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Clarence Campbell

Clarence Sutherland Campbell, was the third president of the National Hockey League from 1946 to 1977. The NHL's Clarence S. Campbell Bowl is named for him. Born in Fleming, Campbell attended high school at the Strathcona Collegiate Institute, now known as Old Scona Academic, Alberta, Canada, he graduated from the University of Alberta with a degree in law and arts in 1924 and was a Rhodes Scholar at Oxford University, where he played for the Oxford University Ice Hockey Club. Campbell was an executive member of the Alberta Amateur Hockey Association in the 1930s, was part of a Canadian Amateur Hockey Association committee in 1935 to study the definition of an amateur hockey player and updates needed. Campbell worked as a referee in the NHL from 1933 until 1939, he officiated some historic games, such as the game in 1937 when the great Howie Morenz's career was ended when he broke his leg, an injury that led to his death. Campbell refereed a rough playoff game between the Montreal Maroons and the Boston Bruins in which Dit Clapper used his stick on a player.

Angry at Clapper's actions, he called Clapper a profane name, which brought a powerful punch from the hardrock defenceman that knocked Campbell to the ice. Campbell, aware of his provocative action submitted a lenient report on Clapper, NHL president Frank Calder gave Clapper only a fine as a result. Campbell made a controversial call in 1939 when refereeing a game involving the Toronto Maple Leafs when defenceman Red Horner was struck with a stick and Campbell doled out only a minor penalty though Horner was bleeding. Leafs owner Conn Smythe called for Campbell not to be rehired, the league agreed. League president Frank Calder decided to let Campbell work in his office after his career as a referee, it was becoming evident that the president was grooming a successor, but World War II broke out and Campbell enlisted in the Canadian Army. He rose to the rank of lieutenant colonel and was awarded the Order of the British Empire in 1945.. At the end of the war he served with the No. 1 Canadian War Graves Investigation Unit.

After the war he was appointed Queen's Counsel, was one of the prosecutors at one of several trial courts of leading Nazis who were put on trial for crimes against humanity. It has been reported that Campbell participated in the Nuremberg Trials, but he said, untrue in a Sports Illustrated article published in 1974. Meanwhile, Calder had died, with Campbell overseas, the NHL named Red Dutton president. Dutton did not want the job and when Campbell returned to Canada in 1946, Dutton resigned and Campbell accepted the presidency. One of his first acts of authority was in 1948, when he expelled players Billy Taylor and Don Gallinger from the NHL for betting on games; as NHL President, Campbell is best remembered for suspending Montreal Canadiens superstar Maurice "Rocket" Richard for the remaining three games of the 1955 regular season and for the entirety of the playoffs. This decision came about as a result of Richard's actions during a March 13 game between the Canadiens and Boston Bruins. One of Richard's teammates knocked down Laycoe, allowing Richard to turn around and punch Thompson in the face.

On March 17, Campbell attended a game at the Montreal Forum between the Canadiens and the Detroit Red Wings. Throughout the first period he was taunted and pelted with debris by outraged Montreal fans, who saw him as a prime example of the city's English-Canadian elite oppressing the French-Canadian majority. After a tear gas bomb was released in the arena, Campbell exited the building, the game was forfeited to the Red Wings, the Forum was evacuated. What ensued was a full-fledged riot in which 60 people were arrested and $500,000 in damage was done. Campbell was elected to the Hockey Hall of Fame in 1966, he was instrumental in the 1967 expansion, which doubled the league in size, worked 18 hours a day in his office. At the beginning of the league's Expansion Era in 1967–68, the NHL clubs decided to highlight the achievements of the league president by donating the Clarence S. Campbell Bowl in his honour; when the league realigned into two conferences and four divisions in 1974, it further honoured Campbell by naming one of the two conferences after him, awarding the Campbell Bowl to the conference's regular-season champion.

Although the Clarence Campbell Conference was renamed the Western Conference in 1993, the Campbell Bowl continues to be awarded to the conference's playoff champion. In 1976, Campbell was charged with bribing Senator Louis Giguère in the "Sky Shops" scandal, he was convicted. Campbell was a sick man by the time he retired as NHL president in 1977, he spent the last years of his life plagued with respiratory ailments, died on June 24, 1984. Biographical information and career statistics from Legends of Hockey Clarence S. Campbell

Arizona Libertarian Party

The Arizona Libertarian Party is the Arizona affiliate of the national Libertarian Party. The party saw early support from established politicians such as from former Representative Sam Steiger and after stagnation in the 1980s and early 90s saw a rapid increase in voter registration and vote totals in the mid-to-late 90s; the Arizona Libertarian Party was one of the earliest affiliates to be formed with it having 35 dues paying members by late 1972 and was planning on holding a state convention to plan on how to seek legal recognition as a party. In 1973 the party was organized and elected its officials and the following year had grown to over 200 members. In January 1975, the affiliate announced that it would begin its first ballot access drive to collect the 11,044 signatures need to gain ballot access for the 1976 elections and by June had submitted petitions with 9,913 signatures with plans to submit the remaining signatures later. However, the deadline for the signatures passed while officials were counting, but the Libertarian Party was successful in gaining a court ordered extension to the deadline and were given ballot access after the counting concluded on July 21.

The affiliate's 1978 state convention was attended by Washington Post columnist Nicholas von Hoffman and former Republican Representative Sam Steiger whom addressed them on political fundraising. Under Arizona law at the time in order for a party to maintain recognition it must receive 5% of the total votes cast and under that rule the party only received 1.4% of the total votes. The party lost its recognition on March 1, 1978, when the Arizona Supreme Court ruled 3-2 that Arizona's ballot access law was constitutional; the party presidential candidate, Ed Clark, attended the affiliate's 1979 and 1980 state conventions and offered support to their attempts to regain ballot access and to place a ballot measure to eliminate taxes placed on food or food products and to repeal Arizona's auto-emissions tests. Although the party was unsuccessful in placing their auto-emissions test repeal measures onto the ballot their food sales tax repeal was successful and removed the state's 4% sales tax on food products and were successful in regaining ballot access and placing Ed Clark onto the Arizona 1980 presidential ballot.

At their 1982 state convention Ed Clark addressed them for the third time, but announced that he would not seek the party's 1984 presidential nomination as to prevent it from becoming a cult of personality. The party had been struggling in their attempts to maintain ballot access with the difficulty of obtaining enough signatures to gain ballot access and gaining the 5% needed in a gubernatorial or presidential race to maintain it, but shortly before their state convention Sam Steiger, whom had attended one of their previous conventions and had been sympathetic to the party since his failed 1976 Senate campaign, announced that he would run for governor as a Libertarian to help the party reach the 5% goal although he admitted that he had no chance of winning. In the 1982 gubernatorial election Steiger narrowly passed the 5% requirement giving the affiliate automatic ballot access for the 1984 elections. Despite the fact that the party qualified for automatic ballot access at the state level due to a technicality the party was not qualified for automatic ballot access at the county level as Stieger only received 5% of the vote in two counties leaving them unqualified in every county except for in Maricopa and Coconino counties.

They attempted to appeal to the courts to have the law overturned, but were ruled against by the attorney general. The affiliate lost its automatic ballot access after David Bergland only took 1.03% in the presidential race. The next year the party hosted the 1985 National Convention for the national Libertarian Party in Phoenix. In 1986, Ken Sturzenacker, the chairman of the affiliate, resigned after the executive committee ousted him from his post after he was accused of spending money without authorization and for failing to collect enough signatures to gain ballot access for the 1986 elections; the party failed for the first time since 1974 to collect enough signatures to appear on the ballot and were 10,000 signatures short by the time of Ken's resignation. Due to their lack of ballot access the party was unable to field a gubernatorial candidate so for the 1986 gubernatorial election the party endorsed Evan Mecham in the race which he won. Despite Andre Marrou's failure to obtain 5% statewide in Arizona's presidential election the affiliate was able to obtain recognition and automatic ballot access at the county level with multiple candidates passing the 5% requirement.

In 1993, Tucson officials refused to give ballot access to a Libertarian attempting to run for city council as according to their signature requirement he would need 5% of the total number of votes for the previous Libertarian candidate regardless of what party they were registered to while the Arizona affiliate stated that it would only be 5% of all registered Libertarians in the city. The party appealed the decision to a superior court which ruled in their favor allowing their city council candidate to run. In 1994, John Buttrick became the first Libertarian gubernatorial candidate to appear on the ballot in 12 years since Sam Stieger in 1982 after a successful ballot access drive by the party. Buttrick failed to meet the 5% requirement to get automatic ballot access, but the affiliate was successful in other areas where they took 7% in the Senate race, the best performance for a Libertarian nationally at the time, maintained ballot access in Pima County, increased voter registration to 8,000 which brought them closer to the 14,000 that would give them automatic ballot access.

The Pima County Libertarian Party was disaffiliated with the Arizona affiliate in 1996, after a

Arbeit - Bewegung - Geschichte

Arbeit - Bewegung - Geschichte is a academic journal covering the history of labour and other social movements. It was established in 2002 as Jahrbuch für Forschungen zur Geschichte der Arbeiterbewegung and renamed in 2016; each issue has a main section of historical essays dealing with a variety of subjects such as the history of women's liberation, social movements in general or the antifascist resistance movements in Germany and Europe. Its main focus is the history of the international labour and union movements, including organizations such as the Comintern and its member parties as well as social-democratic parties; the European Reference Index for the Humanities and Social Sciences lists the journal as peer reviewed. The journal is listed in the European Reference Index for the Humanities and Social Sciences. Official website Review by Andreas Diers Review in the German daily newspaper Neues Deutschland List entry in European Reference Index for the Humanities and Social Sciences

Angelika Film Center

Angelika Film Center is a movie theater chain in the United States that features independent and foreign films. It operates theaters in New York City, Washington, D. C. California and Virginia, its headquarters are in New York City. The original Angelika Film Center & Café opened in New York City's NoHo neighborhood in 1989; the New York Angelika, located at The Cable Building on the corner of Houston and Mercer Streets, is the flagship cinema. Additionally, Angelika Film Center has opened 6 additional locations, one of which has closed: In 1997, it opened a theater in Houston, closed August 29, 2010. In 2001, an Angelika opened in the Mockingbird Station in Dallas, Texas In 2004, an Angelika opened in Plano, Texas. In the fall of 2012, an Angelika opened an 8-screen theater in the Mosaic District of Fairfax County, Virginia. In the summer of 2014, Angelika started operating a "Pop-Up" theater in Union Market in Washington, D. C. with plans for an expansion that fell through in the summer of 2016.

On October 9, 2015, a new location opened in San Diego’s North County. From 1997 to 2005, the Angelika Film Center was used as the set for At The Angelika, a weekly TV series distributed by IFC Films; the show moved to the IFC Center on Sixth Avenue and changed its name to At the IFC Center when that venue opened in June 2005. The Angelika launched a blog where they post their own video and written interviews with directors and actors that are involved with the films they show; the Angelika Film Center is owned by iDNA, Inc.. In Snowball Effect: The Story of Clerks Kevin Smith and Vincent Pereira recall attending movies at the Angelika; the film mentions the disastrous first public screening of Clerks at the Independent Film Feature Market and has a scene with Smith and Scott Mosier standing outside the theatre. In November 2015, Shia LaBeouf invited the public to join him in the Cable Building location as he watched the 29 movies that feature him back-to-back. While taking short coffee breaks, LaBeouf could be viewed continuously on a live-stream.

List of art cinemas in New York City Angelika Film Center website

Ink Master (season 13)

Ink Master: Turf War is the thirteenth season of the tattoo reality competition Ink Master that will premiere on Paramount Network on January 7, 2020. Host Dave Navarro, Oliver Peck and Chris Nunez all returned as judges. Season 13 introduced 20 artists that were split into four teams based on their respective home region; the winner of Season 13 will receive the $100,000 prize and an editorial feature in Inked magazine in addition to the title of Ink Master. The thirteenth season brought back four contestants from previous seasons to lead each region which includes Jason Elliott and Frank Ready from Season 10, Jimmy Snaz and Angel Rose from Season 11; the judge listing types are: Judging PanelThe judging panel is a table of three or more primary judges in addition to the coaches. The judges make their final decision by voting to see who had best tattoo of the day, who goes home. In episode 7, Dave Navarro offers Jason Elliott a pardon; the following week in episode 9, Dave tells the artists that both Chris and Oliver each have one pardon they may offer to any eliminated artist of their choosing.

The contestant was named Ink Master. The contestant was the runner-up; the contestant finished third. The contestant won best tattoo of the day; the contestant was given an honorable mention by the judges. The contestant was considered to be among the top; the contestant won the face off. The contestant was immune from elimination; the contestant was among the bottom group in the judges recall. The contestant was sent to the bottom by the jury of peers; the contestant was considered to be in the bottom. The contestant was saved from being eliminated; the contestant was eliminated from the competition. The contestant was eliminated; the contestant was eliminated. The contestant withdrew from the competition. Official website Ink Master on IMDb Ink Master at TV Guide

Elwyn Gwyther

Elwyn Gwyther is a Welsh former rugby union and professional rugby league footballer who played in the 1940s and 1950s. He played representative level rugby union for Wales XV, at club level for Llanelli RFC, as a prop, i.e. number 1 or 3, representative level rugby league for Great Britain and Wales, at club level for Belle Vue Rangers and Leeds, as a prop, i.e. number 8 or 10, during the era of contested scrums. Elwyn Gwyther's birth was registered in Wales. Elwyn Gwyther represented Wales XV while at Llanelli RFC in the'Victory International' non-Test match between December 1945 and April 1946, won caps for Wales while at Belle Vue Rangers, Leeds 1947–1953 15-caps, won caps for Great Britain while at Belle Vue Rangers in 1947 against New Zealand, in 1950 against Australia. Six rugby league footballers represented Wales XV. Gomer Hughes, Harold Thomas had won Wales caps, but the other footballers hadn't, having changed to the rugby league code they were unable to do so, but Tyssul Griffiths, Elwyn Gwyther, Leslie Thomas, did go on to win Wales caps.

Elwyn Gwyther right-prop, i.e. number 10, in Belle Vue Rangers' 7-10 defeat by Wigan in the 1947 Lancashire County Cup Final during the 1947–48 season at Wilderspool Stadium, Warrington on Saturday 1 November 1947.! Great Britain Statistics at Elwyn Gwyther montage on YouTube Britain hold out Kiwis at Odsal Men of League - Robert L. Seddon Welsh stars still had a rugby ball in wartime Picture Elwyn Gwyther Elwyn Gwyther