click links in text for more info


Clematis is a genus of about 300 species within the buttercup family, Ranunculaceae. Their garden hybrids have been popular among gardeners, beginning with Clematis × jackmanii, a garden standby since 1862, they are of Chinese and Japanese origin. Most species are known as clematis in English, while some are known as traveller's joy, a name invented for the sole British native, C. vitalba, by the herbalist John Gerard. The genus name is from Ancient Greek clématis. Over 250 species and cultivars are known named for their originators or particular characteristics; the genus is composed of vigorous, climbing vines / lianas. The woody stems are quite fragile until several years old. Leaves are opposite and divided into leaflets and leafstalks that twist and curl around supporting structures to anchor the plant as it climbs; some species are shrubby. The cool temperate species are deciduous, they grow best in cool, well-drained soil in full sun. Clematis species are found throughout the temperate regions of the Northern Hemisphere in the tropics.

Clematis leaves are food for the caterpillars of some Lepidoptera species, including the willow beauty. The timing and location of flowers varies; the genus Clematis was first published by Carl Linnaeus in Species Plantarum in 1753, the first species listed being Clematis viticella. The genus name long pre-dates Linnaeus, it was used in Classical Greek for various climbing plants, is based on κλήμα, meaning vine or tendril. Some morphologically distinctive taxa lacking the combination of characters defining Clematis were segregated as the genera Archiclematis and Naravelia. DNA sequence studies have found that these two genera are nested in Clematis, the morphological characters they were erected on being either reversals or misinterpretations, that the genera should be reduced to the synonymy of Clematis. Naravelia is a monophyletic group within Clematis. Species to be transferred include. Archiclematis alternata Clematis antonii, syn. Naravelia antonii Clematis dasyoneura, syn. Naravelia dasyoneura Clematis horripilata, syn.

Naravelia laurifolia Clematis zeylanica, syn. Naravelia zeylanica A partial list of species: Clematis addisonii Britt. – Addison's leather flower Clematis albicoma Wherry – whitehair leather flower Clematis alpina Mill. – alpine clematis Clematis aristata R. Br. Ex Ker Gawl. – Australian clematis Clematis armandii – Armand clematis Clematis baldwinii Torr. & A. Gray – pine hyacinth Clematis bigelovii Torr. – Bigelow clematis Clematis brachiata Thunb. – traveller's joy Clematis campaniflora Brot. – Portuguese clematis Clematis catesbyana – satin curls Clematis chinensis Osbeck – wei ling xian in Chinese Clematis chrysocoma Franch. – gold wool clematis Clematis cirrhosa L. – includes the'Freckles','Wisley Cream', and'Jingle Bells' cultivars Clematis cirrhosa v. balearica Clematis coactilis Keener – Virginia whitehair leather flower Clematis columbiana Torr. & A. Gray – British Columbia virgin's bower Clematis crispa L. – swamp leather flower Clematis cunninghamii Clematis dioica L. – cabellos de angel Clematis drummondii Torr.

& A. Gray – Drummond clematis Clematis durandii Clematis fawcettii F. Muell. Clematis flammula L. – fragrant virgin's bower Clematis florida Thunb. – Asian clematis Clematis fremontii S. Watson – Fremont's leather flower Clematis glaucophylla Small – whiteleaf leather flower Clematis glycinoides DC. – headache vine Clematis gouriana – Indian traveller's joy Clematis henryi Oliv. Clematis hirsutissima Pursh – hairy clematis Clematis hedysarifolia DC. Clematis integrifolia L. Clematis ispahanica Bioss Clematis × jackmanii T. Moore – Jackman's clematis Clematis koreana Kom. – Korean clematis Clematis lanuginosa Lindl. & Paxton Clematis lasiantha Nutt. – pipestem clematis Clematis leptophylla H. Eichler Clematis ligusticifolia Nutt. – western white clematis, hierba de chivo Clematis macropetala Ledeb. – downy clematis Clematis mandshurica Clematis marmoraria Sneddon – New Zealand dwarf clematis Clematis microphylla DC. – small-leaved clematis Clematis montana Buch.-Ham. Ex DC. – anemone clematis Clematis morefieldii Kral – Huntsville vasevine Clematis napaulensis DC.

Clematis occidentalis DC. – western blue virginsbower Clematis ochroleuca Ait. – curlyheads Clematis orientalis L. – Chinese clematis Clematis palmeri Rose – Palmer clematis Clematis paniculata J. F. Gmel. – puawhananga Clematis patens C. Morren & Decne. Clematis pauciflora Nutt. – ropevine clematis Clematis pickeringii A. Gray Clematis pitcheri Torr. & A. Gray – bluebill Clematis pubescens Hügel ex Endl. – common clematis Clematis recta L. – ground clematis Clematis reticulata Walter – netleaf leather flower Clematis rhodocarpa Rose Clematis smilacifolia Wall. Clematis socialis Kral – Alabama leather flower Clematis stans Siebold & Zucc. – kusabotan Clematis tangutica Korsh. – golden clematis Clematis terniflora DC. – sweet autumn clematis Clematis texensis Buckley – scarlet leather flower Clematis versicolor – manycolored leather flower Clematis verticillaris – purple

The Box Set (Kiss)

The Box Set is a five CD collection of recordings drawn from the Kiss archives selected by the band. The Box Set includes 94 tracks, including 30 unreleased band and solo demos, live recordings, a 120-page color booklet with track-by-track commentary by band members Gene Simmons, Paul Stanley, Ace Frehley, Peter Criss, detailed track information and essays. A limited number of the set were released in a guitar case-shaped box; the Box Set peaked at #128 on the Billboard 200 and was certified gold by the RIAA on December 18, 2001. NOTE: - The Demo Version of Love Gun was released on the 2014 Deluxe Edition of Love Gun - The Live Version of Rock and Roll All Nite in 1999 was released in 2006's Alive! The Millennium Concert

Journal of Elasticity

Journal of Elasticity: The Physical and Mathematical Science of Solids is a peer-reviewed scientific journal covering all aspects of elasticity. It is published seven times a year by Springer Science+Business Media; the editor-in-chief is Roger Fosdick. The journal is abstracted and indexed in: Academic OneFile Astrophysics Data System GeoRef INSPEC VINITI Science Citation Index ScopusAccording to the Journal Citation Reports, the journal has a 2016 impact factor of 1.909. Official website

Richard Arnold (general)

For other people of the same name, see Richard Arnold. Richard Arnold was a career U. S. Army officer who served as a brigadier general in the Union forces during the American Civil War, his artillery helped force the surrender of two important Confederate towns, including Mobile, Alabama. Arnold was the son of Rhode Island governor and United States congressman Lemuel Arnold, was born in Providence, Rhode Island, in 1828, graduated from the United States Military Academy in 1850, his classmates included Eugene A. Carr and Cuvier Grover, who would serve alongside him in the Trans-Mississippi Theater during the Civil War, his antebellum service included various routine posts in Florida and the Pacific Northwest. Arnold was promoted to captain in the Regular Army and became an aide-de-camp to Major General John E. Wool. Shortly after the start of the Civil War, Arnold commanded Battery D of the 2nd U. S. Artillery at the First Battle of Bull Run, was forced to abandon his guns during the ensuing Union rout.

In 1862, he served in various staff positions with the Army of the Potomac, including as a division artillery chief and Assistant Inspector General for the VI Corps. After the Seven Days Battles, he received a commission as a brigadier general of the volunteers and was transferred to the Department of the Gulf, where he was assigned as Chief of Artillery, he served in this capacity for two years, except for a two-month temporary stint as Chief of Cavalry after Brig. Gen. Albert L. Lee was relieved from duty during the Red River Campaign. At the Siege of Port Hudson, Arnold directed the siege artillery that precipitated the surrender of the fort and town, he commanded the artillery that would compel the surrender of Mobile, Alabama. He received a brevet promotion to major general dating from March 1865. After the war, he reverted to his regular army rank of captain and served in a variety of posts with the 5th U. S. Artillery, he was elevated to major in 1875. In 1882, while stationed on Governor's Island in New York City, he received a promotion to lieutenant colonel, but died five days later.

He was buried in Swan Point Cemetery in Providence. Arnold's brother-in-law, Union Brig. Gen. Isaac P. Rodman, was mortally wounded at the Battle of Antietam; the World War II mine planter USS Dick Arnold was named in the general's honor. Ten sailors were killed when the Dick sprang a leak during a storm off Portsmouth, New Hampshire, sank in January 1942. List of American Civil War generals Garcia, Port Hudson: Last Bastion on the Mississippi; the Paragon Agency: New York, 2005. ISBN 1-891030-47-7 Rhode Island Historical Society, Rhode Island Historical Society Collections. University of Michigan: 1926. "Richard Arnold". Find a Grave. Retrieved February 12, 2008. Sinking of the Arnold Rhode Island Civil War Round Table bio of Arnold

Alexandria, Pennsylvania

Alexandria is a borough in Huntingdon County, United States. The population was 346 at the 2010 census. According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough has a total area of 0.1 square miles, all of it land. As of the census of 2000, there were 139 households within the borough; the population density was 3,460.0 people per square mile. There were 160 housing units at an average density of 1,580.0 per square mile. The racial makeup of the borough was 98.55% White, 0.29 African American, 0.29% Asian, 0.29% from other races, 0.58% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.45% of the population. There were 139 households, out of which 32.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.0% were married couples living together, 16.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 28.2% were non-families. 25.5% of all households were made up of individuals, 10.7% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.58 and the average family size was 3.00.

In the borough the population was spread out, with 23.1% under the age of 18, 2.3% from 18 to 19, 4.9% from 20 to 24, 13.9% from 25 to 34, 21.4% from 35 to 49, 19.9% from 50-64, 14.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years; the population was 49.42% male, 50.58% female. The year 1744 is the first record of John Hart's "logg", near. During the land purchase of 1755 James Sterrat of Carlisle purchased 400 acres including the sleeping place called John Hart's log on the Juniata River, now Alexandria; some time in the years before 1785 the first mention of a religious group called Hartslog Presbyterian Congregation was formed. A log worship house, Old Hartslog Church, stood upon the hill one mile north of the present site of the town of Alexandria, where a burial ground was made; this was a primitive structure but by 1787 a floor was laid, six large windows set in, a large door constructed, a pulpit and a communion table made. In 1794 it was laid off into four sections, fitted with pews.

In 1826, the old Hartslog congregation moved to a brick building, referred to by Senator John Scott in his memoirs as the "Brick Church", which seems to have been located near to the site of the present Reformed Church. The old log worship house was taken down the same year, some of its logs were used in one or two of the dwellings of Alexandria. In the late 18th century the primary transportation to and from Alexandria was the Juniata River, suitable only during summer and when the water depth permitted. On May 3, 1808, the new road from Harrisburg to Alexandria opened, permitting a more reliable connection with the outside world. In 1833 the Juniata Division of the Pennsylvania Canal was opened, the promise of better transportation started a mini housing boom in Alexandria. By 1875 the canal was abandoned and the Pennsylvania Railroad managed the transportation needs of the area. Around this time the growth of the area slowed, while the populations of Huntingdon and Hollidaysburg grew. Alexandria hosts the annual "Hartslog Heritage Day" celebration each year on the second Saturday of October.

The day-long event recognizes the early days of the small borough, when, in 1744, a licensed Indian trader named John Hart used a large hollowed-out log to feed and salt his horses while he conducted his trading. Early settlers used this log as a landmark to describe the location of their claims and referred to this area as Hartslog Settlement. In 1793 this area was laid out into town lots and named Alexandria, with the street near the site of the log name Hartslog Street. Today the name remains for Hartslog Street as well as the region — "Hartslog Valley." There's the Hartslog Grange, of course, the festival, Hartslog Day. It's not your ordinary old fashioned heritage folk festival. It's much more than that, featuring music, crafts and lots of food, but you have to attend Hartslog Day to understand what makes this festival different from the rest; the Hartslog Museum located on the second floor of the library in Alexandria is only open one weekend a month but it's always open for Hartslog Day.

You'll find the history of John Hart. If you're a history buff you'll find the Hartslog Museum a place of rare history. In particular, you'll find the history behind the Canal Basin, Indian tribes, Indian traders and John Scott. John was raised in Alexandria, he was the only man born in Alexandria and elected to the U. S. Senate. While visiting the museum you'll see many artifacts and antiques from this area and the era when Pennsylvania was still inhabited by Indian tribes. You'll find many rare books and pictures. Hartslog Day helps to support the museum. Rev. George MacPherson Docherty – pastor who helped to get the phrase "Under God" added to the Pledge of Allegiance. Agnes Irvine Scott – Agnes Scott College is named for her. John Scott, Sr. – Member of the U. S. House of Representatives John Scott, Jr. – Member of the United States Senate Alexandria, Pennsylvania Detailed Profile at


Pediamenopet, also: Padiamenopea, Padiamenope, Padiamenipet or Petamenofi, was the original resident of the tomb TT33 located at el-Assasif, in Egypt's Theban Necropolis. His tomb is the largest non-royal site in the necropolis. Pediamenopet was a royal scribe and chief lector priest, he served one or more pharaohs during the end of the 25th or the beginning of the 26th dynasties, he amassed enough wealth and power to build a labyrinthine tomb covered with 2622 square meters of scenes and hieroglyphic texts. Pediamenopet’s burial site, designated as TT33, was deemed to be of interest since Egyptologists uncovered it in the 19th century, it is located near the Nile river on the site of Deir el-Bahari and is larger than those of the famous pharaohs of the necropolis. TT33 has 22 rooms connected by deep shafts, it is spread over 3 levels descending to 20 meters below ground level, includes numerous hieroglyphic scripts. During 2004–2005, a team led by University of Strasbourg Professor Dr. Claude Traunecker explored the chambers of the huge tomb.

Further planned work will concentrate on the cleaning and conservation of the Tomb 33, engraved with many important writings, such as the Book of the Dead. Several ushabti belonging to Pediamenopet are known. Website of the "Mission épigraphique française dans la tombe TT 33" Claude Traunecker, Isabelle Régen, "La tombe du prêtre Padiaménopé: éclairages nouveaux", BSFE 193-14, p. 52-83. Claude Traunecker, Isabelle Régen, « The Funerary Palace of Padiamenope at Thebes », Egyptian Archaeology 43, p. 32-34