Clichy-sous-Bois (French pronunciation: . The majority of its population is made up of African heritage, making it one of the immigrant majority banlieues of Paris; the commune is not served by any motorway, major road, or railway and therefore remains one of the most isolated of Paris's inner suburbs. Clichy-sous-Bois is; the commune has an area of 3.95 km2 with 1.1 km2 of woods. The woods are remnants of the Bondy wood; the commune is 15 kilometres from central Paris. The name of Clichy-sous-Bois comes from Roman Cleppius, seventh century Clippiacum superius, twelfth century Clichiacum. Flint tools from the Neolithic have been found here. Clichy en Aulnois belonged to the lords of Livry in the early Middle Ages. Subject to the Knights Templar in the 13th century, Clichy subsequently passed into possession of the Knights Hospitaller order; until the 16th century, it was a hunting resort of the French kings. In the 18th century, it belonged to the Duc d'Orléans. In 1820, the village had about 150 inhabitants.
On 20 May 1869, a part of the territory of Clichy-sous-Bois was detached and merged with a part of the territory of Livry-Gargan and a small part of the territory of Gagny to create the commune of Le Raincy. In 1870, Clichy was affected by the Franco-Prussian war. Clichy-sous-Bois has a high unemployment rate compared to the rest of the country, about 20% and 40% of the people under 25 years old; the suburban riots of October 2005 originated in Clichy-sous-Bois after the death of two young boys, escaping a police control. The riots spread to other communes of the department, to every major urban area in France; as of 2015 the youth unemployment rate was 40%. As of 2009 33% of the commune's residents were foreign nationals, higher than both the departmental average and the French national average. Clichy-sous-Bois is not served directly by any station of the Paris Métro, RER, or suburban rail network; the closest station to Clichy-sous-Bois is Le Raincy – Villemomble – Montfermeil station on Paris RER line E.
This station is located in the neighboring commune of Le Raincy, 3.2 km from the town center of Clichy-sous-Bois. There is a T4 Tramway stop at Gargan, 1.1 km from the town centre. The tramway terminates at the Bondy station for RER-E2, only 3 stops to Paris Gare du Nord The only direct transport in and out of Clichy-sous-bois is by bus. Due to the lack of a rail link, it was claimed the time on public transport to the city centre can be 1.5 hours but this predates the tramway opened November 2006. A branch of the T4 Tramway under construction and scheduled to open in 2017, will pass through the heart of Clichy-sous-Bois; as of 2007 the unemployment rate was around 20%. It was close to 50% in the housing estates defined by The Economist as "the worst." In 2015 a police station was established. In 2007 the voting turnout for the presidential election in Clichy was 82%; the voter registration had increased by less than 20%. There are twelve preschool sites, eleven elementary school sites; as of 2016 there are about 2,500 students in Clichy's four secondary schools.
The following junior high schools are in the commune: Collège Romain-Rolland Collège Louise-Michel Collège Robert-Doisneau The construction of this junior high relieved Louise-Michel, which saw its student population decline from about 1,200 in 2004 to over 500 in 2012. The sole senior high school/sixth form college in Clichy is Lycée Alfred-Nobel; as of 2007 the lycée has 1,100 students. It has an agreement with the Institut d'études politiques de Paris which allows applicants from the school to gain entrance to the university without taking the entrance examination; as of 2007 three students from the lycée had been admitted. Roberto Alagna, tenor Mamadou Samassa, footballer Communes of the Seine-Saint-Denis department INSEE Official website 48°54′35″N 2°32′53″E aerial photos pictures of clichy sous bois
Nobuyuki Idei is a Japanese businessman. He was Chairman and Group Chief Executive Officer of Sony Corporation until the 7th March 2005, he is a director of General Motors, Yoshimoto Kogyo and Nestlé. After a stroke sidelined former chairman Akio Morita, Sony CEO and new chairman Norio Ohga selected Idei to be the next president, a choice that raised eyebrows at Sony, his sweeping reorganizations of the company included trimming the board of directors from 38 members dominated by company management to 10 with a substantial presence of outsiders. Perceived as the company's driving force, Idei was formally named co-CEO in 1998 and sole CEO in 1999. In 2000, while Ohga remained Chairman of the Board, Idei became Executive Chairman and Kunitake Andō became president. In 2003, on Ohga's retirement, Idei became the sole Chairman, the title of Chief Executive Officer was altered to Group Chief Executive Officer. On March 7, 2005, it was announced. In 2006, Idei joined the board leading Accenture. On September 28, 2011, Idei joined the Board of Directors of Lenovo.
On February 5, 2015 Idei retired from Accenture's board of directors. Biography "ZL Technologies Appoints Former CEO of SONY to Its Advisory Board"
Samuel Price Carson was an American political leader and farmer in both North Carolina and Texas. He served as Congressional Representative from North Carolina, he was born in Pleasant Gardens, North Carolina, studied under private tutors in Pleasant Gardens. He engaged in agricultural pursuits and was a member of the State senate 1822-1824. Carson was elected as a Jacksonian to the Nineteenth and to the three succeeding Congresses but lost re-election in 1833, he was again elected to the State senate in 1834 and served as a delegate to the State constitutional convention in 1835. Robert Brank Vance was mortally wounded by Samuel Price Carson, who challenged him to a duel, fought at Saluda Gap, North Carolina, because of a derogatory remark made during the 1827 campaign. By 1836 he had moved to Texas, was elected by his neighbors to the Convention of 1836 where he signed both the Texas Declaration of Independence and the Constitution of the Republic of Texas; the convention established an interim or acting government for the Republic, still at war in rebellion against Mexico.
They considered him for president, but elected David G. Burnet instead, by six votes more than Carson received. In a vote they elected Carson the Secretary of State. President Burnet sent him to Washington, D. C. to lead a team to negotiate for recognition of and aid for Texas later named James Collinsworth to replace him as Secretary of State. When Carson learned of this from a newspaper he went home; when borders were formalized, Carson's home was identified as part of Miller County, Arkansas. He died in Hot Springs, is buried in the Government Cemetery there. Nineteenth United States Congress Twentieth United States Congress Twenty-first United States Congress Twenty-second United States Congress U. S. Congress Biographical Directory entry Samuel Price Carson from the Handbook of Texas Online Samuel Price Carson at Find a Grave