The classification system of inhabited localities in Russia and some other post-Soviet states has certain peculiarities compared with the classification systems in other countries. During the Soviet time, each of the republics of the Soviet Union, including the Russian SFSR, had its own legislative documents dealing with classification of inhabited localities. After the dissolution of the Soviet Union, the task of developing and maintaining such classification in Russia was delegated to the federal subjects. While there are certain peculiarities to classifications used in many federal subjects, they are all still based on the system used in the RSFSR. In all federal subjects, the inhabited localities are classified into two major categories: urban and rural. Further divisions of these categories vary from one federal subject to another, but they all follow common trends described below. Cities and towns. Cities and towns are classified by their level of jurisdiction; the Russian language has no separate words for "town" and "city".
Some translators prefer the word "city" for urban populated places with population of at least 100,000 persons. Urban-type settlements is a type of smaller urban locality; this type of urban locality was first introduced in the Soviet Union in 1924, with the following subcategories:Urban-type settlement proper—mostly urban population of 3,000–12,000. Work settlement —mostly urban population occupied in industrial manufacture. Suburban settlement —typically, a suburban settlement with summer dachas. Resort settlement —mostly urban population occupied in services. In 1957, the procedures for categorizing urban-type settlements were further refined. Multiple types of rural localities exist, some common through the whole territory of Russia, some specific to certain federal subjects; the most common types include: Villages Selos translated as "village". A selo differed from a village in that it had an Orthodox church. Settlements; the "rural-type" designation is added to the settlements the population of, occupied in agriculture, while posyolok proper indicates a mix of population working in agriculture and industry.
Stanitsas —historically, a Cossack rural locality. The name is still in use, with the basic meaning of "village". Slobodas —historically, a settlement freed from taxes and levies for various reasons; the name is still in use with the basic meaning of "village". Khutors —translated as "hamlet", "farmstead", or "village". In some federal subjects, ethnic terminology is used in the Russian language; such locality types include аул, аал, кишлак. Krepost, a fortified settlement A Kremlin, a major krepost including a castle and surrounded by a posad An ostrog, a more primitive kind of krepost which could be put up within rough walls of debarked pointed timber Posad, a medieval suburban settlement Mestechko, a small town in the Western Krai annexed during the partitions of Poland. Pochinoks weree established as new settlements and grow into larger villages as they developed. City of federal subject significance List of terms for country subdivisions Lists of rural localities in Russia Subdivisions of Russia Town of district significance Doukhobor Genealogy Website.
Jonathan J. Kalmakoff. Index of Russian Geographic Terms
"Fucking USA" called "Fuck'n USA", is a protest song written by South Korean singer and activist Yoon Min-suk. Anti-US Foreign policy and anti-Bush, the song was written in 2002 at a time when, following the Apolo Ohno Olympic controversy and an incident in which two Korean middle school students were killed by a U. S. Army vehicle, anti-American sentiment in Korea reached high levels. Musically it is a parody of "Surfin' U. S. A.", though it has a vulgar aspect it is not supposed to be, according to Yoon, just an angsty punk-type song but a serious critique of the Bush Administration and US foreign policy in particular in the Korean peninsula, just conveyed in an ironic and jokingly vitriolic way. In 2012 the US band Neung Phak covered the song on their album Neung Phak 2. A music video was broadcast on a South Korean news program, where it was picked up by Rob Pongi and subsequently rebroadcast on the show's website along with Japanese and English subtitles, enabling it to spread worldwide.
The version of the song in the video has been remixed and opens with caricatures of U. S. President George W. Bush taunting Koreans, while chants of "부시악" echo in the background, it displays a slideshow of Korean political cartoons attacking U. S. foreign policy, ending abruptly on the line "Yankee Go Home!", with an animation of the Statue of Liberty exploding. The video has developed a minor cult status in the West, where it has been shown on comedy shows such as Tarrant on TV and Web Junk 20. Anti-American sentiment in Korea Highway 56 Accident The Fucking USA Video Myspace with the lyrics and song to listen to
From August 1990 to November 1991, during the breakup of Yugoslavia, several Serb Autonomous Regions, or Districts were proclaimed in the Yugoslav republics of SR Croatia and SR Bosnia and Herzegovina in light of the possible secession of the republics from the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. These were autonomous Serb-inhabited entities that subsequently united in their respective republic to form the Republic of Serbian Krajina in Croatia and the Republika Srpska in Bosnia and Herzegovina. SAO Kninska Krajina SAO Eastern Slavonia and Western Syrmia SAO Western Slavonia The Serb Democratic Party established SAOs in Serb-inhabited territories. Between September–November 1991, six entities had been proclaimed; the Serbs set up their own parliament, having left the Bosnian parliament in October 1991. The Serb parliament proclaimed the "Serb Republic" on 27 March 1992. SAO Bosnian Krajina, first formed as the Autonomous Region of Krajina) in April 1991, it was the largest region, but after failure to merge with SAO Krajina in Croatia, it was renamed SAO Bosanska Krajina in September 1991.
SAO North-Eastern Bosnia formed in September 1991. SAO Northern Bosnia, formed in November 1991, never controlled its proclaimed territory. SAO Ozren-Posavina, planned from predominantly Bosniak and Croat municipalities in northern Bosnia, but not established. SAO Romanija, formed in September 1991, SAO Birač, formed November 1991. SAO Herzegovina, formed in September 1991. Stefan Grubač. Srpske teme, 1989-92. ZIZ. Dobrica Ćosić. Srpsko pitanje u XX veku: lična istorija jednog doba. Службени гласник. ISBN 978-86-519-0371-0