Daniel Hill "Dan" Dickerson is an American sportscaster, best known for his current position as the lead radio play-by-play voice of Major League Baseball's Detroit Tigers on the Detroit Tigers Radio Network. Dickerson grew up in Birmingham and attended Cranbrook School, graduating in 1976, he attended Ohio Wesleyan University, graduating with a Bachelor of Arts degree. He began his radio career at WMAX in Michigan as a news anchor and reporter, he covered high-school football and basketball. He moved to competitor WCUZ in 1982. Dickerson moved to Detroit in 1988 and WWJ, where he served as a general assignment news reporter and weekend news and sports anchor, he hosted the post-game call-in show for the station's Detroit Lions broadcasts. In 1995, Dickerson moved to crosstown competitor WJR, he was co-host of the weeknight sports call-in show Sportswrap. While visiting with legendary Tigers announcer Ernie Harwell in the WJR booth during the final game at Tiger Stadium in 1999, Dickerson was invited by Harwell to call an inning of play-by-play.
The following season, he joined the Tigers' radio broadcast team full-time, calling the middle innings of each game while Harwell handled the rest. Along with former Tigers catcher and color analyst Jim Price, this crew remained intact for three full seasons as the team switched radio flagship stations at the end of the 2000 season. Dickerson took over as lead play-by-play announcer on Tigers radio following Harwell's retirement at the end of the 2002 season, working with Price as a two-man crew. Dickerson has called several events for Fox Sports Detroit television, including high school football since 2002, a Michigan State Spartans hockey game in 2008, Detroit Titans basketball games in 2010 and 2011. Dickerson is a longtime member of the Detroit Sports Broadcasters Association, founded in 1948 by pioneering Tigers announcer Ty Tyson, he was honored by the DSBA in 2009 with the Tyson Award for Excellence in Sports Broadcasting, has been named Michigan Sportscaster of the Year three times by the National Sportscasters and Sportswriters Association.
During the Tigers' 2016 season, Dickerson moved to the television booth to call several road series for Fox Sports Detroit while regular TV announcer Mario Impemba joined Jim Price in the radio booth, an experiment, discarded the following season. Dickerson appears as the Detroit Tigers correspondent on MLB Network's weekday afternoon baseball news show The Rundown. On August 5, 2006, Dickerson called Iván Rodríguez's walk-off home run against the Cleveland Indians with two outs in the bottom of the ninth. Many Detroit sports commentators declared it as Dickerson's best call as a Tigers broadcaster, it was replayed numerous times on Tigers commercials on WXYT. "First pitch to Pudge, fly ball, deep to left, into the night... GOODBYE! Two run shot, Tigers win! Oh man! Pudge Rodriguez with two outs delivers. Into a mob scene at home. 4-3 Tigers win!" On October 14, 2006, Magglio Ordóñez hit a walk-off home run in Game 4 of the ALCS, making the Tigers the American League champions for the first time since 1984.
Here's the way Dan Dickerson described the final moments of the game to the radio audience: "Swing and a fly ball, left field, it's deep, IT'S WAY BACK... THE TIGERS ARE GOING TO THE WORLD SERIES!! Three-run, walk-off home run! OHHHHH MAN! Ordonez around third, he's into a mob scene at home! The Tigers have beaten the A's, 6-3, completing a four-game sweep in one of the greatest turnarounds in baseball history! The Tigers, three years after losing 119 games, are going to the World Series! Magglio Ordonez with his second home run of the game. What a sight at home plate!"On June 12, 2007, Tigers pitcher Justin Verlander threw the sixth no-hitter in franchise history against the Milwaukee Brewers, Dickerson called the final out this way: "The 0-2 pitch -- swing and a high fly ball to right -- Ordonez going back -- he's got room... HE MAKES THE CATCH -- Justin Verlander has just thrown the sixth no-hitter in the 107-year history of the Detroit Tigers."On September 3, 2011, the Tigers completed a rally from an 8-1 deficit against the Chicago White Sox, the second largest in Comerica Park history with home runs in the bottom of the 9th inning, a two-run home run from Ryan Raburn to tie the game and another one of walk-off variety from Miguel Cabrera to win the game 9-8.
Dickerson animatedly described Cabrera's home run this way: "Cabrera against first pitch. Swing AND A FLY BALL, LEFT FIELD, WAY BAAACK... GONE!! MIGUEL CABRERA WALK-OFF WINNER! And the Tigers come from seven runs down to beat the White Sox 9-8 with three in bottom of the 9th!! Raburn with a two-run shot, Cabrera into the mob scene at home, delivers the winner. HOW'BOUT IT?!"On April 8, 2012, down 12-11 in the bottom of the eleventh against the Boston Red Sox, Alex Avila hit a walk-off two-run home run that went over the right field fence to win the game 13-12 for the Tigers. Here's Dickerson's call: "The 2-2 pitch again. Swing and a fly ball to right field; this one is deep. Ross at the fence. LEAPS UP! IT'S OVER HIS GLOVE, AND IT'S GONE! A HOME RUN! WALK-OFF WINNER FOR ALEX AVILA! TIGERS WIN IT, 13-12! OHHH, BABY! INTO A MOB SCENE AT HOME! THE TIGERS HAVE DONE IT! 3-RUN SHOT FOR CABRERA IN THE 9TH TO TIE IT, WALK-OFF WINNER FOR ALEX AVILA HERE IN THE 11TH!" On May 4, 2012, down 4-3 in the bottom of the ninth against the Chicago White Sox, Jhonny Peralta hit a walk-off two-run home run to win the game 5-4 fo
1930 United States Census
The Fifteenth United States Census, conducted by the Census Bureau one month from April 1, 1930, determined the resident population of the United States to be 122,775,046, an increase of 13.7 percent over the 106,021,537 persons enumerated during the 1920 Census. The 1930 Census collected the following information: address name relationship to head of family home owned or rented if owned, value of home if rented, monthly rent whether owned a radio set whether on a farm sex race age marital status and, if married, age at first marriage school attendance literacy birthplace of person, their parents if foreign born: language spoken at home before coming to the U. S. year of immigration whether naturalized ability to speak English occupation and class of worker whether at work previous day veteran status if Indian: whether of full or mixed blood tribal affiliationFull documentation for the 1930 census, including census forms and enumerator instructions, is available from the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series.
The original census enumeration sheets were microfilmed by the Census Bureau in 1949. The microfilmed census is located on 2,667 rolls of microfilm, available from the National Archives and Records Administration. Several organizations host images of the microfilmed census online, digital indices. Microdata from the 1930 census are available through the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series. Aggregate data for small areas, together with electronic boundary files, can be downloaded from the National Historical Geographic Information System. 1930 Census Questions Hosted at CensusFinder.com 1931 U. S Census Report Contains 1930 Census results Historic US Census data 1930Census.com: 1930 United States Census for Genealogy & Family History Research 1930 Interactive US Census Find stories and more attached to names on the 1930 US census
A city is a large human settlement. Cities have extensive systems for housing, sanitation, land use, communication, their density facilitates interaction between people, government organizations and businesses, sometimes benefiting different parties in the process. City-dwellers have been a small proportion of humanity overall, but following two centuries of unprecedented and rapid urbanization half of the world population now lives in cities, which has had profound consequences for global sustainability. Present-day cities form the core of larger metropolitan areas and urban areas—creating numerous commuters traveling towards city centers for employment and edification. However, in a world of intensifying globalization, all cities are in different degree connected globally beyond these regions; the most populated city proper is Chongqing while the most populous metropolitan areas are the Greater Tokyo Area, the Shanghai area, Jabodetabek. The cities of Faiyum and Varanasi are among those laying claim to longest continual inhabitation.
A city is distinguished from other human settlements by its great size, but by its functions and its special symbolic status, which may be conferred by a central authority. The term can refer either to the physical streets and buildings of the city or to the collection of people who dwell there, can be used in a general sense to mean urban rather than rural territory. A variety of definitions, invoking population, population density, number of dwellings, economic function, infrastructure, are used in national censuses to classify populations as urban. Common population definitions for a city range between 1,500 and 50,000 people, with most U. S. states using a minimum between 5,000 inhabitants. However, some jurisdictions set no such minimums. In the United Kingdom, city status is awarded by the government and remains permanently, resulting in some small cities, such as Wells and St Davids. According to the "functional definition" a city is not distinguished by size alone, but by the role it plays within a larger political context.
Cities serve as administrative, commercial and cultural hubs for their larger surrounding areas. Examples of settlements called city which may not meet any of the traditional criteria to be named such include Broad Top City and City Dulas, Anglesey, a hamlet; the presence of a literate elite is sometimes included in the definition. A typical city has professional administrators and some form of taxation to support the government workers; the governments may be based on heredity, military power, work projects such as canal building, food distribution, land ownership, commerce, finance, or a combination of these. Societies that live in cities are called civilizations; the word city and the related civilization come, via Old French, from the Latin root civitas meaning citizenship or community member and coming to correspond with urbs, meaning city in a more physical sense. The Roman civitas was linked with the Greek "polis"—another common root appearing in English words such as metropolis. Urban geography deals both with their internal structure.
Town siting has varied through history according to natural, technological and military contexts. Access to water has long been a major factor in city placement and growth, despite exceptions enabled by the advent of rail transport in the nineteenth century, through the present most of the world's urban population lives near the coast or on a river. Urban areas as a rule cannot produce their own food and therefore must develop some relationship with a hinterland which sustains them. Only in special cases such as mining towns which play a vital role in long-distance trade, are cities disconnected from the countryside which feeds them. Thus, centrality within a productive region influences siting, as economic forces would in theory favor the creation of market places in optimal mutually reachable locations; the vast majority of cities have a central area containing buildings with special economic and religious significance. Archaeologists refer to this area by the Greek term temenos; these spaces reflect and amplify the city's centrality and importance to its wider sphere of influence.
Today cities have downtown, sometimes coincident with a central business district. Cities have public spaces where anyone can go; these include owned spaces open to the public as well as forms of public land such as public domain and the commons. Western philosophy since the time of the Greek agora has considered physical public space as the substrate of the symbolic public sphere. Public art adorns public spaces. Parks and other natural sites within cities provide residents with relief from the hardness and regularity of typical built environments. Urban structure follows one or more basic patterns: geomorphic, concentric and curvilinear. Physical environment constrains the form in which a city is built. If located on a mountainside, urban structure may rely on winding roads, it may be adapted to its means of subsistence. And it may be set up for optimal defense given the surrounding landscape. Beyond these "geomorphi
Steve Howe (baseball)
Steven Roy Howe was an American professional baseball relief pitcher. He played 12 seasons in Major League Baseball for the Los Angeles Dodgers, Minnesota Twins, Texas Rangers and New York Yankees. A hard-throwing left-hander, Howe was the Rookie of the Year in 1980, saved the clinching game of the 1981 World Series, was an All-Star in 1982. However, his career was derailed by problems with alcohol abuse, he was suspended a number of times by Major League Baseball for drug-policy violations, but several times returned to show flashes of his former brilliance. Born in Pontiac, Howe was a two-time All-Big Ten selection at the University of Michigan, he made his Major League debut at the age of 22 in 1980 and would become the National League Rookie of the Year that year, the second in a string of four Dodger rookies of the year. He saved 17 games during his ROY season; the following year, Howe helped. Howe's career was plagued by cocaine abuse. Over the course of his 17-year career, Howe would be suspended seven times.
After pitching for the Minnesota Twins and Texas Rangers and being out of the major leagues for four years, Howe signed with the Yankees, where he once again pitched effectively. However, in 1992, Howe became the second player to be banned from baseball for life because of substance abuse, he appealed the ban and re-signed with the Yankees, where he had one final great season in 1994, recording 15 saves and a 1.80 earned run average as the Yankees' closer. He failed to repeat the performance the following year and was relegated to a setup role, was released in June 1996 after posting an 0–1 record with a 6.35 ERA. Howe finished his career in 1997 playing with the Sioux Falls Canaries of the independent Northern League. For his career, Howe posted a record of 47 wins, 41 losses, 91 saves, a 3.03 ERA in 497 games. Howe published a 1989 autobiography, Between the Lines: One Athlete's Struggle to Escape the Nightmare of Addiction, which described his chemical dependency and hope for recovery based upon his newfound commitment to evangelical Christianity.
The memoir was co-written with Jim Greenfield. Following his retirement from baseball, Howe worked in Lake Havasu City, Arizona as a self-employed framing contractor, his company's name was All Star Framing. On April 28, 2006, Howe's pickup truck rolled over in Coachella, he was killed; the toxicology reports following his autopsy indicated. List of people banned from Major League Baseball Steve Howe with Jim Greenfield. Between the Lines: One Athlete's Struggle to Escape the Nightmare of Addiction. Grand Rapids, MI: Masters Press, 1989. Career statistics and player information from Baseball-Reference, or Fangraphs, or The Baseball Cube, or Baseball-Reference MSNBC.com: Ex-MLB pitcher Howe dies in truck crash Steve Howe at Find a Grave
Interstate 75 in Michigan
Interstate 75 is a part of the Interstate Highway System that runs north–south from Miami, Florida, to Sault Ste. Marie in the Upper Peninsula of the US state of Michigan. I-75 enters the state from Ohio in the south, north of Toledo and runs northward through Detroit and Bay City, crosses the Mackinac Bridge, ends at the Canadian border in Sault Ste. Marie; the freeway runs for 396 miles on both of Michigan's major peninsulas. The landscapes traversed by I-75 include Southern Michigan farmland, northern forests, suburban bedroom communities, the urban core of Detroit; the freeway uses three of the state's monumental bridges to cross major bodies of water. There are four auxiliary Interstates in the state related to I-75, as well as nine current or former business routes, with either Business Loop I-75 or Business Spur I-75 designations; the freeway bears several names in addition to the I-75 designation. The southern segment was called the Detroit–Toledo Expressway during planning in the 1950s and 1960s.
Through Detroit, I-75 is the Fisher Freeway or the Walter P. Chrysler Freeway, named for pioneers in the auto industry. Sections on either side of the Mackinac Bridge are the G. Mennen Williams Freeway or the Prentiss M. Brown Freeway, named for politicians who helped get the bridge built; the entire length is the American Legion Memorial Highway, after the organization of the same name. Various sections carry components of the four Great Lakes Circle Tours in the state. Several Indian trails spanned the state along the general path of the modern freeway. After statehood, several of these were converted into plank roads that became some of the first state highways. In the 1920s, five of these were added to the United States Numbered Highway System: US Highway 2, US 10, US 24, US 25, US 27. In the 1950s, a Michigan Turnpike was proposed as a tolled, controlled-access highway in the Lower Peninsula. After passage of the Federal Highway Act of 1956, this turnpike proposal was shelved as a free Interstate Highway was planned.
Construction started in 1957, signs went up in 1959, I-75 was completed in 1973. Since completion, the freeway has been upgraded with the construction of the Zilwaukee Bridge near Saginaw and improved connections to the Ambassador Bridge in Detroit. Known as "Michigan's Main Street", I-75 is listed on the National Highway System for its entire length; the NHS is a network of roadways important to the country's economy and mobility. The freeway is the busiest in the state: between M-8 and McNichols Road in Detroit 194,300 vehicles used the freeway on average each day in 2010. I-75 carries segments of all four Great Lakes Circle Tours in the state, it is the only highway located on both Michigan's Upper and Lower peninsulas. Between the Ohio state line and Kawkawlin, I-75 contains between a minimum of six and a maximum of ten lanes total. Crossing the state line north of Toledo, Ohio, I-75 enters Michigan in Monroe County carrying the Lake Erie Circle Tour near the North Maumee Bay of Lake Erie.
The freeway runs parallel past the community of Luna Pier. Further north, I-75 passes to the southeast of Monroe and crosses the River Raisin between the city and the river mouth. North of the river, the freeway turns further inland running through farmland. Near Newport, I-275 splits off to the northwest and I-75 continues its northeasterly trek through Monroe County; when it crosses the Huron River, the trunkline enters Wayne County between South Rockwood and Rockwood. On the north side of the county line, I-75 begins to run inland of, parallel to, the Detroit River, entering the Downriver area; the freeway turns northerly after the interchange with M-85 near Gibraltar, the LECT departs I-75 to follow M-85 north of the interchange. The landscape transitions to suburban residential areas instead of farmland through this area; the freeway turns back northeasterly in Taylor and intersects the southern end of M-39 in Lincoln Park. I-75 passes through an industrial area of Metro Detroit. Further north, the freeway spans the River Rouge in the southern part of Detroit.
I-75 follows the Detroit River as far east as the Ambassador Bridge. Near the bridge's approaches, the freeway turns 90° away from the river and intersects the eastern end of I-96 before turning again to follow the river further inland. From there, I-75 meets M-10 and crosses under M-1. East of Woodward, the freeway travels past both Comerica Park and Ford Field, homes of the Detroit Tigers and Detroit Lions professional sports teams as well as the site of Little Caesars Arena, home of the Detroit Red Wings and Detroit Pistons. East of Ford Field, I-75 turns northwesterly to follow the Chrysler Freeway away from the downtown Detroit area; the transition from the Fisher Freeway involves a set of one-lane ramps through the interchange with the connections to I-375 and M-3. Heading north-northwesterly, I-75 passes to the east of the campus of Wayne State University and through an interchange with I-94; the Chrysler Freeway passes to the west of Hamtramck and to the east of Highland Park, enclaves within Detroit.
I-75 continues through residential areas of Detroit's northern side. North of M-102, the freeway crosses out into Oakland County; the Chrysler Freeway
Valerie Anne Bertinelli is an American actress and television personality. She is known for her roles as Barbara Cooper Royer on the sitcom One Day at a Time, Gloria on the religious drama series Touched by an Angel and Melanie Moretti on the sitcom Hot in Cleveland. Since 2015, she has hosted the cooking shows Valerie's Home Cooking and Kids Baking Championship on Food Network. Bertinelli was born in Wilmington, Delaware to Nancy and Andrew Bertinelli, a General Motors executive, her father is of Italian descent and her mother is of English descent. She has three brothers: David and Drew, she had an elder brother, who died at 17 months from an accidental poisoning before she was born. Because of her father's career, the family moved. Over various periods, they lived in Delaware, she attended Granada Hills High School. She was raised Roman Catholic. Following her appearance in an episode of Apple's Way, Bertinelli was approached by producer Norman Lear to audition for the role of cooperative daughter Barbara Cooper in a new sitcom called One Day at a Time.
The show debuted in late 1975. She appeared in 208 of the 209 episodes before the show left the air on May 28, 1984. In the 2005 One Day at a Time Reunion Special, Bertinelli was reunited with fellow cast members Bonnie Franklin, Mackenzie Phillips and Pat Harrington, Jr. to watch memorable clips from the original show's nine seasons. They talked about actors who had left the show as well as Phillips' drug problem, which had wreaked havoc on the set and caused Phillips to be fired from the show. After the run of One Day at a Time, Bertinelli starred in several made-for-TV movies and miniseries, as well as making many guest appearances on various television shows. In the 1990s, she starred in two short-lived sitcoms: Sydney, as the title character, a private detective, Café Americain. In 2001, Bertinelli joined the cast of Touched by an Angel for the show's last two seasons. From 2010 to 2015, she starred in the TV Land sitcom Hot in Cleveland, alongside Betty White, Wendie Malick and Jane Leeves.
After a successful six-season run, the show's final episode aired on June 3, 2015. Bertinelli, who has struggled with her weight, lost a total of 50 lb as of March 2009, became a spokesperson for the Jenny Craig weight-loss program, she appeared in several Jenny Craig commercials. Although Bertinelli is compensated for her Jenny Craig appearances, she considers herself a health and weight-loss activist rather than a hired weight-loss spokesperson. In 2008 she released the autobiography Losing It: And Gaining My Life Back One Pound at a Time, which culminates in a description of her Jenny Craig experience. In 2009 she wrote a follow-up book Finding It: And Satisfying My Hunger for Life Without Opening the Fridge. In 2015, Bertinelli began hosting two shows, Valerie's Home Cooking and Kids Baking Championship with cake artist Duff Goldman on the Food Network; the kids show follows young children as they bake other desserts. On August 22, 2012, Bertinelli received the 2,476th star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame.
Bertinelli married Eddie Van Halen on April 11, 1981. They have Wolfgang; the couple separated in 2001 and divorced on December 20, 2007. In her autobiography, Bertinelli indicated the main reasons for her divorce were her husband's cocaine addiction and his refusal to quit smoking despite being diagnosed with oral cancer and losing one-third of his tongue in the treatment process. In May 2010, Bertinelli announced her engagement to financial planner Tom Vitale, with whom she had begun a relationship in 2004, they were married on January 1, 2011 in Malibu, with Bertinelli in a custom-made dress by designer David Meister. Both her ex-husband and her son, Wolfgang Van Halen, attended the wedding. Bertinelli ran in the April 2010 Boston Marathon to benefit the Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, completing it in a time of 5:14:37. In 2014, she appeared on Who Do You Think You Are? and found she was related to King Edward I of England. Dye, David. Child and Youth Actors: Filmography of Their Entire Careers, 1914–1985.
Jefferson, NC: McFarland & Co. 1988, p. 18. Official website Valerie Bertinelli on IMDb Valerie Bertinelli at AllMovie
A ZIP Code is a postal code used by the United States Postal Service in a system it introduced in 1963. The term ZIP is an acronym for Zone Improvement Plan; the basic format consists of five digits. An extended ZIP+4 code was introduced in 1983 which includes the five digits of the ZIP Code, followed by a hyphen and four additional digits that reference a more specific location; the term ZIP Code was registered as a servicemark by the U. S. Postal Service, but its registration has since expired; the early history and context of postal codes began with postal district/zone numbers. The United States Post Office Department implemented postal zones for numerous large cities in 1943. For example: The "16" was the number of the postal zone in the specific city. By the early 1960s, a more organized system was needed, non-mandatory five-digit ZIP Codes were introduced nationwide on July 1, 1963; the USPOD issued its Publication 59: Abbreviations for Use with ZIP Code on October 1, 1963, with the list of two-letter state abbreviations which are written with both letters capitalized.
An earlier list in June had proposed capitalized abbreviations ranging from two to five letters. According to Publication 59, the two-letter standard was "based on a maximum 23-position line, because this has been found to be the most universally acceptable line capacity basis for major addressing systems", which would be exceeded by a long city name combined with a multi-letter state abbreviation, such as "Sacramento, Calif." along with the ZIP Code. The abbreviations have remained unchanged, with the exception of Nebraska, changed from NB to NE in 1969 at the request of the Canadian postal administration, to avoid confusion with the Canadian province of New Brunswick. Robert Moon is considered the father of the ZIP Code; the post office only credits Moon with the first three digits of the ZIP Code, which describe the sectional center facility or "sec center." An SCF is a central mail processing facility with those three digits. The fourth and fifth digits, which give a more precise locale within the SCF, were proposed by Henry Bentley Hahn Sr.
The SCF sorts mail to all post offices with those first three digits in their ZIP Codes. The mail is sorted according to the final two digits of the ZIP Code and sent to the corresponding post offices in the early morning. Sectional centers do not deliver mail and are not open to the public, most of their employees work the night shift. Mail picked up at post offices is sent to their own SCF in the afternoon, where the mail is sorted overnight. In the case of large cities, the last two digits coincide with the older postal zone number thus: In 1967, these became mandatory for second- and third-class bulk mailers, the system was soon adopted generally; the United States Post Office used a cartoon character, which it called Mr. ZIP, to promote the use of the ZIP Code, he was depicted with a legend such as "USE ZIP CODE" in the selvage of panes of postage stamps or on the covers of booklet panes of stamps. In 1971 Elmira Star-Gazette reporter Dick Baumbach found out the White House was not using a ZIP Code on its envelopes.
Herb Klein, special assistant to President Nixon, responded by saying the next printing of envelopes would include the ZIP Code. In 1983, the U. S. Postal Service introduced an expanded ZIP Code system that it called ZIP+4 called "plus-four codes", "add-on codes", or "add-ons". A ZIP+4 Code uses the basic five-digit code plus four additional digits to identify a geographic segment within the five-digit delivery area, such as a city block, a group of apartments, an individual high-volume receiver of mail, a post office box, or any other unit that could use an extra identifier to aid in efficient mail sorting and delivery. However, initial attempts to promote universal use of the new format met with public resistance and today the plus-four code is not required. In general, mail is read by a multiline optical character reader that instantly determines the correct ZIP+4 Code from the address—along with the more specific delivery point—and sprays an Intelligent Mail barcode on the face of the mail piece that corresponds to 11 digits—nine for the ZIP+4 Code and two for the delivery point.
For Post Office Boxes, the general rule is. The add-on code is one of the following: the last four digits of the box number, zero plus the last three digits of the box number, or, if the box number consists of fewer than four digits, enough zeros are attached to the front of the box number to produce a four-digit number. However, there is no uniform rule, so the ZIP+4 Code must be looked up individually for each box; the ZIP Code is translated into an Intelligent Mail barcode, printed on the mailpiece to make it easier for automated machines to sort. A barcode can be printed by the sender, it is better to let the post office put one on. In general, the post office uses OCR technology, though in some cases a human might have to read and enter the address. Customers who send bulk mail can get a discount on postage if they have printed the barcode themselves and have presorted the mai