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Clemson University

Clemson University is a public, land-grant research university in Clemson, South Carolina. Founded in 1889, Clemson is the second-largest university in student population in South Carolina. For the fall 2017 semester, the university enrolled a total of 19,402 undergraduate students and 4,985 graduate students, the student/faculty ratio was 18:1. Clemson's 1,400-acre campus is in the foothills of the Blue Ridge Mountains and sits next to Lake Hartwell; the university manages the nearby 17,500-acre Clemson Experimental Forest, used for research and recreation. Clemson University consists of seven colleges: Agriculture and Life Sciences. U. S. News & World Report ranks Clemson University tied for 24 among all national public universities. Clemson University is classified among "R1: Doctoral Universities – Very high research activity." Thomas Green Clemson, the university's founder, came to the foothills of South Carolina in 1838, when he married Anna Maria Calhoun, daughter of John C. Calhoun, a slaveholder, South Carolina statesman and seventh U.

S. Vice President; when Clemson died on April 6, 1888, he left most of his estate, which he inherited from his wife, in his will to be used to establish a college that would teach scientific agriculture and the mechanical arts to South Carolinians. His decision was influenced by future South Carolina Governor Benjamin Tillman. Tillman lobbied the South Carolina General Assembly to create the school as an agricultural institution for the state and the resolution passed by only one vote. In his will, Clemson explicitly stated he wanted the school to be modeled after what is now Mississippi State University: "This institution, I desire, to be under the control and management of a board of trustees, a part of whom are hereinafter appointed, to be modeled after the Agricultural College of Mississippi as far as practicable." In November 1889, South Carolina Governor John Peter Richardson III signed the bill, thus establishing the Clemson Agricultural College of South Carolina. As a result, federal funds for agricultural education from the Morrill Land-Grant Colleges Act and the Hatch Act of 1887 were transferred from South Carolina College to Clemson.

Construction of the college began with Hardin Hall in 1890 and main classroom buildings in 1891. Henry Aubrey Strode became the first president of Clemson from 1890 to 1893. Edwin Craighead succeeded Strode in 1893. Clemson Agricultural College formally opened in July 1893 with an initial enrollment of 446; the common curriculum of the first incoming students was English, botany, mathematics and agriculture. Until 1955, the college was an all-white male military school. On May 22, 1894, the main building was destroyed by a fire, which consumed the library and offices. Tillman Hall still stands today; the first graduating class of Clemson was in 1896 with degrees in mechanical-electrical engineering and agriculture. Clemson's first football team began in 1896 led by trainer Walter Riggs. Henry Hartzog, graduate of The Citadel, The Military College of South Carolina, became president of Clemson in 1897. Hartzog created a textile department in 1898. Clemson became the first Southern school to train textile specialists.

Hartzog expanded the curriculum with more industrialization skills such as foundry work, agriculture studies and mechanics. In 1902 a large student walkout over the use of rigid military discipline escalated tensions between students and faculty forcing Hartzog to resign. Patrick Mell succeeded Hartzog from 1902 to 1910. Following the resignation of Mell in 1910 former Clemson Tigers football coach Walter Riggs became president of Clemson from 1910 to 1924; the Holtzendorff Hall the Holzendorff YMCA, was built in 1914 designed by Rudolph E. Lee of the first graduating class of Clemson in 1896. In 1915 Riggs Field was dedicated after Walter Riggs and is the Clemson Tigers men's soccer home field. During World War I enrollment in Clemson declined. In 1917 Clemson formed a Reserve Officers' Training Corps and in 1918 a Student Army Training Corps was formed. Effects of World War I made Clemson hire the first women faculty due to changes in faculty. Riggs accepted a six-month army educational commission in 1919 overseas in France leaving Samuel Earle as acting president.

On March 10, 1920 a large walkout occurred protesting unfair "prison camp" style military discipline. The 1920 walkout led to the creation of a Department of Student Affairs. On January 22, 1924 Riggs died on a business trip to Washington, D. C. leaving Earle the acting president. In October 1924 another walkout of around 500 students occurred when Earle rejected their demands of better food and the dismissal of mess officer Harcombe and the reinstatement of their senior class president; the 1924 walkout resulted in 112 suspended. On April 1, 1925 a fire destroyed the interior of the agricultural building and with it many research projects and an agricultural museum; the exterior of the building survived, leading to the construction of Sikes Hall to hold the library from Tillman Hall. On May 27, 1926 Mechanical Hall was destroyed in a fire. Present-day Freeman Hall, built in 1926, was the reconstructed shop building. In 1928 Riggs Hall was established in honor of Walter Riggs. President Enoch Sikes increased student enrollment by over 1,000 students and expanded the degree programs with an addition of the first graduate degree.

The Department of Arts and Sciences was formed in 1926 with the addition of modern languages programs. Programs at Clemson were reorganized into

Quebec Route 223

Route 223 is a north/south highway on the south shore of the Richelieu River. Its northern terminus is in Sorel-Tracy at the junction of Route 132 and its southern terminus is close to Lacolle, where it crosses the U. S. border at the Rouses Point - Lacolle 223 Border Crossing and continues into New York state as U. S. Route 11. Notre-Dame-du-Mont-Carmel Saint-Paul-de-l'Île-aux-Noix Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu Chambly Carignan McMasterville Beloeil Saint-Marc-sur-Richelieu Saint-Antoine-sur-Richelieu Saint-Roch-de-Richelieu Sorel-Tracy List of Quebec provincial highways Interactive Provincial Route Map

Waldemar Olszewski

Prof. Waldemar Lech Olszewski is a Polish lymphologist, his main area of study is the human lymphatic system. Clinical and research interests comprise vascular surgery, transplantation and surgery of the lymphatic system and immunology, he discovered fundamental processes in human tissues connected with function of the lymphatic system. He has published around 600 publications, seven scientific books and is a member of numerous medical bodies. Olszewski was born in 1931 in Piastow/Warsaw, Poland into a family of landowners, his father was a linguist and a banking specialist, he received his General Certificate of Education in 1948 in Warsaw and undertook university studies, first in the Faculty of Law, Warsaw University from 1948 to 1950 and in the Faculty of Medicine at Warsaw University. Graduating in 1954, Olszewski passed the Board in Surgery exams in 1962 and received his PhD in 1962 and D. Science in 1968. Since 1970 Olszewski has been an associate professor at the Department of Surgery, the Medical Academy, the Medical Research Center at Polish Academy of Sciences in Warsaw.

In 1978 he was made a full professor at the same centers, chairman of the Clinical Department of Surgery, Ministry of Internal Affaires/Polish Academy of Science Hospital, Warsaw. At present Olszewski is at the Medical Research Center, Polish Academy of Sciences and Ministry of Internal Affaires Clinical Hospital, Poland, he is the father of one daughter. Olszewski received postgraduate training and carried out research studies at Hammersmith Hospital, London from 1962 to 1963 at Harvard Medical School in Boston, United States of America, from 1968 to 1970, he worked at City Hospital and Dept. of Surgery, Medical Academy, Medical Research Center, Warsaw as head of Dept. of Surgical Research & Transplantation and since 1997 as Chief of Clinical Department of Surgery, Ministry of Internal Affaires/Polish Academy of Sciences Hospital, Warsaw. Other professional positions include Visiting Professor at Radiumhospitalet, Oslo, St. Bartholomew's Medical School, Research Officer World Health Organization, Madras-Pondicherry-Benares, India.

Served as President of European Society for Surgical Research in 1977-78 President of International Society of Lymphology in 1989-91 President of Polish Society for Immunology in 1995-98Olszewski served as a member of editorial boards of many international medical journals, including: Lymphology International Angiology Central European Journal of Immunology Phlebolinfologia Cell Transplantation Lymphatic Research and Biology US-Chinese Journal of Lymphology and Oncology Indian Medical Research Annals of Transplantation. Main scientific contributions include designing and introducing into clinical practice the surgical lympho-venous shunts, discovery of spontaneous rhythmic lymphatic contractility in humans, proving that bacterial factor is responsible for development of human limb lymphedema, introducing low-dose, long-term penicillin administration for prevention of chronic dermatitis and lymphangitis in Asian countries, detecting the phenomenon of non-specific elimination of cell grafts, preservation of tissues for transplantation in dehydrating sodium chloride.

1975 International Society of Lymphology 2005 Doctor Honoris Causa Universita di Genova, Italy 2006 National Lymphedema Network USA 2006 Lymphatic Research Foundation NIH 2006 Polish Academy of Sciences 2007 American Society of Lymphology USA 2012 Deutsche Gesellschaft fur Phlebologie Ratschow Medal 2013 Bene Merito Medal - by Polish Foreign Ministry for contribution to world medicine 2013 Theodor Bilharz Research Institute Awards of the Czech Medical Society-Purkynie Medal Italian Surgical-Society-Carlo Erba medalHonorary member of: The Society of Polish Surgeons Polish Transplantation Society Japanese Surgical Society Korean Medical Society Argentinian Medical Society Italian Society of Lymphology Brazilian Society of Angiology Olszewski WL. CRC Handbook of Microsurgery. 1, 2. Boca Raton: CRC Press. ISBN 978-0-8493-3920-2. Olszewski WL. Peripheral lymph: formation and immune function. Boca Raton: CRC Press. ISBN 978-0-8493-6137-1. Olszewski WL. In vivo Migration of Immune Cells. Boca Raton: CRC Press.

ISBN 978-0-8493-5076-4. Olszewski WL. Lymph Stasis: Pathophysiology and Treatment. Boca Raton: CRC Press. ISBN 978-0-8493-6499-0. Olszewski WL. "Pathology and Histochemistry". In Rockson SG, Lee BB, Bergan JJ. Lymphedema: A Concise Compendium of Theory and Practice. Berlin: Springer. ISBN 978-0-85729-566-8. Waldemar Lech Olszewski Homepage