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Clemens August of Bavaria

Clemens August of Bavaria was a member of the Wittelsbach dynasty of Bavaria and Archbishop-Elector of Cologne. Clemens August was born in Brussels, the son of Elector Maximilian II Emanuel of Bavaria and Theresa Kunegunda Sobieska and the grandson of King John III Sobieski of Poland, his family was split during the War of the Spanish Succession and was for many years under house arrest in Austria. His uncle Joseph Clemens and Archbishop of Cologne, saw to it that Clemens August received several appointments in Altötting, the Diocese of Regensburg, at the Prince-Provostry of Berchtesgaden, he soon received papal confirmation as Bishop of Regensburg, of Cologne; as Archbishop of Cologne, he was one of the Electors, a Prince-Bishop of Münster and Osnabrück, a Grand Master of the Teutonic Order. Clemens August, who sided with the Austrian Habsburg-Lorraine side during the War of the Austrian Succession crowned his brother Charles VII emperor at Frankfurt in 1742. After Charles's death in 1745, Clemens August again leaned toward Austria.

Over time, Clemens August changed more the alliances, as of Allied of Austria or France under the influence of his changing First Ministers and high donations. He died in Festung Ehrenbreitstein in 1761. In March 1761, shortly after his death, Pope Clement XIII rejected the succession of Clemens August's brother Cardinal John Theodore of Bavaria as Archbishop and Prince-Elector of Cologne since the pope entertained some doubt on John Theodore's "moral conduct"; this was the end of the reign of the Wittelsbach in Cologne after 178 years of continuous rule. In his will, Clemens August donated only to his successor as Elector and the court chamber of the Electorate of Cologne, but not the Elector of Bavaria, his nephew Maximilian III. Joseph tried to challenge the will before the Supreme Court of Appeal, this failed on 23 January 1767. Clemens August patronised the arts. Ludwig van Beethoven's Flemish grandfather became a musician in Bonn during the reign of Clemens August. Clemens August and his mistress Mechthild Brion had a daughter: Anna Marie zu Löwenfeld who married Franz Ludwig, Count of Holnstein, son of Clemens August's brother Charles VII, Holy Roman Emperor Alessandro Cont, La Chiesa dei principi.

Le relazioni tra Reichskirche, dinastie sovrane tedesche e stati italiani, preface of Elisabeth Garms-Cornides, Provincia autonoma di Trento, 2018, pp. 57-92, A tour of Augustusburg Palace on YouTube

Downtown Lawrenceburg Historic District

Downtown Lawrenceburg Historic District is a national historic district located at Lawrenceburg, Dearborn County, Indiana. The district encompasses 257 contributing buildings and 2 contributing objects in the central business district and surrounding residential sections of Lawrenceburg; the district developed between about 1815 and 1900, includes notable examples of Late Victorian and Greek Revival style architecture. Located in the district are the separately listed Dearborn County Courthouse and Hamline Chapel United Methodist Church. Other notable buildings include the Trade and Industrial Building, Lawrenceburg Theater, Jesse Hunt Hotel, the birthplaces of James B. Eads and Louis Skidmore, it was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1984

Ross Kananga

Ross William Heilman, better known as Ross Kananga, was a crocodile farm owner and stunt man, best known for his appearance in the 1973 James Bond movie Live and Let Die. Ross Kananga was born on June 1945 in Lorain, Ohio as Ross William Heilman, he was born to restaurateurs Hubert Ross Heilman and Dorothy Lane Heilman who were owners of Heilman’s Restaurants Inc. in Fort Lauderdale. Kananga changed his name at an early age. After graduating from Fort Lauderdale High School, Kananga joined the marines. Following his service, Ross visited South America where it was reported he became a “big game hunter.”Kananga had been living in Florida when, in 1969, he left the country for Jamaica. Kananga established a crocodile farm in two acres of virgin mangrove territory in Falmouth, Trelawny. By late 1970, with the help of locals who he befriended, Kananga opened the Jamaica Swamp Safari, it featured hundreds of American crocodiles, three American alligators, a python, a pair of lions and a chimpanzee.

Kananga had a close relationship with a pair of black leopards who he named Angel and Satan. Kananga oversaw daily shows where locals and tourists would watch him play with the leopards and lions and wrestle the crocodiles and alligators. In 1972, whilst searching for a suitable location for the James Bond movie and Let Die, location scouts were intrigued by a sign which read, ‘Trespassers Will Be Eaten’. After meeting with Kananga they were convinced the Swamp Safari should be used as part of the fictional San Monique; the charismatic Kananga inspired screenplay writer Tom Mankiewicz to name the film's villain Dr. Kananga. In the movie he is played by Yaphet Kotto. Kananga suggested the stunt of Bond jumping on crocodiles, was enlisted by the producers to perform it; the scene required five takes to complete, including one in which the last crocodile snapped at Kananga's heel, tearing his trousers and causing him a number of injuries. One required 193 stitches. Kananga was paid $60,000 for his contribution.

Kananga appeared in the 1970 movie Devil Rider! as a motorcycle rider. He featured in Little Laura and Big John, a 1973 feature film about the exploits of the Ashley gang in the Florida Everglades in the 1910s and 1920s, he worked as a stuntman in the 1973 movie Papillon, shot on location at the Swamp Safari. Kananga returned to live in South Florida in 1976, he trained wild animals at the Seminole Indian Village in Broward County. The same year, various news reports described Kananga being attacked by his male leopard Satan, how he was saved by 19-year-old Brenda Surles, forced to shoot the animal on Kananga’s orders. Surles only wounded the animal. Kananga killed the animal before collapsing. Surles was required to shoot and kill Satan's partner, who had escaped into the Seminole Village tourist park. Kananga was treated for many wounds in his neck and back. Kananga died of a cardiac arrest while spearfishing in Collier County in the Everglades in 1978, aged 32. Ross Kananga on IMDb

I Am Changing

"I Am Changing" is a song from the second act of the long-running Broadway musical Dreamgirls. Written by Henry Krieger and Tom Eyen, the song was performed by the character Effie White portrayed on Broadway by Jennifer Holliday. "I Am Changing" tells the story of a woman who wants to leave behind the mistakes of her past and "change her life"—she sings, "I need you, I need a hand" and "I need a friend to help me start all over again". After the unexpected success of Holliday's first single, "And I Am Telling You I'm Not Going", "I Am Changing" was released as the second single from the Dreamgirls cast album. However, the song didn't perform as well as "And I Am Telling You I'm Not Going", peaking at #22 on Billboard's Black Singles Chart and failing to chart on Billboard's Pop Singles Chart. "I Am Changing" has been covered several times. Whitney Houston performed the song at the 10th Anniversary of Arista Records ceremony in 1984; this performance is included on her 2010 CD/DVD reissue of Whitney Houston – The Deluxe Anniversary Edition.

She performed the song during the duration of her Greatest Love World Tour in 1986 in a slower, soulful version, influenced by gospel music. Ex-Supreme Mary Wilson included it in her album Walk the Line, in a compilation of her solo singles. Lillias White, Holliday's original understudy, has performed the song in concert. Jennifer Hudson performs the song as Effie White in the 2006 DreamWorks/Paramount Dreamgirls motion picture adaptation; the song was performed by Bianca Ryan on the first season of NBC's America's Got Talent, a reality show which Ryan became the winner of that year. The eleven-year-old's performance of "I Am Changing" prompted show judge Brandy to shake her head and proclaim that Ryan "makes me want to go practice … that's how good you are."In 2014, the song was performed in the Glee episode "New Directions" by Kurt Hummel and Mercedes Jones. Lyrics of this song at MetroLyrics

Pisau raut

Pisau raut is a Dayak whittling-knife that serves as a tool to prepare the rattan found in the island of Kalimantan in Indonesia. It is placed in the same sheath as the traditional weapon of the Dayak people. Despite being placed in the same scabbard sheath as the weapon mandau, the pisau raut is used as a crafting tool. Pisau raut is found throughout the Island of Kalimantan of Indonesia, it is variously known under different names by different Dayak tribes: munbat for the Iban tribe, langgei for the Ngaju, jabang for the Dayak of Baranjan, etc. The Dayak pisau raut is used for processing rattan as well as a tool to carve wood. Though the pisau raut is placed in the same sheath as the weapon mandau, pisau raut was not a weapon. Pisau raut consists of a wooden handle; the blade is about 10 centimetres long and is curved. The blade is attached to a wooden hilt, about three times longer than the blade itself; the blade is attached to the hilt by gluing the blade onto the wooden hilt using a kind of dammar resin taken from the damar tree and bound with rattan cords.

In other version, the blade is convex on one side and concave on the other, similar to the design of the Dayak mandau, a much larger blade. The hilt of the pisau raut is much longer than the blade, reaching 30 centimetres to 40 centimetres long, it is slightly curved, following the same curve as the blade. This wooden handle is decorated with finely carved inlaid bands made of the horn of a water buffalo or a stag. At the end of the handle is a knob, made of a horn of a stag, or sometimes of light-colored bone or ivory, giving it a contrast with the dark-colored hilt; the knob is intricately decorated with figurative representations of mythical creatures typical of Dayak art, e.g. a stylised aso dragon head above a crouching figure. Pisau raut is used by holding the blade between index finger; the long hilt is held tight between the ribs and lower arms, or under the armpit. The pisau raut is used with the strength of the body while at the same time used to work on fine details. On Kalimantan, the pisau raut is carried with the mandau in a separate scabbard.

The scabbard used for the pisau raut is made of palm leaf and attached to the back of the scabbard for the mandau. Niabor Langgai Tinggang Jimpul

2019 Texas Bowl

The 2019 Texas Bowl was a college football bowl game played on December 27, 2019, with kickoff at 6:45 p.m. EST on ESPN, it was the 14th edition of the Texas Bowl, was one of the 2019–20 bowl games concluding the 2019 FBS football season. Sponsored by the Academy Sports + Outdoors sporting goods company, the game was known as the Academy Sports + Outdoors Texas Bowl; the game was played between the Oklahoma State Cowboys from the Big 12 Conference and the Texas A&M Aggies from the Southeastern Conference. This was the 28th overall meeting between Oklahoma State and Texas A&M. Both Oklahoma State and Texas A&M were charter members of the Big 12, playing in the conference from 1996 until 2012, when Texas A&M left the Big 12 to join the SEC. Oklahoma State entered the bowl with a four-game win streak against Texas A&M. Oklahoma State entered the game with an 8–4 record and ranked 25th in the AP Poll; the Cowboys finished in a four-way tie for third place in the Big 12. Oklahoma State was 2–3 against ranked teams.

This was the most appearances of any team. Their 2011 team won that season's Meineke Car Care Bowl of Texas over Northwestern, 33–22, their 2016 team lost that season's Texas Bowl to Kansas State, 33–28. Texas A&M entered the game at 7 -- 5. Texas A&M was 0–5 against ranked teams. Official website Game statistics at