The classical guitar is a member of the guitar family used in classical music. An acoustic wooden string instrument with strings made of gut or nylon, it is a precursor of the acoustic and electric guitars which use metal strings. Classical guitars are derived from the Spanish vihuela and gittern in the fifteenth and sixteenth century, which evolved into the seventeenth and eighteenth century Baroque guitar and the modern classical guitar in the mid nineteenth century. For a right-handed player, the traditional classical guitar has twelve frets clear of the body and is properly held on the left leg, so that the hand that plucks or strums the strings does so near the back of the sound hole; the modern steel string guitar, on the other hand has fourteen frets clear of the body and is played off the hip. The phrase "classical guitar" may refer to either of two concepts other than the instrument itself: the instrumental finger technique common to classical guitar—individual strings plucked with the fingernails or fingertips.
The instrument's classical music repertoireThe term modern classical guitar is sometimes used to distinguish the classical guitar from older forms of guitar, which are in their broadest sense called classical, or more early guitars. Examples of early guitars include the six-string early romantic guitar, the earlier baroque guitars with five courses; the materials and the methods of classical guitar construction may vary, but the typical shape is either modern classical guitar or that historic classical guitar similar to the early romantic guitars of France and Italy. Classical guitar strings once made of gut are now made of such polymers as nylon, with fine wire wound about the acoustically lower strings. A guitar family tree may be identified; the flamenco guitar derives from the modern classical, but has differences in material and sound. Today's modern classical guitar was established by the late designs of the 19th-century Spanish luthier, Antonio Torres Jurado; the classical guitar has a long history and one is able to distinguish various: instruments repertoire Both instrument and repertoire can be viewed from a combination of various perspectives: Historical Baroque guitar – 1600 to 1750 Early romantic guitars – 1750 to 1850 Modern classical guitarsGeographical Spanish guitars and French guitars, etc.
Cultural Baroque court music, nineteenth century opera and its influences, nineteenth century folk songs, Latin American music While "classical guitar" is today associated with the modern classical guitar design, there is an increasing interest in early guitars. The musicologist and author Graham Wade writes: Nowadays it is customary to play this repertoire on reproductions of instruments authentically modelled on concepts of musicological research with appropriate adjustments to techniques and overall interpretation, thus over recent decades we have become accustomed to specialist artists with expertise in the art of vihuela, Baroque guitar, 19th-century guitar, etc. Different types of guitars have different sound aesthetics, e.g. different colour-spectrum characteristics, different response, etc. These differences are due to differences in construction. There is a historical parallel between musical styles and the style of "sound aesthetic" of the musical instruments used, for example: Robert de Visée played a baroque guitar with a different sound aesthetic from the guitars used by Mauro Giuliani and Luigi Legnani – they used 19th century guitars.
These guitars in turn sound different from the Torres models used by Segovia that are suited for interpretations of romantic-modern works such as Moreno Torroba. When considering the guitar from a historical perspective, the musical instrument used is as important as the musical language and style of the particular period; as an example: It is impossible to play a informed de Visee or Corbetta on a modern classical guitar. The reason is that the baroque guitar used courses, which are two strings close together, that are plucked together; this gives baroque guitars an unmistakable sound characteristic and tonal texture, an integral part of an interpretation. Additionally the sound aesthetic of the baroque guitar is different from modern classical type guitars, as is shown below. Today's use of Torres and post-Torres type guitars for repertoire of all periods is sometimes critically viewed: Torres and post-Torres style modern guitars have a thick and strong tone suitable for modern-era repertoire.
However, they are considered to emphasize the fundamental too for earlier repertoire. "Andrés Segovia presented the Spanish guitar as a versatile model for all playing styles" to the extent, that still today, "many guitarists have t
John Edward Cribbet was a well-known legal scholar, dean of the University of Illinois College of Law, chancellor of the University of Illinois. Cribbet was born in Findlay, just outside Decatur, his mother raised him. Cribbet received his undergraduate degree from Illinois Wesleyan University. There, he met his wife Betty Smith. After graduation, Cribbet joined the Army for World War II, he served as an aide-de-camp for Lt. Gen. Troy H. Middleton on the European front, his service produced a number of medals and stories, which he would relate in his popular law lectures. Cribbet decided to attend the University of Illinois College of Law where he received his J. D. degree in 1947. He spent a few months in law practice in Bloomington, Illinois, at the law firm of Costigan and Yoder before he was invited back to the University of Illinois to teach law; as a professor, he held visiting positions at the University of Michigan Law School and the University of Texas School of Law. In 1967 he was appointed as dean of the law school, a position he held until 1979 when he was asked to serve as chancellor of the campus.
Cribbet was survived by his wife Betty. Cribbet was named acting chancellor on July 1, 1979, after William P. Gerberding left the position for the presidency of the University of Washington; the University of Illinois Board of Trustees formally named Cribbet as chancellor in December of that year. At the time of Cribbet's appointment University President Stanley O. Ikenberry had positive words for the new Chancellor, he stated Chancellor Cribbet " bring to the position of chancellor extensive experience as an academic leader, what found to be an extraordinary soundness of judgment, an superb reputation in his profession." For his part, the new chancellor told the press that he would strive to "strengthen the voice" of students and faculty in campus governance. While still in his capacity as acting chancellor, Cribbet was involved in the decision to terminate Illinois Football head coach Gary Moeller after the coach posted a disappointing 6-24-3 record in three seasons; the Illinois athletic director, Neale Stoner, made the recommendation to terminate Moeller, a recommendation, approved by the university's board of trustees in an 8-1 vote.
Prior to the vote, Moeller met with Chancellor Cribbet and President Ikenberry and pleaded for his job. A bitter Moeller called the decision "unfair to everyone in the program." Moeller chided the decision for not coinciding with the university's educational mission. Chancellor Cribbet and Stoner would oversee the hiring of Mike White after a search that included future Illinois football coach John Mackovic as a candidate. During his chancellorship, Cribbet reluctantly oversaw another athletics dispute that would threaten Illinois' membership in the Big Ten Conference; the dispute involved the eligibility of quarterback David Wilson. The Big Ten had charged Illinois with misrepresentation, lack of cooperation, failing to comply with conference rules, it sanctioned the Illinois athletics program with a ban in postseason competition in all sports and the loss of conference revenues. Illinois football coach Mike White and Athletic Director Neale Stoner threatened to resign if the university did not defend itself against the charges.
The university vigorously responded with a 34-page rebuttal denying any wrongdoing. Chancellor Cribbet attributed some of the problems to the university's large bureaucracy, he would lament: "I had high hopes of being able to make some contribution to the solution to the many troubling problems surfacing in the mass media. Now I fear I shall be known, in athletic circles, only as the chancellor, involved in the Wilson case, a fact which saddens me." Property: Cases and Materials a seminal textbook now in its ninth edition. Principles of the Law of Property a popular textbook that spawned three editions. Concepts in Transition: The Search for a New Definition of Property, 1986 University of Illinois Law Review 1. Changing Concepts in the Law of Land Use, 50 Iowa Law Review 245. Condominium: Home Ownership for Megalopolis?, 61 Michigan Law Review 1207. Conveyancing Reform, 35 N. Y. U. Law Review 1291; the John E. Cribbet Leadership Giving Society at the University of Illinois College of Law
Henry James Montague was the stage name of Henry John Mann, an American actor born in England. Montague was born January 1843, in Staffordshire, England. After playing as an amateur he appeared at Astley's Theatre under Dion Boucicault, enacting on 26 January 1863, the Junior Counsel for the Defence in the'Trial of Elfie Deans,' extracted by Boucicault from the'Heart of Midlothian.' At the St James's Theatre on 11 January 1864, he appeared with Charles Mathews in the'Adventures of a Love Letter,' an adaptation by Mathews of M. Sardou's'Pattes de Mouche,' was Faust in Mr. Burnand's burlesque'Faust and Marguerite,' 9 July, 1 October, Christopher Larkins in'Woodcock's Little Game.' On 29 June 1865 he was the original Launcelot Darrell, a murderer, in'Eleanor's Victory,' adapted from Miss Braddon by John Oxenford. On the production of Wilkie Collins's'Frozen Deep,' 27 Oct. 1866, he was Frank Aldersley, he played Mars in Mr. Burnand's burlesque'Olympic Games' on 25 May 1867. Montague's first appearance at the Prince of Wales Theatre under the Bancroft management took place as Dick Heartley, an original part, in Boucicault's'How she loves him,' 21 December 1867, Frank Price in Robertson's'Play' followed, 15 February 1868.
At the Princess's, 12 Aug. 1868, he was the original Sir George Medhurst in'After Dark,' an adaptation by Boucicault of'Les Oiseaux de Proie' of D'Ennery and Grange. Back at the Prince of Wales's he was, 12 December 1868, the original Waverham in Mr. Edmund Yates's'Tame Cats,' and on 16 January 1869 made his first distinct mark as Lord Beaufoy in Robertson's'School.' In partnership with David James and Mr. Thomas Thorne, he opened the Vaudeville Theatre on 16 April 1870, speaking an address by Shirley Brooks, playing George Anderson in Andrew Halliday's comedy'For Love or Money.' In Albery's'Two Roses,' 4 June 1870, he made a hit as Jack Wyatt to the Digby Grant of Mr. Henry Irving. In 1871, he seceded from the management, became sole lessee of the Globe, opening 7 October 1871 with Henry James Byron's'Partners for Life,' in which he played Tom Gilroy, a young barrister. Here he played numerous original parts, among which were: Claude Redruth in Albery's'Forgiven,' 9 March 1872; this was the last original character.
He had been seen in the'Liar,' had played Max Harkaway in'London Assurance,' Cyril in Byron's'Cyril's Success,' Felix in Jerrold's'Time works Wonders,' John Hawksley in'Still Waters run deep' and Claude Melnotte in the'Lady of Lyons'. He gave dramatic readings at Hanover Square Rooms, he appeared in Thomas William Robertson comedies in London. In 1870 he was one the founders of the Vaudeville Theatre with Thomas Thorne. Lester Wallack brought him to the United States in 1874. Montague was a founding member of The Lambs and became its Shepherd in 1873, he became the first Shepherd of The Lambs Club, an actors club founded in New York City in 1874. He played the role of Captain Molineux in the premiere of The Shaughraun in 1874 and appeared in Caste and The Overland Route. After Montague's death the role of Captain Molineux was taken up by Maurice Barrymore. In 1875, Montague was sued by actress Rose Massey for breach of promise to marry; the case ended. He was in London in 1876, assumed for a benefit, 27 July 1876, his original part of Jack Wyatt in'Two Roses.'
Montague subsequently returned to America, died at The Palace Hotel in San Francisco, California on 11 August 1878 succumbing to pulmonary hemorrhage of the lungs brought a slight cold, aggravated by his journey. His last words to those around him being, "It's no use. God bless you all." He had been playing the role of Lord Arthur Chilton in False Shame. Despite a expressed desire to be buried in England, he was laid to rest in Green-Wood Cemetery on August 21, 1878; this article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: John Joseph. "Montague, Henry James". In Lee, Sidney. Dictionary of National Biography. 38. London: Smith, Elder & Co
The 2000 Arizona Diamondbacks looked to improve on their 1999 season, in which they won 100 games in just their 2nd season. They looked to contend in, they finished the season with a record of 85-77, good enough for third place in the division. November 15, 1999: Ken Huckaby was signed as a Free Agent with the Arizona Diamondbacks. November 22, 1999: Ernie Young was released by the Arizona Diamondbacks. December 15, 1999: Dante Powell was traded by the Arizona Diamondbacks to the St. Louis Cardinals for Luis Ordaz. March 20, 2000: Craig Counsell was signed as a Free Agent with the Arizona Diamondbacks. Randy Johnson tied a modern record with six victories in April 2000, he would lead the league in strikeouts in winning percentage. Johnson won his third Cy Young Award, became the third National League pitcher to win the trophy in consecutive seasons. Johnson recorded his 3000th strikeout on September 10, 2000, as he whiffed Florida Marlins' third baseman Mike Lowell. Jay Bell Erubiel Durazo Steve Finley Luis Gonzalez Lenny Harris Randy Johnson Travis Lee Damian Miller Tony Womack June 2, 2000: Bill Pulsipher was traded by the New York Mets to the Arizona Diamondbacks for Lenny Harris.
June 5, 2000: Brandon Webb was drafted by the Arizona Diamondbacks in the 8th round of the 2000 amateur draft. Player signed June 6, 2000. July 26, 2000: Curt Schilling was traded by the Philadelphia Phillies to the Arizona Diamondbacks for Omar Daal, Nelson Figueroa, Travis Lee, Vicente Padilla. Note: G = Games played. = Batting average.
WCHV-FM is a news/talk formatted broadcast radio station licensed to Charlottesville, serving Charlottesville and Albemarle County, Virginia. WCHV-FM is operated by Monticello Media; the original permit for 107.5 FM in Charlottesville was applied for in 1992 by Washington, D. C. resident Deborah M. Royster's Spectrum Broadcasting Corporation; this permit was assigned the callsign WLJL. After several extensions, the station went on air in January 1996, followed by a callsign change to WUMX; the station's initial format was adult contemporary under the branding "Mix 107.5". Soon afterwards, Royster sold the station to David G. Mitchell's Air Virginia, Inc. Mitchell was at the time part-owner of two AM stations in Pennsylvania, is the general manager of WCVL-FM. In 2000, Clear Channel tried to purchase the station from Air Virginia; the sale was held up by the Federal Communications Commission on antitrust concerns. Clear Channel and Charlottesville's second-largest owner, Eure Communications – then-owners of WWWV, WINA, WQMZ – would control nearly 95 per cent of the market's advertising revenue if the sale proceeded.
In March 2002, the FCC announced its first public hearing on ownership concentration since 1960 to discuss the matter. The sale was approved; the Department of Justice forced Eure to divest WCHV and WKAV – to Clear Channel – under similar antitrust concerns several years earlier. Positioned in the middle of Charlottesville radio ratings in 2004, WUMX went on an abortive format flip to smooth jazz as "Smooth Jazz 107.5" WCJZ. This lasted eighteen months, as the station's ratings became worse with the niche format. In October 2005, WCJZ flipped back to "Mix 107.5", but with hot adult contemporary music instead of the previous incarnation's gold-based adult contemporary. Clear Channel sold its entire Charlottesville cluster to George Reed's Sistema 102 LLC renamed Monticello Media, on June 27, 2007; the sale closed in October. On October 12, WCJZ flipped to adult hits as "Tom @ 107.5" WWTJ, with a brand referencing University of Virginia founder Thomas Jefferson. WWTJ flipped once again to a simulcast of WCHV's news/talk format on January 20, 2011, along with the new WCHV-FM callsign.
The stations co-branded as "News Talk 107.5 and 1260 WCHV". WCHV had used a translator in downtown Charlottesville on 94.1 MHz, which switched to retransmitting rimshot WZGN. With the August 2015 flip of WKAV from sports to classic country, WCHV and WCHV-FM became the Charlottesville affiliates for the Washington Nationals, Washington Capitals, Washington Wizards, Washington Redskins, Virginia Tech Hokies radio networks. Accordingly, the stations' branding adjusted to "C-Ville 107.5 and 1260". NewsTalk 1260 AM & 107.5 FM Online Query the FCC's FM station database for WCHV Radio-Locator information on WCHV Query Nielsen Audio's FM station database for WCHV
Diamond Shoal Light is an inactive offshore lighthouse marking Diamond Shoals off Cape Hatteras. Diamond Shoals, which extend many miles out from Cape Hatteras, is considered to be one of the most dangerous spots on the Atlantic seaboard. While a light was exhibited from the cape itself from 1804, its range was insufficient, a lightship was stationed on the shoal itself in 1824, it was driven off station numerous times being wrecked near Ocracoke Inlet in 1827. Various buoys were placed beginning in 1852. In 1889 congress authorized construction of a permanent lighthouse on the shoal, at a cost not to exceed $500,000; the firm of Anderson & Barr, which had constructed the Fourteen Foot Bank Light in Delaware Bay in 1885-1887, was awarded the contract. A caisson was constructed in Norfolk and towed to the site in June 1891, it was sunk into the shoal on July 1 and began to tilt due to the sandy bottom and severe scour by the currents. Addition of iron plates at the top of the structure succeeded in keeping it marginally above water.
A storm on July 4 destroyed the structure. Anderson, who supervised the construction claimed that the problem was exacerbated by out of date charts with inaccurate soundings. In any case, construction was abandoned, $79,000 of the original appropriation was diverted to the construction of a lightship to replace the failed tower; that lightship, LV 69, was the first of six lightships employed at Diamond Shoals in the twentieth century. Prior to World War I, lightships were assigned in pairs at this station, which each relieving the other. During World War II the lightship was replaced by a lighted buoy; the last lightship stationed here, WLV 189, was the first lightship built after the Coast Guard took over the Lighthouse Service, the first all-welded lightship. In the early 1960s, "Texas Tower" lighthouses were erected at six offshore sites on the East coast. Diamond Shoals was the second to last to be built, was activated in 1966; the unmanned lighthouse suffered significant damage from Hurricane Fran in 1996, the catwalks were subsequently found to be so rotten that the light could only be safely visited by helicopter.
The light was extinguished in 2001, has since been removed. Although the light was removed, the tower still stands and is frequented by fishermen for the many species of fish that live below and near it. Amberjack and barracuda are some of the larger fish. In 2012 the tower, described as needing $2.3 million of repairs, was listed for auction by the General Services Administration. It sold in October of that year to Dave Schneider who plans to restore it. Schneider has since "shaved" about a million dollars off the estimated repairs by using volunteer labor, he plans on using the tower for research by his Minnesota-based company "Zap Water" along with other companies. "Historic Light Station Information and Photography: North Carolina". United States Coast Guard Historian's Office. Archived from the original on 2017-09-23. Retrieved 2008-10-08. Putnam, George Rockwell. Lighthouses and Lightships of the United States. Boston & New York: Houghton Mifflin. P. 96. Retrieved 2008-10-08. Diamond Shoal lighthouse.
Roberts, Bruce. "Attempt to Build a Lighthouse on Diamond Shoals". Lighthouse Digest. Retrieved 2008-10-08. Stick, David; the Outer Banks of North Carolina, 1584-1958. Chapel Hill, NC: UNC Press. P. 292. ISBN 0-8078-4277-X. Retrieved 2008-10-08. "The Cape Hatteras Lightstation". National Park Service. Retrieved 2008-10-08. "U. S. Lightship Station Assignments". United States Coast Guard. Archived from the original on 2012-05-25. Retrieved 2008-10-08. Zepke, Terrance. Lighthouses of the Carolinas: A Short History and Guide. Sarasota, FL: Pineapple Press Inc. p. 37. ISBN 1-56164-148-0. Retrieved 2008-10-08