The Clemson class was a series of 156 destroyers which served with the United States Navy from after World War I through World War II. The Clemson-class ships were commissioned by the United States Navy from 1919 to 1922, built by Newport News Shipbuilding & Dry Dock Company, New York Shipbuilding Corporation, William Cramp & Sons, Bethlehem Steel Corporation, Mare Island Naval Shipyard, Norfolk Naval Shipyard and Bath Iron Works, some quite rapidly; the Clemson class was a minor redesign of the Wickes class for greater fuel capacity and was the last pre-World War II class of flush-deck destroyers to be built for the United States. Until the Fletcher-class destroyer, the Clemsons were the most numerous class of destroyers commissioned in the United States Navy and were known colloquially as "flush-deckers”, "four-stackers" or "four-pipers"; as built, the Clemson class would be a straightforward expansion of the Wickes-class destroyers. While the Wickes class had given good service there was a desire to build a class more tailored towards the anti-submarine role, as such several design studies were completed about increasing the ships' range.
These designs included a reduction in speed to between 26–28 knots by eliminating two boilers, freeing up displacement for depth charges and more fuel. This proposal foreshadowed the destroyer escorts of World War II. Upgrading the gun armament from 4-inch to 5-inch guns was considered, but only five ships were armed with 5-inch guns. In addition, the tapered stern of the Wickes-class destroyers resulted in a large turning radius and a correction to this defect was sought, although this was not corrected in the final design. In the end the General Board decided the 35 knots speed be retained so as to allow the Clemson class to be used as a fleet escort; the pressing need for destroyers overruled any change that would slow production compared to the proceeding Wickes class. Wing tanks for fuel oil were installed on either side of the ships to increase the operational range; this design choice meant the fuel oil would be stored above the waterline and create additional vulnerability, but the Navy felt a 4,900-nautical-mile range was worth the risk.
Additional improvements included provisions for 5-inch guns to be installed at a date, an enlarged rudder to help reduce the turn radius, an additional 3-inch anti-aircraft gun on the after deck-house. The class resulted from a General Board recommendation for further destroyers to combat the submarine threat, culminating in a total of 267 Wickes- and Clemson-class destroyers completed. However, the design of the ships remained optimized for operation with the battleship fleet; the main armament was the same as the Wickes class: four 4-inch /50 caliber guns and twelve 21-inch torpedo tubes. The Mark 8 torpedo was equipped, remained the standard torpedo for this class, as 600 Mark 8 torpedoes were issued to the British in 1940 as part of the Destroyers for Bases Agreement. Although the design provided for two anti-aircraft guns, most ships carried a single 3-inch /23 caliber AA gun on the aft deckhouse. A frequent modification was replacing the aft 4-inch gun with the 3-inch gun to make more room for the depth charge tracks.
Anti-submarine armament was added after construction. Two depth charge tracks were provided aft, along with a Y-gun depth charge projector forward of the aft deckhouse. Despite the provision for 5-inch guns, only seven ships were built with an increased gun armament. USS Hovey and USS Long had twin 4-inch/50 mounts for a total of eight guns, while DD 231–235 had four 5-inch /51 caliber guns in place of the 4-inch guns; as with the preceding Wickes class, the fleet found that the tapered cruiser stern, which made for a nice depth charge deployment feature, dug into the water and increased the turning radius, thus hampering anti-submarine work. While an increased rudder size helped, the answer would be in a redesigned stern, but this was not implemented, they were reported to be prone to heavy rolling in light load conditions. The flush deck gave the hull great strength but this made the deck wet. 156 Clemson class destroyers were built, with an additional six cancelled. Fourteen ships of the class were involved in the Honda Point Disaster in 1923, of which seven were lost.
Many never saw wartime service, as a significant number were decommissioned in 1930 and scrapped as part of the London Naval Treaty. About 40 Clemson-class destroyers with Yarrow boilers were scrapped or otherwise disposed of in 1930–31, as these boilers wore out in service. Flush-deckers in reserve were commissioned as replacements. In 1936 only some 169 of the flush deck destroyers would be left, four Caldwell class and the rest Wickes and Clemson class. In 1937 four Clemson class were converted to destroyer minelayers, joining several Wickes-class ships in this role. Nineteen were transferred to the Royal Navy in 1940 as part of the Destroyers for Bases Agreement, where they became part of the Town class. Others were upgraded or converted to high-speed transports, high-speed minesweepers, destroyer minelayers, or seaplane tenders and served through World War II. Four Wickes-class DM conversions and the four Clemson-class DM conversions survived to serve in World War II. Most ships remaining in service during World War II were rearmed with dual-purpose 3-inch/50 caliber guns to provide better anti-aircraft protection.
The AVD seaplane tender conversions received two guns.
Adalbold II of Utrecht was a bishop of Utrecht. He was born in 975 in the Low Countries, received his education from Notker of Liège, he became a canon of Laubach, was a teacher there. Henry II, Holy Roman Emperor, who had a great regard for him, invited him to the court, nominated him as Bishop of Utrecht in 1010, he is regarded as the principal founder of the territorial possessions of the diocese by the acquisition in 1024 and 1026 of the counties of Drente and Teisterbant, he was obliged to defend the bishopric not only against frequent inroads by the Normans, but against the aggressions of neighboring nobles. He was unsuccessful in the attempt to vindicate the possession of the district of Merwede, between the mouths of the Maas and the Waal, against Dirk III, Count of Holland, in the Battle of Vlaardingen in 1018; the imperial award required the restitution of this territory to the bishop and the destruction of a castle which Dirk had built to control the navigation of the Maas. Adalbold was active in promoting the building of monasteries in his diocese.
His principal achievement of this kind was the completion within a few years of the great romanesque Cathedral of Saint Martin at Utrecht. He restored the monastery of Tiel, completed that of Hohorst, begun by his predecessor Ansfried. To the charge of the latter he appointed Poppo of Stablo, thus introduced Cluniac monastic reform into the diocese. Adalbold is mentioned as an author. A biography of Henry II, has been ascribed to him, he wrote a mathematical treatise on establishing the volume of a sphere, Libellus de ratione inveniendi crassitudinem sphaerae, which he dedicated to Pope Sylvester II, himself a noted mathematician. He wrote a philosophical exposition of a passage of Boethius. A music theory discussion, Quemadmodum indubitanter musicae consonantiae judicari possint, according to Hauck, to have been ascribed to him on insufficient grounds; this article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Albert. "Adalbold". In Jackson, Samuel Macauley. New Schaff–Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge.
Noel Michael LaMontagne is a former American football offensive lineman who played three seasons with the Cleveland Browns of the National Football League. He played college football at the University of Virginia and attended Southern Lehigh High School in Center Valley, Pennsylvania. Noel LaMontagne started all 43 games consecutively in his four years as a tackle on the offensive and defensive lines for Coach Robert Clark at Southern Lehigh High School, he was voted 1st Team All-Colonial League as an offensive and defensive lineman in 1994 and 1995 and Academic All-Colonial League in 1994 and 1995. He served as a co-Captain of the 1995 SLHS Spartan team with other All-Colonial League standouts Judd Orlando and Scott Unger, he was awarded the SLHS Football Team MVP and Scholar Athlete Award following the 1995 season. Noel was voted 1st Team All-State Big School as an offensive lineman in 1995. Noel was selected to play in the 1995 McDonald’s Lehigh Valley All-Star Football Classic and served as a captain and starting offensive tackle for the Mountain Valley-Colonial Team.
That same year, he was selected to be a starter in the Big-33 Football Classic against the state of Ohio as an offensive tackle. In the game, Noel ended up playing both offensive and defensive tackle and served as a co-captain alongside Brandon Short, Aaron Harris and Mark Lapadula for the victorious Pennsylvania squad. During his four years at SLHS, Noel participated on the Field Team, he won the Colonial League Championship in the Shot-Put in 1994 and the Colonial League Championship in the Discus in 1995. He was a District Champion in the Discus in 1995 and a PIAA State Championship Runner-Up that same year. Noel was elected as the SLHS Field MVP in 1995 for the spring and winter teams; the SLHS Athletic Department awarded him as their Male Athlete of the Year in 1995 and he was awarded the Gerald Anuszewski Award as “The Southern Lehigh High School Ideal Athlete”. In addition, Noel was a 1995 Lee Iacocca Leadership Award Nominee and the Southern Lehigh National Football Foundation Scholar Athlete Nominee for 1995.
Upon completion of his SLHS career in 1995, Noel accepted a full-athletic scholarship to the University of Virginia to play football for George Welsh and the Cavaliers. He was a member of the 1995 UVa Atlantic Coast Conference Championship Team, he was voted as a 1st Team All-Virginia State offensive guard in 1998 and 1999. Following the 1998 and 1999 seasons, Noel was voted a 1st Team All-ACC offensive guard, he is one of only two UVa offensive linemen to receive 1st Team All-ACC offensive linemen Honors twice in their career. During the 1998 and 1999 seasons, Noel received several ACC-Offensive Lineman of the Week Awards from the conference for his outstanding play and was voted as a 1st Team All-American at offensive guard following the 1999 season. In 1999, Noel was elected as a co-captain of the football team alongside Thomas Jones and Travis Griffith; the ACC awarded the prestigious Tatum Award to Noel as the 1999 Atlantic Coast Conference Scholar Athlete of the Year. He was selected as 1st Team Academic All-ACC in 1998 and 1999, while being selected as an Academic All-American in 1999.
After suffering a career threatening knee injury in his final college Bowl game in 1999 against the University of Illinois, Noel was signed as a free agent to play for the Cleveland Browns in the spring of 2000. He was with the Browns organization from 2000 until 2002, playing all five positions along the offensive line, before continued damage and trauma to his surgically repaired knee ended his playing career. While his time with the Browns was cut short, Noel was still able to beat the odds and fulfill his childhood dream of playing in the NFL, he saw significant playing time at offensive right guard in the 1999 season when the Cleveland Browns played regular season games against the Baltimore Ravens and Jacksonville Jaguars. On June 5, 2005 in recognition of his athletic and academic career, the SLHS Athletic Department inducted Noel into the Southern Lehigh High School Sports Hall of Fame, he was inducted as a Distinguished Alumni of the McDonald’s Lehigh Valley All-Star Game Hall of Fame in 2008.
In 2011, the University of Virginia and the Virginia Football program retired his #77 jersey in Charlottesville, VA during halftime of the UVa versus North Carolina State football game. During his collegiate and professional playing career Noel was involved in the community through several charitably based organizations, he worked with multiple child based charity groups that focused on literacy. His upbringing around the construction industry heavily influenced his involvement in Habitat for Humanity; as a current member of the NFL Players Association Alumni and National Football League Alumni he has continued to participate in endeavors that serve the community and others. Just Sports Stats Virginia Cavaliers profile Fanbase profile Noel LaMontagne interview Compass Sports Advisors website Verdence Capital Advisors profile
Bellevue known as Wavertree Hall Farm, is a historic home and farm complex located near Batesville, Albemarle County, Virginia. The main house was built in 1859, is a two-story, hip-roofed brick building with a two-story pedimented portico, it features wide bracketed eaves in the Italianate style and Greek Revival woodwork. There are two 1 1/2 story brick wings on either side of the main block added about 1913, a two-story brick south wing added in the 1920s. On the property are an antebellum log slave house, several tenant houses, a pump house, chicken house, stable and barns. There is an unusual underground room built into the north side of one of the garden terraces, it was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1991
Michal Zach is a Czech football manager. He managed FC Slovan Bohemians 1905 in the 2007 -- 08 Gambrinus liga. Zach managed Most in the 2003–04 Czech 2. Liga, he lost his position in May 2004 following a series of five consecutive defeats. Zach managed Ústí nad Labem in the 2004–05 Czech 2. Liga but was replaced before the end of the season. After serving as assistant manager to Vítězslav Lavička at Liberec, Zach became manager as Lavička's replacement in May 2007. In October 2007, after winning just one of nine league games in charge, Zach left Liberec. In November 2007 he joined Bohemians 1905 as assistant to Zbyněk Busta and went on to lead the team as caretaker manager following Busta's resignation with six matches of the 2007–08 Gambrinus liga remaining. In 2009 Zach moved to Sydney FC as the assistant manager to compatriot Vítězslav Lavička. Lavička and Zach extended their deals in 2010. In January 2011, it was announced that Zach would be leaving Sydney and returning to the Czech Republic following the expiry of his contract on 31 March.
On 22 June 2011, Zach was announced as the new manager of Czech 2. Liga side Most, he remained in his position until after the first match of the spring part of the 2012–13 Czech 2. Liga, being replaced by Zbyněk Busta. Profile at iDNES.cz Profile at Bohemians 1905 website
Baptisia australis known as blue wild indigo or blue false indigo, is a flowering plant in the family Fabaceae. It is native to much of central and eastern North America and is common in the Midwest, but it has been introduced well beyond its natural range, it can be found growing wild at the borders of woods, along streams or in open meadows. It has difficulty seeding itself in its native areas due to parasitic weevils that enter the seed pods, making the number of viable seeds low; the seeds may be toxic. The name of the genus is derived from the Ancient Greek word bapto, meaning "to dip" or "immerse", while the specific name australis is Latin for "southern". Additional common names of this plant exist, such as indigo weed, rattleweed and horsefly weed; the common name "blue false indigo" is derived from it being used as a substitute for the superior dye-producing plant Indigofera tinctoria. B. australis is an herbaceous perennial that reproduces both sexually and asexually by means of its spreading rhizomes.
The plant emerges from the rhizomatic network. The roots themselves are deep, which helps the plant withstand periods of drought; when dug up they are woody and black in colour and show tubercles, wart-like projections found on the roots. The plant branches extensively about halfway up; the stems glabrous, or hairless. Broken stems secrete a sap; the plant may attain a height of 1 to 1.5 metres, a width of 0.6 to 1 metre. The grey-green trifoliate leaves are arranged alternately, are further divided into clover-like leaflets that are obovate in shape, or wider towards the apex. Flower spikes appear in early summer. Emerging at the pinnacle are short, upright terminal racemes with pea-like flowers that vary in colour from light blue to deep violet; the flowers, which bloom from spring to summer depending on the region, are bisexual and are 2.5 cm long. The fruit is a bluish black inflated and hardened pod that ranges from 2.5 to 7.5 cm in length by 1.25 to 2.5 cm. They are oblong in shape and are tipped at the apex.
At maturity they will contain many loose seeds within. The seeds are kidney shaped and about 2 mm in size; the leaves emerge about one month before flowering and are shed one month after the pods form. Once the seeds are mature, the stems turn a silverish grey and break off from the roots; the pods are blown with the stems to another location. Young shoots of the plant have been mistaken for asparagus; the seeds may be toxic for children. There are three recognised varieties of B. australis: C. a. var. abberan B. a. var. australis B. a. var. minor B. australis is the most cultivated species in its genus, is cultivated beyond its native continent in other areas such as Great Britain, where it has gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit. It is considered to be a desirable plant in the garden due to its deep blue to violet spring flowers, the attractive light green compound leaves, for the somewhat unusual oblong fruits that emerge in the late summer. B. australis grows best in well-drained stony soil in full sun to part shade.
It grows to about 90 to 120 cm tall in height with a similar spread. Like other members of the genus, it has a deep taproot, which makes it quite difficult to move once planted, it requires water only in times of low rainfall. One negative feature it that the leaves tend to drop early in the fall, but this may be avoided by cutting the dead stems as they die back, it is hardy in USDA zones 3 through 8. It is employed as a border plant in gardens. While there are no available cultivars, several hybrids involving B. australis have been created, such as'Purple Smoke', a cross with Baptisia alba. The variety B. australis var. minor is used in gardens. It is much shorter at only 30 to 60 cm in height. Several American Indian tribes have made use of the plant for a variety of purposes; the Cherokees used it as a source of blue dye, a practice copied by European settlers. They would use the roots in teas as a purgative or to treat tooth aches and nausea, while the Osage made an eyewash with the plant. Blue Wild Indigo.
Kansas Wildflowers & Grasses