Clash of Clans is a freemium mobile strategy video game developed and published by Finnish game developer Supercell. The game was released for iOS platforms on August 2, 2012, on Google Play for Android on October 7, 2013; the game is set in a fantasy-themed persistent world. Clash of Clans tasks players to build their own town using the resources gained from attacking other players through the game's fighting features; the main resources are gold and dark elixir. Players can conjoin to create clans, groups of up to fifty people who can participate in Clan Wars together and receive troops, chat with each other. Clash of Clans was released to positive reviews from critics. Clash of Clans is an online multiplayer game in which players form communities called clans, train troops, attack other players to earn resources. There are four resources in the game. Gold and elixir can be used to build and reload defenses that protect the player from other players' attacks. Elixir and dark elixir are used to train and upgrade troops and spells.
Gems are the premium currency. Attacks have a maximum timed length of three minutes; the game features a pseudo-single-player campaign in which the player can attack a series of fortified goblin villages and earn gold and dark elixir. The game starts with two builders, but the player can have up to five builders through buying them with gems and a sixth by getting and unlocking the OTTO Hut in Builder Base 9. To earn and store gold and elixir, players must build gold mines and gold storages and elixir collectors and elixir storages, respectively. Elixir is used to train new troops, carry out research in the laboratory to upgrade troops, to build and upgrade certain buildings pertaining to buildings used in attacking another player's base. Gold is used to build defensive buildings and to upgrade the town hall, which allows access to more buildings and higher levels for existing buildings. At Town Hall 7, dark elixir becomes available; the Eagle Artillery, a defensive building only available at Town Hall 11, is fueled by elixir.
Town Hall 11 provides access to a new hero - The Grand Warden. It is the only hero born out of elixir. To earn and store dark elixir, players must build dark elixir drills and dark elixir storages. Town Hall 12 gets a defensive building called Giga Tesla, built-in after the Town Hall 12 upgrade, while being upgraded to Town Hall 13, it replaces Giga Tesla into Giga Inferno. Town Hall 13 unlocks of the following: Scattershot and Royal Champion. There are a number of buildings available to the player to defend their village, including cannons, bombs, traps, archer towers, wizard towers, inferno towers, eagle artilleries, scattershots. Players can build walls, which can be upgraded as a player's town hall level increases; the game has two kinds of spell factories. The barracks create troops using elixir; the spell factories follow the same pattern - the normal spell factory creates spells using elixir, the dark spell factory using dark elixir. All troops and spells have different properties; as the player progresses, several new troops and spells are able to be unlocked.
At Town Hall 12, the Workshop can be made. This building can make four types of siege machines: the Wall Wrecker, the Battle Blimp, the Stone Slammer, the Siege Barracks. Clans are groups of players who join together to materially or verbally. Players can join clans. A major component of the gameplay of Clash of Clans is clans facing off against one another in the "clan wars". Clan leaders and co-leaders can begin wars against other clans; each clan is given one "preparation day" and one "war day." When a player attacks a member of the opposing clan, they receive stars based upon the amount of destruction they cause to the opponent's base, 50% damage or more gives 1 star, destroying the townhall gives 1 star and destroying the entire base gives the remaining 3rd star. Each player is limited to two attacks per war and the team with the most stars at the end of the war day is declared victorious. If the two clans' number of stars are equal the victor is the one that has a greater percent of destruction.
Players receive bonus war loot. This loot is decided by Supercell. If the clan wins the war, the bonus loot is delivered to the player but during a loss or draw one-third of the loot is delivered to the player. In the March 2016 update, 35v35 and 45v45 were removed; the available war sizes are 50v50, 40v40, 30v30, 25v25, 20v20, 15v15, 10v10, 5v5. In the May 2016 update, Friendly Challenges were introduced to allow clanmates to compete amongst other clanmates, however these challenges do not provide loot or trophies and do not affect a player's army. In the October 2018 update, Clan War Leagues were introduced. Clans would fight seven other clans to advance to the next league and earn league medals by earning stars in Clan War Leagues; the clan in the group with the most stars will be promoted to a higher league, while the clans in the group with the least stars will be demoted to a lower league. Following an update on May 22, 2017
Resilience: Two Sisters and a Story of Mental Illness is a memoir written by Jessie Close with the assistance of her sister Glenn Close and Pete Earley. This book deals with Jessie’s experience with mental health and the events that led her to her diagnoses at the age of fifty. In this book, she speaks about mental illness, sexuality, substance abuse and more. Jessie was the youngest of four children to a medical physician; when Jessie was little, her father quit his job and her parents joined the Moral Re-Armament, what she perceived to be a religious cult. Her parents became missionaries for the movement, leaving Jessie and her siblings Tina and Glenn with one of the MRA’s nannies; this is. They moved to Switzerland, her older sisters and Tina assimilated into the group while Sandy and Jessie rebelled and were separated. During this time, they were guilted for having impure thoughts and forced to repent for their daily sins; the Close Parents were stationed in Africa, where her father rekindled his love for medicine and left the MRA to work as the president of the Democratic of Congo’s medical adviser.
Jessie spent some time with her parents in Africa, but after an altercation with a boy selling newspapers, she decided to move back to the United States. As a teenager, she lived in Los Angeles, got into heavy drinking and substance abuse, she stopped going to class and with her family being spread around the world, with Glenn still in the MRA’s clutches and her family in Africa, she began to Rebel. She met her future husband, Brad. After spending about a year together, they married in Africa, they began hosting an illegal radio station but were soon caught by the FCC. They partook in substance abuse, Brad abused Jessie constantly. After a few years with Brad and Jessies mom went to visit her, saw the conditions she was in, rescued her, giving her a home with her parents in Wyoming. After Brad, Jessie decided to try to go to college. Throughout this new stage in her life, she partied a lot, went out on many dates, partook in drugs and alcohol constantly; this was the beginning stages of her mania.
After partying, she would slip into a depressive episode, the lingering of what she would discover was her bipolar disorder. She married five times throughout her life, each marriage ending due to her mood swings, or her actions during her manic episodes, which only seemed to get worse. Throughout her life, Jessie attempted to commit suicide three times, she started dissociating. She had two children with Tom, she named her children Calen, after her husbands’ father, Sander, after her brother’s nickname. She had another child, with a fitness instructor at her gym; when Calen was in high school, he started exhibiting certain mood swings lashing out at Jessie. He lost his friends. Jessie, worried for her son, placed him in the best psychiatric facility in the country, it was found that he was diagnosed with Schizoaffective disorder, which encompasses effects of both bipolar disorder and schizophrenia. With the right set of medications, Calen began to improve and was discharged while Jessie just seemed to be getting worse.
Although she refrained from substance abuse and attended AA meetings, her mood swings became unbearable and she confided to her sister that she was thinking of committing suicide. She was admitted into the same center. There, she was diagnosed with Bipolar 1 Disorder with psychotic features, she was placed on medication, her suicidal ideation lessened. She began improving. Since the Memoir's release, critiques have applauded Jessie for revealing her harrowing experiences with Mental Illness. Although slow at the start, many believe it was packed with "courageous personal reflections" It is considered to be well worth the read, has been detailed as a book that cannot be put down
Scott Columbus was an American drummer, best known for his long period of collaboration with heavy metal band Manowar. Born Walter Scott Columbus, youngest of four children, two brothers Anthony & Tom and a sister Marilyn. Son of John A. Columbus and Amelia Columbus, he began to play the drums at age 6. On, during his 20s, grew up listening to such bands as Led Zeppelin, the Who, Black Sabbath and Cream while he would play in local bands such as Hell Hostage. Columbus was known to be loving and funny made jokes and was fun to be around, he was a huge Philadelphia Eagles fan and would dress up as a football player as a quarterback or running back. At age 25, he was discovered by a female fan of the power metal band Manowar, beating aluminium in a local foundry. Columbus starred on his first album, known as Manowar's second album Into Glory Ride, made his debut with the band on the Song Warlord. Starred on several of their upcoming albums such as Hail to England, Sign of the Hammer, Fighting the World and Kings of Metal.
He was replaced by Rhino for The Triumph of Steel. Between the years he was out of Manowar, Columbus was in a local band of Gunshy and worked at a horse radish plant. Columbus returned for Manowar's album, Louder than Hell he remained with the band for the albums Warriors of the World and Gods of War. During the summer of 2008 when he was replaced once again by Rhino during Manowar's performances in Bulgaria and Magic Circle Festival 2008. Columbus stated in his interview he was working on a solo project instrumental but was never released, was playing with Ross the Boss and a local band PSC. Manowar never announced Columbus's departure in 2008. In an interview with Classic Rock magazine, Scott said "I'd say it was about April 2008; when Mr. DeMaio and myself agreed to disagree on a few points of interest; that leads us up to today. You know what? I had a wonderful career with Manowar; when asked about his departure in the early 1990s Scott said "It was the end of 1989 leading into 1990. I was gone in 1990, the first time.
I can just tell the world that my son was never sick. So you can deduce from that. However, that's what I'll tell you."Columbus played the so-called "Drums of Doom", a kit made of stainless steel, because his drumming technique was too rough on standard kits which had to be replaced too regularly. Columbus was married to Kimmy Brett for less than a year, they had Teresa J Burgdorf. In 1981, he was married to Victoria A. Columbus and was together for 17 years with two sons and Anthony Columbus. Divorced in 1998. Married to Kathy Recupito in 1998 divorced in 2008, they had Corey Columbus. On April 5, 2011, Manowar's official Facebook, Manowar's official website, posted the following:"With great sorrow we announce the passing of our brother Scott Columbus. A rare talent a rare individual, a father, a friend and a brother of metal. All of the great moments we spent together are burnished in our memories forever. We know he is at peace, he will never be forgotten. Your family and brothers, Eric, Donnie, and all at Magic Circle Music".
Manowar discography Official Manowar website
Design predicates are a method invented by Thomas McCabe, to quantify the complexity of the integration of two units of software. Each of the four types of design predicates have an associated integration complexity rating. For pieces of code that apply more than one design predicate, integration complexity ratings can be combined; the sum of the integration complexity for a unit of code, plus one, is the maximum number of test cases necessary to exercise the integration fully. Though a test engineer can reduce this by covering as many uncovered design predicates as possible with each new test; some combinations of design predicates might be logically impossible. Unit A always calls unit B; this has an integration complexity of 0. For example: unitA::functionA Unit A may or may not call unit B; this integration has a complexity of 1, needs two tests: one that calls B, one that doesn't. UnitA::functionA This is like a programming language's switch statement. Unit A calls one of several possible units.
Integration complexity is n - 1. UnitA::functionA In an iterative call, unit A calls unit B at least once, but maybe more; this integration has a complexity of 1. It requires two tests: one that calls unit B once, one test that calls it more than once. UnitA::functionA Any particular integration can combine several types of calls. For example, unit A may or may not call unit B; this integration combines a conditional call, with its integration complexity of 1, an iterative call, with its integration complexity of 1. The combined integration complexity totals 2. UnitA::functionA Since the number of necessary tests is the total integration complexity plus one, this integration would require 3 tests. In one, where someNumber isn't greater than 0, unit B isn't called. In another, where someNumber is 1, unit B is called once, and in the final, someNumber is greater than 1, unit B is called more than once. Cyclomatic complexity Integration testing White box testing
Arthur Gordon Smith was an American stage and television actor, best known for playing supporting roles in Hollywood productions of the 1940s. Born in Chicago, he was a member of the Group Theatre and performed in many of their productions, including Rocket to the Moon and Sing!, Golden Boy and Waiting for Lefty, all by Clifford Odets. The gray-haired actor played studious and dignified types in films, such as doctors or butlers. Smith appeared in many noirish films, including Body and Soul and In a Lonely Place, he had a key role as a federal agent in 1947's Ride the Pink Horse and directed by Robert Montgomery. Two of these films, In a Lonely Place and Ride a Pink Horse, were based on novels by Dorothy B. Hughes. Smith was one of the victims of the Hollywood blacklist, which ended most of his film career in 1952. In 1957, he originated the role of Doc in the stage version of West Side Story. Smith only returned to the film business, for example in an uncredited part in The Hustler, he worked on television before retiring in 1967.
Anuj Lugun is a Jharkhandi Indian poet and writer. Popularly known as Anuj, his poetry espoused indigenous renaissance and intense rebellion against fascism and oppression. Lugun's activism for political and social justice earned him the title of Tribal Poet. Born into a Jharkhandi Mundari family to Arinus Lugun & Jaymmila Lugun in Jaldega Pahantoli, district Simdega, Anuj is the nephew of William Lugun, a prominent leader of the Jharkhand movement. Lugun is working as Assistant Professor in School of Indian Language at Central University of South Bihar. Pursuing research in Mundari songs at Banaras Hindu University. After serving in the Ministry of Human Resource Development, Lugun established himself as a Poet in Jharkhand. Lugun's writings explore themes such as love and revolution. Throughout his career, Lugun wrote short stories and essays but is best known for his poems. Yuva Puraskar 2019 for his long Hindi poem Baghaur Sugna Munda ki Beti Anuj Lugun- won the prestigious Bharat Bhushan Agarwal Award in 2011 for the best poem in Hindi Rashtriya Muktibodh Puraskara 2009