Montrose's army spent a cold night in the open on the side of Ben Nevis. Argyll was aware that a small force was operating in the area, having been alerted by pickets driven from Keppoch by the Royalist advance guard.
He did not know, that he was faced by the entire royal army. Just before dawn on 2 February 1645, Argyll and his commanders were dismayed at the sight that lay before them: as far as they were aware Montrose should still have been 30 miles north. Royalist Irish Brigade Thomas Laghtnan's Regiment Manus O'Cahan's Regiment James McDonnell's Regiment MacDonald and other clan levies Patrick Graham of Inchbrackie's Regiment Sir Thomas Ogilvie's Horse Covenanter Marquess of Argyll's Regiment Clan Campbell levies Lt-Col Laghlan Roughe's Battallion Lt-Col John Cockburn's Battallion Argyll did not stay for the battle, having injured his arm in a fall from his horse, retired to his galley anchored on Loch Linnhe. Command of the government forces was left in the hands of his kinsman Sir Duncan Campbell of Auchinbreck, described by Robert Baillie as "a stout soldier, but a vicious man". Auchinbreck was an experienced veteran recalled from the war in Ireland and regarded as the best soldier in Clan Campbell.
Auchinbreck lined up his forces with the left wing anchored on Inverlochy Castle, which he reinforced with 200 musketeers to protect his left flank. In the centre he placed Argyll's regiment, with an advance guard commanded by Gillespie, son of the Laird of Bingingeahds. On the flanks he put the 8 companies of Lowland militia sent by Baillie, under Roughe and Cockburn, while to the rear was a reserve of
Clan Cameron is a West Highland Scottish clan, with one main branch Lochiel, numerous cadet branches. The Clan Cameron lands are in Lochaber and within their lands lies Ben Nevis, the highest mountain in the British Isles; the Chief of the clan is customarily referred to as "Lochiel". The origins of Clan Cameron are uncertain and there are several theories. A manuscript of the clan says that it is old tradition that the Camerons were descended from the son of the royal family of Denmark who assisted the restoration of King Fergus II of Scotland, that their progenitor was called Cameron from his crooked nose – such nicknames were and are common in Gaelic culture, that his dependants adopted the name. Another possible origin is that Donal Dubh, the first chief of Clan Cameron was descended either from the Macgillonies or, the mediaeval family of Cameron of Ballegarno in Fife. According to John Mair, the Clan Cameron and the Chattan Confederation shared a common origin and together followed one chief, but this statement has no foundation or evidence to support it.
Allen surnamed MacOrchtry the son of Uchtred is mentioned by tradition as the chief of Camerons during the reign of King Robert II of Scotland and, according to the same source, the Camerons and Chattan Confederation were two rival, hostile tribes. Sometime around the beginning of the 15th century the Camerons established themselves as a Highland clan in the western end of the Great Glen in Lochaber, it is they did so through the marriage of a local heiress of the Mael-anfhaidh kindred. The Collins Scottish Clan Encyclopedia states that the heiress was from the MacMartin of Letterfinlay family. By the 15th century, after the Mael-anfhaidh chiefship had passed into the Cameron family, the local families of MacMartin of Letterfinlay, MacGillonie of Strone and MacSorley of Glen Nevis were absorbed within the incoming Clan Cameron. In consequence, the early chiefs of the Highland Camerons were sometimes styled "MacGillonay". Since the 15th century though, Clan Cameron chiefs have been more styled Mac Dhomnuill Dubh, in reference to the first Cameron chief whom succession can be traced.
Donald Dubh was the first "authentic" chief or captain of this confederation of tribes which became known as the Clan Cameron, taking the name of their captain as the generic name of the whole, until the clan was first recognized by that name in a charter of 1472. According to tradition, during the Wars of Scottish Independence, the Clan Cameron fought for King Robert the Bruce, led by Chief VII John de Cameron against the English at the Battle of Bannockburn in 1314 and led by Chief VIII John de Cameron at the Battle of Halidon Hill in 1333, it was in the time of chief Alan Macdonald Dubh Cameron, 12th chief of Clan Cameron that a feud began with the Clan Mackintosh that continued sporadically for about 300 years. One of the first battles was the Battle of Drumlui in 1337 in which a dispute arose between the Clan Mackintosh and Clan Cameron over land at Glenlui and Loch Arkaig; the Battle of Invernahoven was fought in 1370 between the Clan Cameron and the Chattan Confederation of Clan Mackintosh, Clan Macpherson and Clan Davidson.
The Battle of the North Inch was fought in 1396 between the Clan Cameron and Chattan Confederation, it is one of the best known battles between these two clans. In 1411 the Clan Cameron fought at the Battle of Harlaw near Inverurie in Aberdeenshire in support of Domhnall of Islay, Lord of the Isles, chief of Clan Donald who claimed the title of Earl of Ross, their enemy was Robert Duke of Albany. The Camerons fought at the Battle of Lochaber in 1429, between forces led by Alexander of Islay, Earl of Ross, 3rd Lord of the Isles and the royalist army of King James I of Scotland. Another battle with Clan Mackintosh and their Chattan Confederation was the Battle of Palm Sunday in 1429. In 1431 the Clan Cameron fought at the Battle of Inverlochy against the Clan Donald whose chief Alexander of Islay, Earl of Ross had been imprisoned by the king; the MacDonalds were led by Alexander's nephew, Donald Balloch MacDonald who defeated the royalist army led by the Earl of Mar. In 1439 the Clan Cameron fought against the Clan Maclean at the Battle of Corpach.
In 1441 another battle with the Mackintoshes, the Battle of Craig Cailloc, was fought. In 1472 Alan MacDonald Dubh, 12th Chief of the Clan Cameron was made constable of Strome Castle on behalf of the Clan MacDonald of Lochalsh, he was killed in battle in 1480 fighting the Mackintoshes and MacDonalds of Keppoch. In 1491 the Clan Cameron took part in the Raid on Ross. In 1505 the Battle of Achnashellach is said to have taken place between the Camerons against the Clan Munro and the Clan Mackay During the Anglo-Scottish Wars the Clan Cameron chief, Ewen Cameron and a portion of his men survived fighting against the English army at the Battle of Flodden in 1513. In 1544, Clan Cameron provided archers who sided with Clan MacDonald of Clan Ranald at the Battle of the Shirts in 1544, against Clan Fraser. Legend has it that eight MacDonalds survived; the Camerons subsequently carried out successful raids upon the Clan Grant and Clan Fraser lands, which were rich and fertile to the Lochaber men. Owing to his role in this conflict Ewen Cameron fell into disfavour with the Earl of Huntly, Chief of Clan Gordon and Lieutenant of the North.
Chief Ewen Cameron would be executed as a result of this battle and other actions at Elgin in 1547. The Battle of Bun Garbhain was fought in 1570 when Donald Dubh Cameron, XV Chief of Clan Cameron, had died, leaving an infant son, Allan, at the head of
Castle Stalker is a four-storey tower house or keep picturesquely set on a tidal islet on Loch Laich, an inlet off Loch Linnhe. It is about 1.5 miles north-east of Port Appin, Scotland, is visible from the A828 road about midway between Oban and Glen Coe. The islet is accessible from the shore at low tide; the name "Stalker" comes from the Gaelic Stalcaire, meaning "hunter" or "falconer". The island castle is one of the best-preserved medieval tower-houses to survive in western Scotland and is a Category A listed building, it stands in the Lynn of one of forty such areas in Scotland. In recent times, the castle was brought to fame by the Monty Python team, appearing in their film Monty Python and the Holy Grail; the original castle was a small fort, built around 1320 by Clan MacDougall who were Lords of Lorn. Around 1388 the Stewarts took over the Lordship of Lorn, it is believed that they built the castle in its present form around the 1440s; the Stewart's relative King James IV of Scotland visited the castle, a drunken bet around 1620 resulted in the castle passing to Clan Campbell.
After changing hands between these clans a couple of times, the Campbells abandoned the castle in about 1840, when it lost its roof. In 1908 the castle was bought by Charles Stewart of Achara. In 1965 Lt. Col. D. R. Stewart Allward acquired the castle and over about ten years restored it. Castle Stalker remains in private ownership and is open to the public at selected times during the summer. For the 2011 census the island on which the castle stands was classified by the National Records of Scotland as an inhabited island that "had no usual residents at the time of either the 2001 or 2011 censuses." While most castle scenes in the movie Monty Python and the Holy Grail were filmed in and around Doune Castle, Castle Stalker appears in the final scene as "The Castle of Aaaaarrrrrrggghhh". First the castle is seen from a distance; the castle makes a brief appearance in the film Highlander: Endgame. Castle Stalker is the inspiration for "Castle Keep" in The Boggart. Castle Stalker web site