SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Clark County, Arkansas

Clark County is a county located in the south-central part of the U. S. state of Arkansas. As of the 2010 census, the population was 22,995; the county seat is Arkadelphia. The Arkadelphia, AR Micropolitan Statistical Area includes all of Clark County. Ancient Indigenous peoples occupied areas along the waterways for thousands of years prior to European exploration. Among the various cultures was the Caddoan Mississippian culture, which developed by 1000CE and occupied certain sites in Arkansas at different times; this was the westernmost expression of the Mississippian culture, which developed a vast network and numerous centers of development throughout the Mississippi Valley and its tributaries. The Caddoans constructed substantial earthwork mounds in the areas of Texas. Archeological evidence has established there was unbroken continuity from the Caddoan Mississippian people to the historic Caddo people and related Caddo-language speakers who encountered the first Europeans, their descendants formed the modern Caddo Nation of Oklahoma.

Settlers in the 19th century found earthwork mounds, ten to 15 feet in height, in areas around what developed as Arkadelphia, Arkansas. Some were excavated for pottery and other grave goods. At the time of European-American settlement after the United States acquired this territory in the Louisiana Purchase of 1803, the pioneers encountered three major Native American tribes: the Caddo, who lived along the banks of the Caddo River. Clark County was the third county formed by Americans in Arkansas, on December 15, 1818, together with Hempstead and Pulaski counties; the county is named after William Clark Governor of the Missouri Territory, which included present-day Arkansas. On November 1, 1833, the Arkansas territorial legislature created Pike County from western Clark County and part of northern Hempstead County, it was named after US explorer Zebulon Pike. Arkadelphia was designated as the county seat in 1842, it became important as a hub after railroads were constructed to here that connected with numerous markets.

Timber harvesting became important by the end of the century. By 1890, forest products were ranked next to agriculture in economic importance. In the 20th century, continued modern technological developments established the industry's continued importance in the county's economy. Three of the six lynchings recorded in Clark County from 1877 to 1950 took place in a mass event in late January 1879. An African-American man, Ben Daniels, three of his four sons were arrested as suspects in an alleged robbery and assault of a white man and held in the county jail. Daniels and two of his sons were forcibly taken out of the jail by a white mob and lynched by hanging from trees in the courthouse square, without trial. One son, believed to be Charles Daniels, survived for trial, he was convicted and served in prison until about 1886 or 1887. From 1920 to 1960, the county population declined; the cotton culture had been affected by the invasion of the boll weevil. In this period, many African-American families, who still constituted most of the farm workers left Arkansas and other parts of the rural South to escape Jim Crow oppression and seek better employment in Northern and Midwestern cities in the Great Migration.

In the latter part of this period, some migrated to the West Coast, where the defense industry developed during and after World War II offered higher paying jobs. At the same time, the lumber industry declined causing a loss of jobs. Several companies had operated sawmills and related businesses in Clark County in the early part of the century; the founders of the lumber town Graysonia, Arkansas moved to Springfield, renaming their company as Roseboro Lumber. While manufacturing industries had entered the county, several had a downturn in the 1980s. In the 1970s, the DeGray Dam and Lake were completed along the Caddo River, providing new areas in the county for tourism and recreation, which have become major components of the economy. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 883 square miles, of which 866 square miles is land and 17 square miles is water. Interstate 30 U. S. Highway 67 Highway 7 Highway 8 Highway 26 Highway 51 Highway 53 Hot Spring County Dallas County Ouachita County Nevada County Pike County Montgomery County As of the 2000 census, there were 23,546 people, 8,912 households, 5,819 families residing in the county.

The population density was 27 people per square mile. There were 10,166 housing units at an average density of 12 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 74.28% White, 22.02% Black or African American, 0.46% Native American, 0.62% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 1.37% from other races, 1.20% from two or more races. 2.40% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 8,912 households out of which 29.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.80% were married couples living together, 12.20% had a female householder with no husband present, 34.70% were non-families. 27.60% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.40% had someon

1940 U.S. Open (golf)

The 1940 U. S. Open was the 44th U. S. Open, June 6–9 at Canterbury Golf Club in Beachwood, Ohio, a suburb east of Cleveland. Lawson Little defeated Gene Sarazen in an 18-hole playoff to win his only professional major. Little started the final round a stroke behind leader Frank Walsh and carded a 73 to finish at 287. Sarazen made two birdies on the back nine and did not make a bogey to post 287 and force a playoff on Sunday. After five holes in the playoff, Little had a four-stroke advantage and was ahead by three at the turn. Sarazen made birdie at 11 and 14 to close the gap to one stroke with four holes to play, but could draw no closer. Little birdied the next two holes and they halved the final two holes. Little won by three, 70 to 73, became the fifth player to win both the U. S. Open and the U. S. Amateur. Six players were disqualified after the final round for starting their round too early to avoid a coming storm. One of those players, Ed Oliver tied Little and Sarazen, but his disqualification prevented his participation in the playoff.

Walter Hagen, in his final U. S. Open, was disqualified for showing up late for his third round. Under current rules, Hagen would be penalised two strokes. Under current rules, with access to weather radar, reserve the right to accelerate the start of the final round and change its procedure; the top eight finishers in the tournament were all past or future major champions, are members of the World Golf Hall of Fame. This was the first of three majors at Canterbury; the U. S. Open returned six years in 1946, won by Lloyd Mangrum in two playoff rounds, it was the first U. S. Open in five years, due to World War II; the PGA Championship was played at the course in 1973, won by Jack Nicklaus. Source: Source: Source: Thursday, June 6, 1940 Source: Friday, June 7, 1940 Source: Saturday, June 8, 1940 Source: Saturday, June 8, 1940 Source: Sunday, June 9, 1940 Cumulative playoff scores, relative to par Source: About.com – 1940 U. S. Open USGA Championship Database

NLM CityHopper

NLM CityHopper full name Nederlandse Luchtvaart Maatschappij, was a Dutch commuter airline, founded in 1966. Its head office was in Building 70 in Schiphol Airport East in Netherlands; the carrier was formed as Nederlandse Luchtvaart Maatschappij in 1966. Starting operations on 29 August 1966 using leased Fokker F27 aircraft from the Royal Dutch Air Force, it was set up as a KLM subsidiary under a two-year contract to operate domestic services within the Netherlands; the airline saw the incorporation of the Fokker F28 in 1978. Amsterdam, Enschede, Groningen and Rotterdam comprised the airline's network at the beginning; the Eindhoven–Hamburg route was the first international service flown by the airline. London-Gatwick was added to the network in early 1975; the airline changed its name to NLM CityHopper/Netherlines, following the acquisition of Netherlines by its parent company KLM in April 1988. Despite sharing their operational structure, both companies were separate entities until 1 April 1991, when they were absorbed into the newly created KLM Cityhopper.

The airline served the following destinations throughout its history: Following is a list of aircraft flown by the airline throughout its history. Fokker F-27-200 Fokker F-27-300 Fokker F-27-400 Fokker F-27-500 Fokker F-28-3000 Fokker F-28-4000 Jetstream 31 Saab 340 According to Aviation Safety Network, NLM CityHopper records a single accident/incident event. 6 October 1981: A Fokker F-28-4000, registration PH-CHI, operating the first leg of an international scheduled Rotterdam–Eindhoven–Hamburg passenger service as NLM CityHopper Flight 431, entered a tornado that caused the starboard wing to separate from the fuselage. The aircraft dived into the ground from 3,000 ft and crashed near Moerdijk, killing all 17 people aboard. Transport in the Netherlands